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The Clash of (Scottish) Civilizations: Local Culture and National Identity

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Britt Cartrite Last modified by: Britt Cartrite Created Date: 10/7/2004 5:02:27 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Clash of (Scottish) Civilizations: Local Culture and National Identity


1
The Clash of (Scottish) Civilizations Local
Culture and National Identity
  • Dr. Britt Cartrite
  • Solomon Asch Center for Study of Ethnopolitical
    Conflict

2
(No Transcript)
3
Milestones in Scottish History
  • 843 AD Kenneth MacAlpin unites Scots and Picts
    under his rule
  • 1296 Annexation of Scotland by England under
    Edward I
  • 1314 Battle of Bannockburn Scottish
    independence restored under Robert Bruce
  • 1603 James VI of Scotland becomes James I of
    England
  • 1638 National Covenant
  • 1707 Union of Parliaments

4
Scottish Ethnopolitical Activism
  • 1820 Celtic Society of Edinburgh
  • 1853 National Association for the Vindication of
    Scottish Rights 1886 Scottish Home Rule
    Association
  • 1900 Young Scots Society 1901 Scottish
    Patriotic Association 1904 Scottish National
    League
  • 1926 Scottish Nationalist Movement 1934
    Scottish Party and SNM merge to form Scottish
    National Party (SNP)

5
Population and Population Density
6
Scottish Identity
7
General Election Votesfor the SNP
8
1997 Referendum on Scottish Devolution
9
Referenda Yes Votes
Question 1 I agree that there should be a
Scottish Parliament
Question 2 I agree that a Scottish Parliament
should have tax-varying powers
10
From Ethnic to Civic Nationalism?
11
Common Fisheries Program
12
Lerwick
Kirkwall
Stromness
Inverness
Aberdeen
Stonehaven
Portree
Stirling
Edinburgh
Glasgow
Hawick
13
Dimensions of Scottish IdentityLanguages
  • English

14
Dimensions of Scottish IdentityLanguages
  • English
  • Gaelic

15
Gaelic Speakers
16
Dimensions of Scottish IdentityLanguages
  • English
  • Gaelic
  • Scots

17
Auld Lang Syne
  • For auld lang syne, my dear,
  • For auld lang syne,
  • We'll tak a cup of kindness yet,
  • For auld lang syne!
  • Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
  • And never brought to mind?
  • Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
  • And auld lang syne?
  • And surely ye'll be your pint-stowp,
  • And surely I'll be mine,
  • And we'll tak a cup o kindness yet,
  • For auld lang syne!
  • We twa hae run about the braes,
  • And pou'd the gowans fine,
  • But we've wander'd monie a weary fit,
  • Sin auld lang syne.
  • We twa hae paidl'd in the burn
  • Frae morning sun till dine,
  • But seas between us braid hae roar'd
  • Sin auld lang syne.
  • And there's a hand my trusty fiere,
  • And gie's a hand o thine,
  • And we'll tak a right guid-willie waught,
  • For auld lang syne.

18
Dimensions of Scottish IdentityLanguages
  • English
  • Gaelic
  • Scots
  • (Pictish) Doric

19
Dimensions of Scottish IdentityReligion
  • Anglican
  • Presbyterian
  • Catholic

20
Dimensions of Scottish Identity
  • Anti-English

21
Dimensions of Scottish Identity
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic

22
Dimensions of Scottish Identity
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry

23
Dimensions of Scottish Identity
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard

24
Dimensions of Scottish Identity
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting

25
Dimensions of Scottish Identity
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Jacobitism

26
Variations on Scottish IdentityEdinburgh
  • Gaelic
  • Scots
  • Doric
  • Anglican
  • Presbyterian
  • Catholic
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Jacobitism

27
Variations on Scottish IdentityStirling
  • Gaelic
  • Scots
  • Doric
  • Anglican
  • Presbyterian
  • Catholic
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Jacobitism

28
Variations on Scottish IdentityHawick
  • Gaelic
  • Scots
  • Doric
  • Anglican
  • Presbyterian
  • Catholic
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Jacobitism

29
Variations on Scottish IdentityStonehaven
  • Gaelic
  • Scots
  • Doric
  • Anglican
  • Presbyterian
  • Catholic
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Jacobitism

30
Variations on Scottish IdentityInverness
  • Gaelic
  • Scots
  • Doric
  • Anglican
  • Presbyterian
  • Catholic
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Jacobitism

31
Variations on Scottish IdentityPortree
  • Gaelic
  • Scots
  • Doric
  • Anglican
  • Presbyterian
  • Catholic
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Jacobitism

32
Variations on Scottish IdentityGlasgow
  • Gaelic
  • Scots
  • Doric
  • Anglican
  • Presbyterian
  • Catholic
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Catholic
  • Tartanry
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Jacobitism

33
Variations on Scottish IdentityShetland and
Orkney
  • Invaded and populated by Vikings in the 8th
    century
  • Given to Scotland until the dowry for Queen
    Margaret could be raised
  • Scotland refuses the dowry payment, keeps the
    islands
  • Norn, a Scandinavian dialect, dies out in the
    late 18th century without being written down
  • Possibility of a no no vote in the 1997
    referendum raised questions of transferral to
    Westminster

34
Variations on Scottish IdentityOrkney
  • Norn
  • Lutheran
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Scottish
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Scandanavian

35
Variations on Scottish IdentityShetland
  • Norn
  • Lutheran
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Scottish
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Scandanavian

36
Variations on Scottish IdentityShetland
  • Norn
  • Lutheran
  • Anti-English
  • Anti-Scottish
  • Kailyard
  • Crofting
  • Scandanavian

37
Emergent Questions
  • How do theories of ethnic identity formation
    account for Scottish heterogeneity?
  • How can the relative success of ethnopolitical
    mobilization in Scotland be explained, given this
    heterogeneity?
  • What explains the complacency regarding funding
    for Gaelic media and education, considering the
    low levels of Gaelic-speaking, as well as the
    relative paucity for demands for other language
    education and media?

38
Future Research Possibilities
  • Replication of findings
  • Project linking findings to political questions
  • Shetlander / Orcadian mobilization
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