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Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders

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Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders


1
Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders
2
Dissociative Disorders
  • Disorders in which conscious awareness becomes
    separated (dissociated) from previous memories,
    thoughts and feelings.
  • May have multiple personalities, amnesia, or
    become someone else
  • Very popular subject for TV and movies
  • But, very very rare and some argue their existence

3
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • formally known as multiple personality disorder.
  • a person exhibits two or more distinct and
    alternating personalities.
  • Women tend to average 15 pers. and men about 8

4
Dissociative Amnesia
  • characterized by a loss or blocking out of
    critical personal information

5
Dissociative Amnesia
  • Does NOT result from other medical trauma (e.g. a
    blow to the head).

6
Dissociative Fugue
  • Characterized by reversible amnesia for personal
    identity
  • Fugue comes from the word fugitive
  • An individual in a fugue state is unaware of or
    confused about his identity, and in some cases
    will assume a new identity (although this is the
    exception).
  • Can involve unplanned traveling or wandering

7
Depersonalization Disorder
  • Marked by a feeling of detachment or distance
    from one's own experience, body, or self.
  • One can easily relate to feeling as they are in
    a dream, or being "spaced out."

A person's experience with depersonalization can
be so severe that he or she believes the external
world is unreal or distorted.
8
Dissociative Amnesia - Types
  • Localized amnesia
  • an individual who has no memory of specific
    events that took place, usually traumatic.
  • The loss of memory is localized with a specific
    window of time.
  • For example, a survivor of a car wreck who has no
    memory of the experience until two days later is
    experiencing localized amnesia.
  • Selective amnesia
  • when a person can recall only small parts of
    events that took place in a defined period of
    time.
  • For example, an abuse victim may recall only some
    parts of the series of events around the abuse.
  • Generalized amnesia
  • when a person's amnesia encompasses an entire
    life.
  • Systematized amnesia
  • characterized by a loss of memory for a specific
    category of information.
  • A person with this disorder might, for example,
    be missing all memories about one specific family
    member.

9
Causes of Dissociative Disorders
  • An attempt to escape a traumatic experience
  • Protecting the self
  • Traumatic event in childhood
  • Highly imaginative children
  • Make-believe games become part of real life
  • Could just be attention seeking personalities

10
Somatoform DisordersConfusion of Mind Body
  • Disorders involving physical symptoms or
    complaints with no real physical cause or
    explanation
  • Two types
  • Conversion disorder
  • May suffer from a loss of movement in a limb or
    feeling in a hand or arm or loss of vision
  • Hypochondriasis
  • You believe something is very wrong with your
    health
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