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The Second Great Awakening and Utopian Societies

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Title: The Second Great Awakening and Utopian Societies Author: Kaylynn Lee Best Last modified by: cyoung Created Date: 3/5/2014 7:35:25 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Second Great Awakening and Utopian Societies


1
The Second Great Awakening and Utopian
Societies
2
The Second Great Awakening
  • Around 1800 1830s
  • Revival of the Great Awakening of the early 18th
    century
  • Emphasis on personal piety over schooling and
    theology
  • One of most famous ministers was Charles Finney

3
Forming New Denominations
  • A religious movement during the 19th century
    which expressed that every person could be saved
    through revivals
  • Led to the formation of new denominations
  • Surge in church membership of Methodists and
    Baptists

4
Where did it begin?
  • Arose in several places
  • New England social activism
  • New York growth of new denominations
  • Appalachian region (KY and TN) energized
    Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists
  • Camp meetings
  • First in South-Central KY in June 1800

5
Main Reason for Revival
  • Revivals effects consisted of two main strains
  • The virtues and behavior of the middle class a
    strong work ethic, frugality were encouraged
  • The ability of individuals to make changes to
    their lives sparked reform movements

6
Creation of the Bible Belt
  • The movement spread through southern OH, KY, and
    TN
  • Among Baptists, ordinary farmers frequently felt
    they were called by God to become preachers
  • The Bible Belt of the South was born

7
Lasting Legacy
  • The Second Great Awakening left a lasting impact
    on American Society
  • Established Churches
  • Social Reform

8
Utopian Societies
  • In the early 1800s, more than 100,000
    individuals formed utopian societies
  • Utopian Society Ideal or perfect society
  • 1820-1860 large attempt to create numerous
    communities that would serve as perfect societies

9
Belief Systems
  • The people that formed these communities believed
    that the way to a better life was to separate
    themselves from the corrupting influence of the
    larger society
  • Practiced cooperative or communal living and
    rejected the idea of private property

10
Different Groups Found within Utopian Societies
  • Mormons
  • Oneida Community
  • The Shakers
  • New Harmony
  • Brook Farm

11
The Shakers
  • Located in several states
  • Got their name from a ritual shaking dance that
    members performed
  • Reached their peak in the mid-1800s with 6,000
    members

12
Beginnings
  • Began in England in 1747
  • Led by Ann Lee Mother Ann
  • Lee moved with her followers to America in 1774
  • The community quickly grew

13
Beliefs
  • Believed in absolute celibacy
  • Eventually, the numbers dwindled
  • 3 Shakers left today
  • Shaker Village of Pleasant Hill in Harrodsburg,
    KY living history museum

14
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15
Brook Farm
  • Community near Boston
  • Based on social or political ideologies
  • Founded by George Ripley in 1841
  • Harmony with nature, communal living, and hard
    work

16
The End of Brook Farm
  • Collapsed in 1846 after a huge fire destroyed a
    large building that was uninsured
  • The Farm could not continue
  • Influential in fights for womens and labor rights
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