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Cool Earth-Innovative Energy Technology Program Technology Development Roadmap

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(Appendix) Cool Earth Innovative Energy Technology Program Technology Development Roadmap RD&D Roadmap Milestones including elemental technologies to promote RD&D ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cool Earth-Innovative Energy Technology Program Technology Development Roadmap


1
Cool Earth-Innovative Energy Technology Program
Technology Development Roadmap
(Appendix)
?RDD Roadmap Milestones including elemental
technologies to promote RDD and the direction of
RDD for 21 Innovative Technologies are developed
on temporal axis. Relevant supporting
technologies are also referred to.
Major performance targets of RD and expected
timing of accomplishment
  • ? Innovative technologies
  • ? Innovative technologies described in other
    area
  • ? Existing technologies
  • - Elemental technologies, etc.
  • Italic Direction of technology development


Direction from RDD toward diffusion
RDD Market introduction and diffusion
? Introduction/diffusion scenario Major steps to
accomplish RDD goals and related policies are
summarized for 21 technologies.
2
? High-Efficiency Natural Gas Fired Power
Generation
?High-efficiency natural gas power generation
?Natural gas combined cycle power generation
Leap in efficiency
Net efficiency (HHV)
56 (1700? class)
60 (FC/GT hybrid power generation)
52 (1500? class)
- Combined cycle power generation
- Large-capacity high-temperature fuel cell
(MCFC, etc.) technology
- High-temperature gas turbine technology
- High-load compressor, turbine technology
- Advanced cooling, combustion and heat
insulation technology
- Heat resistance material technology
- Advanced Humid Air Turbine technologies
Supporting and related technologies
?Integrated coal gasification fuel cell combined
cycle (IGFC)
?Integrated coal gasification combined cycle
(IGCC)
?CO2 capture and storage
Introduction/diffusion scenario
High-efficiency natural gas fired power generation
While protecting the intellectual property
rights, Japanese technologies, know-how and so
forth will be provided to overseas power
suppliers to meet the demands of developed and
developing nations where demands for power are
expected to grow to promote diffusion of
high-efficiency natural gas fired power
generation in overseas.
FC/GT hybrid power generation
Hybrid SOFC (several hundred kW) System
verification
Demonstration
Initial introduction
Diffusion
? High-Efficiency Coal Fired Power Generation
?Integrated coal gasification fuel cell combined
cycle (IGFC)
Leap in efficiency
55 (600 MW-class commercial generation)
Demonstration plant (1000 t/d class)
Net efficiency (HHV)
65 (A-IGFC)
- Next-generation IGFC
?Integrated coal gasification combined cycle
(IGCC)
Leap in efficiency
57 (A-IGCC)
48 (1500? class, hot gas clean up)
41 (250 MW demonstration plant)
50 (1700? class, hot gas clean up)
- Next-generation IGCC
46 (1500? class, wet gas clean up)
?Advanced ultra super critical power generation
(A-USC)
?Ultra super critical pressure coal power
generation (USC)
Leap in efficiency
46 (700? class)
42 (600? class)
48 (750? class)
Supporting and related technologies
?CO2 capture and storage
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Verification by IGCC pilot and demonstration
plants
Introduction as additional or replacement of coal
fired power plants (IGCC, IGFC)
IFCC IGFC
Verification and demonstration of FC system for
IGFC
A-USC
Introduction as replacement of existing coal
fired power plants (A-USC)
3
? Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS)
?Separation and capture of CO2
Drastic reduction of capture cost
1,000s JPY/t-CO2 (adoption of separation membrane
on high-pressure gas)
2,000s JPY/t-CO2 1,500s JPY/t-CO2 addressed by
practical use of separation membrane
4,200 JPY/t-CO2
Capture cost
- Chemical absorption, Physical
absorption/adsorption, Membrane separation,
Utilization of unused low-grade exhaust heat to
regenerate absorbent, etc.
- Size increase in separation membrane,
Successive production
?Geological storage of CO2
?Ocean sequestration of CO2
Leap in storage potential
Pilot study on geological storage
Large-scale demonstration
Full-scale domestic implementation of underground
storage
- Aquifer, Waste oil and gas field, Coal seam -
Transportation technologies
- Dissolution and dilution, Deep-sea storage
and sequestration, etc.
Supporting and related technologies
?Integrated coal gasification fuel cell combined
cycle (IGFC)
- Enhanced oil recovery (EOR)
?Integrated coal gasification combined cycle
(IGCC)
- CO2 behavior analysis technologies
????????
???????????
????????????
?High-efficiency natural gas fired power
generation
- Monitoring technologies
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Separation and capture
Cost reduction of CO2 capture
System
Successive application making sure of legal
system development and social acceptance
Large-scale system demonstration
Environmental impact evaluation and public
acceptance (including monitoring for protocol
post closure )
Establishment of domestic laws, international
rules, etc.
Others
Evaluation of storage potential
Reinforcement of international cooperation
? Innovative Photovoltaic Power Generation
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
Power generation cost
46 JPY/kWh
23 JPY/kWh
14 JPY/kWh
7 JPY/kWh
?PV with innovative structure/material
Theoretical efficiency 50 or higher
Leap in efficiency
Module conversion efficiency 40 or higher
  • Ultra high-efficiency PV
  • such as quantum nanostructure

?Compound semiconductor PV
?High-efficiency compound semiconductor PV
Leap in efficiency
Module production cost ?conversion efficiency?
50 JPY/W ?40 at collection
75 JPY/W ?35 at collection
- Multi-junction technology
?Organic PV (dye-sensitized, thin-film organic)
Drastic cost reduction and expansion in
popularization
? JPY/W ?6?
75 JPY/W ?10?
50 JPY/W ?15?
- Multi-junction technology
?Single-junction thin-film Si PV
?Ultra high-efficiency thin-film PV
?Tandem thin-film Si PV
100 JPY/W ?12?
75 JPY/W ?14?
45 JPY/W ?18?
Drastic cost reduction
?Thin-film CIS PV
50 JPY/W ?22?
75 JPY/W ?18?
- Multi-junction technology
?Crystalline Si PV
?Ultra-thin crystalline Si PV
Drastic cost reduction
100 JPY/W ?16?
75 JPY/W ?19?
50 JPY/W ?22?
Supporting and related technologies
- System technologies (grid connection,
batteries, etc.)
?High-performance power storage
?HEMS/BEMS/Local-level EMS
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Residential
Conventional grid connection
Medium-range community PV system
Introduction support by public authorities,
etc. Market expansion support by RPS, etc.
Wide-area PV system
Industrial
In-building high-voltage connection system for
captive consumption
Overseas
SHS (Solar Home System)?Mini grid
Very-Large-Scale Photovoltaic power generation
(VLS-PV)
Small-scale system for houses in areas without
electricity supply in developing nations
4
? Advanced Nuclear Power Generation
?Fast reactor
Commercial fast reactor
Demonstration fast reactor
Drastic improvement of efficiency of uranium
utilization Substantial reduction in radioactive
wastes
Prototype fast reactor Monju (Tsuruga-city,
Fukui) Under modification
Experimental fast reactor Joyo (O-arai-machi,
Ibaraki) Achieved initial criticality in 1977
and operating up to present.
?Next-generation light-water reactor
Excellent economics, reliability and safety
?Proper utilization of existing reactors with
increased safety
- For domestic replacement - Expansion into
international market as a global standard reactor
- Shift to more effective inspections - Steady
management of substantial measures against aging
?Small and medium reactors
Expansion into international market (addressed by
subjecting markets different from large reactors
such as the next-generation light-water reactor)
Supporting and related technologies
- Technologies for radioactive waste treatment
and disposal (including recycling of nuclear
materials through reprocessing)
- Decommissioning technologies
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Next-generation light-water reactor
LWR
Conceptual design and elemental technology
development
Feasibility study
Achievements of development and operation in
light-water reactors
Detailed design, licensing, construction, etc.
Operation of next-generation light-water reactor
FR
FR Cycle demonstration
FR Cycle Technology Development (FaCT) Project
Feasibility Study on FR Cycle
Commercialization of FR Cycle
Designing and construction of demonstration
reactor
Construction of commercial reactor (before 2050)
Designing and licensing on commercial reactor
Operation of demonstration reactor
Operation of prototype reactor Monju?
1977 - Operation of experimental reactor Joyo ?
SMR
Small and medium reactors
Development in international market
? High-Efficiency Superconducting Transmission
Several hundred meters 1 km
100500 m (Bi-system)
Length
Several km
AC66kV (3-phase)
AC66kV-class, DC125kV-class
High voltage
154275kV
510 kA (Single or Triplex)
35 kA (Triplex)
Large current
1 kA
1 W/m/phase _at_1 kA
0.3 W/m/phase _at_3 kA
Low loss
Several GJ (with current-limiting function)
6.6 kV 10 MVA
Transformer
?Y-system superconducting stabilization
technology for power transmission
?Y-system superconducting cable
?Y-system superconducting transformer
23 JPY/A?m_at_77K
Jegt300 A/mm2 812 JPY/A?m_at_77K
Jegt 300500 A/mm2 46 JPY/A?m_at_77K
Engineering Critical Current Density Tape/Wire
Cost
- Long Tape, Low Cost Technology - High
Efficiency in Cooling System, Scale-up, Cost
Reduction
Cable
Transformer
?Bi-system Superconducting Tape
Je150 A/mm2 20 JPY/A?m_at_77K
Je200 A/mm2 12 JPY/A?m_at_77K
Je250 A/mm2 6 JPY/A?m_at_77K
?Nb-system wire
1 JPY/A?m_at_4.2K
SMES for momentary outage compensation
Supporting and related technologies
- Superconducting power generator (including wind
power generator)
- Cryocooler technology - System management
technology - Electrical insulation technology
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Long-distance transmission - Large-capacity
transmission
Underground transmission in urban area
Industrial application cable
Power cable
Trunk system transformer
System connection transformer
Distribution transformer
On-vehicle transformer
Power transformer
SMES for power system stabilization
For load change compensation
Micro SMES
Stabilization technology for power transmission
Deregulation, Standardization, Human resource
development
Others
5
? Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV)
? Intelligent Transport System (ITS)
?Automated driving, Cooperative driving
?Automated driving, Vehicle platooning (highways)
(Improved driving method)
- ECO driving route guidance system
  • Real-time fuel
  • efficiency meter

- ECO driving control system utilizing car
navigation system
- Adaptive cruise control (ACC)
?Traffic signal control using probe data
?Traffic signal linked ECO-driving
?Traffic signal linked green wave system
(Elimination of bottlenecks)
- Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)
- Optimal control system on sag in the roads
- Autonomous Merging system
?Traffic flow improvement technologies
(Effective utilization of roads)
- Optimal route guidance system
  • Vehicle information and communication
  • system (VICS)

- Parking information system
- Optimal leaving time prediction system (using
probe data)
  • Car navigation system

- Abnormal situation detection system (using
probe data)
Supporting and related technologies
- CO2 reduction effect evaluation technology and
monitoring technology
CO2 emission estimation hybrid traffic flow
simulation technology, Traffic condition
monitoring technology using probe data, CO2
emission estimation technology by driving
situation
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Vehicle control
Individual vehicles control
Cooperative traffic flow control
(Automatic engine stop)
( Personal vehicle )
(Cooprative driving on Ordinary roads)
Distant, white lines, host vehicle
Platoon information, Merging information,
Surrounding environment
Traffic signal
External Information
Road geometry
(Traffic signal control using probe data )
Traffic signal-linked ECO-driving
(Optimal control system on sag in the roads)
(Autonomous merging)
(Vehicle platooning on expressways)
Vehicle to Infrastructure communication
Development of Communication
Inter-vehicle communications
Effect evaluation and monitoring technology,
Standardization, Internationalization,
Systematization, Public outreach
Plan for Diffusion
Traveling distance
300 km
800 km
400 km
Endurability
5,000 hours
3,000 hours
2,000 hours
Vehicle cost (vs. ICV)
1.2
20
35
?Fuel cell vehicles (FCV)
Leap in cruising distance and drastic cost
reduction
- Drastic improvement in hydrogen storage
capacity - Reduction in rare metal content,
development of Non-rare metal catalysts
Supporting and related technologies
?Fuel cell (PEFC)
Hybrid vehicle
Vehicle body weight reduction
?Hydrogen production, transport and supply
?Intelligent transport system
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Active introduction in public service vehicles
Large-scale social demonstration
Full-scale diffusion of fuel cell vehicles
Standardization
Establishment and safety measures for hydrogen
supply infrastructure, institution review and
legal system development
6
? Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle (PHEV) and Electric
Vehicle (EV)
Battery capacity (vs. current level)
1 time
3 times
1.5 times
7 times
Battery cost
1/2
1/10
1 time
1/7
1/40
Traveling distance on a full charge
200 km
130 km
500 km
?Electric vehicle (EV)
- Improvement of battery performance
- Development of post-Li ion batteries
Leap in cruising distance Drastic cost reduction
?Plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV)
- Improvement of Li ion battery performance
Supporting and related technologies
- Vehicle weight reduction
?Intelligent transport system
- Hybrid vehicle
?High-performance power storage (Li ion battery,
high-performance capacitor, Post Li ion battery)
?Power electronics
- Alternative material of rare metal
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Public service vehicles, Commuters EV for
limited-use
Commuter EV
Full-spec EV
Plug-in hybrid vehicle
Establishment of charging infrastructures
? Production of Transport Biofuel
?GTL (Gas to Liquid) ?CTL (Coal to Liquid)
(Alternative fuel of Diesel)
?BTL (Biomass to Liquid)
Drastic cost reduction and high-efficiency
improvement
- FT(Fisher-Tropsch Process) technology, DME
technology
- Small, high-efficiency liquefaction technology
- Butanol fermentation
- Bio Hydrofined Diesel
- Gasification technology
  • The securing of short rotation crops by domestic
    product

  • and international cooperation

?Bio-diesel fuel (BDF)
(Alternative fuel of Gasoline)
?Ethanol production from cellulose
?Ethanol production from sugar, starch, etc.
Drastic cost reduction and high volume production
- ETBE production
100 JPY/L (From rice straw ,waste wood, etc.)
-Development technologies for microorganisms and
enzyme
  • Improvement of process
  • (Pretreatment, saccharification, conversion to
    ethanol)

40 JPY/L (From short rotation crops)
  • Development of new short rotation crops
  • with high-efficiency
    photosynthetic capacity

Supporting and related technologies
?Fuel cell vehicles (FCV)
- Clean diesel vehicles
Equivalent emission and cost to gasoline vehicles
- Combination vehicles of flex fuel vehicles
(FFV) and hybrid vehicles
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Ethanol / ETBE production
Ethanol production from cellulose
BDF production
GTL production
CTL production
BTL production
Direct synthesis of DME
Spread promotion by demonstration
Establishment legal system for quality assurance
of biofuel
Spread promotion of diesel engine
7
? Innovative Material, Production and Processing
Technology
(Glass production process)
?Innovative glass melting process
Leap in efficiency
Small melter
Large melter
- Glass melter automatic control technology -
High-efficiency oxygen production technology -
Simulation technology
- Scale-up technology
- In-flight melting technology utilized plasma,
etc.
- High-efficiency cullet heating technology, etc.
(Non-ferrous metal materials production process)
?High performance titanium alloy production
process
Industrialization of new smelting process
- High performance titanium alloy design
technology - Molding process technology
- New smelting scale increase technology
(Chemical process)
?Bio refinery technology
Mass production, cost reduction and material
conversion of oil for various substances
?Water processing by innovative separation
membrane system
(Other industries)
Drastic energy saving and application expansion
- Development of new energy-saving separation
membrane materials
- Establishment of water processing technology
using energy-saving separation membrane
(Material technologies and innovative design
technologies for energy saving in transport
devices such as airplanes)
?Energy saving material and design
technology for transport devices
Drastic energy saving in airplanes , other
transport devices and so forth
- Carbon fiber composite material technology
- Next-generation structural part
production/processing technology
- Environmentallyfriendly, small aircraft engine
- Development of thermoplastic carbon fiber
composite material
- Technology to enable gradient functions with
optimal thermo-mechanical treatment
?Co-production
Leap in efficiency
(Cross-cutting energy saving technologies)
Next-generation coal gasification power
generation (A-IGCC/A-IGFC)
- Autothermal regeneration industrial process
- Next-generation gasification (exergy
recuperation-type) technology
?Steam generation heat pump
Leap in application
- Steam generation by utilization of air-source
- COP improvement for low-temperature steam heat
pump
COP 3.0, 120? steam
COP 4.0
- Temperature increase in generated steam
Introduction/diffusion scenario
8
? Innovative Iron and Steel Making Process
Phase?(step 1)
(step 2)
Phase?
Industrial application/diffusion
COURSE501
?Innovative Iron and Steel making process
1 CO2 Ultimate Reduction in Steelmaking Process
by Innovative Technology for Cool Earth 50
- Blast furnace gas circulation technology -
Hydrogen amplification technology - Iron ore
hydrogen reduction technology
?CO2 separation and capture technology
?Energy saving technologies
- Next-generation coke production technology
(SCOPE212)
2 Super Coke Oven for Productivity and
Environmental enhancement toward the 21th century
- High temperature waste heat recovery (blast
furnace top pressure recovery turbine (TRT), new
establishment of coke dry quench facility (CDQ),
etc.) - Facility efficiency increase
(high-efficiency oxygen plant, power generation
turbine improvement, etc.) - Operation efficiency
increase (reduction in reducing agent ratio,
steel products temperature management, etc.)
- Medium- to low-temperature waste heat recovery
- Effective utilization of waste plastic, etc.
(substitution for coking coal, gasified gas
utilization)
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Process innovation
Innovative iron and steel making process
PCI, CNC, etc.
SCOPE-21
Continuous operation, AI, CNC, etc.
Continuous efficiency increase promotion
Process efficiency increase
By-product gas utilization
Separation and capture of CO2
Gas holder operation, ACC
H2 supply
Medium to low temperature waste heat recovery
Waste heat recovery
TRT, CDQ, etc.
Regeneration burner, etc.
Biomass
Waste utilization
Waste plastic and tires
? High-Efficiency House and Building
1.6 W/m2?K
Heat loss coefficient
2.7 W/m2?K
Remarkable advance in heat insulation performance
?High heat insulation and shielding houses and
buildings
Leap in heat insulation performance
- Low thermal conductivity insulators
- Vacuum insulation wall
- Low vacuum heat insulation technology
- Vacuum insulation window
- Window glass with low coefficient of heat
transmission
- Multi-ceramic layer heat insulation material
technology
Thermal conductivity 0.002 W/m?K, Heat
transmittance 0.3 W/m2?K (super insulation
wall) Thermal conductivity 0.003 W/m?K, Heat
transmittance 0.4 W/m2?K (super insulation window)
- Light control glass
- Solar shading
- Development and cost reduction of externally
insulation control system
?Highly airtight housing and building
- Heat exchange ventilation system
- Indoor air improvement technology (VOC
absorption building materials, moisture
adjustment building materials)
?Passive houses and buildings
- Natural ventilation - Utilization of natural
light - Heat storage
Supporting and related technologies
?HEMS /BEMS/Local-level EMS
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Insulation wall/window easy construction system
Technologies to utilize insulation walls and
windows (structure, design and construction)
Diffusion of energy-saving housing by financing,
tax system, etc.
Establishment, expansion and diffusion of housing
performance indication system, etc.
9
? Stationary Fuel Cell
? Next-Generation High-Efficiency Lighting
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
?Organic EL lighting
?Next-generation lighting
Light emission efficiency Life
15 lm/W 1,000 hours
200 lm/W 60,000 hours
100 lm/W
- Micro cavity light emission, cluster light
emission, light storage technology, optical
transmission technology, etc.
?High-efficiency LED lighting
65 lm/W 40,000 hours
100 lm/W
200 lm/W 60,000 hours
- Area lighting system using light sensor/human
detection sensor
?Incandescent lamp ?High-efficiency fluorescent
lamp
15 lm/W, 1,0002,000 hours 50100 lm/W, 10,000
hours
Supporting and related technologies
?HEMS /BEMS/Local-level EMS
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Individual houses
Creation of initial demands by subsidiary, tax
system reform, etc.
Industrial
Effective management with top-runner method
Overseas
Active promotion of cooperation to developing
nations
(PEFC)
Approx. 700,000
500,000
lt400,000
System cost (stationary, JPY per kW)
4 5 million
36, 90,000 hours
32, 40 thousand hours
Power generation efficiency (HHV), durability
Cost for household products are estimated
including hot water storage tank
(SOFC)
Power generation efficiency (HHV), Durability,
System cost
40, 40,000 hours 1 million JPY/kW
gt40, 90,000 hours, lt250,000 JPY/kW (for
household use 300,000400,000 JPY)
Small-capacity cogeneration
Medium-capacity cogeneration
gt45, 90,000 hours, lt200,000 JPY/kW
42, 40,000 hours, 1 million JPY/kW
60, 40,000 hours several hundred thousand JPY/kW
gt60, 90,000 hours lt10,000 JPY/kW
GT/FC combined power generation
?Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell (PEFC)
Drastic cost reduction
- High temperature, low humidity, robust
development technology - Reduction of platinum
content, etc.
- Non-humidified MEA, Non-platinum/low oxygen
overvoltage catalyst, etc.
For automobiles (auxiliary power supply, power
train)
Household cogeneration
?New direct Polymer-Electrolyte membrane Fuel
Cell (PEFC)
Drastic cost reduction
- Stable anion membrane, Medium-temperature
electrolyte
- Bio fuel (direct)
- Nonmetal air electrode, Nonmetal fuel electrode
- Direct ammonia
?Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)
Drastic lifetime extension and cost reduction
Small-scale cogeneration
Medium-scale to large-scale power generation -
Separation and capture of CO2
?Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC)
Drastic lifetime extension and cost reduction
Small-scale cogeneration
Medium-scale to large-scale power generation -
Separation and capture of CO2
?Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC)
Diffusion expansion
Commercial cogeneration, Industrial cogeneration
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Introduction and Diffusion of Fuel Cell Vehicles
(FCV)

Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell (PEFC)
Diffusion of fuel cell cogeneration
(commercial/industrial)
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC)
Output increase (several MW)
High-efficiency bio-gas power generation
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)
GT/FC composite power generation
Promotion of international standard
10
? Ultra High-Efficiency Heat Pump
Cost (vs. current level)
1
0.5
0.75
Device efficiency (vs. current level)
(Annual Performance Factor)
1.5
1
2
Reference value Air conditioning and heating
APF 6.6 (2.8 kW) Hot water
supply rated COP 5.1
- Next-generation coolant technology
- High-efficiency compressor technology
- Expansion work recovery technology
?Ultra high-efficiency heat pump for air
conditioning
(Air conditioning)
Leap in efficiency
- High-efficiency heat recovery technology
(simultaneous supply of cold energy and heat)
- New air conditioning method such as chemical HP
- Next-generation ground source utilization
technology
- Low ambient temperature addressing technology
(including very cold district)
(Room heating)
?Ultra high-efficiency heat pump for dual
purpose of heating and hot water supply
Leap in efficiency
- Ultra high-efficiency heat exchange
technology
- Heat pump technology for snow melting
- Next-generation latent/sensible heat storage
technologies
(Hot water Supply)
- Exhaust heat utilization technology for
exhaust heat from ventilation and human sewage
?Ultra high-efficiency heat recovery type heat
pump for multiple purposes including air
conditioning, and hot water supply
Drastic improvement in convenience and cost
reduction
Supporting and related technologies
?HEMS/BEMS/Local-level EMS
High-efficiency motor, Inverter technology,
Control by forecasting technology, High flux
heat removal technology, Material/processing
technology, etc.
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Subsidiary, preferential treatment in tax system
Diffusion promotion by top-runner program
Research and development with industry-academia-go
vernment cooperation
Information provision to public
International cooperation promotion though IEA
etc.
? High-Efficiency Information Device and System
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
(TV)
?High-efficiency Back Light technology (LCD)
Drastic power consumption reduction
Annual power consumption (LCD TV size 52V)
5.3 kWh/yearinch
2.7 kWh/yearinch
1.6 kWh/yearinch
?Organic EL display
Energy saving in individual information devices
- Larger screen area
- Light emission efficiency improvement 70
lm/W
- Lifetime extension
50,000 hours
(Information and telecommunication devices)
?Energy-saving information communication devices
Drastic expansion in popularization
Drastic power consumption reduction
- Ultra high recording density HDD
- Large-capacity optical communication network
technology, power saving router/switch technology
30 reduction in power consumption
?Energy-saving information and communication
system (server, data center, etc.)
Energy saving for the entire network system
- Cooling technology, Energy management
technology - Virtualization technology, energy
saving network architecture
(Next-generation semiconductor devices)
?Ultra low power consumption semiconductors
Line width (nm) 90
65
45
32
22
14
16
11
- Heterogeneous multi-core technology
- Ultra low power circuit/system technology
- Microfabrication technology
- Circuit design technology, Transistor with new
structure
Supporting and related technologies
? HEMS/BEMS/Local-level EMS
- High-efficiency motor and motor control
technology, High-efficiency DC/DC converter
technology, DC power supply/distribution
technology, etc.
- SiC, GaN high-efficiency inverter
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Technology development
Promotion of energy saving technology development
with industry-academia-government cooperation
Diffusion promotion by top-runner program, etc.
System
Holding of international symposium Reduction in
social load by IT society, how environmental IT
business management should be implemented,
transmission of development of energy saving
innovative technologies to domestic and
international society
Green IT promotion council Enlightening and
diffusion of environmental IT business management
visualization of environmental contribution by IT
in the entire society
11
? HEMS/BEMS/Local-Level EMS
?Local-level EMS (Energy Management System)
- Application of HEMS/BEMS technology
- Organic combined technology with HEMS/BEMS and
local heat/electricity supply
- Coordination with autonomous local energy
demand and supply system
- Local area EMS
- Block-level EMS
- Cluster type (local-/city-level) EMS
?HEMS (Home Energy Management System)
  • - Telecommunication hardware
  • technology
  • - Middleware technology

- Micro sensing technology - Energy
(electricity/heat) storage system integration
- In-house sensor network - Renewable energy
integration
- Energy demand and supply analysis
/forecasting technology
- Energy saving technologies such ad DC power
supply
- Energy saving cooperation and control by living
activity forecasting technology
?BEMS (Building Energy Management System)
- Application of HEMS technology
- High efficiency, power saving BEMS
- Next-generation ultra energy saving BEMS
- Integrated/flexible BEMS
Supporting and related technologies
?Next-generation high- efficiency lighting
?Innovative photovoltaic power generation
?Advanced Li ion battery
?Energy-conserving information devices and
systems
?High heat insulation and shielding houses and
buildings
?Power electronics
Introduction/diffusion scenario
HEMS
Individual development of communication hardware,
middleware and sensor technology
Local-level EMS connected distributed power
supply, Photovoltaic power generation, etc.
BEMS
Diffusion of ESCO projects, Development in energy
saving businesses such as EPS, Further efficiency
and IT development in commercial and household
devices
? High-Performance Power Storage
(For vehicles)
Energy density
200 Wh/kg
500 Wh/kg
70100 Wh/kg
150 Wh/kg
Cost
20,000 JPY/kWh
5,000 JPY/kWh
200,000 JPY/kWh
30,000 JPY/kWh
(For stationary use)
Lifetime
10 years
20 years
Cost
40,000 JPY/kWh
15,000 JPY/kWh
?Batteries with new concept/principle
Drastic performance improvement and cost reduction
Metal-air battery, etc.
?Advanced Li ion battery
Drastic performance improvement and cost reduction
- Li metal battery, LiS battery, etc.
For Hybrid vehicle
For Plug-in hybrid vehicle and electric vehicle
For Mobile device
Stabilization of wind power/photovoltaic power
generation
?NAS battery, Redox flow battery
For load leveling, improvement of power quality,
load change compensation
?Ni metal hydride battery
?Advanced Ni hydrogen battery
Hybrid vehicle
Stabilization of wind power/photovoltaic power
generation
Mobile devices
?Capacitor
?Capacitors based on new concept
Automobile power train assistance
For memory maintenance, etc.
Automobile accessory assistance
Drastic performance improvement and cost reduction
Stabilization of wind power/photovoltaic power
generation
Power quality improvement
- Electric dual-layer capacitor, Hybrid
capacitor, etc.
- Hybrid with storage battery
Supporting and related technologies
?HEMS/BEMS/Local-level EMS
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Public vehicles, Commuters EV for limited-use
General Commuter EV
Full-spec EV
For vehicles
Plug-in HV vehicle
For stationary use
Stabilization of wind power
/photovoltaic power generation
Load leveling Power quality improvement
Load change compensation
Local-level EMS
12
? Power Electronics
?Diamond power device
Wafer diameter
2 inch
4?10 mm
3 inch
4 inch
Wafer dislocation density
103 cm-2
105 cm-2
102 cm-2
10 cm-2
- Extension of wafer diameter - Reduction of
wafer defect (dislocation density) -
Improvement of - ON resistance reduction
/voltage resistance
?GaN-type power device
4 inch
5 inch
2 inch
3 inch
103 cm-2
105 cm-2
104 cm-2
?SiC power device
4 inch
6 inch
3 inch
?100mm 4H-SiC single crystal
103 cm-2
102 cm-2
50 cm-2
10 cm-2
104 cm-2
?High-efficiency inverter/converter
- Ultra low loss SiC switching device
(normally-off type MOSFET) - Advanced
inverter/converter design technology
Supporting and related technologies
?HEMS /BEMS/Local-level EMS
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Si
Information devices, Household appliances,
Distributed power supply, Industrial devices,
Large power devices
Household appliances, Distributed power supply,
Industrial devices, Automobiles, Electric
railway (Switching device)
Information devices (Rectification device)
SiC
Power distribution devices
Information devices (Rectification device)
Household appliances, Distributed power supply,
Wireless base station (Switching device)
GaN-type
Laser in vehicle, etc.
Diamond
Information devices Power distribution meters
Hydrogen Production, Transport and Storage
Hydrogen price
150 JPY/Nm3
80 JPY/Nm3
40 JPY/Nm3
?Hydrogen production technology
Drastic cost reduction
- Hydrogen fermentation, Photocatalyst, etc.
- Hydrogen production from fossil fuels
- Water electrolysis
  • Hydrogen production
  • by renewable energy utilization

Drastic transport efficiency improvement
and safety improvement
?Hydrogen transport technology
- Compressed hydrogen transport
High-pressure transport 7 JPY/Nm3, Liquid
transport 3 JPY/Nm3
- Liquid hydrogen transport
- Pipeline transport
- Organic hydride transport
Drastic advances, cost reduction, and
endurance and safety improvement
?Hydrogen storage technology
- Ultra high pressure container
- Hydrogen storage materials
(alloy/inorganic/carbon-type, etc.)
- Clathrate, Organic metal structures, Organic
hydride, etc.
- Liquid hydrogen container
Supporting and related technologies
Hydrogen supply technology (Small Refueling
station, Parallel establishment with gas station,
Local and National-scale hydrogen supply system)
?Fuel cell vehicle (FCV)
?Fuel cells for fixed installation
Introduction/diffusion scenario
Hydrogen from fossil fuels, By-product hydrogen,
Water electrolysis
Hydrogen from renewable energy (Photovoltaic/wind
power generation, biomass, etc).
Innovative product of hydrogen Hydrogen
fermentation, photocatalyst, etc.
Establishment and safety measures for hydrogen
supply infrastructure, System review, Legal
system development and promotion of
standardization
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