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GATE 2022 Exam: An Overview

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GATE or Graduate Aptitude Test Engineering is a national-level engineering entrance exam that will be conducted by IIT Kharagpur for the Year 2022 session. GATE 2022 will be having two more new papers, Marine Engineering & Naval Architecture as one of the papers, and Geomatics Engineering. Hence, there will be 29 papers for the GATE 2022 Examination. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GATE 2022 Exam: An Overview


1
GATE PSUs Exams
2
Reasons Why to Appear for GATE
3
Other Reasons to Appear for GATE
  • Master's degree leads to specialization and
    cultivates and brings out the best of your
    interest in a certain area which may lead to
    research / PhD.
  • More domain-specific companies recruit through
    campus recruitment in leading Institutes.
  • Higher salaries are offered for the postgraduate
    students when compared to a graduate.
  • A Masters degree is a must for those wishing to
    apply for Faculty/Research positions in
    educational institutes and most of the RD
    centers.
  • Scholarship of Rs 12,400/- is paid during Masters
    Course So no dependency on parents for financial
    needs.
  • Most importantly to get to be a part of any
    nationally reputed Educational Institute and
    enjoy learning and research in a conducive
    ambience.
  • can clear other exam too like SSC-JE, State AE
    exams, HPCL, BARC, ISRO and all other PSU exams
    because syllabus is almost same and other exams
    are a bit easier than GATE Exam.
  • Last but not the least, a Master course changes
    the individual's thought process teaches us how
    to approach and solve a problem in a totally new
    unknown environment.

4
Importance Priorities of GATE?
  • If a students score good marks in GATE Exam,
    their first priority is to get a PSU Job which
    have a lot of benefits and good salary package.
  • Many PSUs accept GATE Score, whereas other PSUs
    conduct their own test which has same syllabus
    that of GATE, so if a student is preparing for
    GATE, he will surely succeed in other PSU exams
    also.
  • Next priority will be to get admission into top
    IITs, IISc and top NITs for M. Tech. Student need
    to fill separately for each IITs and IISc,
    whereas all the other NITs and good Govt.
    Colleges are covered through CCMT counselling.
  • The GATE Score also helps in the admission in
    different Foreign Universities.
  • Some private sector employers in the core sectors
    (more relevant for Civil, Mechanical, Electrical
    and Electronics Engineering companies) also give
    weightage to Good GATE score/GATE Rank

5
Important PSUs and Their Initial Package
Organization Approx CTC
Oil Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) 16.5 Lac
Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) 16 Lac
National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) 18 Lac
Coal India Limited (CIL) 8 Lac
Steel Authority of India (SAIL) 10 Lac
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) 16 Lac
Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) 16 Lac
Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited(NLC) 10 Lac
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) 16 Lac
Oil India Limited (OIL) 15 Lac
Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) 20 Lac
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) 8 Lac
National Mineral Development Corporation Limited (NMDC) 10 Lac
National Aluminum Company Limited (NALCO) 16 Lac
Mazagaon Docks Limited (MDL) 14 Lac
6
Minimum CutOff required for PSUs
Branch GATE Marks Required GATE AIR Required
Mechanical Engg. 75-80 Below 300
Civil Engg. 75-80 Below 250
Electronics Engg. 70-75 Below 250
Electrical Engg. 75-80 Below 100
Computer Science 70-75 Below 100
7
PSUs Hiring Process
  • PSUs shortlist candidates on the basis of his/her
    GATE Score and available vacancy, then conducts
    interviews.
  • Interviews can be on subject knowledge or HR
    related also. Questions are asked from the final
    year projects also.
  • Many PSU also conducts Group Discussion Round
    (Either 1 or 2)
  • However more weightage is given to the GATE
    Score. Like 70-80 Weightage will be of GATE
    Score and the remaining will include Personal
    Interview Score, GD Score and somewhere
    Graduation marks also.
  • Also, some PSUs just consider GATE Score for
    their final merit list.

8
List of College for M.Tech Admission
  • TIER 1 COLLEGE
  • IISc Bangalore
  • IIT Madras
  • IIT Bombay
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT Delhi
  • IIT Kanpur
  • IIT Roorkee
  • IIT Guwahati
  • IIT Hyderabad
  • TIER 2 COLLEGE
  • NIT TRICHY
  • NIT WARANGAL
  • NIT SURATKAL
  • IIT INDORE
  • ISM DHANBAD
  • IIT BHUBNESHWAR
  • IIT PATNA
  • IIT ROPAR
  • NIT CALICUT
  • MNNIT ALLAHABAD

For More details list of colleges please refer
CCMT website
9
Minimum Ranks Required for M.Tech Admission
Branch GATE AIR Required for Tier 1 College GATE AIR Required for Tier 2 College
Mechanical Engineering. Below 1500 Below 2500
Civil Engineering Below 1200 Below 2200
Electrical Engineering Below 600 Below 1300
Electronics Engineering Below 600 Below 1300
Computer Science Below 700 Below 1400
  • Admission Process
  • For IITs, candidates need to register separately
    for every IITs on their portal as well as on
    COAP. There are interviews conducted in some
    IITs. Based on GATE Score and Interview marks,
    the seats are allocated.
  • For NITs and other Government Funded Colleges,
    candidates just need to register on CCMT portal.
    This CCMT usually has 3 rounds along with 2-3
    Special/Spot rounds.

10
Foreign University through GATE Score
Universities which accept GATE score in
Singapore Two of the best known universities in
Singapore Nanyang Technological University
(NTU) and National University of Singapore (NUS)
accept GATE score for admission to their post
graduate programmes. They are the one of the
highly ranked universities and are positioned
among the top 20 universities in the world
according to global research surveys. Nanyang
Technological University accepts GATE scores for
its PhD and M.Eng programmes. Universities
which accept GATE score in Germany As in
Singapore, few universities in Germany also
accept GATE score for their post graduate
engineering programmes. Two most of the prominent
among them are the Technical University of
Germany and the RWTH ACHEN. Usually the students
in Mechanical and Production engineering prefer
going to Germany for their Masters as there is a
lot of opportunity for growth and research in
those fields at Germany.
11
Foreign University through GATE Score
Summary table of Foreign universities which
accept GATE score
S.No. University Country Ranking GATE score (required average tile)
1 National University of Singapore (NUS) Singapore 12 90
2 Nanyang Technological University (NTU) Singapore 13 90
3 Technical University of Germany Germany 60 90
4 RWTH ACHEN Germany 145 -
12
GATE
13
GATE Conducting Body
  • GATE is conducted by the 7 IITs and IISc
    Bangalore. Every year, there is one allotted
    institute which is responsible for conducting the
    GATE Exam. There is a fixed pattern for this as
    below
  • GATE 2022 IIT Kharagpur
  • GATE 2021 IIT Bombay
  • GATE 2020 IIT Delhi
  • GATE 2019 IIT Madras
  • GATE 2018 Guwahati
  • GATE 2017 IIT Roorkee
  • GATE 2016 IISc Bangalore
  • GATE 2015 IIT Kanpur
  • GATE 2014 Kharagpur
  • GATE 2013 IIT Bombay
  • and this pattern continues So next year GATE
    2023 will be conducted by IIT Kanpur, GATE 2024
    will be conducted by IISc Bangalore.

14
GATE Papers and Codes
GATE PAPER CODE
Aerospace Engineering AE
Agricultural Engineering AG
Architecture and Planning AR
Bio-Medical Engineering BM
Biotechnology BT
Civil Engineering CE
Computer Science and Information Technology CS
Chemistry CY
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC
Chemical Engineering CH
GATE PAPER CODE
Electrical Engineering EE
Environmental Science and Engineering ES
Ecology and Evolution EY
Geomatics Engineering GE
Geology and Geophysics GG
Instrumentation Engineering IN
Mathematics MA
Mechanical Engineering ME
Mining Engineering MN
Metallurgical Engineering MT
GATE PAPER CODE
Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering NM
Petroleum Engineering PE
Physics PH
Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Statistics ST
Textile Engineering and Fibre Science TF
Engineering Sciences XE
Humanities and Social Sciences XH
Life Sciences XL
BYJUs Exam Prep caters these papers only
15
GATE ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
A candidate who is currently studying in the 3rd
or higher years of any undergraduate degree
program OR has already completed any government
approved degree program in Engineering /
Technology is eligible for appearing in the GATE
2022 exam.
Degree/Program Qualifying Degree/Examination Description of Eligible Candidates Expected Year of Completion
B.E/ B. Tech Bachelors degree in Engineering / Technology (4 years after 102 or 3 years after B.Sc. / Diploma in Engineering / Technology) Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed 2023
Int. M.E./ M.Tech. (Post-B.Sc.) Post-B.Sc Integrated Masters degree programs in Engineering/ Technology (4-year program) Currently in any year any year
Int. M.E./ M.Tech./M.Pharm or Dual Degree (after Diploma or 102) Integrated Masters degree program or Dual Degree program in Engineering/Technology (5-year program) Currently in the 3rd /4th/5th year or already completed 2024
Note- This Eligibility Criteria is for those
papers which BYJUs Exam Prep caters
16
GATE 2022 Important Timeline
Event Dates
GATE 2022 Notification Release July 31, 2021
GATE 2022 Application Form Release  September 2, 2021
Last Day to Fill GATE 2022 Application Form (without late fee) September 24, 2021
Last Day to Fill GATE 2022 Application Form (with additional fee) October 1, 2021
Display of Defective GATE 2022 Application Form October 26, 2021
Last Date for Rectification of GATE 2022 Application Form  November 1, 2021
Last Date for Change of Category, Paper and Examination City in GATE 2022 Application Form (with additional fee) November 12, 2021
Release of GATE 2022 Admit Card January 15, 2022
GATE 2022 February 5-6 and 12-13, 2022
Declaration of GATE 2022 Result March 17, 2022
Note- Almost similar timelines for every year
17
GATE 2022 Exam Schedule
  • GATE 2022 Exam Schedule is usually released in
    the month of December wherein IIT Kharagpur
    will specify the number of slots and the session
    for each GATE paper. GATE 2022 will be held in
    two slots- Forenoon and Afternoon
  • Forenoon Session- 900 AM to 1200 PM
  • Afternoon Session- 230 PM to 530 PM

18
GATE Exam Pattern
Particulars Details
Examination Mode  Computer Based Test (CBT)
Duration 3 Hours
Sections  General Aptitude (GA)Candidates Selected Subject
Type of Questions  (a) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)(b) Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) (c) Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Questions for testing these abilities RecallComprehensionApplicationAnalysis Synthesis
Number of Questions 10 (GA) 55 (subject) 65 Questions
Distribution of Marks in all Papers covered by BYJUs Exam Prep General Aptitude 15 MarksEngineering Mathematics 13 MarksSubject Questions 72 MarksTotal 100 Marks
Marking Scheme  Questions carry 1 mark and 2 marks
19
GATE Exam Pattern
GATE Exam consists of MCQ, NAT and newly
introduced last year, MSQ (Multiple Select)
questions. In Multiple Choice Questions,
applicants will be provided with 4 options, of
which only one is correct. For a wrong answer
chosen in an MCQ, there will be a negative
marking. For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be
deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark
MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong
answer. For Numerical Type Questions, a
numerical value as the answer should be entered
using a mouse and virtual keyboard on the
monitor. There is no negative marking for these
questions. Multiple Select Questions
(MSQ), carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all the
papers and sections. These questions are
objective in nature, and each will have a choice
of four answers, out of which ONE or MORE than
ONE choice(s) are correct. There is no negative
marking for these questions.
20
GATE Score vs GATE Marks
  • For all multi-session papers, the following three
    parameters were calculated to obtain the result
    of each candidate.
  • Actual GATE Marks
  • Normalized GATE Marks
  • GATE Score 2022
  • For all single session papers, the following two
    parameters are defined in the result of each
    candidate.
  • Actual GATE Marks
  • GATE Score 2022
  • Actual GATE Marks
  • For multiple-choice questions, 1 mark is awarded
    for every correct answer, and the 1/3 mark is
    deducted for every incorrect answer.
  • There is no negative marking in the case of
    numerical questions and MSQs. GATE actual (raw)
    marks are awarded out of a total of 100 marks,
    for around 65 questions.
  • GATE Score 2022
  • The GATE score is calculated out of 1000.
  • This GATE score is computed based on the marks
    (normalized) obtained by the candidate and mean
    marks of the top 0.1 or top 10 of the candidates
    who appeared in the same paper including
    multi-session.

21
Detailed Exam Calendar of ESE, GATE PSU Exams
EXAM DATE
ESE Prelims January/February
GATE February(First two weekends)
ISRO Mostly March-April
BARC March-April 
NLC May-June
NIELIT July-August
VIZAG STEEL March-April
BEL July-September
CIL February-March
ESE Mains June/July
22
GATE CutOffs
23
Mechanical Engineering
GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks Toppers Marks
Year Students Appeared GEN OBC/EWS SC/ST/PwD Toppers Marks
2021 120594 33 29.7 22 93.22
2020 137826 34 30.6 22.6 86.88
2019 167376 34.1 30.7 22.7 94.75
2018 194496 34.7 31.2 23.1 96.83
2017 234727 32.7 29.4 21.8 94.85
2016 197789 29.6 26.6 19.7 94.66
2015 185758 32.7 29.4 21.8 98.33
2014 185578 28.86 25.97 19.24 88.84
24
Civil Engineering
GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks Toppers Marks
Year Students Appeared GEN OBC/EWS SC/ST/PwD Toppers Marks
2021 115270 29.2 26.2 19.4 95.56
2020 125974 32.9 29.6 21.9 90.77
2019 145064 28.2 25.4 18.8 87.7
2018 153078 26.9 24.2 17.9 91.29
2017 138140 28.7 25.8 19.1 92.94
2016 118147 25.0 22.5 16.6 87.86
2015 101429 25.0 22.5 16.67 91.04
2014 90872 26.57 23.91 17.71 86.26
25
Electrical Engineering
GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks Toppers Marks
Year Students Appeared GEN OBC/EWS SC/ST/PwD Toppers Marks
2021 87559 30.3 27.2 20.2 85.33
2020 93526 33.4 30 22.2 87.33
2019 112097 39.6 35.6 26.4 97.33
2018 121383 29.1 26.1 19.4 94
2017 125859 25.2 25.2 16.7 81.52
2016 146293 25.1 22.5 16.7 88.39
2015 125851 25 22.5 16.67 75.96
2014 141799 25 22.5 16.67 81.56
26
Computer Science Engineering
GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks Toppers Marks
Year Students Appeared GEN OBC/EWS SC/ST/PwD Toppers Marks
2021 101922 26.1 23.4 17.4 87.81
2020 97481 28.5 25.6 19.0 91
2019 99932 29.5 26.6 19.7 88.67
2018 107893 25 22.5 16.6 83.3
2017 108495 25 22.5 16.6 86.38
2016 131803 25 22.5 16.6 85.95
2015 115425 25 22.5 16.67 85.85
2014 155190 25 22.25 16.67 83.39
27
Electronics Engineering
GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks GATE Qualifying Marks Toppers Marks
Year Students Appeared GEN OBC/EWS SC/ST/PwD Toppers Marks
2021 80629 25 22.5 16.6 82
2020 83418 28.8 25.9 19.2 82
2019 104782 26.7 24 17.8 89
2018 125870 25 22.5 16.6 80.67
2017 152318 25 22.5 16.6 83.83
2016 183152 25 22.5 16.6 86.27
2015 172714 25 22.5 16.67 85.02
2014 216367 25.56 23.01 17.04 89.86
28
Some Points Around GATE Cut-Off
  • Number of students appearing for GATE are getting
    reduced drastically because the Number of PSUs
    accepting GATE Score are releasing less
    vacancies.
  • Also, the vacancies are not released by all PSUs
    every year. Only some PSUs release their
    vacancies through GATE every year.
  • The competition is very high in Mechanical and
    Electrical branch therefore Cut-Offs are very
    high in these branches.
  • Many PSUs are conducting their own exam for
    recruitment like HPCL, HAL, SAIL etc conducted
    their own written test this year.



29
GATE Preparation
30
Type of Students
M.Tech/Post Grad students will be considered in
Repeater/passed out Student
31
First Year Student
Weightage and Marks Distribution of each years
subjects are mentioned in further slides
32
Second Year Student
Weightage and Marks Distribution of each years
subjects are mentioned in further slides
33
Third Year Student
Weightage and Marks Distribution of each years
subjects are mentioned in further slides
34
4th Year Student
Weightage and Marks Distribution of each years
subjects are mentioned in further slides
35
Repeater/Passed out Student
1. Know the Syllabus Weightage of  each
subject 2. Select Good Books Materials for
GATE Preparation 3. Tips to remember and follow
during preparation Understand the previous year
questions pattern. Practice previous year
questions during preparation. Try to understand
the concepts, practice tests and revise
regularly. Most of the questions in GATE are
Conceptual Numerical, so you must try to
improve your solving ability time management to
score a good rank. 4. Plan your GATE 2022
Preparation A 7 to 8 months Preparation Plan
will be a good idea to crack the GATE
exam. Create the preparation plan daily wise or
weekly wise by giving enough time for each
subject. Plan should include syllabus
completion, revision, and practice tests. Make a
timetable and formulate your daily tasks. Once
you have set daily, weekly and monthly targets,
you will see better results for the same amount
of effort.
Weightage and Marks Distribution of each years
subjects are mentioned in further slides
36
Repeater/Passed out Student
5. Follow the plan to Complete the Syllabus
Start preparation with an easy subject and an
important one. mathematics and one basic
technical subject is good to start preparation.
Read topic by topic to complete the entire GATE
Syllabus. Make a revision note for each topic
that should cover all important definitions,
formulas, differences, etc. Practice topic wise
previous GATE questions after understanding each
topic. Attempt the quizzes/tests for each topic
and subject to know your performance. Clear all
your doubts during your preparation. Identify
the weakness areas while practising quizzes/tests
and try to revise and practise those topics. 6.
Revise everything you studied for GATE
Preparation Read the revision notes on a weekly
basis to recall the concepts of prepared
subjects. 7. Practice the Mock Tests Keep
attempting online mock tests. Practice the mock
tests to improve performance. Performance depends
on how much time is devoted to answering each
question and how many questions are answered
correctly. 8. Revise and Practice in the last
stage Give time for both revisions and
practice. Practice more tests, identify the
weaker topics in each test and revise them.
Practice 2 to 5 tests every day and recall all
concepts during your practice.
37
Weightage and Priority Order of Subjects
38
Mechanical Engineering
Priority No Subject Weightage in GATE Year
1 Production Engineering 13-15 Marks 4th Year
2 Thermodynamics Applied 13-15 Marks 2nd Year
3 Aptitude 15 Marks No Specific Year
4 Engineering Mathematics 13-15 Marks 1st 2nd Year
5 Strength of Materials 7-8 Marks 2nd Year
6 Theory of Machines 7-8 Marks 3rd Year
7 Heat-Transfer 4-5 Marks 2nd Year
8 Industrial Engineering 4-5 Marks 4th Year
9 Fluid Mechanics 5-6 Marks 2nd Year
10 Machine Design 4-5 Marks 3rd Year
11 Engineering Mechanics 4-5 Marks 1st Year
Total 11 89-102 Marks -
39
Civil Engineering
Priority No Subject Weightage in GATE Year
1 Soil Mechanics Foundation Engineering 12-14 Marks 2nd Year
2 Environment Engineering 12-14 Marks 2nd 3rd Year
3 Aptitude 15 Marks No Specific Year
4 Engineering Mathematics 13 Marks 1st 2nd Year
5 Strength of Materials 7-8 Marks 2nd Year
6 Transportation Engineering 7-8 Marks 3rd Year
7 Surveying 4-5 Marks 2nd Year
8 Irrigation Hydrology 4-5 Marks 4th Year
9 Fluid Mechanics 5-6 Marks 2nd Year
10 BMC 3-4 Marks 1st Year
11 Design of Steel Structures 3-4 Marks 3rd Year
12 Structural Analysis 4-5 Marks 3rd Year
13 Design of Concrete Structures 5-6 Marks 4th Year
Total 13 94-109 Marks -
40
Electronics Engineering
Priority No Subject Weightage in GATE Year
1 Communication Systems 15-16 Marks 2nd 3rd Year
2 Aptitude 15 Marks No specific Year
3 Engineering Mathematics 13-15 Marks 1st 2nd Year
4 Digital Circuits 8-9 Marks 2nd Year
5 Analog Circuits 8-9 Marks 2nd Year
6 Control Systems 8-9 Marks 3rd Year
7 Signals and Systems 8-9 Marks 2nd Year
8 Network Theory 7-8 Marks 1st Year
9 EDC 4-5 Marks 2nd Year
10 Electromagnetics 7-8 Marks 2nd 3rd Year
Total 10 93-103 Marks -
41
Electrical Engineering
Priority No Subject Weightage in GATE Year
1 Power Systems 12--13 Marks 3rd 4th Year
2 Electric Circuits 10-11 Marks 2nd Year
3 Aptitude 15 Marks No Specific Year
4 Engineering Mathematics 13-15 Marks 1st 2nd Year
5 Power Electronics 7-8 Marks 3rd
6 Control Systems 8-9 Marks 2nd Year
7 Signals and Systems 7-8 Marks 2nd Year
8 Electrical Machines 8-9 Marks 2nd 3rd Year
9 Analog Electronics 5-6 Marks 2nd Year
10 Electromagnetic Field 4-5 Marks 3rd Year
11 Measurements 3-4 Marks 3rd Year
12 Digital Electronics 3-4 Marks 2nd Year
Total 12 95-107 Marks -
42
Computer Science Engineering
Priority No Subject Weightage in GATE Year
1 Programming and DS 12-14 Marks 1st 2nd Year
2 Aptitude 15 Marks No Specific Year
3 Engineering Mathematics 6-7 Marks 1st 2nd Year
4 Computer Organization 10-12 Marks 3rd Year
5 Operating Systems 10-12 Marks 3rd Year
6 TOC 8-10 Marks 3rd Year
7 DBMS 8-10 Marks 3rd 4th Year
8 Computer Networks 6-7 Marks 3rd 4th Year
9 Compiler Design 4-5 Marks 4th Year
10 Digital Logic 4-5 Marks 2nd and 3rd Year
11 Design Analysis of Algorithms 4-5 Marks 3rd 4th Year
12 Discrete Mathematics 6-7 Marks 3rd Year
Total 12 97-109 Marks -
43
GATE 2021 Paper Analysis
44
GATE 2021 ME Analysis
Subject Weightage in GATE Questions from Topics
Production Engineering 18 Marks Metal Cutting, Machine tools, Computer integrated Manufacturing, Metrology Inspection, Casting, Welding, Forming
Thermodynamics 6 Marks First Law of Thermodynamics, Properties of Pure Substance, Thermodynamics Relation
Aptitude 15 Marks Numerical Reasoning Verbal Reasoning
Engineering Mathematics 13 Marks Linear Algebra, Differential Equation, Limit Continuity, Laplace, Probability, Complex Number
Strength of Materials 7 Marks Stresses strains, Deflection of Beams, Bending of Beams
Theory of Machines 7 Marks Simple Mechanics their inversion, Balancing, Gyroscope, Vibration
Heat-Transfer 6 Marks Unsteady State of Conduction, Fins, Conduction, Radiation
Industrial Engineering 7 Marks Inventory, Sequencing, Queuing Theory, PERT CPM
Fluid Mechanics 6 Marks Fluid Properties, Pressure Manometry, Flow Through Jets, Fluid Machinery
Machine Design 7 Marks Fatigue Loading, springs, Brakes, Welded Joints
Engineering Mechanics 2 Marks Lagrange Equation
Power Plant IC Engines 3 Marks Rankine Cycle, Working of Cycles
Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning 3 Marks Air Conditioning, Psychrometry
45
GATE 2021 CE Analysis
Subject Weightage in GATE Questions from Topics
Strength of Materials 7 Marks Stress-strain, SFD-BMD, Principal Stresses, Bending Stress, torsion, Deflection
Soil Mechanics Foundation Engineering 12 Marks Properties of Soil, Seepage, Permeability, Consolidation, Shear Strength, Earth Pressure, Shallow and Deep Foundation
Engineering Hydrology 2 Marks Hydrograph, Infiltration
Transportation Engineering 8 Marks Geometric design , Traffic Engineering
Surveying 5 Marks Levelling, Compass Surveying, Photogrammetry
Irrigation Engineering 2 Marks Water Requirements of Crops, Theories Of Seepage
Construction Materials and Management 3 Marks CPM-PERT, Cement, Concrete, Timber
Design of Steel Structures 3 Marks Plastic Analysis, Connections, Tension and Compression Member
Fluid Mechanics 7 Marks Fluid Properties, Flow Through Pipes, Fluid Kinematics, Fluid Statics, Fluid Dynamics, Open channel Flow
Structural Analysis 4 Marks Indeterminacy, Method of Structures , Truss Analysis
Design of Concrete Structures 7 Marks Fundamentals, LSM, Column, Prestressed Concrete, Shear-Bond and Torsion
Environmental Engineering 12 Marks Quality and Treatment of Raw water, Quality and Treatment of Waste-Water Pollution
Engineering Mathematics 13 Marks Linear Algebra, Calculus
General Aptitude 15 Marks Numerical Reasoning Verbal Reasoning
46
GATE 2021 ECE Analysis
Subject Weightage in GATE Questions from Topics
Digital Electronics 9 Marks 8085 Microprocessor, Number system, Sequential Circuit, Memory, Multiplexers, D/A converter
Analog Electronics 9 Marks MOSFET Biasing and Amplifiers, Operational Amplifier, Diode circuits
Control Systems 8 Marks Routh Hurwitz Criteria, Signal Flow Graphs, Nyquist Plots, State Space Analysis, Time Response Analysis
Signals Systems 8 Marks Continuous time Fourier Series, Sampling theorem, Discrete Time Fourier Transform, DFT, Z Transform
Electric Circuits/Network Theory 8 Marks Transient and Steady State Analysis, Two Port Network, Basic Laws(Current Division) , KVL KCL,
Electronic Devices 6 Marks Semiconductor Basics (Energy Band, Carrier Concentration), PN Junction, MOS Capacitors
Communication Systems 16 Marks Amplitude Modulation, Phase frequency modulation, Random variable, Digital communication (Baseband Modulation), Probability of error Decision Theory, Coding Technique, Information Theory, Receivers, Random Process
Electromagnetics 8 Marks Reflection Refraction of Waves, Volume integral, Transmission lines, Rectangular Waveguides, Antennas Optical, EM Wave Propagation
Engineering Mathematics 13 Marks Vector Calculus, Differential Equation, Linear Algebra, Functions of Complex Variables, Probability
General Aptitude 15 Marks Numerical Ability Verbal Ability
47
GATE 2021 EE Analysis
Subject Weightage in GATE Questions from Topics
Digital Electronics 3 Marks Synchronous Counter
Analog Electronics 6 Marks Zener Voltage Regulator, Signal Generator, BJT Biasing, Schmitt Trigger
Control Systems 8 Marks Determination of Transfer function, Bode Plot, Compensators, State Space Analysis
Signals Systems 8 Marks Z-Transform, LTI Systems, Fourier Transform,
Electric Circuits 11 Marks Network Function, First Order RL circuit, Thevenin's Theorem, Three-phase system, Maximum Power Transfer Theorem
Power Electronics 9 Marks Buck-Boost converter, Boost converter, AC voltage converter, Single phase Inverter,
Power Systems 12 Marks Fault Analysis, Sub-matrix of Power System, Z-Bus Formation, Economic Load dispatch, Power Flow Analysis, Cables,
Electrical Machines 8 Marks Single Phase Transformer, Three phase Induction Motor, DC Machines
Measurements 2 Marks AC Bridges
Electromagnetic Fields 6 Marks Basics of Vector Theory, Parallel plate capacitor,
Engineering Mathematics 12 Marks Complex Number, Probability distribution, Maxima Minima, Eigen Values, Determinant of Matrix,
General Aptitude 15 Marks Number System, Mensuration, Transformation of Shapes, Grammer
48
GATE 2021 CS Analysis
Subject Weightage in GATE Questions from Topics
Engineering Mathematics 5 Marks Limit continuity, Matrix algebra, Probability
Discrete Mathematics Graph Theory 10 Marks Set theory, Mathematical logic, Directed weighted graph, Graph color , Combinatorics
Design Analysis Algorithms 4 Marks Hashing , Analysis of algorithm
Programming Data Structure 12 Marks MST, Binary heap, C- programming, Balanced Binary Search Tree, Post order traversal, Arrays and Pointers
Digital Logic 4 Marks Combinational circuit
Computer Organization 11 Marks Memory organization , M/C instruction and addressing mode , Pipeline, Floating point , I/o Interface/ ALU data path
Theory Of Computation 9 Marks DFA , regular expression, turning machine, context free and pushdown automata, regular expression
Compiler Design 4 Marks Syntax directed translation, lexical analysis, parsing
Operating Systems 10 Marks Memory Partitioning , Disk Scheduling, CPU scheduling, Process and thread
DBMS 8 Marks Transaction and concurrency control, ER model, SQL , Database design
Computer Networks 6 Marks Transport layer , IP addressing , Routing Algorithm
General Aptitude 15 Marks Numerical computation , English grammar , Numerical reasoning, Vocabulary, Data Interpretation
49
Our Methodology Offerings
50
Study Notes
Workbooks
Live Classes
Asynchronous LearningApp/Tablet Learning Program
YOUR TEXT
PYQ Books
Subject Tests
Mock Tests
Doubt Solving
Scheduled Live Classes
DailyQuiz/Weekly Test
Highly Engaging Video Content
Topic-wise/ Section-wise/ Exam-wise Practice
Detailed Report Card updated everyday
51
GATE Courses
Live Classes Tablet Learning Program
  • Students get unlimited access to both live and
    pre-recorded classes for a truly classroom-like
    experience.
  • Suitable for students who are pursuing or have
    completed engineering in
  • Civil Engg, Computer Science Engg, Electronics
    Engg, Electronics Communication Engg
    Mechanical Engg.

52
Course Its Features Summary
Feature Live Async
Live Classes Daily 1.5-3 hrs Hrs, 5-6 days a week NA
Recorded Classes NA Yes
Courses launched - GATE ESE23 (1 Year) - Only GATE23 (7-8 Months) - GATE23 Crash Course (3-4 Months) - GATE ESE24 (2 Year) GATE Recorded Content available for 2023 2024 students
Stream Covered EE/EC/CE/ME/CS EE/EC/CE/ME/CS (only Engg Maths)
Study notes (PDF-Soft Copy) Chapter wise Chapter wise
Daily Quizzes After Class Quiz (10Q) won't provide
Weekly Tests 20 Qs per Test won't provide
Subjects Tests After every subject (30Q) After every subject (30Q)
Full Length Mock Tests 10 10
Workbook Printed (3 Volumes) Printed (3 Volumes)
PYQ Printed (3 Volumes) Printed (3 Volumes)
Doubts Within 24 hrs students will ask the doubts in their course's doubt section Students will ask the doubts through email
Validity After Live class is over, students can watch the recorded Live classes unlimited times till course expiry. For 2023 Batch - 30/06/23For 2024 Batch - 30/06/24 Watch unlimited times till validity For 2023 Batch - 30/06/23For 2024 Batch - 30/06/24
53
Live Courses
S. No. Course Name Branches Covered Language No of hrs Batch launch timeline Course Duration Type of Course
1 Vision 2024 A Course for ESE GATE Aspirants EE/EC/CE/ME/CS English Hinglish 950 Jan / Mar / May / July 2 Years Full Course
2 Vision 2023 A Course for ESE GATE Aspirants EE/EC/CE/ME/CS English Hinglish 950 Nov/Dec/Jan/Feb/ March/Apr/May 1 Year Full Course
3 Vision GATE 2023 A Course for GATE Aspirants  EE/EC/CE/ME/CS English Hinglish 600  June /July /Aug 7-8 Months Full Course
4 Rankup GATE23 A Practice Revision Course EE/EC/CE/ME/CS English 300 Sep/Oct 3-4 months Short Course
English Batch
Hinglish Batch
Class Timings 1st class 2nd Class
If we have daily 1 class 6 PM to 730 PM --
If we have 2 classes 6 PM to 730 PM 830 PM to 10 PM
Class Timings 1st class 2nd Class
If we have daily 1 class 830 PM to 10 PM --
If we have 2 classes 6 PM to 730 PM 830 PM to 10 PM
54
Course Highlights
  • Live Classes by Indias Best GATE Faculty
  • Get access to 950 hours of live classes
    with the right guidance for your preparation
  • Unlimited Access to Pre-Recorded Video Lessons
  • Get access to 700 hours of lectures,
    anytime, anywhere
  • Comprehensive Study Material
  • Get scientifically designed workbooks
    PYQs to aid your preparation
  • Chapter-wise class notes
  • Study notes prepared by teachers to help
    you revise the concepts
  • Video Solutions and Application-Based Learning
  • Grasp concepts with ease with 250 hours
    of engaging videos and illustrations

55
Course Highlights
  • Full Length Mock Test Series
  • Evaluate your performance at a national
    level with 10 tests.
  • Real-time Doubt Resolution
  • Get instant doubt resolution during an
    ongoing class
  • Dedicated Doubt Portal
  • Get all your doubts clarified within 24
    hours via our portal
  • Quizzes, Weekly Subject Tests
  • Measure conceptual clarity with regular
    quizzes tests
  • Personalised Performance Measurement (Report
    Card)
  • Identify your strength and areas of
    improvement at every step through detailed Report
    Card

56
360-Degree Learning with BYJUS EXAM PREP
57
Study to Learn
58
Apply for Clarity
59
Revise for Perfection
60
Test for Practice
61
Important FAQs Students Testimonials
62
FAQS
  • The conducting body releases the GATE application
    form tentatively in the first week of Sep every
    year. Below are the answers of questions that
    relate to the GATE registration.
  • This is also important for the General
    Information.
  • I am currently studying in 3rd year
    B.A./B.Com./B.Sc. Am I eligible to appear for
    GATE 2022?
  • Ans Yes, any undergraduate student currently in
    3rd year or higher years of any government
    approved program in Engineering / Technology /
    Architecture / Arts / Commerce / Science is
    eligible to appear for GATE 2022.
  • I am currently studying in 3rd year B.E., but
    through parallel entry in the 2nd year after
    finishing Diploma, am I eligible to appear for
    GATE 2022?
  • Yes, any undergraduate student currently in 3rd
    year or higher years of any government approved
    program in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture/
    Arts/ Commerce/ Science is eligible to appear for
    GATE 2022.
  • Is there any age limit to appear for GATE 2022?
  • NO. There is NO age limit to appear for GATE
    2022.
  • Are there any restrictions on the number of times
    one can appear for GATE?
  • NO. One can appear for the GATE examination any
    number of times.
  • Can I appear in any of the GATE 2022 papers?
  • Although, the candidate is free to choose any of
    the papers up to two from the given
    combinations, candidate should select paper
    appropriate to the discipline of qualifying
    degree.
  • Do I need to fill two forms to appear in two
    papers?

63
FAQS
How much fee should I pay to appear in Two
papers of GATE 2022 examination? The fee per
paper is given below, for two papers the amount
of fee is twice that of a single paper.
For Examination Centers in India Regular Period During the Extended Period
Female Candidates (Per Paper) 750 1250
SC / ST / PwD category candidates (per paper) 750 1250
All other candidates (per paper) 1500 2000
What is the fee for candidates with foreign
nationality? For the candidates with Foreign
nationality, who wish to appear for GATE 2022
examination, the application fee per paper is as
follows
For Examination Centers in India Regular Period During the Extended Period
Center in India 1500 2000
64
FAQS
Is there a relaxation in cut-off score and fee
for the EWS (Economically weaker section)
candidates? The application fee for EWS
candidates will be same as that of General
candidates, however, the qualifying mark is 90
as that of the General candidates. What will
happen if I am not able to produce EWS
certificate at the time of admission/ counselling
etc.? If you are not having a valid EWS
certificate at the time of admission/counselling,
you will be considered as General category
candidate. However, GATE has nothing to do with
subsequent admission or recruitment process. Do
I have to upload my EWS certificate during the
application process? No After completing the
ONLINE application process and generating a PDF
file, will I be able to change my application
data? NO. After completing all the steps up to
PDF application form generation in the ONLINE
application process, you can only download the
application form and CANNOT modify the data.
Hence, you need to be very careful while entering
the data. For how many GATE papers can I
apply? A candidate can apply for ONE or TWO
papers (from the given set of combinations as per
Table 4.3) of the 29 papers listed in the GATE
INFORMATION BROCHURE or GATE website. The choice
of the appropriate paper is the responsibility of
the candidate. Some guidelines in this respect
are suggested below The candidates are expected
to appear in paper(s) up to two as per the given
set of combinations in Table 4.3 appropriate to
the discipline of their qualifying degree. The
candidates are, however, free to choose any other
paper according to their admission plan, keeping
in mind the eligibility criteria of the
institutions in which they wish to seek
admission.
65
FAQS
If a paper is being held in more than one
session, can I appear in any of the sessions of
that particular paper? NO. Each candidate will be
assigned to ONLY ONE of the multiple sessions of
a particular paper. After submission of
application, am I permitted to change my GATE
Examination Paper? YES. ONLY after the last date
for application submission, a request for the
change of GATE Examination Paper will be
entertained against additional payment till 1st
October, 2021. Any request after this date will
NOT be considered. After submission of
application, am I permitted to change my
Category? YES. ONLY after the last date for
application submission, category change request
will be entertained against additional payment
till 12th November, 2021. Any request after this
date will NOT be considered. Will I be provided
with any white paper for rough work and
calculations during the examination? Only one
scribble pad at any point of time will be
provided to the candidate that can be used to do
the rough work. To obtain a second scribble pad,
the candidate MUST return the first scribble pad.
The candidates have to return any scribble pad in
their possession at the end of the examination.
The virtual scientific calculator will be
available on the computer screen. Can I use a
physical calculator during the examination? NO.
During the online GATE 2022 examination, all
candidates will be provided with a virtual
scientific calculator which has to be used to
answer the questions.
66
Students Testimonials
The quizzes on BYJUS Exam Prep helps me
minimizing time waste as they are short thus can
be easily given between class and are very
conceptual. Also, the Mega Mock Test and Test
Series also helped me a lot during my
Preparation. Rajat Gupta AIR 8, GATE
2021 Mechanical Engineering

I wrote mocks available in the BYJUS Exam Prep
platform, they were good. As more students write
these exams, we can actually feel that heat of
the original exam. I had also attempted all India
level exams, which boosted my confidence. I also
understood where I am making mistakes and tried
to rectify those so that it will help me to get
High marks in the original exam. Vaishnav K V
AIR 5, GATE 2021 Electronics Engineering
67
Students Testimonials
BYJUS EXAM Prep App helped me a lot. Their
study material is comprehensively designed for
this exam. Their video lectures are the best and
inspiring. Their test series is designed
according to the needs of the exam. They provided
me with holistic preparation material. Arpit
Jain AIR 61, GATE 2021 Mechanical Engineering

2020-21 was dedicated to Covid 19. Physical
interaction with teachers was not possible.
Online platforms come handy in such situations.
The study notes available for various subjects of
Civil Engineering helps in clearing the concepts.
Test series are well designed to provide a real
time feeling of the examination. BYJUS Exam Prep
is the best online platform to kill all our
doubts. The mentors are well experienced and very
friendly especially Ankit Sir, Md. Ansari
Sir. Jyotiranjan Sahoo AIR 23, GATE 2021 Civil
Engineering
68
Engineering Services Examination
69
Reasons Why to Appear for ESE
70
List of Organizations/Cadre for IES Officers
  1. Border Roads Engineering Service
  2. Central Electrical and Mechanical Service
  3. Central Engineering Service for Roads
  4. Central Power Engineering Service
  5. Central Water Engineering
  6. Defense Service Engineering Corps
  7. Geological Survey of India
  8. Indian Army Engineering Service
  9. Indian Navy Armaments Service
  10. Indian Ordnance Factory
  11. Indian Railways Service
  12. Indian Supply Service
  13. Indian Telecommunication Service

71
Job Profile
  • The job profile of the candidates selected
    through the UPSC IES depends on the service which
    they are placed in.
  • In general, the candidate will have to perform
    managerial and technical tasks.
  • He/she will also be responsible for managing and
    executing projects.
  • Along with experience, the area of supervision of
    the employee also increases.
  • The overall nature of the work is administrative.
  • At times, the employees will also have to deal
    with the bureaucratic processes by contacting
    government officials. With higher designations
    and greater experience, the officers also gain
    the authority to contact the concerned ministers.

72
Salary Structure for UPSC IES Officer
  • The IES officers are entitled to a handsome
    payment package as per the recent 7th CPC. The
    IES has divided cities into 3 classes and
    candidates will receive the salary according to
    the class of the city they are posted in. The IES
    Entry-level Pay Scale will depend upon the
    allotted locations. The three classes are listed
    below
  • Class A Metropolis
  • Class B Metropolis Other Big Cities
  • Class C Village Small Cities

Component Class A Cities (In Rupees) Class B Cities (In Rupees) Class C Cities (In Rupees)
Basic Pay 15,600 15,600 15,600
Grade Pay 5,400 5,400 5,400
Net Basic Pay 21,000 21,000 21,000
Dearness Allowance (125 of Basic) 26,250 26,250 26,250
House Rent Allowance 6,300 (30 of Basic) 4,200 (20 of Basic) 2,100 (10 of Basic)
Transport Allowances (15 of Basic DA) 7,087 7,087 7,087
IES Gross Salary 60,637 58,537 56,437
IES Deductions (Approx.) 10,000 10,000 10,000
IES Salary in Hand 50,637 48,537 46,437
73
Perks and Benefits
  • Residential Quarters (Type IV to Type VIII) 
  • HRA, in case, if house accommodation is not
    provided
  • Dearness Allowance (DA)
  • Medical Facility
  • Official Vehicle
  • Gratuity
  • Leave Travel Allowance/ Tour Allowance
  • Provident Fund (Where IDA Applicable)
  • Driver
  • Peon
  • Leave Encashment
  • Domestic Servant
  • Personal Assistant

74
Career Growth and Promotion
  • The candidate will be selected as an Assistant
    Executive Engineer or Assistant Director.
  • After an experience of 3 to 4 years, the
    candidate will be promoted to Executive Engineer
    or Director.
  • After 13 years of experience, the candidate will
    be appointed as a Joint General Manager or Chief
    Engineer of level 2.
  • After 20 years of experience, the candidate will
    be promoted to the post of Additional General
    Manager or Chief Engineer.
  • After 30 years of experience, the candidate will
    become a Senior General Manager.
  • The final promotion will come after gaining
    experience of 34 years when the candidate will
    become a Managing Director or Chairperson of the
    governmental organization.

75
ESE Papers and Codes
  • Engineering Services Examination is conducted by
    Union Public Service Commission every year. It is
    conducted in four core branches of Engineering.
  • Civil Engineering
  • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering

76
IES Officer Salary Promotion/ Rank-Wise
Rank/Level Pay Scale Grade Pay Time Frame
Junior level INR 15,600 INR 39,100 INR 5400 On Joining
Senior Scale INR 15,600 INR 39,100 INR 6600 5 6 years of joining
Junior Administrative Grade INR 15,600 INR 39,100 INR 7600 Minimum 10 years after joining
Selection grade scale( Chief Engineer L2 / Jt. G M) INR 37400 INR 67000 INR 8700 20 years or more after joining
Super time grade (Chief Engr. /Additional GM) INR 37400 INR 67000 INR 8700  
Cabinet Secretary Grade INR 90,000 N/A Fixed
Apex Pay Scale INR 80,000 N/A Fixed
77
ESE Branch-Wise Vacancies Since 2009
Branches ? Years ? CE EE E T ME TOTAL
2009 205 59 75 130 469
2010 178 102 170 134 584
2011 248 112 163 170 693
2012 269 103 94 169 635
2013 233 181 138 150 702
2014 242 104 108 125 589
2015 154 191 115 115 475
2016 204 123 104 177 608
2017 209 70 51 110 440
2018 165 157 110 156 588
2019 252 95 101 133 581
2020 193 100 116 86 495
2021 86 58 39 32 215

78
ESE Exam Pattern
Particulars Details
IES (ESE) Full Form Indian Engineering Services are also known as Engineering Services Exam 
Conducting Body UPSC (Union Public Service Exam)
IES Exam Level National level
Exam Mode Offline
Selection Process Prelims Mains Interview
Number of Papers  Prelims 2 Papers Mains 2 Papers
Total Marks Prelims - 500 Marks (Technical 300 and Non-Technical 200) Mains - 600 Marks (both Technical) Interview -  200 marks
IES (ESE) Official Website upsc.gov.in


79
ESE ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • Educational Qualification
  • A candidate must possess
  • Degree in Engineering from a recognized
    university
  • Passed Sections A and B of the Institution
    Examinations of the Institution of Engineers
    (India)
  • Obtained a degree/diploma in Engineering from
    such foreign University college which is
    recognized in India
  • Passed Graduate Membership Examination of the
    Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication
    Engineers
  • Passed Associate Membership Examination Parts II
    III or Sections A B of the Aeronautical
    Society of India
  • Passed Graduate Membership Examination of the
    Institution of Electronics Radio Engineers,
    London held after November 1959
  • For Naval Armament Service MSc degree or its
    equivalent with Wireless Communication
    Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering
    as a special subject.
  • For Indian Radio Regulatory Service MSc degree
    or its equivalent with Wireless Communication
    Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering
    as a special subject or MSc with Physics and
    Radio Communication or Electronics or
    Telecommunication as a special subject.
  • Age Limit
  • Aspirants must have attained an age of 21 years
    and must not have attained an age of 30 years on
    January 1, 2022. Candidates should not be born
    earlier than January 2, 1992, and not later than
    January 1, 2001.

80
ESE 2022 Important Timeline
Event Dates
ESE 2022 Notification Release September 22, 2021
ESE 2022 Application Form Release  September 22, 2021
Last Day to Fill ESE 2022 Application Form October 12, 2021
Application Withdrawal Dates October 20, 2021 to October 26, 2021
Preliminary Examination February 20, 2022
Preliminary Examination Result March 2022
ESE Mains Admit Card June 5, 2022
ESE Mains Examination June 26, 2022
ESE Mains Result August 2022
Usually Prelims exam happen in the month of Jan
and Main Exam happen in May Month
81
UPSC IES 2020 Cut-OffMECHANICAL Engineering
Mains Mains Mains Mains Mains
Discipline General OBC SC ST
Civil Engineering (CE) 651 576 486 575
Mechanical Engineering (ME) 624 577 545 506
Electrical Engineering (EE) 578 550 496 510
Electronics Telecommunication Engineering (ECE) 516 491 451 442
Prelims Prelims Prelims Prelims Prelims
Discipline General OBC SC ST
Civil Engineering (CE) 238 238 202 227
Mechanical Engineering (ME) 262 250 214 202
Electrical Engineering (EE) 238 229 187 194
Electronics Telecommunication Engineering (ECE) 245 245 205 202


82
UPSC IES 2019 Cut-OffMECHANICAL Engineering
Prelims Prelims Prelims Prelims Prelims
Discipline General OBC SC ST
Civil Engineering (CE) 188 185 143 159
Mechanical Engineering (ME) 187 187 166 169
Electrical Engineering (EE) 221 211 191 172
Electronics Telecommunication Engineering (ECE) 226 221 176 165
Mains Mains Mains Mains Mains
Discipline General OBC SC ST
Civil Engineering (CE) 541 500 453 482
Mechanical Engineering (ME) 539 529 450 487
Electrical Engineering (EE) 547 481 466 417
Electronics Telecommunication Engineering (ECE) 539 502 458 427


83
UPSC IES 2018 Cut-OffMECHANICAL Engineering
Prelims Prelims Prelims Prelims Prelims
Discipline General OBC SC ST
Civil Engineering (CE) 207 194 169 188
Mechanical Engineering (ME) 256 255 220 223
Electrical Engineering (EE) 230 218 190 191
Electronics Telecommunication Engineering (ECE) 213 206 173 155
Mains Mains Mains Mains Mains
Discipline General OBC SC ST
Civil Engineering (CE) 546 502 467 513
Mechanical Engineering (ME) 611 611 542 564
Electrical Engineering (EE) 541 488 452 481
Electronics Telecommunication Engineering (ECE) 504 476 405 403


84
Insights Around ESE Cut-Off
  • The Cut-Off for both ESE Prelims and ESE Mains
    has increased in the year 2020 as compared to
    previous years.
  • This is mainly due to the decreased number of
    vacancies and very tough competition.
  • Also, the difficulty level matters. If the
    Difficulty Level will be high, then Cut-Off will
    be less and vice versa.
  • Also, Railways has removed their seats from ESE
    2020 onwards, so the number of vacancies has
    decreased a lot.
  • Railways will be conducting IRMS but till date,
    no notification or advertisement has been
    released by the Government.
  • IRMS will be dedicated for Railway's vacancies of
    Class-1 Officer.



85
ESE IES 2021 Prelims Paper-1 Analysis
Topics No. of Questions Difficulty Level
Current issues of National and International Importance Relating to Social, Economic and Industrial Development 18 Easy
Engineering aptitude covering Logical reasoning and Analytical Ability 15 Easy
Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis 15 Easy
General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety 7 Moderate
Standards and Quality practices in Production, Construction, Maintenance and Services 7 Moderate
Basics of Energy and Environment Conservation, Environmental Pollution and degradation, Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment 5 Easy
Basics of Project Management 4 Easy
Basics of Material Science and Engineering 9 Easy
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their Applications in Engineering 10 Moderate
Ethics and Values in the Engineering profession. 10 Easy
Total 100 Easy to Moderate



86
ESE IES ECE 2021 Prelims Paper-2 Analysis
Subject Major Topics Difficulty Level No. of Questions Weightage
Control Systems RH Criterion, Controllers Easy to Moderate 7 5
Electromagnetic Field Theory Maxwell Equations, EM Wave, Transmission Lines, Antenna Easy to Moderate 13 9
Networks Basics, Network theorem 2 Port Networks Easy to Moderate 14 9
Analog Circuits MOSFET, OP-AMP, Diode Circuits, Oscillator Easy to Moderate 8 5
Basic Electronics Semiconductor Basics Easy to Moderate 12 8
Microprocessor Instruction Set Easy to Moderate 4 3
Digital Circuits Simplification, Sequential Circuits Easy to Moderate 5 3
Communication Systems Random Variable, PCM, FSK-DPSK, Error Easy to Moderate 12 8
Material Science Ceramics, Crystal defects Moderate to Difficult 14 9
Advanced Electronics IC Fabrication, FSM Moderate to Difficult 17 11
Advanced Communication Satellite, Cellular system, TCP Model, Optical Fibre Moderate to Difficult 15 10
Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation Transducers, Error in measurement Easy to Moderate 10 7
Basic Electrical Engineering Transformer Easy to Moderate 8 5
Computer Organization and Architecture Mapping Techniques, Memory Moderate to Difficult 11 7
TOTAL Overall MODERATE 150 100



87
ESE IES EE 2021 Prelims Paper-2 Analysis
Subject Difficulty Level Important Topics No. of Questions Weightage
Digital Electronics Easy Minimization, DAC 2 1
Communication Systems Moderate Nyquist tool, TDM FDM 11 7
Measurements Easy Meter Extension, CRO, Measurement of Power 13 9
Power Electronics Moderate Chopper, Basics of Semiconductor devices, Rectifiers 9 6
Basic Electronics Engineering Easy MOSFET Structure, FET biasing, Hall effect Power diode 6 4
Networks Moderate Network Theorem, KVL KCL, Three-phase, Resonance 10 7
Electromagnetic Fields Easy Electrostatic Fields 2 1
Power Systems Moderate Fault Analysis, Cables, Power Generation 12 8
Electrical Machines Easy Synchronous motor, DC motor, Transformer, Special motors 17 11
Electrical Materials Moderate Ceramics, Inorganic materials 14 9
Microprocessors Easy Memory Registers 4 3
Control Systems Moderate Bode Plot, State Space Analysis, Block diagram reduction, Compensators 12 8
Signals and Systems Easy Sampling Theorem, Convolution, Filters, Basics of Signals 8 5
Analog Electronics Easy Multistage Amplifiers, Op-amp 9 6
Computer Fundamentals Easy Memory Organisation, Direct Memory Allocation DMA 6 4
Engineering Mathematics Easy Complex numbers, Vector Integrals, Probability, Definite Integrals 15 10
Overall Moderately Difficult Total150 Total 100



88
ESE IES ME 2021 Prelims Paper-2 Analysis
Subjects Difficulty Level Major Topicsfrom subject Total Numberof Questions Marks in 2021
Heat Transfer Easy Boiling and Condensation 3 2
Fluid Mechanics Machinery Moderate Pumps, Pipe Flow 23 15
Thermodynamics Easy Zeroth law, First Law 12 8
Industrial Engineering Moderate Work Sampling, CPM PERT 5 3
Engineering Mechanics Easy Laws of Motion 5 3
Mechatronics Robotics Moderate Sensor Actuator 12 8
IC Engine Easy Cycles, Performance Parameter 7 5
Power Plant Moderate Boiler, Vapour Power cycle, Gas Power cycle 14 9
Refrigeration Air conditioning Easy Various Refrigeration system 6 4
Renewable Source of Energy Moderate Wind energy, Fuel cell 12 8
Strength of Materials Easy Stress strain, Bending, Principal Stress and Strains. SFD BMD 9 6
Design of Machine Elements Easy Theories of failure, Joints, fatigue loading, (almost full coverage) 11 7
Theory of Machines Vibrations Easy Vibrations, Flywheel 13 9
Production, Material Science Moderate Material science, Forming 18 12
Total Easy to Moderate 150 100



89
ESE IES CE 2021 Prelims Paper-2 Analysis
Subject Weightage Analysis for ESE 2021 Weightage Analysis for ESE 2021 Weightage Analysis for ESE 2021
Subject Questions Questions Major Topics Covered
Subject Difficulty Level Marks Major Topics Covered
Strength of Materials (SOM) Tough 9 Principal Stress and Springs
Soil Mechanics Moderate 7 Properties of Soil, Earth Pressure and Ground Improvement Techniques
Foundation Engineering Easy 1 Shallow Foundation
Engineering Hydrology Moderate 3 Channel Routing, Flood Routing and Ground-water Hydrology
Highway Engineering Moderate 5 Geometric Design, Pavement Design and Traffic Engg
Surveying Moderate 8 Remote Sensing, Compass Surveying
Irrigation Engineering Moderate 6 Water Requirements, Canal and Dams
Construction Materials and Management Moderate 19 Building Construction, Project Management and Timber
Design of Steel Structures Moderate 9 Compression Members, Tension Members (Codal Provisions)
Fluid Mechanics Hydraulics Easy to Moderate 9 Fluid Kinematics and Hydraulic Machines
Railways, Airport and Tunneling Easy 3 Tunnelling and Geometric Design
Structural Analysis Easy to Moderate 4 Determinacy and Structural Dynamics
Design of Concrete Structures Moderate 9 Codal Provisions, Fundamentals of RCC
Environmental Engineering Moderate 7 Water Supply Engg and Waste Water Engg.



90
BARC
91
BARC Selection Process
  • BARC selection process comprises two main stages
  • Screening to short-list candidates
  • Selection Interviews of the short-listed
    candidates
  • The candidates are shortlisted for the interview
    based on their score in the BARC online
    examination. However, there are some cases where
    the candidates are considered on their GATE
    score. The details of each of the exam phases of
    the BARC exam are given below. 


92
BARC Scientific Officer Exam Pattern
  • The mode of the BARC Exam is online.
  • BARC Scientific Officer online examination
    consists only of multiple-choice questions i.e,
    objective type
  • The total number of questions is 100 with each
    question of 3 marks. 
  • The total duration of the BARC online examination
    is 2 Hours
  • There is a negative marking of 1/3rd of a
    questions mark i.e, One mark deduction for each
    wrong answer.
  • Physical calculators are not permitted in the
    BARC Online Examination, virtual calculators are
    granted to use.



Number of Questions 100
Time Allocated 2 Hours
Total Marks 300
Types of Questions All are MCQs
Negative Marking -1 for Each Wrong Answer
Mode of Examination Online
93
ISRO
94
What is ISRO Scientist/Engineer SC Exam?
  • The Indian Space Research Organization, also known
     as ISRO, is the official space agency of the Gove
    rnment of India which has its headquarters in Beng
    aluru. 
  • The vision of ISRO is to "harness space technology
     for national development while pursuing space sci
    ence research  planetary exploration". 
  • Every year ISRO conducts exam for the post of Scie
    ntist/Engineer SC for technical graduates which 
    provides a beautiful opportunity to work in the Re
    search  Development department of one of the grea
    test space organizations in the world. 



95
ISRO Scientist/Engineer SC Exam Pattern
  • There are three stages for the final selection in
    ISRO Scientist/Engineer SC Exam.
  • Shortlisting of Candidates for the Written Exam
  • Written Exam
  • Interview
  • BE/ B.Tech or equivalent qualification in first
    class with an aggregate minimum of 65 marks or
    CGPA 6.84/10 is a must to be shortlisted for the
    written examination.
  • The Written Exam is Objective in nature and tests
    the fundamental understanding in the technical
    subjects from your concerned discipline.



Subjects No of Questions Total Marks Duration
Related to Concerned Discipline 80 (3 Marks Each) 240 90 Minutes
Candidates who get through this stage will have
to appear for an interview. The Interview
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