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The Role of Leadership and the Impact of Culture on Building a World-Class Organization

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Title: The Role of Leadership and the Impact of Culture on Building a World-Class Organization


1
  • The Role of Leadership and the Impact of Culture
    on Building a World-Class Organization
  • Presented by
  • Kenneth Majer, PhD
  • Culture Integration International

2
Introduction
  • Why are we here today?
  • To demonstrate how leaders can build powerful
    organizational cultures.
  • To provide useful information and practical tools
    for leaders to influence others.
  • Lessons from world-class organizations.
  • The power of culture.
  • Lessons from world-class leaders.
  • Leading your people through change.
  • Steps to creating a values-based culture.
  • Check In

Context Purpose Outcome Agenda
3
Lessons From World-Class Organizations
4
Values Drive Culture
The U.S. Navy Strength for Freedom in the
World Honor Courage Commitment
5
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6
Values Drive The Culture Of The Blues
TRUST RESPECT ACCOUNTABILITY INTEGRITY
COMMITMENT These shared values build an
effective team, establish its culture, conduct,
rules, and policies. Of these values, one of
them is most important
7
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8
Values Drive Culture
Values-Driven Companies Outperform the
Rest The Blue Angels Southwest
Airlines Nordstrom Ben Jerrys Starbucks Harley-
Davidson IKEA Costco New Balance Trader Joes
Corporate Culture Its the way we do things
around here!
9
When process runs up against culture culture
always wins.
Reengineering the Corporation
Michael Hammer and James Champy
10
What It Takes To Be World Class
  • Strong Culturecreating a set of core values to
    align the workforce around a shared vision.
  • Change Leadershipunderstanding how people and
    organizations react and adapt to change and how
    to lead them through transitions.

11
The Power Of Culture
12
Book Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell Healthy
Communities Air Safety Hockey
13
Culture is as Important as Strategy
  • 91 of the 1200 senior executives at global
    companies surveyed agreed that culture is as
    important as strategy for business success.
  • Paul Meehan, Darrell Ribgy, Paul Rogers
  • Creating Sustaining a Winning Culture
  • Harvard Management Update January 2008
  • If executives fail, they dont fail because of
    business skills, but soft skills and cultural
    skills.
  • Scott Kingdom, Global Managing Director
  • Korn/Ferry International
  • We believe your company culture and your company
    brand are just two sides of the same coinYour
    culture is your brand.
  • Tony Hsieh, CEO
  • Zappos, now owned by Amazon

14
Culture is as Important as Strategy
  • Heres an extra 40 million for your culture.
  • Jeff Bezos, CEO, Amazon

15
Culture is as Important as Strategy
  • University researchers Kotter, Heskett, Ulrich,
    Zenger, Smallwood have concluded (Google
    Corporate Culture and Performance)
  • Almost one-half of earnings are attributable to
    how much employees buy into the companys
    corporate culture and companies that align and
    manage their cultures increase revenue by four
    times and increase stock prices by twelve times
    over those companies that dont manage their
    cultures.
  • A study of Fortune 500 companies co-sponsored by
    Crawford International and HR.com found
  • Companies that create adaptive corporate cultures
    outperform companies with non-adaptive cultures
    by a factor of 900 to 1 as measured by long term
    net income and stock price growth.
    http//www.hrmguide.com/culture/leadership-culture
    .htm

16
Lessons From World-Class Leaders
17
ExerciseDefining Leadership
  • Consider the thoughts of five powerful leaders in
    the next five slides.
  • From each slide select 1-2 of the principles from
    each leader that you think are the most
    important for leading change.
  • Tony Blair, former Prime Minister, Britain
  • Lou Gerstner, former Chairman, IBM
  • Richard Levin, President, Yale University
  • Christie Whitman, former Governor of New Jersey
  • Admiral Mike Mullen, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of
    Staff, (ret.)

18
Tony Blair, Prime Minister UK
1. A clear sense of vision.
2. Get out and do something.
3. Willingness to be unpopular.
4. Creativity and innovation.
5. Have conviction, make decisions and take
responsibility for them.
6. Adapt to change.
Which of these do you think is most important for
a leader?
19
Lou Gerstner, Chairman, IBM
  1. To make change, know what people value
    understand the culture.

2. Get people to do things they otherwise would
not do.
3. Change begins with a sense of urgency,
purpose and direction.
4. Communicate honestly treat people as
deserving to know.
5. The team across all business units must
align with the vision.
6. Dont fear changefear the competition.
Which of these do you think is most important for
a leader?
20
Richard Levin, President, Yale
  1. Managing people who dont want to be managed.

2. Must have a shared set of values, a clear
sense of direction.
3. Inspiring people to march in the same
direction.
4. Limit the vision to a half dozen realistic
goals and empower people to go step-by-step to
reach them.
5. Create teams with members who want/need
decisions to be their own.
6. Leading is persuading.
Which of these do you think is most important for
a leader?
21
Christie Whitman, Governor, NJ
  1. Leadership requires consensus and empowering good
    people.

2. Getting others to do what you want them to
do because they want to do it.
3. Be someone others trust.
4. Know you dont have all the answers learn
from others.
5. Use communication to persuade others to your
point of view.
6. No matter how good the decision someone will
get hurt decide whats best for the greatest
number of people.
Which of these do you think is most important for
a leader?
22
Mike Mullen, Chair, Joint Chiefs (ret.)
1. Leaders emerge in crises.
2. Know your people and take care of them.
3. Stay in touch with those you affect the most
and be there for them.
4. It cant be done without the team.
5. Leaders are clear eyed, honest, have
integrity, and hold themselves accountable.
6. Listening, Learning, Leading.
Which of these do you think is most important for
a leader?
23
Leading Your People Through Change
24
Organizational Reaction to Change
Culture Behavior Change, Structural Alignment,
and Productivity
End
Desired State
Initial Euphoria
Project Start
Getting On Board
Begin
Realization
Valley of Despair
25
Identifying Types of People
POSITIVE
NEGATIVE
Cheerleaders
ACTIVE
Rebels
Hiders (P-A)
PASSIVE
Followers
26
Two Parts to Each of Us
Switch by Heath and Heath
27
Did You Know?
  • When someone is telling a story and it's going
    well (the listeners are truly engaged), the brain
    chemistry of the storyteller and listener match.
    Neurologically, the same areas of their brains
    are stimulated at the same points in the story
    (measured by magnetic resonance imaging).
  • Think of one of the best stories youve ever
    heard told. What made it interesting (grabbed
    you)?
  • How can you build storytelling into your
    leadership role?

28
Did You Know?
  • Limerence is another word for being in the
    zone"--the feeling of being lost in an
    activity...the mathematician solving a math
    problem, the carpenter being one with his tool...
    People seek limerence with others they gravitate
    toward people like themselves and when the meet
    they unconsciously begin to mimic each other's
    behaviors. Ali took just 190 milliseconds to see
    an opening in his opponent's defense and throw a
    punch through the opening. It takes a college
    student only 21 milliseconds to subconsciously
    begin to synchronizing movement with friends.
  • How can you use the awareness that people tend to
    mimic others in a way that will positively impact
    your effectiveness?

29
Did You Know?
  • The deeper the relationships a person has, the
    happier s/he will be. Joining a group that meets
    once a month has the same impact on happiness as
    doubling your income.
  • What activities can you think of that could take
    advantage of this understanding of human nature?

30
Did You Know?
  • Almost everything is contagious. If your friends
    are obese, you will tend to be obese. If your
    friends are happy, you will likely to be happy.
    If they smoke, you smoke. If they are lonely, you
    will be lonely.
  • What are the implications of this phenomenon for
    you in your leadership role?

31
Did You Know?
  • Perceptions cue a series of downstream thoughts
    that influence behavior. This is called
    "priming." For example, if you ask a number of
    test subjects to think of words that are vaguely
    associated with being elderly (such as Bingo or
    Florida), they will leave the room and walk more
    slowly than when they entered. If you use
    positive words such as achieve, master and
    succeed with students prior to taking an exam,
    they will perform better. (David Brooks, The
    Social Animal)
  • What are the implications of this phenomenon for
    a leader?

32
Steps To Creating A Values-Based Culture
33
Culture Is A Competitive Asset
Values Align High-Performing Companies
IV. Strategic Plans How We Will Get There
II. Culture The Way We Do Things Around Here
III. Vision, Mission Where We Are Going
I. Core Values are the Foundation of a
Company Who We Are
34
How to Build a Values-Based Culture
  • Five Steps to Build a Values-Based Culture
  • Step 1 Create a set of core values.
  • Step 2 Define each value for your company.
  • Step 3 Translate the values into appropriate
    expected behaviors (actions).
  • Step 4 Embed values-based decision making into
    the screening, hiring, reward and recognition,
    and performance review processes of the company.
  • Step 5 Create and implement a sustainability
    communications program.

35
How to Build a Values-Based Culture
  • Five Steps to a Values-Based Culture
  • Step 1 Create a set of core values.
  • Step 2 Define each value for your company.
  • Step 3 Translate the values into appropriate
    expected behaviors (actions).
  • Step 4 Embed values-based decision making into
    the screening, hiring, reward and recognition,
    and performance review processes of the company.
  • Step 5 Create and implement a sustainability
    communications program.

36
How to Build a Values-Based Culture
What Are Values? Values are fundamental
principles we believe in and that govern our
behavior, i.e., determine what we do, how we
act. What is Corporate Culture? Culture is the
way we do things at work. What is a Values-Based
Corporate Culture? The way people act at work
based on commitment to a accepted set of values.
37
Step 1 Create a Set of Core Values
Where do values come from?
Everyone in an organization. And theyre personal!
We found Walden at the Animal Shelter
38
Step 1 Create a Set of Core Values
  • We took him home and gave him a bath

39
Step 1 Create a Set of Core Values
  • What do you think I love to do when Im not
    working?

Right! I take Walden to the Dog Park!
What are some of my core values?
40
Step 1 Create a Set of Core Values
The Character of People and Companies
You Are What You Do You Evaluate Others by What
They Do Values-Driven Companies Do Better (They
Outperform the Competition) Its All About the
Doing! (I didnt make all this up)
41
Step 1 Create a Set of Core Values
  • I Am What I Repeatedly Do
    -Aristotle
  • My Values Determine What I Do
  • What I Do Defines Who I Am (Aristotle)
  • Therefore,
  • My Values Define Who I Am
  • (I Am My Values )

42
Step 1 Create a Set of Core Values
Well done is better than well said.
-Benjamin Franklin
43
ExerciseDiscovering Personal Values
The Question Ask the question What do you love
to do when youre not working? Then question the
answers What do you like most about doing
that? How do you feel when you are doing
it? Why do you think thats important to
you? Do you do it by yourself or with
others? What key principle, belief, or value
drives you?
44
Heres What We Did Today
We learned
  • Lessons from world-class organizations.
  • The power of culture.
  • Lessons from world-class leaders leaders.
  • Leading your people through change.
  • Steps to creating a values-based culture.
  • Demonstrated how to create a set of core values.
    (Step 1 of Five Steps to Build a Values- Based
    Corporate Culture)

45
Additional Learning
  • Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell
  • Switch by Heath and Heath
  • The Social Animal by David Brooks
  • Organizing Genius by Bennis and Biederman
  • Firms of Endearment by Sisodia, Sheth, and
    Wolfe
  • A Dogs Purpose by W. Bruce Cameron

46
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47
Take Away
  • What is your biggest Take Away from todays
    session?

48
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