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WWII Erupts in Europe

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WWII Erupts in Europe Nazi Empire War! A. Dictators Review 1. Hitler, Stalin, Tojo, and Franco 2. Fascism and Totalitarianism 3. Great Depression a. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WWII Erupts in Europe


1
WWII Erupts in Europe
  • Nazi Empire

2
War!
  • A. Dictators Review
  • 1. Hitler, Stalin, Tojo, and Franco
  • 2. Fascism and Totalitarianism
  • 3. Great Depression
  • a. Leads many European nations to trust their
    futures to these leaders.
  • Why?
  • 1. Leaders promise order, military success,
    jobs, and in some cases, a greater society.

3
War!
  • B. Germany Expands
  • 1. Adolf Hitler- Gains power as chancellor in
    1933
  • 2. Part of his Mein Kampf plan is to expand
    German living space by gaining surrounding
    territories.
  • 3. This leads to expansion in 3 major areas

4
War!
  • a. Rhineland- Had been deemed a buffer zone to
    protect France from future German aggression
  • b. Austria- Anschluss
  • 1. An agreement to be governed by Germany
  • 2. Government refused but
  • the people welcomed German soldiers!!

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War!
  • c. Sudetenland
  • 1. Part of Czechoslovakia
  • 2. German speaking people
  • Appeasement- Giving in to the aggressive
    demands of dictator to avoid further conflict.
  • d. Neville Chamberlain- British PM looking to
    avoid any armed conflict with Hitler.
  • 1. Allowed Hitler to annex the Sudetenland

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War!
  • C. War Erupts
  • 1. 1939- Hitler Invades the rest of
    Czechoslovakia
  • a. Now, even Chamberlain realizes Hitler can
    not be appeased!
  • 2. Allies to Hitler
  • a. Italy- Mussolini
  • b. Russia (at first!)- Non-Aggression Pact

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War!
  • 3. Sept. 1, 1939
  • a. Germany attacks Poland!
  • b. Blitzkrieg
  • 1. Lightning War
  • 2. Quick, efficient and destructive
  • a. Bombings, then tanks, then ground
    troops to clean up.
  • c. England and France declare war on Germany
    Sept. 3, 1939

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War!
  • 4. Took one month to defeat Poland
  • a. As a reward for the Soviet Non- Aggression
    Pact, Russia got the East half of Poland.
  • 5. 1939-1940
  • a. Hitler did not attack further (The Phony
    War)
  • b. By 1940 however, Hitler invades Denmark and
    Norway, to pave the way to France!

14
War!
  • D. France
  • 1. By now, England and France had planned to
    meet Hitler in Belgium.
  • a. Under powered, the Allies were pushed back
    and forced to evacuate over the English channel.
  • 1. England evacuated 300,000 men using
    fishing boats and tankers!
  • 2. Left behind artillery and tanks

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War!
  • 2. France was doomed
  • a. After capturing Belgium and the
    Netherlands, Hitler raced through northern
    France and captured Paris!
  • b. France surrendered!
  • c. Vichy France- France under control of the
    Germans
  • 1. French leaders began to cooperate with
    Hitler.

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War!
  • E. Battle of Britain
  • 1. Now that France had fallen, only Britain
    remained to oppose the Germans!
  • 2. This battle was mostly an air war
  • a. Fighters
  • b. Bombers
  • c. Artillery
  • 3. The goal was to terrorize the public! To bomb
    civilians
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