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End of the Year Exam

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Title: End of the Year Exam


1
End of the Year Exam
  • Study QUestions

2
  • Which statement describes Georgias relative
    location?
  • a. Georgia is a northeastern state.
  • b. Georgia is located north of Florida.
  • c. Georgia is located in the Southwestern United
    States.
  • d. Georgia is located between 30 - 35 degrees
    east latitude and between 80 85 west longitude.

b. Georgia is located north of Florida.
3
  • Into which hemisphere does the
  • prime meridian place Georgia?
  •   a. eastern hemisphere
  • b. northern hemisphere
  • c. southern hemisphere
  • d. western hemisphere

d. western hemisphere
4
  • What is the highest peak in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Amicalola Falls
  • b. Brasstown Bald
  • c. Cloudland Canyon
  • d. Tallulah Gorge

b. Brasstown Bald
5
  • Which Georgia region is described
  • by these phrases?
  • ?Smallest region
  • ?Source of coal deposits
  • ?Location of Lookout Mountain
  • a. Appalachian Plateau
  • b. Blue Ridge
  • c. Piedmont Plateau
  • d. Ridge and Valley

a. Appalachian Plateau
6
  • What two regions are separated by the Fall Line?
  •  
  • a. Appalachian Plateau and Blue Ridge
  • b. Blue Ridge and Piedmont
  • c. Coastal Plain and Blue Ridge
  • d. Coastal Plain and Piedmont

d. Coastal Plain and Piedmont
7
  • Georgia is divided into five different physical
    regions. Which one of these covers the largest
    part of the state?
  •  
  • a. Piedmont
  • b. Coastal Plain
  • c. Appalachians
  • d. Valley and Ridge

b. Coastal Plain
8
  • The mountain chain which reaches
  • into northern Georgia is the
  •  
  • a. Appalachians.
  • b Ozarks.
  • c. Rockies.
  • d. Shenandoah.

a. Appalachians.
9
  • What river has its headwaters in the mountains of
    north Georgia and form part of the
  • boundary between Georgia and Alabama?
  •  
  • a. Altamaha
  • b. Chattahoochee
  • c. Flint
  • d. Savannah

b. Chattahoochee
10
  • The earliest settlement of Georgia
  • by the first English colonists was
  • along which Georgia river?
  •  
  • a. Altamaha
  • b. Chattahoochee
  • c. Ocmulgee
  • d. Savannah

d. Savannah
11
  • What is the primary function
  • of the barrier islands?
  •  
  • a. They serve as well-stocked hunting preserves.
  • b. They protect wild horses from extinction.
  • c. They are frequent targets of hurricanes.
  • d. They protect the beaches from erosion.

d. They protect the beaches from
erosion.
12
  • Georgias climate attracts business
  • and industry because the state
  •  
  • a. does not have hurricanes.
  • b. seldom receives much snow.
  • c. rarely experiences tornadoes.
  • d. has a consistently mild climate.

d. has a consistently mild climate.
13
  • Which method of transportation moves the largest
    amount of freight in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. airlines
  • b. railroads
  • c. shipping
  • d. trucks

d. trucks
14
  • The oldest known Native American culture in North
    America was the
  •  
  • a. Archaic culture.
  • b. Mississippian culture.
  • c. Paleo culture.
  • d. Woodland culture.
  •  

c. Paleo culture.
15
  • During which prehistoric period did large game
    become extinct?
  •  
  • a. Archaic
  • b. Mississippian
  • c. Paleo
  • d. Woodland
  •  

a. Archaic
16
  • The prehistoric culture that developed the bow
    and arrow for hunting was the
  •  
  • a. Archaic culture.
  • b. Mississippi culture.
  • c. Paleo culture.
  • d. Woodland culture.
  •  
  •  

d. Woodland culture.
17
  • Which prehistoric people were the FIRST to paint
    and tattoo their bodies?
  •  
  • a. Archaic
  • b. Mississippian
  • c. Paleo
  • d. Woodland
  •  

b. Mississippian
18
  • Who was the European first explorer to enter
    present-day Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Hernando de Soto
  • b. Ponce de Leon
  • c. Ferdinand Magellan
  • d. Francisco Pizarro

a. Hernando de Soto
19
  • The main purpose of the Spanish mission in the
    barrier islands was to
  •  
  • a. provide protection for the areas European
    settlers.
  • b. convert the Indians to Catholicism.
  • c. establish trade with Spain.
  • d. claim land for Spain.

b. convert the Indians to Catholicism
20
  • The main reason the Spanish explored North
    America was to
  •  
  • a. build permanent settlements.
  • b. find gold and riches.
  • c. spread Christianity.
  • d. fight the British.

b. find gold and riches.
21
  • The first permanent British settlement in the New
    World was built at
  • a. St. Augustine.
  • b. Jamestown.
  • c. Massachusetts Bay.
  • d. Roanoke Island.

b. Jamestown.
22
  • The first permanent Spanish settlement in the New
    World was established at
  •  
  • a. Jamestown.
  • b. Los Angeles.
  • c. St. Augustine.
  • d. Yamacraw Bluff.

c. St. Augustine.
23
  • What was the name of the first British fort
    constructed in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Fort Frederica
  • b. Fort Guale
  • c. Fort King George
  • d. Fort Santa Catalina
  •  

c. Fort King George
24
  • One of the reasons given for the colonization of
    Georgia was to serve as a buffer colony. This
    meant that Georgia was
  •  
  • a. a colony for settlement by the poor.
  • b. an outpost for pirates attacking Spanish
    galleons.
  • c. a military protective zone between English
    and Spanish settlements.
  • d. an agricultural station experimenting with
    new strains of cotton plant.
  •  

c. a military protective zone between English
and Spanish settlements.
25
  • When did King George II grant Oglethorpe and his
    group a charter for the colony of Georgia?
  • a. 1492
  • b. 1607
  • c. 1732
  • d. 1776
  •  

c. 1732
26
  • What ship brought Oglethorpe and the first
    colonists to Charleston, then Savannah, during
    the winter of 1733?
  •  
  • a. Ann
  • b. Godspeed
  • c. Mayflower
  • d. Santa Maria
  •  

a. Ann
27
  • What Indians were led by Tomochichi?
  •  
  • a. Cherokee
  • b. Creek
  • c. Oconee
  • d. Yamacraw
  •  
  •  

d. Yamacraw
28
  • Who served as the translator for Oglethorpe in
    his discussions with Tomochichi?
  •  
  • a. William Bull
  • b. Robert Montgomery
  • c. Mary Musgrove
  • d. Toonahowi
  •  

c. Mary Musgrove
29
  • Where did James Oglethorpe and the first Georgia
    colonists land when they arrived in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Fort Frederica near St. Simons Island
  • b. Fort Pulaski on the Savannah River
  • c. Ossabaw Island on Ossabaw Sound
  • d. Yamacraw Bluff on the Savannah River
  •  

d. Yamacraw Bluff on the Savannah
River
30
  • Oglethorpes plan for the establishment of
    Savannah could BEST be described as a
  • poor design for defense against invading
  • armies.
  • b. series of circular roads making travel easy.
  • c. city planned around open squares.
  • d. decaying neighborhood. 

c. city planned around open squares.
31
  • Why did German Salzburgers
  • come to Georgia?
  •  
  • a. to escape religious persecution
  • b. to serve out terms for misconduct
  • c. to lead the armed forces for Oglethorpe
  • d. for the new financial opportunities available

a. to escape religious persecution
32
  • Where did Highland Scots
  • settle in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Augusta
  • b. Darien
  • c. New Ebenezer
  • d. Savannah

b. Darien
33
  • Who were the malcontents of the early Georgia
    colony?
  •  
  • a. people who were unhappy and constantly
    complaining.
  • b. officials who examined the contents of cargo
    ships.
  • c. foreigners from Germany and Scotland.
  • d. the trustees and their families.

a. people who were unhappy and constantly
complaining.
34
  • The greatest threat to the Georgia colony came
    from
  •  
  • a. Indians who lived in the area.
  • b. Spanish soldiers in Florida.
  • c. the areas harsh climate.
  • d. new diseases.

d. new diseases.
35
  • What was the importance of the Battle of Bloody
    Marsh?
  •  
  • a. It ended the threat of war from the Native
    Americans.
  • b. It demonstrated the strength of the British
    militia.
  • c. It resulted in Georgias gaining new lands on
    which to settle.
  • d. It was the beginning of a safe southern
    frontier for the British.

d. It was the beginning of a safe southern
frontier for the British.
36
  • Who controlled Georgia after it became a royal
    colony?
  •  
  • a. James Oglethorpe
  • b. the people of Georgia
  • c. a bicameral legislature
  • d. the king of Great Britain

d. the king of Great Britain
37
  • Who was the first royal governor of Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Robert Castell
  • b. Robert Montgomery
  • c. James Oglethorpe
  • d. John Reynolds

d. John Reynolds
38
  • What effect did the French and Indian War have on
    Georgias growth and development?
  •  
  • a. Once the French and Indian tribes were
    defeated and no longer a threat to Georgia, the
    colony prospered in a stable and peaceful
    environment.
  • b. Georgia gained new lands, new water access
    for shipping, ample farmland, and rich forests
    with timber and naval stores.
  • c. Georgia gained many new settlers who were
    living in the lands that were added to Georgias
    colonial boundaries.
  • d. Georgia took possession of several key French
    forests, which added to Georgias defenses
    against the Spanish.

b. Georgia gained new lands, new water access
for shipping, ample farmland, and rich forests
with timber and naval stores.
39
  • What law forbade colonists to move west of the
    Appalachian Mountains?
  •  
  • a. Emancipation Proclamation
  • b. Intolerable Acts
  • c. Missouri Compromise
  • d. Proclamation of 1763

d. Proclamation of 1763
40
  • What was the first direct tax by Parliament on
    the American colonies, which caused the colonies
    to unite against King George?
  •  
  • a. Currency Act
  • b. Proclamation of 1763
  • c. Stamp Act
  • d. Sugar Act

c. Stamp Act
41
  • These actions taken by the British were known as
    the
  • ? Closed Boston Harbor to everything but British
    ships.
  • ? The colonists had to house and feed the British
    troops.
  • ? British Officials could not be tried in
    colonial courts for crimes.
  • ? The British Governor was in charge of all the
    town meetings in Boston. There would no more
    self-government in Boston.
  •  
  • a. Intolerable Acts.
  • b. Navigation Acts.
  • c. Stamp Act.
  • d. Tea Act.

a. Intolerable Acts.
42
  • Who was the primary author of the Declaration of
    Independence?
  •  
  • a. John Adams
  • b. Benjamin Franklin
  • c. Thomas Jefferson
  • d. Thomas Paine

c. Thomas Jefferson
43
  • These activities were supported by most of the  
  • ? Committees of Correspondence
  • ? Boston Tea Party
  • ? Continental Congress
  • a. Colonists.
  • b. Loyalists.
  • c. Patriots.
  • d. Royalists.

c. Patriots.
44
  • Who was the leader of the militia who led the
    forces at the Battle of Kettle Creek?
  •  
  • a. George Washington
  • b. Benjamin Lincoln
  • c. Nathaniel Greene
  • d. Elijah Clarke

d. Elijah Clarke
45
  • Who was the black soldier who was seriously
    wounded at the Battle of Kettle Creek?
  •  
  • a. Crispus Attucks
  • b. Austin Dabney
  • c. Frederick Douglass
  • d. Agippa Hull

b. Austin Dabney
46
  • Who was the female Georgia patriot famous for
    capturing and killing a group of Tories during
    the revolution?
  •  
  • a. Rebecca Felton
  • b. Nancy Hart
  • c. Mary Musgrove
  • d. Molly Pitcher

b. Nancy Hart
47
  • Who were the three Georgians who signed the
    Declaration of Independence?
  •  
  • a. Lyman Hall, George Walton, and Noble Wimberly
    Jones
  • b. Thomas Jefferson, Henry Ellis, and James
    Wright
  • c. George Walton, Lyman Hall, and Button
    Gwinnett
  • d. Lyman Hall, Button Gwinnett, and James Wright

c. George Walton, Lyman Hall, and Button Gwinnett
48
  • What was the MOST significant result of the siege
    of Savannah?
  •  
  • a. The British were pushed out of Georgia.
  • b. The city of Savannah remained in British
    hands.
  • c. It was the deadliest battle of the
    Revolutionary War.
  • d. It was the last major conflict of the
    Revolutionary War.

b. The city of Savannah remained in British
hands.
49
  • What was the main weakness of the Georgia
    Constitution of 1777?
  •  
  • a. It placed too much importance on checks and
    balances.
  • b. It gave too much power to the legislative
    branch.
  • c. It established two parts in the legislative
    branch.
  • d. It created an independent executive branch.

a. It placed too much importance on checks and
balances.
50
  • The first written plan for the government of the
    United States was called the
  •  
  • a. American Constitution.
  • b. Articles of Confederation.
  • c. Colonial Confederation.
  • d. Constitution of the United States.

b. Articles of Confederation.
51
  • The U.S. Constitution was actually signed by only
    two of Georgias four delegates. The two signers
    were William Few and
  •  
  • a. Abraham Baldwin.
  • b. Button Gwinnett.
  • c. Thomas Jefferson.
  • d. George Walton.

a. Abraham Baldwin.
52
  • All government originates from the
  •  
  • a. states voters.
  • b. General Assembly.
  • c. written constitution.
  • d. United States Constitution

a. states voters.
53
  • The term separation of powers refers to the
    designation of certain powers to?
  •  
  • a. the federal government and certain powers to
    the state government.
  • b. each of the three branches of the government.
  • c. state and municipal government.
  • d. the people.
  • each of the three branches of
  • the government.

54
  • What is the process by which a person from
    another country can become an American citizen?
  •  
  • a. emigration
  • b. immigration
  • c. naturalization
  • d. nationalization

c. naturalization
55
  • How old must a person be to vote in Georgia
    today?
  •  
  • a. 16
  • b. 18
  • c. 21
  • d. 25

b. 18
56
  • Who is the chief election officer
  • in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. governor.
  • b. county clerk.
  • c. county registrar.
  • d. secretary of state.

d. secretary of state.
57
  • What are the dominant political parties
  • in Georgia today?
  •  
  • a. Independent, Democratic, and Republican
  • b. Federalist and Democratic-Republican
  • c. Republican and Independent
  • d. Democratic and Republican

d. Democratic and Republican
58
  • These are the requirements a candidate must meet
    to be elected as
  • must be at least 21 years old.
  • must be a citizen of the United States.
  • must be a resident of the district from which
    elected for one year.
  •   a. governor.
  • b. secretary of state.
  • c. state representative.
  • d. state senator.

c. state representative.
59
  • What are the two parts of Georgias legislative
    branch?
  •  
  • a. governor and General Assembly.
  • b. secretary of state and senate.
  • c. senate and house of representatives.
  • d. supreme court and governor.

c. senate and house of representatives.
60
  • Which branch of Georgia state government has as
    its main responsibility the writing of state
    laws?
  •  
  • a. council
  • b. judicial
  • c. executive
  • d. legislative

d. legislative
61
  • In order for a bill to become a law in Georgia,
    it must
  •  
  • a. be introduced by a legislator and receive a
    majority vote in both houses.
  • b. receive a unanimous vote in both the Senate
    and the House.
  • c. be voted on by the people in a referendum.
  • d. receive the signature of the president.

a. be introduced by a legislator and receive a
majority vote in both houses.
62
  • What branch of Georgias government sees that the
    states laws are implemented?
  •  
  • a. commission
  • b. executive
  • c. judicial
  • d. legislative

b. executive
63
  • Because Georgias government is involved in many
    legal affairs, its officials sometime need legal
    advice. What state official provides this
    advice?
  •  
  • a. attorney general
  • b. commissioner of labor
  • c. lieutenant governor
  • d. secretary of state

a. attorney general
64
  • Cases are automatically reviewed by the state
    supreme court when they deal with
  •  
  • a. wills.
  • b. land titles.
  • c. habeas corpus.
  • d. the death penalty.

d. the death penalty.
65
  • A grand jury in Georgia decides whether or not a
  • a. person accused of a crime is guilty or
    innocent.
  • b. law, statute, or regulation of the state has
    been violated or broken.
  • c. person accused of a crime should be charged
    and stand trial for that crime.
  • d. person accused, tried, and convicted of a
    crime received due process of law.

c. person accused of a crime should be charged
and stand trial for that crime.
66
  • Who has the burden of proof in a civil case?
  •  
  • a. accused
  • b. defendant
  • c. plaintiff
  • d. state

c. plaintiff
67
  • What are the most serious criminal crimes called?
  •  
  • a. misdemeanors
  • b. insurrections
  • c. felonies
  • d. torts

c. felonies
68
  • The main governing authority in almost all of
    Georgias counties is the
  •  
  • a. board of commissioners.
  • b. transit authority.
  • c. mayor.
  • d. judge.

a. board of commissioners.
69
  • Which term describes a city with its own
    government?
  •  
  • a. megalopolis
  • b. municipality
  • c. town
  • d. village

b. municipality
70
  • Which Georgia city has the largest population?
  •  
  • a. Albany
  • b. Atlanta
  • c. Valdosta
  • d. Warner Robins

b. Atlanta
71
  • These are examples of what type of government?
  • ? County board of education
  • ? Airport authority
  • ? Port authority
  •  
  • a. state
  • b. special-purpose
  • c. county
  • d. city

b. special-purpose
72
  • Delinquent juveniles are those who
  •  
  • a. commit traffic offenses.
  • b. are neglected or abused by a parent or
    guardian.
  • c. are under 17 and who commit acts that would
    be crimes if they were committed by adults.
  • d. are under 18 and who commit acts that would
    not be considered crimes if they were committed
    by adults.

c. are under 17 and who commit acts that would
be crimes if they were committed by adults.
73
  • What are Georgias Seven Deadly Sins?
  •  
  • a. crimes committed by juveniles that result in
    the courts treating the juveniles as adults.
  • b. violent crimes committed by adults refusing
    to declare a religious affiliation.
  • c. adult crimes that can lead to seven different
    types of penalties.
  • d. a political version of the Ten Commandments.

a. crimes committed by juveniles that result in
the courts treating the juveniles as adults.
74
  • When statement BEST describes a land grant
    university, such as the University of Georgia?
  •  
  • a. The college was established as an
    agricultural college to improve farming.
  • b. The college was a public university with free
    tuition to state residents.
  • c. The land for the college was donated by the
    federal government.
  • d. The land could not be used for any purpose
    other than a college.

c. The land for the college was donated by the
federal government.
75
  • From the colonial era until Reconstruction, the
    capital of Georgia was moved many times in
    response to what factor?
  •  
  • a. changing transportation patterns in the state
  • b. the changing geographic center of the state
  • c. the changing population center of the state
  • d. changing political influences in the state

c. the changing population center of the state
76
  • The First African Baptist Church in Georgia was
    established in 1788 under the leadership of
    Andrew Bryan in?
  •  
  • a. Savannah
  • b. Brunswick
  • c. Augusta
  • d. Albany
  •  

a. Savannah
77
  • What was the purpose of the headright system in
    Georgia?
  •  
  • a. It provided an organized system of collecting
    taxes.
  • b. It established a method of counting
    population.
  • c. It administered voting and election
    districts.
  • d. It distributed Indian lands to new settlers.

d. It distributed Indian lands to new settlers.
78
  • What system replaced the headright system as a
    way of allocating land?
  •  
  • a. tomahawk rights
  • b. land lottery
  • c. surveying
  • d. land rush

b. land lottery
79
  • What scandal took place when Georgias governor
    and some legislators were bribed to sell public
    land to private developers at below-market
    prices?
  •  
  • a. Georgias land lottery
  • b. Mississippi land fraud
  • c. Trail of Tears fraud
  • d. Yazoo land fraud
  •  

d. Yazoo land fraud
80
  • What was invented in Georgia during the 1790s
    that quickly changed the state agricultural
    landscape and led Georgia to develop an economy
    based on farming?
  •  
  • a. the combine
  • b. the cotton gin
  • c. the steam engine
  • d. the spinning jenny

b. the cotton gin
81
  • Which mode of transportation was developing in
    Georgia just before the Civil War which was very
    important to Georgias war effort and post-war
    economic development?
  •  
  • a. canals
  • b. highways
  • c. railroads
  • d. riverboats

c. railroads
82
  • Who was the Creek leader in the
  • Oconee War between the Creek and the Georgia
    pioneers?
  •  
  • a. Elias Boudinot
  • b. Alexander McGillivray
  • c. William McIntosh
  • d. Sequoyah

b. Alexander McGillivray
83
  • Why was William McIntosh, a Creek chief, murdered
    by his own people?
  •  
  • a. He signed a treaty giving up the last Creek
    lands in Georgia to the federal government.
  • b. He was the cousin of Georgias Governor
    George Troup.
  • c. He fell to defeat in a fight with the Georgia
    militia.
  • d. He became friendly with the Cherokee.

a. He signed a treaty giving up the last Creek
lands in Georgia to the federal government.
84
  • What was George Gists (Sequoyahs) major
    contribution to the Cherokee culture?
  •  
  • a. He signed a treaty giving Cherokee lands to
    the United States.
  • b. He signed a treaty moving the Cherokee to the
    Indian Territory.
  • c. He gained fame as a hunter and trapper and
    traded the fur for weapons.
  • d. He developed a syllabary so the Cherokee
    could have a written language.

d. He developed a syllabary so the Cherokee
could have a written language.
85
  • What discovery led to the Cherokee losing their
    land in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. silver on Creek lands
  • b. gold in Dahlonega
  • c. oil in Columbus
  • d. zinc in Madison

b. gold in Dahlonega
86
  • Who was the chief of the Cherokee who took a
    petition to Congress protesting the Cherokee
    removal from their land?
  •  
  • a. William McIntosh
  • b. Chief Menawa
  • c. John Ross
  • d. Sequoyah

c. John Ross
87
  • The intent of the Indian Removal Act was to
  • a. destroy the Native Americans way of life.
  • b. remove the Native Americans from the eastern
    United States.
  • c. help the Native Americans buy land east of
    the Mississippi River.
  • d. remove the Native Americans to reservations
    in the eastern part of the United States.

b. remove the Native Americans from the eastern
United States.
88
  • In addition to the Cherokee, what Southeastern
    Native American tribe was removed from Georgia in
    the 1830s?
  •  
  • a. Creek
  • b. Seminole
  • c. Sioux
  • d. Yamacraw

a. Creek
89
  • The removal of the Cherokee from Georgia is
    remembered as the?
  •  
  • a. Long Journey Home
  • b. Overland Trail
  • c. Trail to Nowhere
  • d. Trail of Tears

d. Trail of Tears
90
  • What was the major type of labor used on
    Georgias plantations before the Civil War?
  •  
  • a. indentured servitude
  • b. hourly wage labor
  • c. sharecropping
  • d. slavery

d. slavery
91
  • States rights can BEST be defined as the belief
    that states 
  • a. could not free their states.
  • b. could leave the Union at any time if they
    chose to.
  • c. could ignore national laws if they were
    harmful to the state.
  • d. could force the national government to turn
    over all national government property to the
    states.

c. could ignore national laws if they were
harmful to the state.
92
  • The early 1800s belief of some people that a
    state could refuse to enforce a federal law was
    known as
  •  
  • a. absolution
  • b. justification
  • c. nullification
  • d. ratification

c. nullification
93
  • The purpose of the Missouri Compromise was to
  •  
  • a. return slaves captured in free states to
    slave states.
  • b. allow slavery in Maine but not in Missouri.
  • c. maintain a balance of slave and free states.
  • d. let Missouri have slavery until 1850.

c. maintain a balance of slave and free states.
94
  • The Georgia Platform was a statement supporting
  •  
  • a. states rights.
  • b. popular sovereignty.
  • c. the Compromise of 1850.
  • d. slavery throughout the United States

c. the Compromise of 1850.
95
  • The purpose of the Fugitive Slave Act to
  •  
  • a. require slaves to have citizenship papers in
    order to obtain jobs.
  • b. prevent slaves from testifying against whites
    in court trials.
  • c. require slaves that had run away to go back
    to their owners.
  • d. prevent slaves from having group gatherings
    or meetings.

c. require slaves that had run away to go back
to their owners.
96
  • How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act change the
    Missouri Compromise?
  •  
  • a. It made Missouri a free state.
  • b. It created the territories of Kansas and
    Nebraska.
  • c. It permitted slavery north of Missouris
    southern boundary.
  • d. It changed the requirements necessary for a
    territory to become a state.

c. It permitted slavery north of Missouris
southern boundary.
97
  • Why did the U.S. Supreme Court rule against Dred
    Scott?
  • a. because he was the property of his owner and
    could be taken anywhere
  • b. because he did not live long enough in a free
    territory to be free
  • c. because Scott was a slave and he was not
    eligible to sue in court
  • d. because he returned to a slave state and he
    could not be freed

c. because Scott was a slave and he was not
eligible to sue in court
98
  • Which Confederate official was from Georgia?
  • a. Jefferson Davis, the president
  • b. Lyman Hall, the secretary of state
  • c. Alexander Stephens, the vice president
  • d. William Sherman, the commander-in-chief

c. Alexander Stephens, the vice president
99
  • Where did the bloodiest one-day battle of the
    Civil War take place?
  •  
  • a. Antietam
  • b. Gettysburg
  • c. Shiloh
  • d. Vicksburg
  •  

a. Antietam
100
  • How was the Emancipation Proclamation a
    concession to the South?
  •  
  • a. All slaves would be freed.
  • b. Only male slaves would be freed.
  • c. The South could keep their slaves if they
    stopped fighting.
  • d. The slaves could decide if they wanted to
    remain on the plantation.

c. The South could keep their slaves if they
stopped fighting.
101
  • What Union general led the northern army on its
    March to the Sea and saw to it that much of
    Georgias capital resources were destroyed?
  •  
  • a. Ulysses S. Grant
  • b. Stonewall Jackson
  • c. Robert E. Lee
  • d. William T. Sherman

d. William T. Sherman
102
  • Where was a notorious Confederate prison in
    Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Alcatraz
  • b. Andersonville
  • c. Belle Isle
  • d. Fulton

b. Andersonville
103
  • The purpose of the Freedmens Bureau was to help?
  •  
  • a. former slaves
  • b. all free people in the South
  • c. all poor people in the South
  • d. former slaves and poor whites

d. former slaves and poor whites
104
  • After the Civil War, what system was developed to
    provide labor to work the former plantations?
  •  
  • a. Convict Lease
  • b. Farmers Alliance
  • c. Knights of Labor
  • d. Sharecropping

d. Sharecropping
105
  • Which best describes the differences between
    sharecropping and tenant farming?
  •  
  • a. Sharecroppers received a percentage of the
    crops produced and could set aside case money to
    purchase their own land, while tenant farmers had
    difficulty saving cash.
  • b. Sharecroppers owned nothing but their labor,
    while tenant farmers owned farm animals and
    equipment to use in working other peoples lands.
  • c. Tenant farmers received a cash salary or wage
    for their farm work, while sharecroppers received
    only a portion of the crops they raised.
  • d. Tenant farmers earned equity or an interest in
    the land they worked from year to year so that
    eventually they would own their own property.

b. Sharecroppers owned nothing but their labor,
while tenant farmers owned farm animals and
equipment to use in working other peoples lands.
106
  • What was President Abraham Lincolns plan for
    Reconstruction called?
  •  
  • a. 10 Percent Plan
  • b. 100 Percent Plan
  • c. Congressional Plan
  • d. Radical Republican Plan

a. 10 Percent Plan
107
  • What did the 13th Amendment to the US
    Constitution do that brought about many changes
    in Georgias society and economic structure after
    the Civil War?
  •  
  • a. It freed the slaves.
  • b. It changed who owned land.
  • c. It gave blacks the right to vote.
  • d. It made blacks United States citizens.

a. It freed the slaves.
108
  • What did the 15th Amendment to the US
    Constitution do?
  •  
  • a. It abolished slavery.
  • b. It gave blacks citizenship.
  • c. It gave blacks the right to vote.
  • d. It gave blacks the right to own property.

c. It gave blacks the right to vote.
109
  • The 14th Amendment to the US Constitution was
    passed in response to the
  •  
  • a. Adoption of laws known as Black Codes by the
    southern states.
  • b. Rising violence from terrorist organizations
    such as the Ku Klux Klan.
  • c. Refusal of white southerners to provide
    freedmen with land and farm animals.
  • d. Refusal of some southern states to adopt
    constitutional provisions calling for an end to
    slavery.

a. Adoption of laws known as Black Codes by the
southern states
110
  • Henry McNeal Turner was expelled from his seat in
    the Georgia state legislature on the grounds that
    he did not
  •  
  • a. win the election fairly and honestly.
  • b. have the knowledge to be a legislator.
  • c. have the right to vote or hold political
    office.
  • d. live in the district from which he was
    elected.

c. have the right to vote or hold political
office.
111
  • Beginning soon after the end of the Civil War,
    what secret organization used force and violence
    to influence Georgias society?
  •  
  • a. United Confederate Veterans
  • b. Free and Accepted Masons
  • c. Freedmens Bureau
  • d. Ku Klux Klan

d. Ku Klux Klan
112
  • What was the Georgia Act of 1869?
  •  
  • a. Federal legislation returning Georgia to
    military control of KKK terrorism against
    freedmen
  • b. Federal legislation refusing to admit Georgia
    to the Union until it ratified the 13th Amendment
  • c. State legislation allowing freedmen the right
    to vote and the right to hold public office
  • d. State legislation ending Reconstruction in
    Georgia thanks to its demonstrated success

a. Federal legislation returning Georgia to
military control of KKK terrorism against freedmen
113
  • The immediate cause of the riot that occurred in
    Atlanta in 1906 was
  •  
  • a. the killing of a black family.
  • b. blacks being denied the right to vote.
  • c. the election of Hoke Smith as governor.
  • d. stories of black violence against whites in
    the Atlanta newspapers.

d. stories of black violence against whites in
the Atlanta newspapers.
114
  • The racial unrest brought about by the Leo Frank
    case resulted in the creation of a chapter of the
    Ku Klux Klan, which called itself the Knights of
  •  
  • a. Columbus.
  • b. Leo Frank.
  • c. Mary Phagan.
  • d. Stone Mountain.

c. Mary Phagan.
115
  • The county unit system affected voting and
    politics in Georgia by
  •  
  • a. favoring cities where most people lived.
  • b. focusing power inside the Atlanta area.
  • c. helping blacks get more voting power.
  • d. giving the rural areas more power.
  •  

d. giving the rural areas more power.
116
  • What was the purpose of the Jim Crow or
    segregation laws passed by Georgias government
    at the turn of the century?
  •  
  • a. To make alcohol illegal
  • b. To continue white control
  • c. To promote industry in Georgia
  • d. To provide equality for black Georgians

b. To continue white control
117
  • Plessy v. Ferguson gave states the right to
    promote
  •  
  • a. Equal rights.
  • b. Segregation.
  • c. Terrorist attacks.
  • d. Voting rights for blacks.

b. Segregation.
118
  • Homer Plessy sat in the Whites Only car on a
    train because he wanted
  •  
  • a. the only seat available.
  • b. the comfortable seats there.
  • c. to sit with his traveling companions.
  • d. to test the legality of a law requiring
    separate-but-equal facilities.

d. to test the legality of a law requiring
separate-but-equal facilities.
119
  • The purpose of the Grandfather clause of 1908 was
    to
  • a. Take the right to vote away from blacks.
  • b. Make everyone trace their family background.
  • c. Give grandfathers opportunities to get better
    jobs.
  • d. Ask every family to guarantee living quarters
    for the elderly.

a. Take the right to vote away from blacks.
120
  • Which voting qualification was designed to
    prevent African Americans from voting?
  •  
  • a. Literacy test
  • b. Party affiliation
  • c. Identification number
  • d. Residency requirement

a. Literacy test
121
  • In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the US
    Constitution was ratified. How did this
    amendment change the make-up of those who could
    vote in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. It allowed blacks to vote.
  • b. It allowed women to vote.
  • c. It stopped blacks from voting.
  • d. It stopped women from voting.

b. It allowed women to vote.
122
  • What racial issue did Booker T. Washington
    support?
  •  
  • a. economic equality
  • b. political equality
  • c. religious equality
  • d. social equality

a. economic equality
123
  • Which African American leader believed that a
    Talented Tenth of the African American
    population could serve as leaders for all other
    African Americans?
  •  
  • a. Frederick Douglas
  • b. W. E. B. DuBois
  • c. John Hope
  • d. Booker T. Washington

b. W. E. B. DuBois
124
  • Who was the first black president of Atlanta
    Baptist College?
  •  
  • a. Frederick Douglas
  • b. W. E. B. DuBois
  • c. John Hope
  • d. Booker T. Washington

c. John Hope
125
  • What organization was founded by Lugenia Burns
    Hope?
  •  
  • a. D.E.C.C.A.
  • b. Girl Scouts
  • c. Neighborhood Union
  • d. Y.W.C.A.

c. Neighborhood Union
126
  • What business made Alonzo Herndon a successful
    businessman?
  •  
  • a. Atlanta Mutual Insurance Company
  • b. Coca-Cola
  • c. Georgia Pacific
  • d. Western and Atlantic Railroad

a. Atlanta Mutual Insurance Company
127
  • What office did Benjamin Mays hold?
  •  
  • a. State legislator
  • b. Mayor of Atlanta
  • c. Governor of Georgia
  • d. Atlanta Board of Education member

d. Atlanta Board of Education member
128
  • Under the white primary system, only white
    Democrats were allowed
  •  
  • a. To vote in primary elections.
  • b. To vote in statewide elections.
  • c. To belong to the Democratic party.
  • d. To run for political office in Georgia.

a. To vote in primary elections.
129
  • The famous controversy surrounding the 1946
    election for governor came about because
  •  
  • a. Two men got the same number of votes for
    governor.
  • b. Herman Talmadge and Eugene Talmadge were on
    the same ballot.
  • c. Eugene Talmadge died before taking office,
    and two men claimed the office.
  • d. Carmichael got more popular votes, and
    Talmadge got more county unit votes.

c. Eugene Talmadge died before taking office,
and two men claimed the office.
130
  • What was the ruling of the US Supreme Court in
    Brown v. Board of Education?
  •  
  • a. Schools would be segregated and kept
    separate.
  • b. The separate-but-equal policy was
    unconstitutional.
  • c. Black schools would get more money for books
    and teachers.
  • d. Blacks could only attend white schools if
    there was space available.

b. The separate-but-equal policy was
unconstitutional.
131
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., favored bringing
    about social change through
  •  
  • a. Unity.
  • b. Democracy.
  • c. Compromise.
  • d. Nonviolence.

d. Nonviolence.
132
  • What was one reason for keeping the Georgia state
    flag of 1956?
  •  
  • a. It was easy for school children to draw.
  • b. It was a memorial to the Confederate dead.
  • c. It was supported by a majority of Georgians.
  • d. It was similar to the flags of other southern
    states.

b. It was a memorial to the Confederate dead.
133
  • What organization was founded two months after
    the 1960 sit-in at the Woolworths lunch counter
    in Greensboro, North Carolina?
  •  
  • a. CORE
  • b. NAACP
  • c. SCLC
  • d. SNCC

d. SNCC
134
  • The purpose of the Sibley Commission was to
  •  
  • a. Study the problem of school integration.
  • b. Develop a plan for securing jobs for blacks.
  • c. Set up a series of meetings to bring blacks
    and whites together.
  • d. Make recommendations for desegregation in
    public transportation.

a. Study the problem of school integration.
135
  • Who were the first blacks to be admitted to the
    University of Georgia?
  • a. Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes
  • b. Maynard Jackson and Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • c. Rosa Parks and Homer Plessy
  • d. Andrew Young and Jessie Jackson

a. Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes
136
  • The focus of the Albany Movement in Georgia was
    to
  •  
  • a. End segregation of public schools in Albany.
  • b. Integrate interstate bus station waiting
    rooms in Albany.
  • c. Implement a first-come, first-served policy
    on Albany buses.
  • d. Force the hiring of African American bus
    drivers for Albanys bus station.

b. Integrate interstate bus station waiting
rooms in Albany.
137
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.s I have a Dream
    speech is associated with the
  •  
  • a. Montgomery bus boycott.
  • b. March on Washington, D.C.
  • c. Letter from the Birmingham Jail
  • d. Eulogy given at the funeral of Martin Luther
    King, Sr.

b. March on Washington, D.C.
138
  • What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 do?
  •  
  • a. It named black principals at previously
    all-white schools.
  • b. It gave more state tax money to schools that
    did not integrate.
  • c. It withheld federal funds from schools that
    did not end segregation.
  • d. It provided armed escorts for students
    wanting to attend white schools.

c. It withheld federal funds from schools that
did not end segregation.
139
  • Who was the first African American mayor of
    Atlanta?
  •  
  • a. Hamilton Holmes
  • b. Maynard Jackson
  • c. Sam Massell
  • d. Andrew Young

b. Maynard Jackson
140
  • What did Lester Maddox accomplish as governor?
  •  
  • a. Started the lottery and HOPE scholarships
  • b. Decreased funding to public schools and the
    arts
  • c. Changed the state flag to remove the
    Confederate symbols
  • d. Appointed more African Americans to state
    boards than all prior governors combined

d. Appointed more African Americans to state
boards than all prior governors combined
141
  • Which position has NOT been held by Andrew Young?
  •  
  • a. Governor of Georgia
  • b. US congressman
  • c. Mayor of Atlanta
  • d. College Professor

a. Governor of Georgia
142
  • The Bourbon Triumvirate (Joseph Brown, Alfred
    Colquitt, and John Gordon) believed in
  •  
  • a. lower taxes.
  • b. stronger economic ties with the industrial
    north in order to expand Georgias economy
    white supremacy.
  • c. economic assistance for the poor.
  • d. expansion of educational opportunities.

b. stronger economic ties with the industrial
north in order to expand Georgias economy
white supremacy.
143
  • The New South, envisioned by Henry W. Grady,
    would
  •  
  • a. provide separate facilities for different
    races.
  • b. maintain its southern heritage.
  • c. rival the North economically.
  • d. promote tourism.

c. rival the North economically.
144
  • The main purpose of the International Cotton
    Exposition that was held in Atlanta was to
  •  
  • a. showcase the industries of the New South.
  • b. get ideas from foreign countries.
  • c. showcase the cotton gin.
  • d. bring visitors to Atlanta

a. showcase the industries of the New South.
145
  • What Georgia Populist leader called on black and
    white farmers to unite in an effort to gain fair
    treatment from the state and national
    governments?
  •  
  • a. Joseph E. Brown
  • b. Henry Grady
  • c. Hoke Smith
  • d. Tom Watson

d. Tom Watson
146
  • When Rebecca Latimer Felton wrote for the Atlanta
    Journal, she focused on the need for reforms in
  •  
  • a. Voting laws.
  • b. Race relations.
  • c. The prison system.
  • d. Working conditions.

c. The prison system.
147
  • What countries were allies in World War I?
  •  
  • a. United States, France, Austria-Hungary, and
    Great Britain
  • b. Great Britain, France, United States, and
    Russia
  • c. Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary
  • d. Germany, Japan, and Russia

b. Great Britain, France, United States, and
Russia
148
  • What was the final blow that led President
    Woodrow Wilson to ask Congress to declare war
    against the Central Powers in World War I?
  •  
  • a. anti-German propaganda in the United States
  • b. attacks on American merchant ships
  • c. sinking of the Lusitania
  • d. Zimmermann telegram

d. Zimmermann telegram
149
  • At which Georgia military installation did
    infantry train in World War I?
  •  
  • a. Camp Augusta
  • b. Camp Benning
  • c. Camp Gordon
  • d. Camp McPherson
  •  

b. Camp Benning
150
  • What event is celebrated on the 11th hour of the
    11th day of the 11th month of the year?
  •  
  • a. the founding of the state of Georgia
  • b. armistice that ended World War I
  • c. sinking of the Lusitania.
  • d. sinking of the Titanic.
  •  

b. armistice that ended World War I
151
  • What two events occurred causing Georgias and
    the rest of the Souths economies to be weakened
    long before the beginning of the Great
    Depression?
  •  
  • a. prohibition and disenfranchisement
  • b. the boll weevil and the drop in cotton prices
  • c. adoption of child labor laws and the county
    unit system
  • d. election of Woodrow Wilson and the beginning
    of World War I
  •  

b. the boll weevil and the drop in cotton prices
152
  • What United States presidents policies are
    blamed for the Great Depression?
  •  
  • a. Dwight Eisenhower
  • b. Herbert Hoover
  • c. Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • d. Harry Truman
  •  

b. Herbert Hoover
153
  • Laissez-faire policies of the U. S. government
    helped bring about the depression by
  •  
  • a. Overextending trade agreements.
  • b. Giving businesses too many loans.
  • c. Encouraging people to invest in the stock
    market.
  • d. Not doing anything to help solve the
    countrys economic problems.
  •  

d. Not doing anything to help solve the
countrys economic problems.
154
  • Georgians did not feel the impact of the stock
    market crash because
  •  
  • a. the state was already in a depression.
  • b. banks were protected by state insurance.
  • c. citizens had little money invested in the
    stock market.
  • d. the state constitution prohibited investing
    tax dollars in the stock market.

a. the state was already in a depression.
155
  • What Georgia governor served during the Great
    Depression and spent a great deal of his time
    speaking out against the New Deal, blacks, and
    the metropolitan areas?
  •  
  • a. Ellis Arnall
  • b. Eurith Rivers
  • c. Richard Russell
  • d. Eugene Talmadge 

d. Eugene Talmadge 
156
  • From what group of voters did Governor Eugene
    Talmadge receive his greatest support?
  •  
  • a. rural voters
  • b. black voters
  • c. wealthy voters
  • d. women voters

a. rural voters  
157
  • What was NOT a purpose of the New Deal?
  •  
  • a. to provide loans to students
  • b. to improve lifestyles for Americans
  • c. to reform the defects in the economy
  • d. to relieve the suffering of the unemployed

a. to provide loans to students  
158
  • Why did the Agricultural Adjustment Act fail to
    benefit African-Americans in Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Subsidies were paid to property owners, not
    the tenant farmers.
  • b. Only whites qualified for Social Security and
    Medicare benefits.
  • c. Only whites were hired by the Works Progress
    Administration.
  • d. Young blacks were not hired under the
    National Youth Administration.

a. Subsidies were paid to property owners, not
the tenant farmers.  
159
  • What did the New Deals rural electrification
    project (REA) do for Georgias farmers?
  •  
  • a. It provided loans to farmers cooperatives so
    they could run power lines in rural areas.
  • b. It provided funds for power companies to run
    lines in rural areas.
  • c. It required power companies to provide power
    at a lower rate.
  • d. It enabled farms to double their size.

a. It provided loans to farmers cooperatives so
they could run power lines in rural areas.
160
  • How did Franklin Roosevelts time spent in
    Georgia bring about the establishment of the
    Rural Electrification Authority?
  •  
  • a. He made a campaign promise to provide
    electricity to rural Georgia.
  • b. He wanted to reduce the cost of electricity
    for the poor.
  • c. He noticed that his neighbors did not have
    electricity.
  • d. He owned rural land and wanted to have
    electricity.

c. He noticed that his neighbors did not have
electricity.
161
  • The purpose of social security is to
  •  
  • a. create a system to save the banks.
  • b. protect the financial sovereignty of the
    federal government.
  • c. create a system of retirement and
    unemployment insurance.
  • d. give all workers in the United States a
    savings plan for the future.

c. create a system of retirement and
unemployment insurance.
162
  • Why did the United States start a lend-lease
    system of war equipment?
  •  
  • a. Its allies ran out of money with which to
    purchase the equipment.
  • b. It would get the materials back at the end of
    the war.
  • c. It could charge interest and make more money.
  • d. The allies preferred to lease the equipment.

a. Its allies ran out of money with which to
purchase the equipment.
163
  • The United States entered World War II when Japan
    attacked
  •  
  • a. China.
  • b. Manchuria.
  • c. Midway.
  • d. Pearl Harbor.

d. Pearl Harbor.
164
  • What type of aircraft was built at the Bell
    Aircraft Marietta plant?
  •  
  • a. 727s
  • b. B-29 bombers
  • c. fighter jets
  • d. jumbo jets

b. B-29 bombers
165
  • Which was a major contribution of Georgia during
    World War II?
  •  
  • a. Radar technology was developed and tested at
    Georgia army bases.
  • b. Military bases were established that trained
    large numbers of U.S. troops.
  • c. Research sites developed the technology for a
    prototype of the atomic bomb.
  • d. Hospitals trained large numbers of doctors
    and nurses for the Medical Corps.

b. Military bases were established that trained
large numbers of U.S. troops.
166
  • What role did Fort McPherson play in World War
    II?
  •  
  • a. It was a detainment center for American
    citizens of Japanese descent.
  • b. It was a training center for women in the
    armed forces.
  • c. It was a training center for soldiers
    fighting in Europe.
  • d. It was an induction center for newly drafted
    soldiers.

d. It was an induction center for newly drafted
soldiers.
167
  • Where in Georgia were Liberty ships built during
    World War II?
  •  
  • a. Atlanta and Augusta
  • b. Brunswick and Jekyll Island
  • c. Brunswick and Savannah
  • d. St. Simons Island and Augusta

c. Brunswick and Savannah
168
  • What was the impact of Richard Russells service
    in the U. S. Senate from 1932 to 1971?
  •  
  • a. He gave Georgia leadership in the Senate as a
    result of his length of service.
  • b. It showed that a Republican could be
    repeatedly elected from Georgia.
  • c. It was not significant because Russell had no
    political opposition.
  • d. It declined because he lacked wealth or a
    strong military record.

a. He gave Georgia leadership in the Senate as a
result of his length of service.
169
  • The youngest governor in Georgia history was
  •  
  • a. Walter George
  • b. Richard Russell
  • c. Eugene Talmadge
  • d. Carl Vinson

b. Richard Russell
170
  • What Georgian is known as the father of the
    two-ocean navy?
  •  
  • a. Ben Epps
  • b. Walter F. George
  • c. Richard B. Russell, Jr.
  • d. Carl Vinson

d. Carl Vinson
171
  • The Holocaust was a name given to the tactics
    used by Hitler and the Nazis for
  •  
  • a. getting rid of the bodies of those who dies
    or were killed in World War II.
  • b. exterminating 6 million Jews and other
    undesirables.
  • c. frightening those who opposed Adolph Hitler.
  • d. eliminating war prisoners.

b. exterminating 6 million Jews and other
undesirables.
172
  • Who was the world leader who instigated the
    Holocaust?
  •  
  • a. Emperor Hirohito
  • b. Adolf Hitler
  • c. Benito Mussolini
  • d. Joseph Stalin

b. Adolf Hitler
173
  • What do these terms associated with World War II
    have in common?
  • ? Auschwitz
  • ? Dachau
  • ? Treblinka
  •  
  • a. Allied Forces generals
  • b. Axis Power capitals
  • c. battlefields of Europe
  • d. concentration camps

d. concentration camps
174
  • Why did Franklin Roosevelt spend so much time in
    Georgia?
  •  
  • a. Roosevelt used the warm mineral waters of
    Warm Springs to ease his polio.
  • b. Roosevelt was a native of Augusta and
    traveled widely across the state.
  • c. Roosevelts wife was a native of Calhoun and
    visited relatives.
  • d. Roosevelt had originally been a farmer and he
    loved farm life.

a. Roosevelt used the warm mineral waters of
Warm Springs to ease his polio.
175
  • What was the most important crop in Georgia
    before WWII?
  •  
  • a. blueberries
  • b. cotton
  • c. peanuts
  • d. soybeans

b. cotton
176
  • What Georgia city is the financial,
    communication, and transportation center for the
    Southeastern United States?
  •  
  • a. Augusta
  • b. Atlanta
  • c. Macon
  • d. Savannah

b. Atlanta
177
  • What is the key reason for the migration of
    people into Georgia since the 1960s?
  •  
  • a. successful school reform programs
  • b. a diversified economy
  • c. city infrastructure
  • d. abundant airports

b. a diversified economy
178
  • What was the issue for which William Hartsfield
    is best remembered?
  •  
  • a. aviation
  • b. business
  • c. education
  • d. tax reform
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