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The Thirteen Colonies

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Title: The Thirteen Colonies


1
The Thirteen Colonies
  • By Ms. Aartman
  • History

2
When the Colonies were Founded
  • Virginia (1607)
  • Massachusetts (1620)
  • New York (1626)
  • Maryland (1633)
  • Rhode Island (1636)
  • Connecticut (1636)
  • Delaware (1638)
  • New Hampshire (1638)
  • North Carolina (1653)
  • South Carolina (1663)
  • New Jersey (1664)
  • Pennsylvania (1682)
  • Georgia (1732)

3
The New England Colonies
  • Massachusetts
  • Rhode Island
  • Connecticut
  • New Hampshire

4
Massachusetts
  • Founded originally as two different colonies
    Plymouth Colony in 1620 by the Pilgrims, and
    Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 by the Puritans.
    The two colonies were united in 1691. (John
    Winthrop)
  • Great for fishing, growing corn, and raising
    livestock.
  • Also, great place for lumbering and shipbuilding.
  • Name came from a tribal word meaning large hill
    place.
  • Officially became a state on February 6, 1788.

5
Rhode Island
  • Settled by two different Massachusetts groups and
    was united in 1644. (Roger Williams)
  • Rhode Island was a great place for raising
    livestock, dairy, and fishing.
  • It was also a good area for lumbering.
  • The name came from the Dutch, meaning red
    island.
  • Officially became a state on May 29, 1790.

6
Connecticut
  • Founded by settlers originally from Massachusetts
    and other colonies. Was named New Haven Colony
    in 1638 and soon renamed Connecticut. (Thomas
    Hooker)
  • Great land for growing wheat and corn and for
    catching fish.
  • Its name came from an Algonquin word, meaning
    beside the long tidal river.
  • Officially became a state on February 6, 1788.

7
New Hampshire
  • Originally part of Maine, but became its own
    colony in 1629. Then from 1641-1643, it became
    part of Massachusetts. Finally, in 1679 it
    became its own colony again. (John Wheelwright)
  • Great place to manufacture textiles and for
    shipbuilding.
  • It also, had good land for growing potatoes and
    the water surrounding it was great for fishing.
  • Named for the county of Hampshire in England.
  • Officially became a state on June 21, 1788.

8
The Middle Colonies
  • New York
  • Delaware
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania

9
New York
  • Founded by the Dutch West India Company and was
    known as New Netherland. It was renamed in
    1664 when the English took control. (Peter
    Minuit)
  • Area was great for shipbuilding and iron works.
  • Also, a good place to grow grain, rice, indigo,
    and wheat and to raise cattle.
  • Named for the Duke of York.
  • Officially became a state on July 26, 1788.

10
Delaware
  • Originally settled by the Swedes, but taken over
    by the Dutch in 1655. Then England took control
    in 1664. Finally, in 1682, the land was granted
    to William Penn. (Peter Minuit)
  • Great area for fishing and lumbering.
  • Named for the Delaware tribe and an early
    governor of Virginia, Lord de la Warr.
  • Officially became a state on December 7, 1787.

11
New Jersey
  • Originally settled by the Dutch, but in 1644 it
    was taken over by England.
  • Great place for ironworking and lumbering.
  • Named for the Isle of Jersey in England.
  • Officially became a state on December 18, 1787.

12
Pennsylvania
  • Settled by the Dutch and Swedes, but England took
    control in 1664. Then it was granted to William
    Penn by Charles II in 1681.
  • Great place to grow and raise wheat, corn,
    cattle, and dairy.
  • Also known as a place for papermaking,
    shipbuilding, and textiles.
  • Named for William Penn and for the Latin word
    sylvania, meaning forest.
  • Officially became a state on December 12, 1787.

13
The Southern Colonies
  • Virginia
  • Maryland
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia

14
Virginia
  • Founded by the London Company (John Smith).
  • Great place to grow tobacco, wheat, and corn.
  • Named for Englands Queen Elizabeth I. (Virgin
    Queen)
  • Officially became a state on June 25, 1788.

15
Maryland
  • Land was granted to Lord Baltimore.
  • Great land to grow corn, wheat, rice, and indigo.
  • Also a good place for shipbuilding and iron
    works.
  • Named for Queen Henrietta Maria of England.
  • Officially became a state on April 28, 1788.

16
North Carolina
  • Settled by members of the other colonies.
    Granted a private company in 1663 and divided
    into two colonies in 1711.
  • Great place to grow indigo, rice, and tobacco.
  • Name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning
    Charles.
  • Officially became a state on November 21, 1789.

17
South Carolina
  • Originally part of the Carolina Colony.
    Separated in 1711, and became a Royal Providence
    in 1729.
  • Like North Carolina it had great land for growing
    indigo, rice, tobacco, and cotton.
  • South Carolinas land could also support the
    raising of cattle.
  • Like North Carolina, the name came from the Latin
    word carolus, meaning Charles.
  • Officially became a state on May 23, 1788.

18
Georgia
  • Granted a private company by George II in 1732
    and was settled a year later in Savannah. (James
    Oglethorpe)
  • Great land for growing indigo, rice, and sugar.
  • Named for Englands King George II.
  • Officially became a state on January 2, 1788.

19
Students will Know
  • The Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to
    label them on a map
  • When each colony was founded
  • Who founded each colony
  • The major crops/industry the colony was known for
  • When each colony became a state
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