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Objectives Explain why Japan decided to attack Pearl Harbor, and describe the attack itself. Outline how the United States mobilized for war after the attack on Pearl ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PresentationExpress

  • Explain why Japan decided to attack Pearl Harbor,
    and describe the attack itself.
  • Outline how the United States mobilized for war
    after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • Summarize the course of the war in the Pacific
    through the summer of 1942.

Terms and People
  • Hideki Tojo - Japanese general and prime minister
    during World War II
  • Pearl Harbor - site in Hawaii of the United
    States Navys main Pacific base
  • WAC - Womens Army Corps volunteer organization
    that provided clerical workers, truck drivers,
    instructors, and lab technicians for the army
  • Douglas MacArthur - general who served as
    commander of United States Army forces in Asia

Terms and People (continued)
  • Bataan Death March - grueling march in which
    Japanese troops forced sick and malnourished
    prisoners of war to walk more than 60 miles to
    prison camps
  • Battle of Coral Sea - battle that provided a
    strategic American victory and marked the key
    role of aircraft carriers and fighter planes in
    the war in the Pacific

How did the United States react to the Japanese
attack on Pearl Harbor?
A surprise attack on the American naval base at
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, ended the debate between
isolationists and interventionists. The United
States was going to war.
Tensions mounted as Japan continued its march
into new lands, gaining territory and valuable
natural resources.
Angered by American interference, Prime Minister
Hideki Tojo decided it was time to eliminate the
U.S. presence in the Pacific.
Roosevelt condemned Japanese aggression. He
worked to slow Japans expansion with an embargo.
On December 7, 1941, Japanese fighter pilots
attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor,
Damage at Pearl Harbor
The United States suffered terrible losses.
After the attack, the United States declared war
on Japan.
A wave of patriotism swept the United States
following the attack.
  • Americans joined the military, the Red Cross, and
    other organizations.
  • Women responded by joining the Womens Army
    Corps, Army Nurse Corps, and other military
  • Americans took new jobs making weapons and
    supplies that supported the war effort.

The peacetime economy soon shifted to a wartime
Companies that once produced consumer goods
mobilized to build ships, planes, and tanks.
The money poured into defense spending finally
ended the Great Depression.
American workers could once again find jobs.
In 1944, American production levels were double
those of all the Axis nations combined.
This production miracle gave the Allies a
crucial advantage.
In the early years of the war, the outlook for
the Allies was grim.
Japans Advantages
Dominance of the Pacific
Technologically advanced weapons
Highly motivated and well-trained military
Japanese armies quickly took Guam, Wake Island,
and Hong Kong.
Then they moved into the Philippines, forcing
American General Douglas MacArthur to
retreat. The troops were surrounded, trapped.
After a terrible siege, thousands died when they
were forced to walk to prison camps during the
Bataan Death March.
Japanese Aggression, December 1941June 1942
With hopes for a quick victory fading, Americans
finally got some good news.
A long fight lay ahead, but the darkest days of
1942 seemed to be over.
Colonel James Doolittles surprise raid on Tokyo
The American victory at the Battle of Coral Sea
Section Review
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