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Behavior Therapy: Counter Conditioning

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Behavior Therapy: Counter Conditioning & Inhibitory Conditioning Lesson 16 The Process of Behavior Therapy Clarifying the clients problem Formulating initial goals ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Behavior Therapy: Counter Conditioning


1
Behavior Therapy Counter Conditioning
Inhibitory Conditioning
  • Lesson 16

2
The Process of Behavior Therapy
  1. Clarifying the clients problem
  2. Formulating initial goals for therapy
  3. Designing a target behavior
  4. Identifying the maintaining conditions
  5. Designing a treatment plan
  6. Implementing the treatment plan
  7. Evaluating the success of treatment
  8. Conducting follow-up assessment

3
Acceleration Target Behaviors
  • Increase behavioral deficits
  • inattention, hygeine, lack of assertiveness, etc.
  • Primarily positive reinforcement
  • Relatively simple straight forward
  • Example Social interaction in depressed client
  • Reward interactions with people

4
Deceleration Target Behaviors
  • Decrease behavioral excessesses
  • Biting fingernails, staying up too late,
    criticizing others, etc.
  • Simple solutions usually incomplete
  • Punishment ? ? behavior
  • Leaves void
  • Behavior occuring fo a reason

5
Deceleration Target Behaviors
  • Use competing responses
  • Deceleration for undesirable/maladaptive behavior
  • Acceleration of desirable/adaptive behavior
  • Provide way to obtain goal
  • Example
  • Decelerate criticizing
  • Accelerate praising

6
The Dead Person Rule
  • Never ask someone to do something a dead person
    can do
  • Dont ask them not to behave
  • Deceleration only
  • Client is asked to do something active
  • Include acceleration behavior
  • Fills behavioral void

7
Deceleration Techniques
  • Differential RFT (DRO DRI)
  • Direct Deceleration Therapy
  • Consequential deceleration
  • Aversion therapy
  • Token Economies
  • Pos RFT response cost
  • Exposure therapies
  • Brief / graduated
  • Prolonged / intense

8
Counter Conditioning
  • Joseph Wolpe (1944)
  • Reciprocal inhibition
  • Buzzer sounded when cat was eating
  • Buzzer (CS) ? eating
  • Buzzer sounded when shocked
  • Buzzer ? fear
  • Substitution of competing responses
  • Worked both ways
  • Can also replace fear

9
Counter Conditioning
  • Pavlovian Conditioning
  • CERs
  • Substitution of response
  • Competing or incompatible
  • Similar to DRO/DRI (operant)
  • Example young womans anxiety about attending
    banquet
  • Ex-boyfriend new girlfriend
  • Imagine banquet with absurd scenes

10
Mary Cover Jones Peter
  • Treatment of phobias
  • Peter fearful of white rabbit
  • Counterconditioning
  • Pairing favorite food rabbit
  • Exposure therapy
  • Gradually moved rabbit closer
  • Peter watched another child play with rabbit

11
Inhibitory Conditioning
12
Learning Regulates Behavior
  • Controls organisms interactions with environment
  • Requires 2 opposing processes
  • e.g., positive negative feedback
  • excitatory inhibitory conditioning
  • Excitatory learning
  • CR will likely occur
  • CS signals occurrence of US

13
Inhibitory learning
  • Conditioned Inhibition
  • Learning to withhold conditional response
  • CS- US will not occur
  • no US for period of time
  • US must be a significant event
  • Occurs only if there is an excitatory context

14
Standard Procedure
  • Some trials CS --- US
  • Other trials CS / CS- --- No US
  • Example traffic light
  • CS (red) ? CR?
  • CS- (police officer) / CS ? CR?
  • Respond differently under different circumstances

15
Negative CS-US Contingency
  • Similar to standard procedure
  • Some trials CS US
  • Other trials CS- no US
  • CS- ? no response
  • Example Traffic light
  • Red (CS) Danger (US)
  • Green (CS-) no Danger (no US)

16
Inhibitory Conditioning Stress
  • Panic attacks ? extreme stress
  • Carter, Hollon, Carson, Shelton (1995)
  • triggered by CS for aversive stimuli
  • Panic attack experimentally induced
  • accompanied by trusted friend
  • or alone

17
Inhibitory Conditioning Stress
  • Friend acted as CS- for stress
  • ? stress compared the alone group
  • trusted friend was a safety signal
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