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Introduction to the American Political Process

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Introduction to the American Political Process The Role of Government: Institutions and Politics Central Questions What is the purpose of government? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to the American Political Process


1
Introduction to the American Political Process
  • The Role of Government Institutions and Politics

2
Central Questions
  • What is the purpose of government?
  • What should we ask government to do?
  • How should we evaluate government?

3
What should government do?
  • Different governments have different standards
  • At different times in American history, we have
    had different answers
  • New Deal
  • Civil Rights

4
The Duties of Government
  • Government needs means of coercion and means of
    collecting revenue
  • But we expect more
  • Public goods
  • Property rights
  • Assure democracy
  • Protect individual liberties
  • Resolve disputes
  • Define and guarantee justice and fairness
  • Controversies and tradeoffs

5
Politics and The Control of Government
  • Politics The battle over the right to make
    decisions concerning the scope and rule of
    government.
  • the struggle over who gets what, when, and how
  • This course deals with Government and Politics

6
Strategizing About Campaign 2000
  • One candidate wins the popular vote, the other
    wins the electoral vote. What happens?
  •  
  •  Winner of Electoral Vote Then we win. You play
    by the rules in force at the time.
  •  Vs.
  •  
  •  Losers of Electoral Vote The one thing we don't
    do is roll over. We fight.
  •  
  • Strategy In league with the campaign - which is
    preparing talking points about the Electoral
    College's essential unfairness - a massive
    talk-radio operation is encouraged.

7
The American System
  • The Backdrop of the Constitution Articles of
    Confederation
  • The Confederation (1781-1787)
  • Power with States
  • In sum A big mess
  • Constitutional Convention
  • Compromise

8
Structure of Government
  • Federal System
  • Presidential/Congressional system
  • SOP/Checks and Balances
  • Republicanism
  • Textual Government
  • Cabinet
  • Independent Judiciary
  • Bill of Rights

9
Structure of Government (cont.)
  • Flawed by design
  • Interaction of Government and Politics
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