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The Deep Roots

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The Deep Roots of the Two World Wars WWI WWII – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Deep Roots


1
  • The Deep Roots
  • of the Two World
  • Wars

WWI
WWII
2
The Mixed Ethnicities of Europe
  • Ethnic groups arent neatly organized in Europe
    (or anywhere else)
  • There have been numerous migrations of people
    into and around Europe at various times in
    history
  • Thus groups of people are mixed together
  • Examples
  • Balkans
  • Sudetenland

3
A Noteworthy Ethnic Group- the Jews of Europe
  • Ejected from Israel by the Romans in the 1st
    century AD
  • Diaspora
  • Unwanted pushed around Europe
  • Many countries accepted them, then booted them
    out, accepted them again
  • Example Spanish ejection of the Moors and Jews
    in the same year Columbus sailed
  • Jewish apartness
  • Religious beliefs
  • culture
  • Killers of Christ
  • Model minority
  • Money lenders
  • Why?
  • Why did this lead to persecution?
  • Devotion to education
  • Why?
  • Why leads to persecution?

4
Jews of Europe (cont.)
  • (model minority, cont.)
  • Devotion to education
  • Why?
  • Why leads to persecution?
  • A Long History of Persecution
  • Pogroms
  • Black death
  • Ghettoes in many places until Napoleon

5
(No Transcript)
6
Kingdoms Versus Nations
  • Until about 300 years ago, most of Europe was
    divided by political ruler, not ethnicity
  • Subjects versus citizen
  • Political groups were heterogeneous ethnically
  • Habsburg example
  • Germans, Slavs (eastern Europe/Russia), and Gauls
    (French) were some of the largest ethnic groups
  • For 1000 yrs after the fall of the Roman Empire,
    the German ethnic group was divided into 300 weak
    states
  • The Holy Roman Empire
  • Central goal of many in Europe (for example, the
    French) was to keep Germany divided into these
    300 states
  • Why?

7
The Rise of Nationalism
  • Age of Nationalism
  • Started in 19th century
  • Political entities should be defined by ethnic
    group
  • Nationalism upset the European balance of power
  • Germany unified under Bismarck
  • Prussian Leadership
  • Sparta of the North
  • Militaristic
  • Germany is now the largest nation on the continent

8
The German Behemoth
  • Germany leapt into the Industrial Revolution
  • Quickly became 2nd or 3rd ish behind Britain/U.S.
  • German nationalism peaked
  • Deutschland uber alles
  • Bitter legacy of manipulation from the outside
  • Thirty Years War, Napoleon, etc.
  • Bitterness of having missed out mostly in
    imperial land grab in Africa/Asia
  • Ironically, the Jewish situation wasnt bad
    (relatively) in 19th century Germany

9
  • Germany, Germany above all, Above all in the
    world, When, for protection and defense, it
    always takes a brotherly stand together. From the
    Meuse to the Memel, From the Adige to the
    Belt, Germany, Germany above everything,   Above
    everything in the world.

10
(No Transcript)
11
Social Darwinisms Impact on Nationalism in the
19th Century
  • Darwins ideas

Boo!
Yay!
VS
Survival of the Fittest among animal species
12
1870 Franco-Prussian War
  • Germany defeated its old nemesis, France
  • Starvation and shelling of Paris
  • Humiliating treaty (for France)
  • Afterwards Bismarck's goal was to keep France
    isolated
  • He knew they want revenge
  • Bismarck fired by Wilhelm II
  • Wilhelm II dunderhead
  • Allowed France to make alliances with Russia and
    Britain
  • Messed with British dominance
  • Guarantees Germans A Place in the sun
  • Naval arms race

13
In 1914 WWI erupted
  • Result of M.A.I.N.
  • Militarism
  • Arms race of new industrial-age weapons
  • Alliance
  • Any outbreak could cascade into a giant war
  • Imperialism
  • Struggle for the best colonies
  • Nationalism
  • Intense patriotism
  • Social Darwinism
  • New kind of war
  • total war
  • stalemate
  • Germans attack first

14
Hansen Name _____________ WWII Per
______ Lecture 2 - Deep Roots of the Two World
Wars Note-taking Guide
  • The Mixed Ethnicities of Europe
  • Ethnic groups arent ____________________________
    _____________________________________________
  • There have been _______________________ of people
    into and around Europe at various times in
    history
  • Thus groups of people are mixed together
  • Examples
  • ___________
  • Sudetenland
  • A Noteworthy Ethnic Group- the Jews of Europe
  • Ejected from Israel by the _______ in the
    ___century AD
  • Diaspora- _____________________________________
  • Unwanted pushed around Europe
  • Many countries ______________, then
    _____________, __________________ again
  • Example Spanish ejection of the Moors and Jews
    in the same year Columbus sailed
  • Jewish apartness
  • __________________
  • __________________
  • __________________
  • Model minority
  • A Long History of Persecution
  • Pogroms - __________________________
  • Black death - _________________________
    ____________________________________
  • Ghettoes in many places until _______________
  • Kingdoms versus Nations
  • Until about 300 years ago, most of Europe was
    divided by _______________________________________
    ______
  • Subjects versus citizen - ____________________
    ________________________________________
    ________________________________________
  • Political groups were heterogeneous ethnically
  • Habsburg example
  • _____________, __________(eastern Europe/Russia),
    and __________(French) were some of the largest
    ethnic groups
  • For 1000 yrs after the fall of the Roman Empire,
    the German ethnic group was ______________________
    ____
  • The Holy ___________ Empire
  • Central goal of many in Europe (for example,
    __________) was to keep Germany
    _____________________________
  • Why?- ___________________________________
    _________________________________________
  • The Rise of Nationalism
  • Age of Nationalism
  • Started in _______________

15
  • The Rise of Nationalism
  • Germany leapt into the Industrial Revolution
  • Quickly became ____________________ behind
    ____________________________
  • German nationalism peaked
  • Deutschland uber alles - ________
    _____________________________
  • Bitter legacy of __________________ from the
    outside
  • Thirty Years War, Napoleon, etc.
  • Bitterness of having missed out mostly
    __________________ ___________________in
    Africa/Asia
  • Ironically, the Jewish situation wasnt bad
    (relatively) in 19th century Germany
  • Social Darwinisms Impact on Nationalism in the
    19th Century
  • Darwins ideas _____________________________
    _________________________________________
    _________________________________________
  • Impact on Nationalism and minority groups? _____
    _________________________________________
    _________________________________________
  • 1870 Franco-Prussian War
  • Germany defeated its old nemesis, ___________
  • Starvation and shelling _______________
  • _____________________ treaty (for France)
  • Afterwards Bismarck's goal was to keep France
    ________
  • Messed with British dominance
  • Guarantees Germans A Place in the sun -
    ___________________________________
    ___________________________________
  • Naval arms race - ____________________
    ___________________________________
  • In 1914 WWI Erupted
  • Result of M.A.I.N.
  • Militarism
  • ____________________________ _____________________
    _______
  • Alliance
  • Any outbreak could ____________
    ____________________________
  • Imperialism
  • Struggle for the best ___________
  • Nationalism
  • Intense _________________
  • Social Darwinism
  • New kind of war
  • total war- ____________________________
    ____________________________________
  • Stalemate- ___________________________
    _____________________________________
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