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Ecosystem Accounting: Implementation Challenges and Possible Solutions

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Ecosystem Accounting: Implementation Challenges and Possible Solutions J. Steven Landefeld, Director Learning Centre on Experimental Ecosystem Accounting – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ecosystem Accounting: Implementation Challenges and Possible Solutions


1
Ecosystem Accounting Implementation Challenges
and Possible Solutions
J. Steven Landefeld, Director
Learning Centre on Experimental Ecosystem
Accounting February 25th, 2013
2
Need for Further Research and Consensus Building
  • From Exxon to BP Has Some Number Become Better
    than No Number. Kling, Catherine L., Daniel J.
    Phaneuf and Jinhua Zhao
  • Contingent Valuation A Practical Alternative
    when Prices Arent Available. Richard T. Carson
  • Contingent Valuation From Dubious to Hopeless
    Jerry Hausman

Source Fall 2012 Journal of Economic
Perspective, Vol. 26, No. 4
3
Need to Build Public, Policy and Budgetary Support
  • Lack of strong support for SEEA in the Rio20
  • Reduced budgets at statistical agencies are
    forcing agencies to focus on core statistics and
    reduced funding for environmental and other
    activities
  • Public good problem
  • Fewer Americans, Europeans view global warming as
    a threat
  • Americans continue to prioritize growth over
    environmental protection.
  • Developing countries - stronger support

4
Americans Still Prioritize Economic Growth Over
Environment
BP Oil Spill
5
Measures to Build Support
  • Focus on low hanging fruit with maximum bang for
    the buck
  • Need for short-term deliverables with high
    importance and that create buzz
  • Use the SEEA as a platform for experimentation
    and standardization

6
Measures to Build Support
  • Develop better links, and ultimately consensus,
    with statisticians, economists, scientists, and
    ecological and environmental experts
  • Form partnerships with relevant policy agencies
  • Dont forget long-term data collection plans

7
U.S. Building Blocks to Environmental Accounting
  • Work can be done that both benefit existing
    accounts and pave the way for satellite accounts
  • More detailed economic data on key energy and
    environmental industries
  • Expanded Input-Output Accounts and Annual KLEMS
    Estimates (with Energy Information
    Administration)
  • Integration with natural resource and
    environmental data (with National Oceanic and
    Atmospheric Administration)
  • More accurate, up-to-date, and detailed
    geographic data
  • SNA harmonization
  • GDP growth most important determinant of global
    warming projections

8
U.S. Building Blocks to Environmental Accounting
  • Improvement of existing measures of health care
    (with National Institutes of Health)
  • Cost by disease category and by type of service
  • Improved measures of real output
  • Development of household production estimates,
    with special attention to energy intensive
    activities
  • Complimentary Academic-Statistical Agency
    Research Agenda (with Cutler-NIH health group and
    Nordhaus et al. environmental accounting group)
  • Regular review and updates with Academic Advisory
    Committees
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