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Imperialism

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One country s domination over the political, economic and social life of another country The new imperialism occurred especially from 1800-1914. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Imperialism


1
Imperialism
  • One countrys domination over the political,
    economic and social life of another country
  • The new imperialism occurred especially from
    1800-1914.

2
Reasons for imperialism
  • 1. need for raw materials
  • 2. need for new markets
  • 3. nationalism
  • 4. investment opportunities
  • white mans burden/Christianize/socialize

3
White Mans Burden
  • Written by Rudyard Kipling (British)
  • Originally published in February 1899
  • Justifies imperialism as a noble enterprise

4
Black Mans Burden
  • African Americans, among many others, objected to
    the notion of the white mans burden.

5
Who were the imperial powers/mother countries?
  • European countries (primarily)

6
Where did they extend their imperial empire?
  • Africa, Asia, Latin America

7
What do you think the Industrial Revolution had
to do with helping to bring about the Age of
Imperialism?
8
Main imperial forms
  • Colony territory ruled directly European
    settlers desired farmland, minerals, etc.
  • Protectorate kept its own government but foreign
    officials guided its policies
  • Sphere of influence region where an imperialist
    power held exclusive investment or trading rights

9
Positives of Imperialism
  • New constitutions formed in some countries
  • Protection by the mother country (sometimes in
    times of war)
  • Increased standard for education, schools were
    built
  • Introduced to better technology and production
    techniques
  • Foreign Loans (could be or -)
  • Built roads, railroads, infrastructure

10
Negatives of Imperialism
  • No stable government (violence with overthrowing,
    struggle for power)
  • Exploitation of resources (ex. Peru, Spain takes
    precious metals)
  • Oppression of the people
  • Indigenous peoples have less control over
    politics and economy
  • No stable economy after independence
  • No idea how to rule afterward
  • Destruction of culture (including language,
    religion)

11
Imperialism
  • The sun never sets on the British Empire

12
Imperialism in China
  • Substance which opened China to trade
  • Opium War (1839-1842)
  • unequal treaties
  • Treaty of Nanjing
  • France, Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain,
    Belgium, Austria-Hungary, the US and Japan later
    conducted similar unequal treaties
  • Extraterritoriality British subjects not
    subject to Chinese laws
  • dismantling of the tribute system releasing
    Korea, Vietnam, Burma/Myanmar
  • Spheres of influence

13
  • Role of Open Door Policy
  • http//worldhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/31
    0849?termsOpenDoorPolicy
  • Rebellions
  • Taiping (1850-1864) almost dismantled the
    Qing/Manchu rule since 1644
  • Boxer Rebellion/put down by 6 of the 8 Great
    Powers (not Austria, Italy)

14
Taiping Rebellion
15
  • Attempts at reform
  • Self-Strengthening Movement (1860)
  • Confucian values with stable agriculture
  • modern shipyards, railroads, weapons, steel
    industry
  • academics for scientific knowledge
  • Hundred Days Reforms (1898)
  • 1912 Qing collapse

16
Imperialism in Japan
  • Problems Tokugawa weak, famine, foreign
    pressures for increased trade
  • Role of Matthew Perry (1853)
  • Unequal treaties with 5 nations
  • Opened Japanese ports to foreign commerce,
    deprived the government of control over tariffs,
    and granted foreigners extraterritorial rights

17
Revolt unseated the shogun and restored
15-year-old emperor Meiji to power
18
  • Meiji Restoration/reforms
  • Feudal structure since 1185 ended, constitutional
    monarchy with legislature, freedom of
    movement/end to closed country policies,
    railroads, factories
  • Copied navy from _____
  • Copied army from _____
  • Revised tax structure from grain to fixed-money
  • modern currency system
  • postal networks, telegraph networks
  • growing population provided cheap labor
  • refrained from foreign loans
  • improved literacy
  • 7th Great Power

19
  • Sino-Japanese War Formosa/Taiwan, Korea
  • Russo-Japanese War Manchuria/Port Arthur

20
Imperialism in India
  • Role of British/French East India Companies
  • Mughal decline
  • The brightest jewel in the British crown
  • Why were Indians not successful in resisting the
    British?
  • Lack of unity/nationalism
  • Hindu vs. Muslim
  • Use of sepoys/Sepoy Rebellion
  • Advantages to India
  • Hunger problems switching from wheat to cotton

21
Central Asia Southeast Asia
  • Great Game between Russia and Britain,
    especially

22
  • In East Indies
  • Spices (coffee, pepper, cinnamon, sugar, indigo,
    tea, tin, copper, ebony/teak/hardwood trees)
  • The Dutch/the Netherlands (Dutch East India
    Company)
  • In Philippines
  • US from Spain
  • In Burma/Myanmar
  • Britain
  • In Malaya
  • Britain
  • In Indochina
  • Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia/Kampuchea (France)

23
  • Significance of Thailand/Siam
  • Independent buffer zone between British and
    French control
  • Australia
  • Britain

24
Imperialism in Africa
  • dark continent
  • Race for conquest
  • Berlin Conference 1884-1885 (14 European
    countries, US, no Africans)
  • 7 European countries carve up Africa
  • David Livingstone/Henry Stanley Belgian Congo
  • Rhodesia
  • British discovery of diamonds and gold
  • Dutch Boers/Afrikaners/Zulu (Afrikaners mainly
    Dutch, German, French)
  • Egypt

25
  • 2 countries remained free
  • Liberia for freed slaves later, Marcus Garvey
    back to Africa in 1920s
  • Ethiopia British, French, Italian interest/role
    of Menelik II

26
Imperialism in Latin America
  • US role
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • Spanish-American War in 1898 Cuba, Puerto Rico,
    Guam, Philippines
  • Roosevelt Corollary
  • Neo-colonialism
  • ECONOMIC
  • Role of US and Britain

27
  • For the first time in human history, the world
    became in many ways a single unit. - McKay
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