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Title: WWII/Part III


1
WWII/Part III
2
One final look at Europe.
  • D-Day (June 6th, 1944) was successful, Paris is
    liberated by August of 1944.
  • January 26th, 1945 Soviet troops liberate
    Auschwitz
  • February 4-11, 1945 Churchill, FDR and Stalin
    meet in Yalta.
  • April 21st, 1945 Soviets reach Berlin
  • April 30th, 1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide

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War in the Pacific
  • Japan has a busy month in December 1941
  • The bombing of Pearl Harbor
  • Seize land near Singapore and invade Thailand
  • The invasion of the Philippines, Guam, Burma,
    Hong Kong and Wake Island
  • The bombing of Manila

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Japanese Empire, 1942
9
Japan in 1942
  • Japan continues invasions around the Pacific
  • In the largest bombing since Pearl Harbor, Japan
    strikes Australia and Bali
  • February 23 Japanese attack on the U.S.
    mainland. A submarine bombs an oil refinery in
    Santa Barbara, CA.
  • Japan invades the Midway and Aleutian Islands
  • Battle of Midway June 4-7, 1942. The most
    important naval battle of the Pacific.

10
One Major Event of 1942
  • The Bataan Death March
  • The U.S. troops unconditionally surrender on
    Bataan (the Philippines)
  • April 10th, the Death March begins. 76,000
    Allied POWs (including 12,000 Americans) are
    forced to march 60 miles toward a new camp, in
    the sun without food or water. This results in
    5,000 deaths.

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The Allies Surrender in the Philippines
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The Bataan Death March
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The Bataan Death March
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The Solomon Islands, beginning Aug.1943
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Solomon Islands, 1944The most lethal fighters on
the island
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Marshall Islands, 1944A Solider Survives Two
Days of Fighting.
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U.S. troops land on GuamJuly 20th, 1944
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The Island Battles Continue
  • The Allied strategy was to start with the Solomon
    Islands and to work their way northwesterly
    toward the ultimate goal of Japan.
  • This is also known as island hopping.
  • Other battles included Guadalcanal, New Guinea,
    the Gilbert Islands, the Marshalls, the
    Carolines, the Marianas and the naval battle of
    Leyte Gulf.
  • Many of these battles stretched on for several
    months.

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The Battle of Iwo Jima
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The Details of Iwo Jima
  • February 19, 1945 by nightfall, 566 Marines were
    killed and 1,854 wounded.
  • The Battle continues for 2 1/2 months for an 8
    mile square of land.
  • By March 16, when Iwo Jima was declared secured,
    6,821 Americans and 21,000 Japanese had died.

21
The Flag Raising Feb. 23rd, 1945Three of the
flag raisers would later perish in battle
  • This picture comes to symbolize what it means to
    be a Marine.

22
The Japanese style of fighting
  • USS BUNKER HILL hit by two Kamikazes in 30
    seconds off Kyushu, resulting in 372 dead and 264
    wounded. May 11, 1945.

23
On the way to Japan Okinawa
  • On Okinawa, just 350 miles from Japan, a Marine
    dashes through Japanese machine gun fire while
    crossing a draw, called 'Death Valley' by the men
    fighting there. Marines sustained more than 125
    casualties in eight hours crossing this valley.
    May 1945.

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The Forgotten War
  • China-Burma-India Theater
  • Some U.S. forces, mostly British commanders and
    soldiers. Allied with commander Chiang Kai-shek.
  • The Hump an operation of the U.S. Air Force to
    air lift supplies to support Chinese troops
  • Over 10 million Chinese will die as a result of
    WWII.

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The Beginning of the End
  • Battles on Islands and on the sea continue, U.S.
    captures territory.
  • January 3rd, 1945-General MacArthur is placed in
    command of all ground troops
  • April 12th, 1945-President Roosevelt dies and is
    succeeded by Harry Truman
  • May 8th, 1945-Victory Day in Europe (VE Day)
  • August 8th, 1945-The Soviet Union declares war on
    Japan and invades Manchuria.

27
V-E Day May 8th, 1945(Victory in Europe)
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How it all ends.
  • August 6th, 1945 Hiroshima is hit with a 9,000
    pound atomic bomb.
  • 72,000 people are killed.
  • August 9th, 1945 Nagasaki is hit with another
    atomic bomb.
  • August 15th, 1945, Japan unconditionally
    surrenders.

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V-J Day September 2nd, 1945Japan signs
instrument of surrender on board the USS Missouri
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The Cost of War
  • 61 Countries participated-1.7 billion or 3/4 of
    the worlds population was involved.
  • The war cost over 1 trillion, more than all
    other wars combined.
  • The U.S. spent the most money.
  • U.S.S.R lost the most people with 20 million
    deaths.
  • Total war deaths are estimated at 55 million, not
    including the deaths from the Holocaust. 30
    million civilian deaths and 25 million military
    deaths
  • 60 million people were displaced either homeless
    or refugees.

33
Back to the Beginning
  • The Second World War affected nations on every
    continent caused the deaths of 60 million
    people, produced vast physical damage, generated
    new forms of genocidal mass murder as well as
    weapons of mass destruction and contributed to
    the influence of two superpower nations.
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