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Attack on Pearl Harbor

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Attack on Pearl Harbor December 7th, 1941 Planning the Attack Plan to attack Pearl Harbor was discussed as early as March of 1940 The strategy was written by Admiral ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Attack on Pearl Harbor


1
Attack on Pearl Harbor
  • December 7th, 1941

2
Planning the Attack
  • Plan to attack Pearl Harbor was discussed as
    early as March of 1940
  • The strategy was written by Admiral Yamamoto in
    Jan. 1941
  • Japanese trained for the attack at small bases to
    simulate Pearl Harbor.

3
3 Problems
  • Refueling in the Pacific
  • Tankers would follow larger ships to refuel
  • Accuracy of the Pilots
  • Experimented with altitude and dive angles
    allowed accuracy rate of bombers to improve to
    70
  • Depth of the torpedoes
  • Used a stabilizer fin on the torpedo to reduce
    the depth to 40ft. So that the torpedo could hit
    its target.

4
That mornings map.
5
December 7, 1941the early morning
  • The attack was planned by Isoroku Yamamoto
  • The first attack occurred at 755 a.m.
  • The second attack followed at 854 a.m.

6
Attack Visual
  • The first attacks would hit the USS Oklahoma,
    West Virginia,
  • Arizona, and Nevada.
  • The second attack would hit USS Pennsylvania, and
    cruisers
  • San Francisco, and New Orleans.

7
Attacks Casualities
  • Other
  • 188 aircraft destroyed on ground
  • 2,330 servicemen killed
  • 100 civilians killed
  • Ships
  • 3 battleships sunk
  • 3 battleships disabled
  • 11 other ships sunk/damaged

8
Ship Casualities
  • Sunk
  • USS California
  • USS West Virginia
  • Oglala (minelayer)
  • Were all later raised and rebuilt.
  • Destroyed
  • USS Arizona
  • USS Utah
  • USS Oklahoma
  • (was raised)

9
Roosevelt Announces to the World
  • December 7, 1941- a date which will live in
    infamy- the United States was suddenly and
    deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of
    the Empire of Japan.

10
During the Attack
Japan would control the entire Pacific by
December 8
11
After the Attack
  • December 8 United States declared war on Japan.
  • December 11 Germany declared war on America.
  • Italy then declared war on America.
  • Great Britain declared war on Japan.

12
Americas Reaction
  • Many sons enlisted into the military to help
    fight the war.
  • Many daughters entered the work force to help aid
    the cause.

13
USS Arizona
  • Positioned in Battle Row.
  • Hit within 10 min. after attack began.
  • Bomb crashed through the 2 armored decks,
    igniting its magazine.
  • Went down with 1,300 lives.

14
USS Arizona Memorial
  • Created to honor the survivors of Pearl Harbor,
    their families and friends, and to all those who
    died.
  • The ship has been preserved as a tomb for those
    who went down with the ship.
  • Erected in 1962.
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