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Splash Screen

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Title: Presentation Plus! Subject: Glencoe World Geography Author: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, Inc. Last modified by: Derek Winn Created Date: 1/26/1998 10:35:12 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Splash Screen


1
Splash Screen
2
Chapter Intro 1
3
Section 1-4
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4
Section 1-6
A Vast Region
  • Latin America covers 8 million square miles of
    land, from the United States-Mexico border to the
    southern tip of Argentina in South America. ?
  • The name Latin America refers to the languages
    (Spanish and Portuguese, derived from Latin)
    spoken in this geographic region. ?
  • Geographers divide Latin America into three
    regions Middle America, the Caribbean, and South
    America.

(pages 193194)
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5
Section 1-8
Mountains and Plateaus
Latin Americas rugged landscape is the result of
its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire, where
plates of the earths crust have collided for
millions of years, causing earthquakes and
creating mountains and volcanoes.
(pages 194196)
6
Section 1-9
Mountains and Plateaus (cont.)
  • Mountains of Mexico, Central America, and the
    Caribbean Mexicos Sierra Madre and the Central
    Highlands in Central America rise above the
    landscape of Middle America. ?
  • Many Caribbean islands are part of the Central
    Highlands mountain range.

(pages 194196)
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7
Section 1-10
Mountains and Plateaus (cont.)
  • Andes of South America The Andes mountain ranges
    run along the western edge of South America and
    are the worlds longest mountain range (4,500
    miles). ?
  • Their parallel ranges, called cordilleras, are
    arranged in deep folds. ?
  • In southern Argentina, hills and lower flatlands
    form a plateau known as Patagonia.

(pages 194196)
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8
Section 1-11
Mountains and Plateaus (cont.)
  • Highlands of Brazil Much of Brazil consists of
    broad plateaus, such as the Mata Grosso Plateau
    and the Brazilian Highlands.

(pages 194196)
9
Section 1-13
Lowlands and Plains
  • Narrow coastal lowlands hem the Gulf of Mexico,
    the Caribbean Sea, and the Atlantic and Pacific
    coasts of South America.

(pages 196197)
10
Section 1-14
Lowlands and Plains (cont.)
(pages 196197)
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11
Section 1-15
Lowlands and Plains (cont.)
  • Inland areas of South America hold vast
    grasslands that provide wide grazing for beef
    cattle.

(pages 196197)
12
Section 1-16
Lowlands and Plains (cont.)
(pages 196197)
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13
Section 1-18
Water Systems
  • Rivers of South America Navigable rivers, such
    as the Amazon, serve as transportation routes and
    provide hydroelectric power. ?
  • Lakes Latin America has few large lakes. ?
  • Lake Titicaca in the Andes of Bolivia and Peru is
    the worlds highest navigable lake.

(pages 197198)
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14
Section 1-20
Natural Resources
  • Latin Americas significant natural resources
    include minerals, forests, farmlands, and water. ?
  • Major deposits of oil and natural gas occur along
    the Gulf of Mexico and southern Caribbean Sea. ?
  • Mexico and Venezuela are leading petroleum
    producers.

(page 198)
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15
Section 1-21
Natural Resources (cont.)
  • Venezuelas Orinoco River area contains 11
    percent of the worlds gold. ?
  • Brazil is also rich in gold, and Peru and Mexico
    are known for their silver deposits. ?
  • Chile is the worlds leading exporter of copper.
    ?
  • Geographic inaccessibility, lack of capital, and
    social and political divisions hinder fuller
    development and distribution of natural resources
    in Latin America.

(page 198)
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16
End of Section 1
17
Section 2-3
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again.
18
Section 2-5
Climate and Vegetation Regions
Most of Latin America lies between the Tropic of
Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn thus, much of
its area has a tropical climate. However, there
is a great variety of climates in the region. ?
  • Tropical Regions Mexico, eastern central
    America, some Caribbean islands, and such parts
    of South America as the Amazon Basin have a
    tropical rain forest climate and vegetation, with
    hot temperatures and abundant rainfall occurring
    year-round.

(pages 199202)
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19
Section 2-6
Climate and Vegetation Regions (cont.)
  • The Rain Forest The Amazon Basin, with the
    earths largest rain forest, covers one-third of
    South America and has trees that form a dense
    canopy that soars as high as 130 feet over the
    forest floor. ?
  • Tropical Savanna In the tropical savanna climate
    typical of the coast of southwestern Mexico, most
    Caribbean islands, and north-central South
    America, the grasslands have hot temperatures,
    abundant rainfall, and a dry season lasting
    several months.

(pages 199202)
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20
Section 2-7
Climate and Vegetation Regions (cont.)
  • The Humid Subtropics In the humid subtropical
    climate of southeastern South America, the
    winters are short and mild, and the summers are
    long, hot, and humid.

(pages 199202)
21
Section 2-8
Climate and Vegetation Regions (cont.)
  • Desert and Steppe Areas Parts of northern Mexico
    and the southwestern region of South America have
    desert climates and vegetation in Chile the rain
    shadow effect of the Andes has produced the dry,
    arid Atacama Desert, whereas other areas have a
    steppe climate, with hot summers, cool winters,
    and light rainfall.

(pages 199202)
22
Section 2-9
Climate and Vegetation Regions (cont.)
(pages 199202)
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again.
23
Section 2-11
Elevation and Climate
  • The climates of Latin America depend more on
    elevation than on distance from the Equator. ?
  • The tierra caliente lies between sea level and
    2,500 feet and has average annual temperatures
    from 68?F to 91?F. The main crops include
    bananas, sugar, rice, and cacao.

(pages 202203)
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24
Section 2-12
Elevation and Climate (cont.)
  • The tierra templada lies between 2,500 and 6,500
    feet and has average daily temperatures between
    60?F and 72?F. Coffee and corn are the main
    crops. ?
  • In the tierra fría, frosts are common in the
    winter months. Potatoes and barley grow at these
    elevations.

(pages 202203)
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25
Section 2-14
Checking for Understanding
Define Match each definition in the left column
with the appropriate term in the right column.
__ 1. Spanish term for cold land the highest
altitude zone of Latin American highlands
climates __ 2. Spanish term for hot land the
lowest altitude zone of Latin American highlands
climates __ 3. top layer of a rain forest, where
the tops of tall trees form a continuous layer of
leaves __ 4. Spanish term for temperate land
the middle altitude zone of Latin American
highlands climates
A. canopy B. tierra caliente C. tierra
templada D. tierra fría
D
B
A
C
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26
End of Section 2
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