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How to Respond to Religious Disagreement

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How to Respond to Religious Disagreement Andrew Moon 4/13/12 What is ethics? What is ethics? It is the study of right and wrong, good and bad. What is ethics? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How to Respond to Religious Disagreement


1
How to Respond to Religious Disagreement Andrew
Moon 4/13/12
2
Main Question How should we respond to religious
disagreement?
3
What is ethics?
4
What is ethics?
  • It is the study of right and wrong, good and bad.

5
What is ethics?
  • It is the study of right and wrong, good and bad
  • Question What are right or wrong ways to behave?

6
What is epistemology?
7
What is epistemology?
  • It is the study of knowledge and rational belief

8
What is epistemology?
  • It is the study of knowledge and rational belief
  • Question What is it rational to believe?

9
Main Question How should we respond to religious
disagreement?
10
How should we respond to religious disagreement?
  • 1) Morally, how should we respond to religious
    disagreement?

11
How should we respond to religious disagreement?
  • 1) Morally, how should we respond to religious
    disagreement?
  • 2) Epistemologically (or rationally), how should
    we respond to religious disagreement?

12
Morally, how shouldn't we respond to religious
disagreement?
13
Morally, how shouldn't we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Quickly judge them.

14
Morally, how shouldn't we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Quickly judge them.
  • Ignore the issue.

15
Morally, how shouldn't we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Quickly judge them.
  • Ignore the issue.
  • Demonize them.

16
Morally, how shouldn't we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Quickly judge them.
  • Ignore the issue.
  • Demonize them.
  • These are not good ways to respond to religious
    disagreement.

17
Morally, how should we respond to religious
disagreement?
18
Morally, how should we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Listen

19
Morally, how should we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Listen
  • Give other people the benefit of the doubt

20
Morally, how should we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Listen
  • Give other people the benefit of the doubt
  • Engage in intelligent and open discussion.

21
Morally, how should we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Listen
  • Give other people the benefit of the doubt
  • Engage in intelligent and open discussion.
  • Be a kind and mature person!

22
Morally, how should we respond to religious
disagreement?
  • Listen
  • Give other people the benefit of the doubt
  • Engage in intelligent and open discussion.
  • Be a kind and mature person!
  • These are good ways to respond to religious
    disagreement!

23
How should we respond to religious disagreement?
  • 1) Morally, how should we respond to religious
    disagreement?
  • 2) Epistemologically, how should we respond to
    religious disagreement?

24
How should we respond to religious disagreement?
  • 2) Epistemologically, how should we respond to
    religious disagreement?

25
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • When we see that someone disagrees with us about
    a religious issue, is it rational to continue
    holding on to our belief?

26
What is disagreement?
27
What is disagreement?
  • Ducks exist.

28
What is disagreement?
  • Ducks exist. (Believe)

29
What is disagreement?
  • Ducks exist. (Believe)
  • Santa exists.

30
What is disagreement?
  • Ducks exist. (Believe)
  • Santa exists. (Disbelieve)

31
What is disagreement?
  • Ducks exist. (Believe)
  • Santa exists. (Disbelieve)
  • There are an even number of ducks.

32
What is disagreement?
  • Ducks exist. (Believe)
  • Santa exists. (Disbelieve)
  • There are an even number of ducks. (Withhold
    Belief)

33
What is disagreement?
  • Theist one who believes that God exists
  • Atheist one who disbelieves that God exists
    (believes that God does not exist)
  • Agnostic one who withholds belief that God
    exists.

34
What is disagreement?
  • Theist one who believes that God exists
  • Atheist one who disbelieves that God exists
    (believes that God does not exist)
  • Agnostic one who withholds belief that God
    exists.
  • Two people disagree when one person believes a
    claim and the other disbelieves the claim.

35
What is disagreement?
  • Theist one who believes that God exists
  • Atheist one who disbelieves that God exists
    (believes that God does not exist)
  • Agnostic one who withholds belief that God
    exists.
  • Two people disagree when one person believes a
    claim and the other disbelieves the claim.
  • I will focus on the disagreement between theists
    and atheists.

36
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
37
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Math Superior You do a math problem and arrive
    at an answer 17. After you turn in your work.
    Then your professor says that the answer is 18.
    Is it rational to continue believing that the
    answer is 17?

38
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Math Superior You do a math problem and arrive
    at an answer 17. After you turn in your work.
    Then your professor says that the answer is 18.
    Is it rational to continue believing that the
    answer is 17?
  • Math Inferior The same events occur, but
    instead of your math professor saying that the
    answer is 18, a student who rarely comes to class
    and who often fails his tests tells you that the
    answer is 18. Is it rational to continue
    believing that the answer is 17?

39
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Math Peer The same events occur, but this time,
    a student who does math problems just as well as
    you do says she got 18. Is it rational to
    continue believing that the answer is 17?

40
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Philosophical Peer Theodore studies the
    arguments for and against the existence of God.
    Theodore believes that the arguments for God's
    existence are superior. However, Theodore's
    atheist friend Athena believes that the atheistic
    arguments are superior. Each regards the other
    to be just as intelligent, honest, and
    philosophically able. Should they continue to
    hold on to their theism/atheism?

41
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Philosophical Peer Theodore studies the
    arguments for and against the existence of God.
    Theodore believes that the arguments for God's
    existence are superior. However, Theodore's
    atheist friend Athena believes that the atheistic
    arguments are superior. Each regards the other
    to be just as intelligent, honest, and
    philosophically able. Should they continue to
    hold on to their theism/atheism?
  • It seems that they should withhold belief!

42
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Response
  • Wait wait wait hold on

43
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Response
  • Wait wait wait hold on
  • Theistic belief isnt about arguments.
  • Its about experiencing God. Its about having a
    sense that theres someone out there.

44
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Response
  • Wait wait wait hold on
  • Theistic belief isnt about arguments.
  • Its about experiencing God. Its about having a
    sense that theres someone out there.
  • Theodore can say that he has a special experience
    or sense that Athena is missing.

45
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Visual Peer Fred looks out into the quad and
    sees the dean of the college. Fred says, Good
    ol dean! Sally, who is next to him, says,
    That wasnt the dean. That was some random
    guy. How should they rationally believe in
    response to one another?

46
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • If Fred rationally believes that Sally has
    impaired vision, then he is rational in retaining
    his belief.

47
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • If Fred rationally believes that Sally has
    impaired vision, then he is rational in retaining
    his belief.
  • If Sally rationally believes that Fred tends to
    hallucinate, then she is rational in retaining
    her disbelief.

48
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • If Fred rationally believes that Sally has
    impaired vision, then he is rational in retaining
    his belief.
  • If Sally rationally believes that Fred tends to
    hallucinate, then she is rational in retaining
    her disbelief.
  • If neither has any reason to think that the
    others vision is worse off, then each should
    withhold his or her belief.

49
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Religious Experience Theodore, on the basis of
    experiences in life, comes to have a sense that
    there is a God. Athena says that she has never
    had this sense. How should they rationally
    respond to each other?

50
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • If Theodore rationally believes that Sallys
    ability to sense Gods presence is impaired, then
    he is rational in retaining his belief.

51
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • If Theodore rationally believes that Sallys
    ability to sense Gods presence is impaired, then
    he is rational in retaining his belief.
  • If Sally rationally believes that Fred is
    hallucinating, then she is rational in retaining
    her disbelief.

52
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • If Theodore rationally believes that Sallys
    ability to sense Gods presence is impaired, then
    he is rational in retaining his belief.
  • If Sally rationally believes that Fred is
    hallucinating, then she is rational in retaining
    her disbelief.
  • If neither has any reason to think that the
    others abilities to detect God is worse off,
    then they should withhold their belief

53
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Conclusion

54
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Conclusion
  • Theists should either

55
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Conclusion
  • Theists should either
  • Withhold belief that God exists or

56
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Conclusion
  • Theists should either
  • Withhold belief that God exists or
  • Find a good reason for thinking that atheists
    ability to sense Gods presence is impaired.

57
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Conclusion
  • Theists should either
  • Withhold belief that God exists or
  • Find a good reason for thinking that atheists
    ability to sense Gods presence is impaired.
  • Atheists should either

58
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Conclusion
  • Theists should either
  • Withhold belief that God exists or
  • Find a good reason for thinking that atheists
    ability to sense Gods presence is impaired.
  • Atheists should either
  • Withhold belief that God does not exist or

59
Epistemologically, how should we respond to
religious disagreement?
  • Conclusion
  • Theists should either
  • Withhold belief that God exists or
  • Find a good reason for thinking that atheists
    ability to sense Gods presence is impaired.
  • Atheists should either
  • Withhold belief that God does not exist or
  • Find a good reason for thinking that theists are
    hallucinating.

60
The End
  • Any questions?
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