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OSHA

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OSHA s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard ... Recordkeeping Methods of Compliance Universal Precautions Engineering and Work ... The plan must be updated annually and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OSHA


1
OSHAs Bloodborne Pathogens Standard and
Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act and the
OSHA 300 Log
2
Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
  • Major Provisions by Paragraph
  • (b) Definitions
  • (c) Exposure Control Plan (ECP)
  • (d) Engineering and Work Practice Controls
  • - Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • (e) HIV and HBV Research Labs
  • (f) Vaccination, Post-Exposure Follow-up
  • (g) Labeling and Training
  • (h) Recordkeeping

3
Methods of Compliance
  • Universal Precautions
  • Engineering and Work Practice Controls
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Housekeeping

4
Since 1991
  • Advancements in medical technology
  • September 1998, OSHAs Request for Information
    (RFI)
  • Findings of RFI
  • Union and Congressional involvement
  • November 1999, CPL 2-2.44D

5
Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act, P.L.
106-430
6
The Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act
mandated OSHA clarify and revise 29 CFR
1910.1030, the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
7
Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act Timeline
  • P. L. 106-430 signed November 6, 2000
  • Revised Standard published in Federal Register
    Jan. 18, 2001
  • Effective date April 18, 2001
  • Enforcement of new provisions July 17, 2001
  • Adoption in OSHA state-plan states October 18,
    2001

8
Revisions to Standard
  • Additional definitions, paragraph (b)
  • New requirements in the Exposure Control Plan,
    paragraph (c)
  • Solicitation of input from non-managerial
    employees, paragraph (c)
  • Sharps injury log, paragraph (h)

9
Additional Definitions1910.1030(b)
  • Engineering Controls - includes additional
    definitions and examples
  • Sharps with Engineered Sharps Injury Protections
    - SESIP
  • Needleless Systems

10
Engineering ControlsNew Definition
  • means controls (e.g., sharps disposal
    containers, self-sheathing needles, safer medical
    devices, such as sharps with engineered sharps
    injury protections and needleless systems) that
    isolate or remove the bloodborne pathogens hazard
    from the workplace.

11
Needleless SystemsNew Definition
  • Device that does not use a needle for
  • Collection of bodily fluids
  • Administration of medication/fluids
  • Any other procedure with potential percutaneous
    exposure to a contaminated sharp

12
SESIPNew Definition
  • Non-needle sharp or a needle with a built-in
    safety feature or mechanism that effectively
    reduces the risk of an exposure incident.

13
Hypodermic syringes with Self-Sheathing safety
feature
Self-sheathed protected position
14
Hypodermic syringes with Retractable Technology
safety feature
Retracted protected position
15
Phlebotomy needle with Self-Blunting safety
feature
Blunted protected position
16
Add-on safety feature
Attached to syringe needle
Attached to blood tube holder
17
Multi-dose Safer Needles
18
Phlebotomy, non-compliance
  • Hot Topic

19
Retracting lancets with safety features
Before During After
Before During After
20
Disposable scalpels with safety features
Retracted position
Protracted position
Protracted position
21
Additional Information About Safety Devices
Available At
  • www.med.virginia.edu/epinet
  • www.tdict.org
  • www.ecri.org
  • www.premierinc.com

22
Exposure Control Plan1910.1030(c)New Provisions
  • The ECP must be updated to include
  • changes in technology that reduce/eliminate
    exposure
  • annual documentation of consideration and
    implementation of safer medical devices
  • solicitation of input from non-managerial
    employees

23
Solicitation of Non-Managerial EmployeesNew
Provision
  • Identification, evaluation, and selection of
    engineering controls
  • Must select employees that are
  • Responsible for direct patient care
  • Representative sample of those with potential
    exposure

24
Engineering and Work Practice Controls
1910.1030(d)
  • Employers must select and implement appropriate
    engineering controls to reduce or eliminate
    employee exposure.

25
  • Where engineering controls will reduce employee
    exposure either by removing, eliminating, or
    isolating the hazard, they must be used.
  • CPL 2-2.44D

26
Engineering and Work Practice Controls
  • Selection of engineering and work practice
    controls is dependent on the employers exposure
    determination.

27
Exposure Determination
  • The employer must
  • Identify worker exposures to blood or OPIM
  • Review all processes and procedures with exposure
    potential
  • Re-evaluate when new processes or procedures are
    used

28
Engineering and Work Practice Controls (cont)
  • The employer must
  • Evaluate available engineering controls (safer
    medical devices)
  • Train employees on safe use and disposal
  • Implement appropriate engineering controls/devices

29
Engineering and Work Practice Controls (cont)
  • The employer must
  • Document evaluation and implementation in ECP
  • Review, update ECP at least annually
  • Review new devices and technologies annually
  • Implement new device use, as appropriate and
    available

30
Engineering and Work Practice Controls (cont)
  • The employer must
  • Train employees to use new devices and/or
    procedures
  • Document in ECP

31
New CDC RecommendationsCPL 2-2.69, Appendix E
  • Prevention
  • HBV vaccination
  • Antibody Test for ALL Healthcare Workers
  • 25 non-responders
  • Prophylaxis
  • Rapid HIV Test

32
Recordkeeping 1910.1030(h) 1904.8
  • Sharps Injury Log OSHA 300 Log
  • Only mandatory for those keeping records under 29
    CFR 1904
  • Confidentiality is maintained for Needlesticks
  • On 300 Log stick must be recorded but privacy
    cases are to be considered 1904.8 (a)
    1904.29(b)(6) (b)(9)

33
1904.8 Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Record all work-related needlesticks and cuts
    from sharp objects that are contaminated with
    another persons blood or other potentially
    infectious material (includes human bodily
    fluids, tissues and organs other materials
    infected with HIV or HBV such as laboratory
    cultures)
  • Record splashes or other exposures to blood or
    other potentially infectious material if it
    results in diagnosis of a bloodborne disease or
    meets the general recording criteria
  • An employer can use the 300 Log to meet the
    requirements for a sharps log. To do so, the
    employer must be able to segregate the sharps
    injury data and must include information on the
    type and brand of device that caused the injury.

34
Sharps Injury Log
  • At a minimum, the log must contain, for each
    incident
  • Type and brand of device involved
  • Department or area of incident
  • Description of incident

35
Summary of New Provisions
  • Additional definitions, paragraph (b)
  • New requirements in the Exposure Control Plan,
    paragraph (c)
  • Non-managerial employees involved in selection of
    controls, paragraph (c)
  • Sharps injury log, paragraph (h)

36
National BBP Compliance Issues
  • Engineering Controls
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Work Practices
  • Blood Tube Holders
  • Multi-Employer, Contractors
  • HBV Antibody Test
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