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Systematic Theology Part 2


Different Forms of the Word of God (2) The Canon (Official List) ... Adoptionism. The Filioque Clause (Does the Spirit Proceed from both the Father and the Son? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Systematic Theology Part 2

Systematic TheologyPart 2
  • The Doctrine of God

Review of Part One
  • Different Forms of the Word of God (2)
  • The Canon (Official List) of Scripture (3)
  • The Characteristics of Scripture
  • Authority (including Inerrancy)
  • Clarity
  • Necessity
  • Sufficiency

The Existence of GodHow Do We Know That God
  • Humanitys Inner Sense of God
  • Believing the Evidence in Scripture and Nature
  • Traditional Proofs for the Existence of God
  • Cosmological Argument
  • Teleological Argument
  • Ontological Argument
  • Moral Argument
  • Only God Can Overcome Our Sin and Enable Us to Be
    Persuaded of His Existence

The Knowability of God
  • Can We Really Know God?How Much of God Can We
  • The Necessity for God to Reveal Himself to Us
  • We Can Never Fully Understand God
  • Yet We Can Know God Truly

The Character of God
  • Incommunicable AttributesHow Is God Different
    from Us?
  • Introduction to the Study of Gods Character
  • Classifying Gods Attributes
  • The Names of God in Scripture
  • Definitions Used Will Be Balanced

Independence (Self-Existence or Aseity)
  • God does not need us or the rest of creation for
    anything, yet we and the rest of creation can
    glorify him and bring him joy.

Unchangeableness (Immutability)
  • God is unchanging in his being, perfections,
    purposes, and promises, yet God does act and feel
    emotions, and he acts and feels differently in
    response to different situations.
  • Evidence in Scripture
  • Does God Sometimes Change His Mind?
  • The Question of Gods Impassibility (Does God
    Have Emotions?)
  • The Challenge from Process Theology (Does God
    Become Something Other?)
  • God Is Both Infinite and Personal
  • The Importance of Gods Unchangeableness

Eternity (Infinity of Time)
  • God has no beginning, end, or succession of
    moments in his own being, and he sees all time
    equally vividly, yet God sees events in time and
    he acts in time.
  • God Is Timeless in His Own Being
  • God Sees All Time Equally Vividly
  • God Sees Events in Time and He Acts in Time
  • We Will Always Exist in Time

Omnipresence (Infinity of Space)
  • God does not have size or spatial dimensions and
    is present at every point of space with his whole
    being, yet God acts differently in different
  • God Is Present Everywhere
  • God Does Not Have Spatial Dimensions
  • God Can Be Present to Punish, to Sustain, or to

Unity (Simplicity)
  • God is not divided into parts, yet we see
    different attributes of God emphasized at
    different times.
  • Gods Being Is Not a Collection of Attributes
    Added Together
  • Gods Attributes Are Not Additions to His Real

The Character of God (1)
  • Communicable Attributes
  • How Is God Like Us in His Being, and in Mental
    and Moral Attributes?

Attributes Describing Gods Being
  • SpiritualityGod exists as a being that is not
    made of any matter, has no parts or dimensions,
    is unable to be perceived by our bodily senses,
    and is more excellent than any other kind of
  • InvisibilityGods total essence, all of his
    spiritual being, will never be able to be seen by
    us, yet God still shows himself to us through
    visible, created things.

Mental Attributes (1)
  • Knowledge (Omniscience) God fully knows himself
    and all things actual and possible in one simple
    and eternal act.
  • WisdomGod always chooses the best goals and the
    best means to those goals.

Mental Attributes (2)
  • Truthfulness Gods truthfulness means that he is
    the true God, and that all his knowledge and
    words are both true and the final standard of
  • FaithfulnessGods faithfulness means that God
    will always do what he has said and fulfill what
    he has promised.

Moral Attributes (1)
  • GoodnessGod is the final standard of good, and
    all that God is and does is worthy of approval.
  • LoveGod eternally gives himself to others.
  • Mercy and GraceGods mercy is his goodness
    toward those in misery and distress.Gods grace
    is his goodness toward those who deserve only

Moral Attributes (2)
  • PatienceGods patience is his goodness in
    withholding punishment toward those who sin over
    a period of time.
  • HolinessGod is separated from sin and devoted to
    seeking his own honor.
  • Peace (Order) In Gods being and in his actions,
    he is separate from all confusion and disorder,
    yet he is continually active in innumerable
    well-ordered, fully controlled, simultaneous

Moral Attributes (3)
  • Righteousness (Justice) God always acts in
    accordance with what is right and is himself the
    final standard of what is right.
  • JealousyGod continually seeks to protect his own
  • WrathGod intensely hates all sin.

The Character of God (2)
  • Communicable AttributesHow Is God Like Us in
    Attributes of Will and in Attributes that
    Summarize His Excellence?
  • Attributes of Purpose Will
  • God approves and determines to bring about every
    action necessary for the existence and activity
    of himself and all creation.
  • Gods Will in General
  • Distinctions in Some Aspects of Gods Will
  • Necessary Will and Free Will
  • Secret Will and Revealed Will

Attributes of Purpose
  • FreedomGod does whatever he pleases.
  • Omnipotence (Power, Sovereignty) God is able to
    do all his holy will.

Summary Attributes (1)
  • PerfectionGod completely possesses all excellent
    qualities and lacks no part of any qualities that
    would be desirable for him.
  • BlessednessGod delights fully in himself and in
    all that reflects his character.

Summary Attributes (2)
  • BeautyGod is the sum of all desirable qualities.
  • GloryGods glory is the displayed brightness
    that surrounds Gods revelation of himself.

God in Three Persons The Trinity
  • How Can God Be Three Persons, Yet One God?
  • God eternally exists as three persons, Father,
    Son, and Holy Spirit, and each person is fully
    God, and there is one God.
  • The Doctrine of the Trinity Is Progressively
    Revealed in Scripture
  • Partial Revelation in the Old Testament
  • More Complete Revelation of the Trinity in the
    New Testament

Three Statements Summarize the Biblical Teaching
about the Trinity
  • God Is Three Persons
  • Each Person Is Fully God
  • There Is One God
  • Simplistic Solutions Deny One Strand of the
    Biblical Teaching
  • All Analogies Have Shortcomings
  • God Eternally and Necessarily Exists as the

Errors Have Come by Denying Any of the Three
Statements Summarizing Biblical Teaching
  • ModalismThis error claims there is one person
    who appears to us in three different forms or
  • ArianismThis error denies the full deity of the
    Son and the Holy Spirit.
  • The Arian Controversy
  • Subordinationism
  • Adoptionism
  • The Filioque Clause (Does the Spirit Proceed from
    both the Father and the Son?)
  • TritheismThis error denies there is only one God.

What Are the Distinctions Between the Father, the
Son, and the Holy Spirit?
  • The Persons of the Trinity Have Different
    Functions in Relating to the World
  • The Persons of the Trinity Have Existed Eternally
    as Father, Son, and SpiritThe only distinctions
    among the persons of the Trinity are in the ways
    they relate to each other and to creations. The
    persons of the Trinity are equal in being but
    subordinate in role.

What Is the Relationship Between the Three
Persons and the Being of God?
  • Gods being is not divided into three equal parts
    belonging to the three persons of the Trinity
  • The Personal distinctions of the Trinity are not
    something added onto Gods real being
  • The persons of the Trinity are not just three
    different ways of looking at the one being of God
  • There are three distinct persons, and the being
    of each person is equal to the whole being of God

Can We Understand the Doctrine of the Trinity?
  • Application So What?
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