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Key Education Issues 2007 Legislative Session First Adjournment

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End of last session projections were for a $400 million deficit in FY 2009. ... consolidates four teacher scholarship (loan forgiveness) programs into one. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Key Education Issues 2007 Legislative Session First Adjournment


1
Key Education Issues 2007 Legislative
SessionFirst Adjournment
  • Kansas Association of School Boards
  • April 10, 2007

2
1. School Finance Issues(a) Funding for
Three-Year Plan
  • End of last session projections were for a
    400 million deficit in FY 2009.
  • November projections 342 million surplus.
  • Reduced pressure to cut the three-year plan
    efforts to increase education funding will
    compete with other state programs, tax cuts.
  • KASB position Three-year plan should not be cut,
    but doesnt fund actual costs, especially in the
    base and reliance on LOB.

3
1. School Finance Issues(a) Funding for
Three-Year Plan
  • Appropriations Bill HB 2368 (passed) maintains
    funding for three-year plan and
  • Transfers funding for third year (FY 2009) into
    Keeping Education Promises Trust Fund.
    (Introduced as SB 30)
  • Does NOT fund potential reduction in federal
    Medicaid reimbursements for special education.
  • KASB testified on these issues

4
1. School Finance Issues(b) All-Day
Kindergarten
  • State pays for kindergarteners as half-time
    students, even if in all-day programs.
  • Over half of kindergarteners are now in full-day
    programs, this may reach 75 percent in three
    years.
  • Districts must now fund these programs from other
    sources, including at-risk funding that varies
    substantially by district.
  • KASB position Full-time kindergarteners should
    be funded as full-time students.

5
1. School Finance Issues(b) All-Day
Kindergarten
  • Governor proposed 7.5 million next year to begin
    five-year phase-in of all-day kindergarten.
  • Budget committees removed funding.
  • Issue can be reconsidered for inclusion in the
    Omnibus Bill in the final session.
  • KASB testified on this issues

6
1. School Finance Issues(c) Pre-K Early
Childhood Education
  • There is strong evidence that early education has
    long-term benefits.
  • Legislature funded pilot program in six
    communities for high quality preschool
    programs.
  • Schools receive funding for at-risk
    four-year-olds.
  • KASB position Early childhood funding should be
    increased.

7
1. School Finance Issues(c) Pre-K Early
Childhood Education
  • Senate Task Force on K-12 Education assigned to
    study Early Childhood.
  • Recommendations in SB 384 would lead to an office
    of Early Childhood Education.
  • Passed Senate late in session, House had no time
    for hearings took no action.
  • May be included in another education bill.
  • KASB testified on these issues

8
1. School Finance Issues(d) At-risk Funding
and Free Lunch
  • Post Audit estimates 17 percent of free lunch
    students should not qualify suggests state is
    over-spending on at-risk funding tied to free
    lunch. (National estimates are 18 percent.)
  • Many will argue for a change in the at-risk
    funding formula to other factors.
  • Non-proficient weighting, which does NOT use
    free lunch expires after this year.
  • KASB position Both free lunch and other factors
    should be used total funding maintained.

9
1. School Finance Issues(d) At-risk Funding
and Free Lunch
  • Senate Task Force studied at-risk funding
    proposed no changes in free lunch factor.
  • Both House and Senate passed SB 68 to extend
    non-proficient weighting, but House added other
    issues.
  • Differences expected to be resolved in conference
    committee.
  • KASB testified on these issues

10
1. School Finance Issues(e) Local Option
Budget Issues
  • Current law maximum LOB rises from 30 percent to
    31 percent next year any amount over 30 percent
    requires election.
  • Cost of Living and Declining Enrollment weights
    require districts to be at state maximum
    districts using these this year must hold and win
    an election or lose funding next year.
  • KASB position Raise base state aid to reduce
    reliance on LOB no election should be required.

11
1. School Finance Issues(e) Local Option
Budget Issues
  • HB 2368 raises maximum LOB from 31 to 32
    percent retains election requirement.
  • Means districts must win a new LOB election by
    August to keep two weightings.
  • Senate passed SB 69 to lower LOB requirement to
    25 percent for weightings House would
    grandfather current levels issue in
    conference committee.

12
1. School Finance Issues(f) Other School
Finance Issues
  • SB 95 (passed) defines treatment facilities that
    trigger extra funding for education services.
  • HB 2044 (passed) renews 20-mill school levy.
  • HB 2159 (passed) extends Feb. 20 count date for
    military dependents for two more years.
  • Senate passed HB 2123, provides Feb. 20 count
    date for all districts growing 1 percent or 25
    students.
  • Senate passed two bills sharing certain new
    valuation among all districts in county SB 153
    (Stafford), SB 329 (Cherokee).

13
2. State and Local Tax Policy
  • Tax base has been eroded by multiple
    exemptions, abatements, diversions, etc.
  • Burden has shifted to residential property.
  • System becoming less progressive i.e. lowest
    incomes pay highest percentage in taxes.
  • System doesnt keep up with economic changes.
  • KASB position Oppose further tax and spending
    limits seek ways to make system more fair,
    economically responsive.

14
2. State and Local Tax Policy
  • HB 2031 (passed) expands earned income tax
    credit exempts Social Security benefits from
    state income tax for lower-income level has the
    effect of exempting Social Security benefits
    received by Kansans with FAGI of 50,000 or less
    from the Kansas income tax.
  • HB 2264 (passed) phases out corporate franchise
    tax over five years.
  • Senate held hearings but did not advance SB
    305, tax modernization commission.
  • KASB testified on these issues

15
3. School/Student Performance Standards and Goals
  • NCLB requires 100 percent of students to be
    proficient on reading and math tests by 2014.
  • Current funding is far below the outcomes cost
    calculated by Legislative Post Audit.
  • More districts and schools are labeled failing
    for missing AYP targets each year.
  • KASB position Accountability should be based on
    student improvement over time, or consider
    withdrawal from NCLB (could lose 250 million).

16
3. School/Student Performance Standards and Goals
  • HB 2015 would prohibit using student performance
    standards for accreditation.
  • House committee did not take action Subcommittee
    proposed resolution (HCR 5016) directing State
    Board to advise and monitor NCLB reauthorization
    passed House, Senate did not consider.
  • KASB testified on this issue

17
4. Charter Schools
  • Charter schools are allowed by most states, but
    state laws differ significantly.
  • Some allow independence from local districts and
    waive state laws Kansas does neither.
  • Former Commissioner Corkins promoted charter
    advocates who have clashed with local boards.
  • Board rejections may lead to legislation.
  • KASB position We believe the Kansas Constitution
    appropriately requires local board control.

18
4. Charter Schools
  • House held hearings on HB 2389, allowing appeal
    to State Board if charter proposals are rejected
    by local boards.
  • No action taken on bill carries over to next
    session.
  • KASB testified on this issue

19
5. Private School Vouchers
  • Advocates of school choice continue to push for
    public funding to help families pay for private
    school tuition.
  • Latest idea Limit to Special Education students.
  • Key issue Private schools are not required to
    take all students and follow public school
    mandates, and no proposal changes this.
  • KASB position No public funds for schools that
    can select both their students and which rules
    to follow.

20
5. Private School Vouchers
  • House held hearings on HB 2253, creating special
    education voucher system private schools could
    be selective in students and programs, charge any
    amount of tuition.
  • No action taken on bill carries over to next
    session.
  • KASB testified on this issue

21
6. Kan-ed
  • Kan-ed provides Internet access for schools,
    colleges and libraries.
  • Funding is shifting from phone service charge to
    state general fund.
  • Legislative study could reduce funding and
    program scope.
  • KASB position Support increased use and access
    to education technology.

22
6. Kan-ed
  • Senate passed SB 148, expanding authority of
    state agencies to join Kan-ed network creating a
    10-member oversight committee.
  • House received bill late no hearings or action.

23
7. Teacher Recruitment, Retention and Licensure
  • State law requires personnel to be fully licensed
    in order to be paid NCLB demands highly
    qualified teachers.
  • Increasing trouble finding teachers, especially
    in rural and high poverty schools.
  • Teacher/administrator shortages expected to
    increase due to retirements.
  • KASB position Make it easier to hire teachers
    based on demonstrated skills provide funding for
    better compensation.

24
7. Teacher Recruitment, Retention and Licensure
  • Conference committee agreed on HB 2185
    creates grant program for public universities to
    expand teacher ed programs in shortage areas
    consolidates four teacher scholarship (loan
    forgiveness) programs into one.
  • Adopted by Senate House yet to vote.

25
8. KPERS Funding and Alternative Retirement Plans
  • KPERS faces a 5 billion unfunded liability
    early retirement options impact educator supply.
  • State contribution increasing districts must pay
    for educators that retired from other districts.
  • KPERS board is proposing changes for new
    employees only higher contributions, later
    retirement, lower state costs.
  • KASB position Support options to reduce
    long-term costs with reasonable benefits.

26
8. KPERS Funding and Alternative Retirement Plans
  • SB 362 creates new retirement plan for persons
    hired after June 30, 2009.
  • House rejected amendments to put retired teachers
    in bargaining unit.
  • No changes proposed in 13 percent surcharge for
    persons working after retirement.
  • KASB testified on this issue

27
9. School District Accounting and Budgets
  • Districts use state budget forms and guidelines,
    but their own accounting systems.
  • Growing calls for state standardized system,
    including building-level (school) data, to
    provide better analysis and comparison.
  • No real estimates of cost to change.
  • KASB position Support ways to improve clarity of
    the budget process, but not additional costs to
    districts.

28
9. School District Accounting and Budgets
  • House sent HB 2175, requiring centralized
    accounting system in three years, back to
    committee.
  • House rejected motion to require study of
    centralized system in appropriations bill.
  • Bill carries over to next year.
  • KASB testified on this issue

29
10. Special Education Issues
  • Disability advocates are pushing for stricter
    rules for seclusion and restraint in schools.
  • Parents of autistic students want state mandates
    for additional services.
  • Both would increase district costs and paperwork
    without clear evidence of benefit.
  • KASB position Oppose state mandates for disabled
    students that exceed federal law.

30
10. Special Education Issues
  • State Board rejected seclusion/restraint
    regulations in favor of guidelines.
  • SB 138, in conference, creates an Autism Task
    Force with school board member.
  • HB 2436 requires specific autism services.
    Hearing held no action carries over.
  • KASB testified on these issues

31
11. Policy/Curriculum Issues
  • HB 2310, in conference, requires districts have
    policies, strategies on bullying.
  • House passed HB 2310, early graduation incentives
    for construction trades.
  • Both houses held hearings on bills for physical
    ed (SB 281, HB 2090), nutrition vending machines
    (SB 170, SB 171, HB 2275). No action all
    bills carry over.
  • KASB testified on these issues

32
12. Other Issues
  • SB 109 (passed) allows districts to pay new
    employees in first month of employment, not
    September. (Bill was introduced at KASBs
    request)
  • House passed HB 2123, amending 10-mile bus law
    to remove requirement that students reside closer
    to school in other districts to allow
    out-of-district busing.
  • KASB testified on this issue

33
Schedule for Veto Session
  • April 18 House Appropriations, Senate Ways and
    Means begin work on Omnibus appropriations bill.
  • April 25 Veto session begins normally lasts
    five to 10 days.
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