Blood borne Pathogens in the School Setting - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Blood borne Pathogens in the School Setting

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Title: Blood borne Pathogens in the School Setting


1
Blood borne Pathogens in the School Setting
SPRINGFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS
2
Who is Affected?
  • Occupational exposure - results from doing ones
    job
  • JOB CLASSIFICATIONS
  • Coaches
  • Special Ed Teachers
  • Custodians
  • Health Assistants
  • Paraprofessionals
  • Phys Ed Staff
  • Bus Drivers
  • Potentially infectious materials
  • Blood
  • Urine, vomit, or other body fluids
  • Especially when blood is present

3
Epidemiology symptoms of blood borne diseases
  • Blood borne pathogens
  • Infectious organisms present in human blood that
    cause disease
  • - Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • Symptoms fatigue, stomach pain, loss of
    appetite, nausea
  • Acute Hepatitis, Chronic Carriers, or Unaffected
  • Not easily killed outside body, can survive up to
    7 days in dried blood
  • Vaccine Preventable

4
Epidemiology symptoms of blood borne diseases
(contd)
  • - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Attacks immune system
  • Not vaccine preventable
  • Virus is killed easily outside the body
  • Symptoms weakness, fever, nausea, sore throat,
    can lead to AIDS.
  • - Hepatitis C
  • May be asymptomatic for 20-30 years
  • Symptoms Include fatigue, weight loss, nausea,
    darkened urine, jaundice, stomach pain
  • No vaccine
  • 75-85 with positive test develop chronic
    hepatitis-----gt liver disease

5
WHAT IS A BBP EXPOSURE?
  • The Infectious body fluid must enter the
    bloodstream to cause infection.
  • It can enter through these routes
  • Eyes
  • Mouth
  • Mucous membrane
  • Non-intact skin
  • Piercing of skin or mucous membranes (bites,
    needle stick)

6
When can Exposure Occur?
  • First aid situations
  • Accidents or injuries in
  • sports, on playground,
  • in shops, or in health
  • offices.
  • Other workplace situations
  • Body Fluid or Blood cleanup
  • Broken Science glassware
  • Handling Sharps
  • Dealing with violent behavior

7
What Can I Do to Protect Myself?
  • Take advantage of Hepatitis B Vaccination
  • Before performing clean up or providing first aid
    PUT ON GLOVES! Always think of yourself first.
  • When administering first aid, instruct injured
    person in self-management
  • Always practice universal precautions
  • Clean-up involving blood requires special
    procedures
  • Most Important - Wash your Hands!!!

8
Handwashing is Important!
  • Locations
  • Portable facilities
  • Sanitized Hand Wipes

9
How Should Contaminated Items be Disposed Of?
  • Regulated vs. Non-regulated Waste
  • Materials saturated to the point of dripping
    blood or including body tissue or parts.
  • Most of the waste generated in a school is
    non-regulated waste and can be placed in regular
    trash

10
Disposal Continued
  • Place contaminated gloves and absorbent material
    in a bag and place in lined trash container.
  • Do not place red Biohazard bags in regular
    trash.
  • Follow proper sanitization procedures for
    contaminated surfaces or objects.

11
Disposal Continued
  • Sharps Containers
  • Located in each Health Office
  • For contaminated sharps such as needles, razor
    blades, glass
  • Regulated Waste, must be properly disposed of as
    Biohazard Waste.

12
Hepatitis B Vaccine
  • Available free of charge
  • Prevention - for employees who have risk of
    occupational exposure.
  • Employees eligible for the vaccine are Special
    Education Teachers, Coaches, Custodians, Health
    Assistants, Paraprofessionals, PE Staff.

13
Hepatitis B Vaccine
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine A series of three shots
    taking a total of 6 months to complete
  • Employees refusing the vaccine must sign a
    declination form

14
Exposure incident response
  • Potential exposure incidents involving
    fluid-to-fluid contact
  • Eyes, mouth, mucous membranes
  • non-intact skin
  • parenteral contact (puncture, bite)
  • Flush the exposed area with water immediately
  • Report the incident to your supervisor and/or
    District Nurse!

15
BBP Summary
  • Implementing a Successful BBP Program includes
    all of the following
  • Written Program
  • Annual Employee Training
  • Hepatitis B vaccination
  • Record keeping
  • Engineering and work practice controls
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Housekeeping, cleaning schedule
  • Procedures for evaluating an exposure incident
  • Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up

16
The End
  • Questions?
  • Contact Elen Stark _at_ x1167
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