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Aboriginal War Veterans WWI 1914

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Aboriginal War Veterans WWI 1914 1918 WWII 1939 - 1945 BCFN 12 ... Native land, expropriated during the war for military use, was not returned. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aboriginal War Veterans WWI 1914


1
Aboriginal War VeteransWWI 1914 1918WWII 1939
- 1945
  • BCFN 12

2
Aboriginal War VeteransWWII
  • At least 3,000 status (treaty) Indiansincluding
    72 womenenlisted, as well as an unknown number
    of Inuit, Métis, and other Natives.
  • .

3
They Came From Across Canada
  • Aboriginal peoples from every region of Canada
    served in the armed forces during the Second
    World War, fighting in every major battle and
    campaign of the conflict

4
They Volunteered
  • "We're proud of the word volunteer. Nobody forced
    us. We were good Canadianspatriotswe fought for
    our country."
  • Syd Moore, Second World War Veteran

5
Tommy Prince
  • Born in Manitoba, Canada, Tommy Prince was a
    member of the Ojibway Nation at the Brokenhead
    reservation in Scanterbury Manitoba.

6
Tommy Prince
  • He was accepted into the Canadian Army on 3 June
    1940. First as a Field Engineer and then with the
    Canadian Parachute Battalion. He then was chosen
    for the 1st Special Service Force. They became
    known to the enemy as the Devils Brigade.
    Historica Online

7
Tommy Prince
  • In the summer of 1944, he walked across miles of
    mountainous terrain deep behind German lines,
    going days without food or water, to locate an
    enemy camp. He returned with his unit and they
    captured more than 1000 German soldiers.
  • Historica Online

8
Medals for Bravery
  • When the fighting ended, King George VI decorated
    Prince with both the Military Medal and the
    Silver Star, an American decoration for gallantry
    in action. He was honorably discharged on 15
    June.
  • Historica Online

9
Pride
  • He said "All my life I had wanted to do something
    to help my people recover their good name." He
    dedicated himself to attaining increased
    educational and economic opportunities for
    Aboriginal peoples.Historica Online

10
Home to Canada
  • Prince returned from the wars to a country that
    denied him the right to vote in federal elections
    and refused him the same benefits as other
    Canadian veterans.
  • Native land, expropriated during the war for
    military use, was not returned.
  • Native land was sold to White veterans under the
    Soldiers' Settlement Act, and Aboriginals did not
    have the right to buy land or obtain other
    benefits because of Indian Act restrictions.

11
Canada Denied Benefits
  • Veterans Land Act Gave veterans a low-interest
    loan of 6, 000 to purchase agricultural property
    or to invest in the fishing industry
  • This was revised in 1942 to deal with Status
    Indians

Since reserve land could not be sold, Status
Indians Were not eligible for the loan. Instead
of 6, 000 they got 2, 320
12
Korean War1950 - 1953
13
Service in Korea
  • Facing unemployment, Prince re-enlisted and
    served with the Princess Patricias Canadian
    Light Infantry.

14
More Medals
  • During two tours of duty during the Korean War he
    won the Korean, Canadian Volunteer Service and
    United Nations Service medals.
  • He was wounded in the knee, and was honourably
    discharged on 28 October 1953.

15
War Hero
  • Tommy Prince is Canadas most-decorated
    Aboriginal war veteran.
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