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The Thirteen Colonies


The Thirteen Colonies During the 1600 s and 1700 s many English settlers moved to North America. People believed that they had a better chance to make a living in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Thirteen Colonies

The Thirteen Colonies
  • During the 1600s and 1700s many English
    settlers moved to North America.
  • People believed that they had a better chance to
    make a living in North America or to find
    freedoms that they did not have at home.
  • These settlers established the 13 Colonies.

  • The 13 colonies are located along the coast of
    the Atlantic Ocean.
  • The Appalachian Mountains formed a natural
    boundary to the west of the colonies.

  • The geography and climate of the 13 colonies
    separated them into 3 different regions
  • New England
  • Middle Colonies
  • Southern Colonies

New England Colonies
  • Massachusetts
  • Rhode Island
  • Connecticut
  • New Hampshire

  • New Englands geography was shaped by glaciers
    during the Ice Age. As glaciers moved they cut
    deep valleys through the mountains and left a
    thin, rocky layer of dirt.

  • The rocky, sandy land made it difficult to farm.
  • The regions and rugged mountains made it hard to
    find good farmland.
  • The climate also affected farming. Summers were
    warm but winters were long and very cold. This
    made the growing season short (late May to early

  • Farming was hard but the area had many natural
    resources. The resources helped the colonists
    make a living. They used the wood from the forest
    to build buildings and ships. They caught fish
    and whales to use for food and other products.

  • Puritans were English colonists who settled in
    New England during the 1600s.
  • These settlers wanted to live in a community
    where they could follow the rules of the Bible
    and serve their God.
  • Religion shaped the government of the
    Massachusetts Bay Colony. One law required all
    people to attend Church on Sundays.

Rhode Island
  • Roger Williams, a dissenter wanted more religious
    freedom, so he began the colony of Rhode Island.
  • A dissenter is a person who does not agree with
    the beliefs of his or her leaders.
  • Williams believed that the government should not
    make laws about religion.
  • In Rhode Island, people could worship freely. He
    also kept the government separate from the
  • Anne Hutchinson, was also a dissenter, who was
    banished from Massachusetts. She held meetings in
    her home where both men and women talked about

  • Thomas Hooker was a minister who also did not
    like the rules of the Puritan leaders.
  • He wanted to form a community where all men could
    vote even if they were not members of the church.
  • In 1636, he led about 100 colonists to the
    Connecticut River where he founded the town of
    Hartford. Along with other colonists looking for
    good farmland, they created the colony of

New Hampshire and Maine (part of Massachusetts)
  • These colonies were formed by other colonists
    that moved from the Massachusetts Bay area
    because they did not agree with the Puritan

Conflict over the land.
  • The New England colonies were founded on lands
    where Indians lived.
  • The Indians and colonists disagreed on who owned
    the land. The Indians believed that no one truly
    owned the land but the colonists disagreed with
  • In the 1630s, a war broke out between the
    colonists and the Pequot Indians. Most of the
    Indians were killed.
  • In 1675, Metacomet, the leader of the Wampanoag
    Indians, became known as King Phillip to the
    colonists. He and his tribe attacked the
    colonists because of the fight over the land.
    This war became known as the King Phillips War.

Life in New England
  • New England colonists made a living by using
    resources from the land and sea.
  • Many people specialized in ship building and
  • The most common fish was cod.

Triangular Trade
  • Colonists began exporting fish and whale oil
    between North America, Europe, and Africa.

  • Some traders in the triangular trade made money
    by selling humans.
  • In Africa, traders bought enslaved African men,
    women, and children. They were put on ships and
    sent to the West Indies. This passage was known
    as the Middle Passage because the Africans would
    then be shipped to North America were they were
    sold as slaves.

Home life in New England
  • Colonial families in New England often had 6 or 7
  • They lived in small wooded houses with few rooms.
    Many homes only had one room with a huge
  • The men and boys worked in the fields and the
    women and girls prepared the food and worked in
    the home.
  • Children were taught how to read so they could
    read the Bible.
  • Boys were able to go on to Harvard, the first
    college in the Colonies.

Middle Colonies
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Delaware

  • The fertile soil in the Middle Colonies was good
    for farming.
  • The Middle Colonies wide rivers such as the
    Delaware and Hudson were ideal for transporting
    crops to sell and for bringing supplies to the
  • The woods in the Middle Colonies were full of
    wildlife. Colonists hunted and trapped animals
    such as deer and beaver.

New York
  • The English settlements of the Middle Colonies
    began in 1664.
  • The King of England gave the colony to his
    brother James, the Duke of York. He changed the
    name to New York and gave part of it to two of
    his friends.

New Jersey
  • John Berkeley and George Carteret named the land
    given to them by James, the Duke of York, New

  • William Penn founded Pennsylvania as a place
    where people could worship freely.
  • He was a Quaker (a person who believed that all
    Christians should be free to worship in their own
  • Penn made fair treaties with the Lenni Lanape
    Indians which allowed them to live together
    peacefully for years.

  • The Duke of York gave William Penn more land that
    was once part of Pennsylvania.
  • Later it became the colony of Delaware.

Life in the Middle Colonies
  • The people of the Middle Colonies came from many
    lands (Dutch, Scots-Irish, Scandinavian, and
    English). Some were enslaved Africans.
  • Many colonists were Quakers.
  • The Middle Colonies had religious tolerance.
  • The climate and soil was excellent for farming.
  • Most children learned how to read and write, but
    most colonists thought that their children needed
    to learn useful work skills.

Southern Colonies
  • Virginia
  • Maryland
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia

Southern Colonies
  • The Southern Colonies were very different from
    the New England and Middle Colonies.
  • It was full of bays, rivers, and wetlands. It is
    known as the TIDEWATER area.
  • The climate and soil is excellent for farming.
  • Colonists used the waterways to ship crops to
    markets in other towns and cities.

  • In 1607, Jamestown, Virginia became the FIRST
    English colony in North America.
  • The first colonist came to Virginia to look for
    gold. When they did not find any, many started
    plantations on the fertile soil.

  • The colony of Maryland began in 1632 when King
    Charles I of England gave land in North America
    to Cecilius Calvert who was known as Lord
  • Calvert hoped to make Maryland a safe place for

  • King Charles II of England started these
  • North Carolina had few harbors and was not as
    good for farming. It grew more slowly than the
    southern part.
  • South Carolina had good farmland and many
    excellent harbors. Rice plantations were built in
    the city of Charles Town that later became

  • In 1732, Englands King George II started another
    colony to keep the Spanish and French away from
    South Carolina. He gave this land to James
    Oglethorpe. The new colony was named Georgia to
    honor King George II.

Life in the South
  • The long growing season and warm, damp climate of
    the Southern Colonies made the region perfect for
    growing tobacco, rice, and indigo.

Family Life in the South
  • The children of wealthy plantation owners lived
    fairly easy lives. Most were educated at home.
    The boys spent their free time outdoors learning
    how to ride horses and hunt. The girls learned
    how to sew and sing.
  • Life was different for children who lived in the
    back country farms. They learned how to read only
    if their parents taught them. They rarely went to
    school and spent most of their time helping
    around the farm at an early age.

Lets play a game to locate the 13 colonies.
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