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National Center for External Evaluation of Education External evaluation of education

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Title: National Center for External Evaluation of Education External evaluation of education


1
National Center for External Evaluation of
Education External evaluation of education
2
  • National Center for External Evaluation
  • is a public institution responsible for
    conducting external evaluation exams in Croatian
    educational system.

3
Objectives of external evaluation
  • To establish a system for improving the quality
    of education
  • To establish a system of standardized evaluation
    of knowledge and skills competencies

4
Croatias and EU education-related documents
serving as a basis
  1. Declaration of Knowledge Croatia as Based on
    Knowledge and Knowledge Application (HAZU, 2002.)
  2. 55 recommendations for increasing Croatias
    competitiveness Education for Growth and
    Development (NVK, 2004)
  3. Plan for Developing Education and Training System
    for period 2005 2010 (MZOS, 2005)
  4. Lisbon Declaration Education and Professional
    Development until 2010 (EU, 2000)

5
What took place in the period 2004 - 2009?
  • System of external evaluation was introduced into
    Croatian educational system.
  • LAW ON EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN PRIMARY AND
    SECONDARY SCHOOLS introduces mandatory
  • 1.  National Exams,
    2. State Matura and
    3. Self-evaluation.
  • National Center for External Evaluation of
    Education is established as a public institution.

6
Legal basis
  • Law on National Center for External Evaluation of
    Education (22.10.2004.)
  • Centers Statute (Croatian Parliament,
    9.12.2005.)
  • Directors appointment (16.3.2006.)
  • Center is a public institution with public
    competencies
  • LAW ON EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN PRIMARY AND
    SECONDARY SCHOOLS
  • Law on Adult Education

7
OUR MISSION
  • Center is responsible for external evaluation
    within Croatias educational and training system
    and for conducting exams based on national
    standards.

8
Tasks of the National Center for External
Evaluation of Education
  • Research and preparation of national standards
    and exam materials
  • Conducts international proficiency tests
  • Coordinates the work of all participants
    responsible for conducting national exams (task
    forces, reviewers, exam coordinators, evaluators)
  • Organizes and conducts training of
    afore-mentioned groups
  • Organizes and conducts national exams and State
    Matura (print, distribution)
  • Processes and analyzes results, makes proposals
    for modifications
  • Trains all participants to use results and to
    introduce modifications in the system

9
INSTITUTIONS RESPONSIBLE FOR KNOWLEDGE EVALUATION
  • Ministry of Science, Education and Sports
  • National Center for External Evaluation of
    Knowledge
  • Council for Introduction of State Matura in
    Croatian Educational System
  • Council for Curriculum
  • Scientific Project for Introducing State Matura
    in Croatian Educational System (MZOS)
  • Four-year secondary schools
  • Adult education institutions
  • Primary schools
  • Institute for Social Research in Zagreb, CARNET,
    University Computing Center, Central Bureau of
    Statistics, Institute of Social Sciences Ivo
    Pilar
  • Education and Teacher Training Agency, Agency for
    Vocational Education and Training, Agency for
    Adult Education

10
National exams and external evaluation
  • Standardized procedures used to examine students
    abilities to use knowledge and skills on certain
    subjects
  • Based on curriculums
  • Enable duly, reliable and objective monitoring of
    the efficiency of schools and teachers
  • Conducted throughout educational process under
    equal and comparable conditions
  • Provide explanations for success or lack of
    success in education and training results
  • Other instruments are also applied, used to
    determine quality of communication between
    teachers and students, school climate, social and
    demographic characteristics, students and
    teachers motivation factors, level of teachers
    qualifications.

11
Tasks of national exams and STATE MATURA
  • National exams have FORMATIVE tasks
  • State Matura has SUMMATIVE tasks
  • National exams should provide basis for improving
    educational system and for initiating
    self-evaluation process in schools
  • State Matura has to provide standardized
    evaluation of knowledge and skills of senior-year
    students at the end of mandatory education

12
Methodology of approach
  • Methodological approach on which the project is
    based is an adapted Learning Results-Oriented
    Approach
  • Approach consists of two key stages 1. defining
    desirable results (achievements) of learning,
    harmonized with current secondary schools
    curriculums,
  • 2. making defined desirable results
    (achievements) operational developing
    instruments of exams (exercises, tests) which
    have attested measuring characteristics
    (validity, reliability, objectivity,
    sensibility).

13
Classification of knowledge and cognitive
processes (revised Bloom taxonomy)
Knowledge dimensions Dimensions of cognitive processes Dimensions of cognitive processes Dimensions of cognitive processes Dimensions of cognitive processes Dimensions of cognitive processes Dimensions of cognitive processes
Knowledge dimensions 1. memory 2. understanding 3. application 4. analysis 5. evaluation 6. creation
Factual knowledge
Conceptual knowledge
Procedural knowledge
Meta-cognitive knowledge
14
Levels of importance of learning and teaching
content
Necessary to know Deep and permanent understanding
Important to know Knowledge and effective action
Valuable to know General knowledge
15
Objectives of introducing State Matura
  • Clear definition and standardization of desirable
    competencies learning results.
  • Attested, reliable and objective verification of
    qualifications for performing a vocation
    certification.
  • Meeting the needs of labor market Testing
    knowledge and competencies important for
    successful adaptation to job requirements.
  • Contribution to defining national qualifications
    Development of national vocational standards as
    a part of National Framework of Qualifications.
  • Transparency and comparability of qualifications
    securing distinction and recognition of our
    qualifications in the EU our secondary school
    diplomas are becoming clear and comparable
    documents on local and European labor markets, as
    well as in European educational system.

16
Development objectives
  • To structure education in alignment with needs of
    economy and to harmonize with EU developments.
  • To stimulate positive competition between
    schools.
  • To improve the quality of schools promotion of
    quality of learning and teaching.
  • To improve the culture of attesting and
    evaluating knowledge and competencies
    increasing the quality of assessments in school.
  • To better define desirable results, objectives of
    education basis for curricular reform.
  • To increase efforts investment into quality of
    own work.
  • Better quality of communication between teachers
    and students partnership.

17
Key competencies
  • Communication in native language
  • Communication in a foreign language
  • Mathematic literacy, science and technology
  • Digital literacy
  • Learning about learning (learning skills)
  • Inter-personal, inter-cultural, social and
    citizen competencies
  • Innovation and entrepreneurship
  • Cultural awareness and expressivity

18
Centers ACHIEVEMENTS
  • System of task forces established (secondary
    school teachers and university teachers on a
    certain subject)
  • System of exam coordinators in secondary schools
    established
  • Building of self-evaluation system in secondary
    schools has began
  • Scientific and technical cooperation with a
    series of important institutions established
  • Education of all participants has began

19
Exams conducted
  • In 2006, national exams in 1st grades of
    comprehensive schools
  • In 2007, national exams in 2nd grades of
    comprehensive schools
  • In 2007, test of knowledge of 8th grade students
    of primary schools (students sample math and
    Croatian)
  • In 2007, national exams in 1st grades of
    vocational schools and comprehensive schools
  • In 2008, test of knowledge of 4th grade students
    of primary schools
  • In 2008, test of knowledge of 8th grade students
    of primary schools
  • In 2008, experimental State Matura for 3rd grades
  • In 2009, national test of achievements in 2nd
    grades of comprehensive schools
  • In 2009, experimental State Matura for 3rd grades
  • Exam catalogues for State Matura in 2010
    published
  • Self-evaluation in comprehensive schools,
    vocational schools and primary schools

20
STATE MATURA
21
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22
WHAT IS EXAMINED?
23
SAME FOR EVERYONE
Elementary level
Croatian language
Math
State Matura
Foreign language
24
Yet, somewhat different
25
for students of classic comprehensive schools
Elementary level
Croatian language
Math
State Matura
Foreign or classic language
26
for schools operated on languages of ethnic
minorities
Elementary level
Croatian language
Mother tongue
State Matura
Foreign language or Math
27
STATE MATURA EXAMS
28
EDUCATION COMPLETED
  • FOUR-YEAR VOCATIONAL AND ART SCHOOLS
  • COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOLS
  • STATE MATURA
  • (there is no Matura paper)
  • FINAL PAPER

29
STATE MATURA CENTRAL REGISTER AND CONTINUATION OF
EDUCATION
  • STUDENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOLS
  • STUDENTS OF FOUR-YEAR VOCATIONAL AND ART SCHOOLS
  • STATE MATURA EXAMS
  • three mandatory examsandoptional state matura
    exams

30
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31
WHEN WHAT
15 October EARLY REGISTRATION
1 FEBRUARY REGISTRATION of exams accompanied with the list of course programs in which students intend to enroll after finishing secondary school
FEBRUARY JUNE EXAMS FROM OPTIONAL SUBJECTS
APRIL ESSAY (Croatian and Foreign language)
16 MAY 30 MAY EXAMS FROM MANDATORY SUBJECTS
30 JUNE RESULTS AND ENTRY INTO STATE MATURA CENTRAL REGISTER
15 JULY REGISTRATION FOR AUTUMN TERM (for those who did not take the test, who failed in the 1st term or who wish for a better grade)
16 AUGUST 30 AUGUST AUTUMN TERM
1 SEPTEMBER RESULTS AND ENTRY INTO STATE MATURA CENTRAL REGISTER
1 SEPTEMBER STUDIES
32
Reserach Conclusions
  • Education of parents
  • Teacher training
  • Teachers Marking vs. Exam Marking
  • Regional Socio-Economical conditionings
  • Students motivation
  • New type of examination

33
Today and tomorrow
  • CENTER is an institution that provides links
    between professions, with a goal to improve
    quality of education
  • CENTER offers and seeks cooperation
  • CENTER should serve to everyone to build
    evaluation system which would responds to
    requirements of new generation and labor market
  • External evaluation will become SCHOOLS need

34
What else we do
  • NQF expert groups
  • Licencing teachers principals
  • PISA, PIRLS
  • International cooperation (CITO, IEA, ALTE,
    Language Survey, )
  • Regional cooperation (Prag Group, C-S Regional
    Group)

35
THANK YOU !
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