OSHA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 59
About This Presentation



Section 5 Study of Work. Section 6 Options in Ergonomics. Table W-1 Basic ... Tendonitis Herniated spinal. Sciatica disc. Raynaud's Phenomenon Low back pain ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:112
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 60
Provided by: chuc96
Tags: osha | tendonitis


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: OSHA

OSHAs New Ergonomics Standard29 CFR 1910.900
Brickman Associates http//safetyservices.cjb.net
  • Presented by
  • Chuck Brickman
  • Brickman Associates
  • Chicago, Illinois
  • (630) 753-0256
  • Cbrick1_at_email.msn.com
  • http//safetyservices.cjb.net
  • Welcome!

They did it!
Brickman Associates http//safetyservices.cjb.net
Student Handouts
Brickman Associates http//safetyservices.cjb.net
  • Section 1 Chronology
  • Section 2 Standard (App. A-E)
  • Section 3 Compliance Dates
  • Section 4 FAQ
  • Section 5 Study of Work
  • Section 6 Options in Ergonomics
  • Table W-1 Basic Screening Tool

29 CFR 1910.900
  • Effective Date
  • 60 days after publication date of final rule
    (11-14-00) or
  • January 15, 2001

Key Chronology
  • Early 80s OSHA begins discussing ergonomic
    issues with labor, trade and professional
  • 5/16/86 OSHA begins pilot to reduce back
    injuries based on review of injury records uses
    NIOSHs Work Practices Guide for Manual Lifting

Key Chronology
  • 5/1/87 - OSHA cites Chrysler for recognized
    ergonomic hazards (5(a)(1)
  • 8/30/90 OSHA publishes ergonomic guidelines for
    meatpacking industry

Key Chronology
  • 1/15/92 Special emphasis program inspections
  • 8/3/92 ANPR on ergonomics published
  • 7/95 Congress prohibits use of OSHA FY 95 funds
    to issue proposed or final ergo standard

Key Chronology
  • 10/95 Congress prohibits use of OSHA FY 96
    funds to issue proposed or final ergo standard or
  • 10/97 Congress oks work on standard but
    prohibits issuance of proposed or final standard
    or guidelines. Last time restricted

Key Chronology
  • 11/23/99 OSHA publishes proposed ergo standard
  • 11/08/00 National Association of Manufacturing
    Petition for Review, U.S. Court of Appeal for
    D.C Circuit
  • 11/14/00 Final standard published

Statistical Data
  • Each year 1.8 million workers report work-related
  • About 600,000 are serious enough to result in
    lost time
  • 4.6 million MSDs will be prevented in first 10

Statistical Data
  • 102 million workers at 6.1 million worksites
  • 9.1 billion average savings annually
  • 27,700 savings in direct cost for each MSD

Statistical Data (costs)
  • Employers will pay 4.5 billion annually
  • Fixing an individual workstation averages 250
    per year.
  • MSDs costs nation up to 50 billion per year
  • 1 out of every 3 spent on WC goes for
    MSD-related claims

Purpose of Standard
  • to reduce the number and severity of (MSDs)
    caused by exposure to risk factors in the
    workplace. This standard does not address
    injuries caused by slips, trips, falls, vehicle
    accidents, or similar accidents.
  • Unlike proposed rule, static posture and cold
    temperatures are not included.

Whos covered?
  • All general industry employers are covered by the
  • Does not apply to employers covered by OSHAs
    construction, maritime or agricultural standards,
    or employers who operate a railroad.

Whats covered?
  • MSDs
  • Disorder of the muscles, nerves, tendons,
    ligaments, joints, cartilage, blood vessels, or
    spinal discs.

Workplace exposures
  • Workplace MSDs are caused by exposure to the
    following risk factors
  • Repetition
  • Force
  • Awkward positions
  • Contact stress
  • Vibration

The Ergonomics Standard
  • MSDs in the following areas of the body that have
    been associated with exposure to risk factors
  • Neck, shoulder, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand,
    abdomen (hernia only), back, knee, ankle and foot

Ergonomics Standard
  • All employers must provide employees basic
    information about
  • Common MDSs and their signs and symptoms
  • Importance of reporting MSDs, and signs and
    symptoms, as soon as possible

Ergonomics Standard (cont)
  • How to report MSDs in the workplace
  • Risk factors, job and work activities associated
    with MSD hazards
  • A brief description of OSHAs ergonomics standard

Ergonomics Standard (cont)
  • Info must be
  • Written form or
  • If all employees have electronic access,
    electronic form
  • Provided to new employees within 14 days
  • Posted in conspicuous place
  • Note This information may be found in
    Appendix A B.

Ergonomics Standard (cont)
  • No further action needed/until unless employee
    reports an MSD or persistent signs or symptoms of
    an MSD.

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • Determine whether MSD or its signs or symptom is
    an MSD incident.
  • MSD is work-related, and requires days away from
    work, restricted work, or medical treatment
    beyond FA, or signs and symptoms last for 7 or
    more days after reporting.

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • MSD Signs (examples)
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Deformity
  • Decreased grip strength and
  • Loss of muscle function

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • MSD Symptoms (examples)
  • Pain
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Burning
  • Cramping
  • Stiffness

Common MSDs
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome Rotator cuff
  • De Quervains Disease Trigger finger
  • Tendonitis Herniated spinal
  • Sciatica disc
  • Raynauds Phenomenon Low back pain
  • Epicondylitis Carpet layers
  • Tension neck syndrome knee
  • Hand-arm vibration syndrome

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • Determine whether the MSD incident meets the
    standards ACTION TRIGGER. (See Table W-1)
  • Review workers job to determine if it routinely
    involves exposure to one or more of the 5
    ergonomic risk factors on one or more days a week.

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • Repetition
  • As an example, repeating same
  • motions every few seconds for 2
  • hours at a time, or using a
  • device (such as a keyboard and/or
  • mouse) steadily for more than 4 hours daily.

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • Force
  • As an example, lifting more than 75
  • pounds at any one time, or
  • pushing/pulling with more than 20
  • pounds of initial force (such as
  • pushing a 65 pound box across a tile
  • floor for more than 2 hours per day.

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • Awkward Position
  • As an example, repeatedly raising or
  • working with the hands above the head
  • for more than two hours a day, or
  • working with the back, neck or wrists
  • bent for more than two hours total per
  • day.

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • Contact Stress
  • As an example, using the hand or
  • knee as a hammer more than ten
  • times an hour for more than two
  • hours total per day.

Employer requirements once an MSD has been
  • Vibration
  • As an example, using tools or
  • equipment that typically have high
  • vibration levels ( such as chainsaws,
  • jack hammers, percussive tools) for
  • more than 30 minutes per day or tools
  • with moderate vibration levels (such
  • as jig saws, grinders, etc.) for more
  • than two hours per day.

If you meet Action Trigger
  • Can use a Quick Fix option, and not implement a
    complete program if
  • Problem can be resolved in 90 days in a job where
    only 1 MSD has occurred, and where no more than
    two MSDs have been reported in the preceding 18

If Quick Fix not applicable full program
  • Management Leadership and Employee Participation
  • Job Hazard Analysis and Control
  • Training
  • MSD Management
  • Work Restriction Program (WRP)
  • Program Evaluation
  • Recordkeeping

Management Leadership and Employee Participation
  • Assign and communicate responsibilities for
    setting up and managing the ergonomics program.
  • Provide designated persons with authority,
    resources and information necessary to meet

Management Leadership and Employee Participation
  • Ensure company policies and practices encourage
    employee participation in the program, as well as
    early reporting of MSDs, their signs and symptoms
    and hazards.

Management Leadership and Employee Participation
  • Have ways for employees to report MSDs and
    promptly respond to those reports.
  • Ensure employees are included in the development,
    implementation and evaluation of companys
    ergonomics program.

Job Hazard Analysis and Control
  • Include all employees who perform the same job
    where an MSD exists, and observe employees
    performing the job.
  • Use one or more of the job hazard analysis tools
    provided in the standard (Appendix D), or any
    other reasonable method appropriate to the job
    and relevant risk factors being addressed.

Job Hazard Analysis and Control
  • Fix problem jobs to control hazards or reduce
    them to the extent feasible.

  • Provide initial training for employees,
    supervisors and team leaders within 90 days after
    employees job meets the Action Trigger.

  • Provide initial training to each employee
    involved in setting up and managing an ergonomics
    program within 45 days after an employees job
    has be the Action Trigger. Training will include
    MSD signs, symptoms and hazards, reporting MSDs,
    the ergonomics program, and how to implement and
    evaluate controls used to address hazards.

  • Provide follow-up training every three years.

MSD Management
  • Provide, an no cost to employee, access to a
    health care professional, evaluation and
    follow-up of an MSD incident, and any temporary
    work restrictions determined to be necessary.

MSD Management
  • Work Restriction Protection (WRP)
  • WRP must be provided to employees who receive
    temporary work restrictions. This includes
    maintain 100 of earnings and full benefits for
    employees who require limitations on their work
    activities or temporary alternate.

MSD Management
  • Employees removed form work will receive 90 of
    earnings and 100 of benefits. WRP benefits last
    until either
  • The employee is safely able to return to work or
  • A health care professional determines the
    employee can never return to the former job or

MSD Management
  • 90 calendar days have passed, whichever comes
  • Standard allows for an employee to receive a
    second opinion from his/her own health care
    professional about the need for work
    restrictions, and a dispute resolution process.

Program Evaluation
  • Evaluate the ergonomics program at least every
    three years.
  • Correct any deficiencies in the program.
  • Involve employees in the evaluation.

  • Employers with 11 or more employees (including
    part-time or temporary) must keep written or
    electronic records for three years or until
    replaced by updated records.

Grandfather Clause
  • Employers who currently have ergonomics programs
    in place may continue to implement their program
    instead of complying with the standard, provided
    the following criteria are met

Grandfather Clause
  • Program is written and was implemented before
    Nov. 14, 2000.
  • Program elements include management leadership,
    employee participation and job hazard analysis
    and control, training, and program evaluation.
  • An MSD management policy must be implemented by
    Jan. 16, 2002.

Grandfather Clause
  • Management Leadership
  • Effective MSD reporting system
  • Prompt responses to reports
  • Clear program responsibilities
  • Regular communication with employees about the

Grandfather Clause
  • Employee Participation
  • Demonstrated by early reporting of MSDs
  • Active involvement by employees and their
    representatives in the
  • Implementation
  • Evaluation and
  • Future development of your program

Grandfather Clause
  • Job Hazard Analysis and Control
  • As demonstrated by a process that identifies,
    analyzes, and uses feasible engineering, work
    practice, and administrative controls to control
    MSD hazards or to reduce MSD hazards to the
    levels below those in the hazard identification
    tools in Appendix D to this section or to the
    extent feasible, and evaluates controls to assure
    that they are effective.

Grandfather Clause
  • Training
  • Train managers, supervisors and employees in your
    program and their roles
  • Importance of early reporting
  • Identification of MSD hazards in jobs in your
  • Methods your taking to control them

Grandfather Clause
  • Program Evaluation
  • Regular reviews of program elements and
    effectiveness of program using measures as
  • Reductions in the number of jobs posing MSD
    hazards to employees
  • Correction of identified deficiencies in the

Grandfather Clause
  • Program Evaluation (cont)
  • Reductions in the number of jobs posing MSD
    hazards to employees
  • Correction of identified deficiencies in the

Grandfather Clause
  • Program Evaluation
  • At least one review of the elements and
    effectiveness of the program must have taken
    place prior to 1/16/01
  • By 1-16-02 must have policy that provides MSD
    management as specified by the standard.

Grandfather Clause
  • Model Programs
  • Ergonomics Program Management Guidelines for
    Meatpacking Plants
  • NIOSHs Elements of Ergonomics Programs

Further Information
  • For further information and assistance on OSHAs
    New Ergonomic Standard contact
  • Chuck Brickman, MA, OHST, CET
  • Brickman Associates
  • 2304 Providence Ct.
  • Naperville, IL 60565
  • Cbrick1_at_email.msn.com
  • http//safetyservices.cjb.net

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com