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Abnormal Psychology A.K.A. Psychological Disorders

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Abnormal Psychology A.K.A. Psychological Disorders A harmful dysfunction in which behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing, maladaptive and unjustifiable. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Abnormal Psychology A.K.A. Psychological Disorders


1
Abnormal Psychology A.K.A. Psychological Disorders
  • A harmful dysfunction in which behavior is
    judged to be atypical, disturbing, maladaptive
    and unjustifiable.

2
Early Theories
  • Abnormal behavior was evil spirits trying to get
    out.
  • Trephining was often used.

3
DSM IV
  • Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental
    Disorders the big book of disorders.
  • DSM will classify disorders and describe the
    symptoms.
  • DSM will NOT explain the causes or possible cures.

4
Two Major Classifications in the DSM
  • Neurotic Disorders
  • Psychotic Disorders
  • Distressing but one can still function in society
    and act rationally.
  • Person loses contact with reality, experiences
    distorted perceptions.

John Wayne Gacy
5
Generalized Anxiety Disorder GAD
  • An anxiety disorder in which a person is
    continuously tense, apprehensive and in a state
    of autonomic nervous system arousal.
  • The patient is constantly tense and worried,
    feels inadequate, is oversensitive, cant
    concentrate and suffers from insomnia.

6
Panic Disorder
  • An anxiety disorder marked by a minutes-long
    episode of intense dread in which a person
    experiences terror and accompanying chest pain,
    choking and other frightening sensations.

7
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Persistent unwanted thoughts (obsessions) cause
    someone to feel the need (compulsion) to engage
    in a particular action.
  • Obsession about dirt and germs may lead to
    compulsive hand washing.

8
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder a.k.a. PTSD
  • Flashbacks or nightmares following a persons
    involvement in or observation of an extremely
    stressful event.
  • Memories of the even cause anxiety.

9
Somatoform Disorders
  • Occur when a person manifests a psychological
    problem through a physiological symptom.
  • Two types

10
Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Used to be known as Multiple Personality
    Disorder.
  • A person has several rather than one integrated
    personality.
  • People with DID commonly have a history of
    childhood abuse or trauma.

11
Major Depression
  • A.K.A. unipolar depression
  • Unhappy for at least two weeks with no apparent
    cause.
  • Depression is the common cold of psychological
    disorders.

12
Seasonal Affective Disorder
  • Experience depression during the winter months.
  • Based not on temperature, but on amount of
    sunlight.
  • Treated with light therapy.

13
Bipolar Disorder
  • Formally manic depression.
  • Involves periods of depression and manic
    episodes.
  • Manic episodes involve feelings of high energy
    (but they tend to differ a lotsome get confident
    and some get irritable).
  • Engage in risky behavior during the manic episode.

14
Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Lack of empathy.
  • Little regard for others feelings.
  • View the world as hostile and look out for
    themselves.

15
Schizophrenic Disorders
  • About 1 in every 100 people are diagnosed with
    schizophrenia.
  • Symptoms of Schizophrenia
  • Disorganized thinking.
  • Disturbed Perceptions
  • Inappropriate Emotions and Actions

16
Disorganized Thinking
  • The thinking of a person with Schizophrenia is
    fragmented and bizarre and distorted with false
    beliefs.
  • Disorganized thinking comes from a breakdown in
    selective attention.- they cannot filter out
    information.

17
Delusions (false beliefs)
  • Delusions of Persecution
  • Delusions of Grandeur

18
Disturbed Perceptions
  • hallucinations- sensory experiences without
    sensory stimulation.

19
Inappropriate Emotions and Actions
  • Laugh at inappropriate times.
  • Flat Effect
  • Senseless, compulsive acts.
  • Catatonia- motionless Waxy Flexibility

20
Positive v. Negative Symptoms
  • Negative Symptoms
  • Absence of appropriate ones.
  • Positive Symptoms
  • Presence of inappropriate symptoms

21
Types of Schizophrenia
22
Disorganized Schizophrenia
  • disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or
    inappropriate emotion.
  • Clang associations
  • "Imagine the worst Systematic, sympathetic Quite
    pathetic, apologetic, paramedic Your heart is
    prosthetic"

23
Paranoid Schizophrenia
  • preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations.
  • Somebody is out to get me!!!!

24
Catatonic Schizophrenia
  • Flat effect
  • Waxy Flexibility
  • parrot like repeating of anothers speech and
    movements

25
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
  • Many and varied Symptoms.
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