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Increasing Penetration of Renewables in Islands Energy Systems by Energy Storage

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Antoine Busuttil, Rui Martins 'Hydrogen on Islands' Bol, The island of Brac, 22 October 2008 ... Islands are a special case, both in terms of the environment ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Increasing Penetration of Renewables in Islands Energy Systems by Energy Storage


1
Increasing Penetration of Renewables in Islands
Energy Systems by Energy Storage Goran Krajacic,
Neven DUIC Antoine Busuttil, Rui Martins
"Hydrogen on Islands" Bol, The island of Brac, 22
October 2008
2
Content
  • RES and energy storages on the islands
  • Islands
  • Renweislands/ADEG methodology
  • H2RES model
  • Results
  • Conclusions
  • STORIES project

3
ISLANDS SPECIFICITIES
  • Islands are a special case, both in terms of the
    environment and development, with specific
    problems in planning of sustainable development

4
ISLANDS - PROBLEMS
  • Isolation
  • Small local markets
  • Higher costs of energy, transport and
    communication
  • No economies of scale
  • Security of supply problems
  • High strain on energy, water, waste, environment
    and social systems


5
ISLANDS ADVANTAGES
  • Renewable sources better economic viability due
    to depending less on size and fuel handling
    infrastructure
  • Usually good renewable resources
  • Renewable energy should appeal to high quality
    tourists


6
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7
  • RenewIslands/ADEG METHODOLOGY
  • Mapping the needs
  • Mapping the resources
  • Devising scenarios with technologies that can use
    available resources to cover needs
  • Modelling the scenarios and their evaluation

8
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9

10
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11
  1. Mapping the needs

Needs Level Geographic distribution Code Level Distribution
Electricity Low, Medium or High Dispersed, Concentrated Elect L/M/H/- D/C/-
Heat Low, Medium or High Dispersed, Concentrated Heat L/M/H/- D/C/-
Cold Low, Medium or High Dispersed, Concentrated Cold L/M/H/- D/C/-
Transport fuel Low, Medium or High Short, long distance Tran L/M/H/- S/L/-
Water Low, Medium or High Dispersed, Concentrated Water L/M/H/- D/C/-
Waste treatment Low, Medium or High Dispersed, Concentrated Waste L/M/H/- D/C/-
Wastewater treatment Low, Medium or High Dispersed, Concentrated WWT L/M/H/- D/C/-
12
  1. Mapping the resources - primary

13
  1. Mapping the resources - secondary

14
  • Devising scenaria needs and resources
  • Demographic developments
  • Macroeconomic developments
  • Final energy and resource use scenaria
  • Per sector
  • Choice of possible energy
  • Balances of final energy use
  • Energy and resources supply scenaria

15
  • Devising scenaria
  • Feasibility of technologies (energy conversion,
    water supply, waste treatment, wastewater
    technology treatment)
  • Feasibility of technologies for energy, water,
    waste, wastewater storage
  • Feasibility of integration of flows
    (cogeneration, trigeneration, polygeneration,
    etc.)
  • Devising potential scenaria

16
  • 3.a) Feasibility of technologies

Renewable Energy Solutions for Islands
RENEWISLANDS
17
  • 3.b) Feasibility of storage technologies

18
  • 3.c) Feasibility of flow integration

19
H2RES MODEL v2.8
20
H2RES - Wave module
INTERMITTENT OUTPUT
WAVE OUTPUT
MODEL 1 2
21
H2RES calculations
  • The H2RES model was tested on energy systems of
  • Island of Mljet, Croatia (wind, solar, hydrogen)
  • Island of Losinj, Croatia (wind, solar, solar hot
    water, hydrogen) 
  • Porto Santo, Madeira, Portugal (wind, solar,
    fossil fuels, hydrogen)
  • Terceira, Azores, Portugal (wind, solar,
    geothermal, hydrogen)
  • Corvo, Azores, Portugal (wind, reversible hydro) 
  • Graciosa, Azores, Portugal (wind, solar,
    batteries)
  • Sal, Cape Verde (wind, solar, fossil fuels,
    hydro, desalination)
  • Malta (wind, solar, fossil fuels, hydrogen)  
  • Biomass power plant Croatia  (fossil fuels,
    biomasCHP, solar, hydrogen)
  • Town of Zavidovic, BiH (fossil fuels, biomassCHP,
    hydro)
  • Agriculture complex food factory, Serbia
    (biomassCHP, solar)

22
Island of Mljet
Scenarios with 30 limit on hourly penetration
23
Island of Mljet
Scenarios with 100 allowed penetration
24
Cost of electricity
25
Cost of electricity
26
TERCEIRA ISLAND
27
MALTA Renewable Island
  • Scenario 1

28
MALTA Renewable Island
  • Scenario 2

29
MALTA Renewable Island
  • Scenario 3

30
MALTA Renewable Island
  • Scenario 3

31
  • Cost of electricity

32
ISLANDS STORAGE
  • Reversible Hydro El Hierro, Corvo
  • Hydrogen Utsira, Porto Santo
  • Thermal storage where there is thermal load
  • Batteries small
  • Compressed air storage in development


33
RENEWABLE ISLANDS
  • El Hierro (Canarias, E) 75 RE electricity
    water (desalination) reversible hydro
  • Corvo (Azores, P) 89 RE electricity water
    reversible hydro


34
RENEWABLE ISLANDS
  • Porto Santo (Madeira, P) RE hydrogen loop,
    demonstrational sites in operation from June 2008


35
CONCLUSIONS
  • Reversible hydro is a competitive storage
  • Hydrogen is storage of choice especially on the
    islands where there is no possibility for
    reversible hydro and mainland connection
  • Hydrogen as an energy vector could be easily
    integrated with all types of RES
  • The price of hydrogen loop electricity, with free
    excess renewable, 75 c/kWh
  • Price should fall to ¼ to make it nearly
    competitive on peak markets and for isolated
    grids, especially if the price of oil stays high
  • High oil price will help RES and H2

36
Addressing barriers to storage technologies for
increasing the penetration of intermittent energy
sources
  • (www.storiesproject.eu)

Contract nr. EIE/07/159/SI2. 466845 Project
duration November 2007 April 2010 (30 months)
created 14th November 2007
37
Scope To increase RES penetration in remote,
or non-interconnected areas through the adoption
of energy storage methods
38
  • Objectives of the project
  • address electrical grid access and stability
    issues related to the low penetration of RES in
    islands
  • address economic aspects such as internal and
    external costs related to conventional power
    systems in comparison to hybrid RES-energy
    storage power systems
  • engage local key market actors for the
    implementation of RES electricity installations
    in remote or outlying regions
  • assess policy and legislative issues related to
    the distributed electricity generation
  • examine the effect of adopting a favourable
    pricing framework for RES electricity
    installations integrated with storage
    technologies
  • communicate and disseminate the results of the
    proposed action to the target groups
  • develop a roadmap for the adoption of RES-energy
    storage technologies by policy makers

39
  • Barriers to be addressed
  • The most important barriers envisaged to be
    addressed are
  • grid capacity and management,
  • economic (including non-existing or ineffective
    tariff schemes for RES-energy storage power
    systems),
  • regulatory / legislative frameworks,
  • social (including public awareness and
    externalities) and
  • market issues

40
  • Expected Results
  • Increase exploitation of RES in islands by
    identifying all suitable solutions to increase
    renewable energies penetration
  • Assessment and mapping of the national
    regulatory and legislative framework of all EU
    Member States applying in remote regions
  • Quantifications of the social, economic and
    environmental benefits of energy storage
    applications and grid control systems
  • Estimation of economic aspects such as costs of
    power generation from conventional fuels in
    comparison to RES-energy storage power systems
  • Results from different tariff schemes for
    combined RES-energy storage power systems in
    various islands/remote regions all over Europe
  • Development of a Roadmap including list of
    recommendations for the adoption of hybrid
    RES-energy storage power systems
  • Communication and dissemination throughout the
    project with the key target groups to increase
    public acceptance of RES-energy storage systems

41
Work Programme
42
ACHIVED RESULTS
Croatia Mljet
Cyprus Cyprus
Greece Milos
Italy San Pietro
Portugal Berlenga island
Spain La Graziosa
43
ACHIVED RESULTS
European regulatory and policy framework relevant
to energy storage systems
44
ACHIVED RESULTS
The website
45
ACHIVED RESULTS
46
THE CONSORTIUM
Co-ordinator Centre for Renewable Energy
Sources, Greece Contact Dr. Manos Zoulias, 19th
km Marathonos Ave, GR 190 09, Pikermi, Tel.
30-2106603327, e-mail mzoulias_at_cres.gr Partners
National Technical University of Athens,
Greece Canary Islands Institute of Technology,
Spain Instituto de Engenharia Mecanica Polo
IST, Portugal Regulatory Authority for Energy of
the Hellenic Republic, Greece Western Isles
Council ISLENET, UK European Renewable Energy
Council, Belgium SOFTECH Energia Tecnologia
Ambiente s.r.l., Italy University of Zagreb,
Croatia Cyprus Energy Regulatory Authority,
Cyprus
47
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !!!! goran.krajacic_at_
fsb.hr www.storiesproject.eu
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