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Introduction to OSHA

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Introduction to OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA s mission Encourage employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards and to implement new ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to OSHA


1
Introduction to OSHA
  • OccupationalSafety andHealthAdministration

2
OSHAs mission
  • Encourage employers and employees to reduce
    workplace hazards and to implement new or improve
    existing safety and health programs

1a
3
OSHAs mission
  • Provide for research in occupational safety and
    health to develop innovative ways of dealing with
    occupational safety and health problems

1b
4
OSHAs mission
  • Establish separate but dependent responsibilities
    and rights for employers and employees for the
    achievement of better safety and health conditions

1c
5
OSHAs mission
  • Maintain a reporting and recordkeeping system to
    monitor job-related injuries and illnesses
  • Establish training programs to increase the
    number and competence of occupational safety and
    health personnel

1d
6
OSHAs mission
  • Develop mandatory job safety and health standards
    and enforce them effectively
  • Provide for the development, analysis, evaluation
    and approval of state occupational safety and
    health programs

1e
7
OSH Act coverage
  • Employers
  • Employees

2a
8
OSH Act coverage
  • Not covered
  • self-employed persons
  • farms at which only immediate member of the farm
    employers family are employed
  • workplaces already protected by other federal
    agencies under other federal statutes

2b
9
OSH Act coverage
  • Coverage may be under a state job safety and
    health plan

2c
10
Requirements of the General Duty Clause
  • What is the General Duty Clause?
  • How does OSHA use the General Duty Clause?
  • Steps company is taking that go beyond compliance
    with OSHA standards

3a
11
Workplace inspections
  • Authority
  • Normally notice is not given
  • Employees representative must be informed

4a
12
Inspection priorities
  • Imminent danger
  • Catastrophes and fatal accidents
  • Employee complaints

5a
13
Inspection priorities
  • Programmed inspections
  • Follow-up inspections
  • Records review

5b
14
Procedures for Inspections
  • Inspectors credentials
  • Opening conference
  • Inspection process
  • Closing conference

6a
15
Citations
  • Informs employers and employees of the
    regulations and standards alleged to have been
    violated
  • The employer must post a copy

7a
16
Citations
  • Appeals by employees may be made on
  • decision not to issue a citation
  • time allowed for abatement of a hazardous
    condition
  • Employees may not appeal a citation, but may
    submit a written objection

7b
17
Citations
  • Employers may appeal citation

7c
18
Penalties
  • Categories of Violations
  • serious
  • other-than-serious
  • willful
  • repeat
  • failure to abate

8a
19
Penalties
  • Additional violations for which citations and
    penalties may be issued
  • falsifying records
  • assaulting a compliance officer

8b
20
Contesting a citation
  • Informal conference request may be made prior to
    deciding to contest
  • obtain a better explanation of the violations
    cited
  • obtain a more complete understanding of the
    specific standards which apply

9a
21
Contesting a citation
  • Informal conference request may be made prior to
    deciding to contest
  • negotiate and enter into an informal Settlement
    Agreement
  • Discuss ways to correct the violations
  • Discuss problems with the abatement dates

9b
22
Contesting a citation
  • Informal conference request may be made prior to
    deciding to contest
  • Discuss problems concerning employee safety
    practices
  • Resolve disputed citations and penalties
  • Obtain answer to any other questions

9c
23
Contesting a citation
  • Notice of Contest must clearly state
  • what is being contested
  • the citation
  • the penalty
  • the abatement date
  • any combination of these
  • which violations on the citation are being
    contested

9d
24
Employer responsibilities
  • Meet the general duty responsibility to provide a
    workplace free from recognized hazards that are
    causing or are likely to cause death or serious
    physical harm to employees, and comply with
    standards, rules and regulations issued under the
    Act

10a
25
Employer responsibilities
  • Be familiar with mandatory OSHA standards and
    make copies available to employees for review
    upon request
  • Inform all employees about OSHA

10b
26
Employer responsibilities
  • Examine workplace conditions to make sure they
    conform to applicable standards
  • Minimize or reduce hazards

10c
27
Employer responsibilities
  • Make sure employees have and use safe tools and
    equipment (including appropriate personal
    protective equipment), and that such equipment is
    properly maintained

10d
28
Employer responsibilities
  • Use color codes, posters, labels or signs when
    needed to warn employees of potential hazards
  • Establish or update operating procedures and
    communicate them so that employees follow safety
    and health requirements

10e
29
Employer responsibilities
  • Provide training required by OSHA standards
    (e.g., hazard communication, lead, etc.)

10f
30
Employer responsibilities
  • Provide medical examinations when required by
    OSHA standards

10g
31
Employer responsibilities
  • Report to the nearest OSHA office within 8 hours
    any fatal accident or one which results in the
    hospitalization of three or more employees

10h
32
Employer responsibilities
  • Keep OSHA-required records of work-related
    injuries and illnesses, and post a copy of the
    totals from the last page of OSHA No. 200 during
    the entire month of February each year (this
    applies to employers with 11 or more employees)

10i
33
Employer responsibilities
  • Post, at a prominent location within the
    workplace, the OSHA poster (OSHA 2203) informing
    employees of their rights and responsibilities
    (in states operating OSHA-approved job safety and
    health programs, the state's equivalent poster
    and/or OSHA 2203 may be required)

10j
34
Employer responsibilities
  • Provide employees, former employees, and their
    representatives access to the Log and Summary of
    Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA No.
    200) at a reasonable time and in a reasonable
    manner

10k
35
Employer responsibilities
  • Provide access to employee medical records and
    exposure records to employees or their authorized
    representatives

10l
36
Employer responsibilities
  • Cooperate with OSHA compliance officer by
    furnishing names of authorized employee reps who
    may be asked to accompany the officer during an
    inspection (if none, the officer will consult
    with a number of employees about safety health
    in the workplace.)

10m
37
Employer responsibilities
  • Not discriminate against employees who properly
    exercise their rights under the Act

10n
38
Employer responsibilities
  • Post OSHA citations at or near the worksite
    involved. Each citation, or copy thereof, must
    remain posted until the violation has been
    abated, or for three working days, whichever is
    longer

10o
39
Employer responsibilities
  • Abate cited violations within the prescribed
    period

10p
40
Employer rights
  • Seek advice and off-site consultation as needed
    by writing, calling or visiting the nearest OSHA
    Office (OSHA will not inspect merely because an
    employer requests assistance)

10q
41
Employer rights
  • Be active in industry associations involved in
    job safety and health

10r
42
Employer rights
  • Request and receive proper identification of the
    OSHA compliance officer prior to inspection
  • Be advised by the compliance officer of the
    reason for an inspection

10s
43
Employer rights
  • Have an opening and closing conference with the
    compliance officer
  • Accompany the compliance officer on the inspection

10t
44
Employer rights
  • File a Notice of Contest with the OSHA area
    director within 15 working days of receipt of a
    notice of citation and proposed penalty

10u
45
Employer rights
  • Apply to OSHA for a temporary variance from a
    standard if unable to comply because of the
    unavailability of materials, equipment or
    personnel needed to make necessary changes within
    the required time

10v
46
Employer rights
  • Apply to OSHA for a permanent variance from a
    standard if the employer can furnish proof that
    their facilities or method of operation provide
    employee protection at least as effective as that
    required by the standard

10w
47
Employer rights
  • Take an active role in developing safety health
    standards through participation in OSHA Standards
    Advisory Committees, through nationally
    recognized standards-setting organizations and
    through evidence and views presented in writing
    or at hearings

10x
48
Employer rights
  • Be assured of the confidentiality of any trade
    secrets observed by an OSHA compliance officer
    during an inspection

10y
49
Employer rights
  • Submit a written request to NIOSH for information
    on whether any substance in your workplace has
    potentially toxic effects in the concentrations
    being used

10z
50
Employee responsibilities
  • Read the OSHA poster at the jobsite
  • Comply with all applicable OSHA standards

11a
51
Employee responsibilities
  • Follow all employer safety and health rules and
    regulations, and wear or use prescribed
    protective equipment while engaged in work
  • Report hazardous conditions to the supervisor

11b
52
Employee responsibilities
  • Report any job-related injury or illness to the
    employer, and seek treatment promptly
  • Cooperate with the OSHA compliance officer
    conducting an inspection if he or she inquires
    about safety and health conditions in your
    workplace

11c
53
Employee responsibilities
  • Exercise your rights under the Act in a
    responsible manner

11d
54
Employee rights
  • Right to seek safety and health on the job
    without fear of punishment

11e
55
Employee rights
  • Employers may not punish workers for exercising
    rights such as
  • complaining to an employer, union, OSHA, or any
    other government agency about job safety and
    health
  • filing safety or health grievances

11f
56
Employee rights
  • Employers may not punish workers for exercising
    rights such as
  • participating on a workplace safety and health
    committee or in union activities concerning job
    safety and health

11g
57
Employee rights
  • Employers may not punish workers for exercising
    rights such as
  • participating in OSHA inspections, conferences,
    hearings or other OSHA-related activities

11h
58
Employee rights
  • Review copies of appropriate OSHA standards,
    rules, regulations, and requirements that the
    employer should have available at the workplace

11i
59
Employee rights
  • Request information from your employer on safety
    and health hazards in the area, on precautions
    that may be taken, and on procedures to be
    followed if an employee is involved in an
    accident or is exposed to toxic substances

11j
60
Employee rights
  • Receive adequate training and information on
    workplace safety and health hazards
  • Request the OSHA area director to conduct an
    inspection if you believe hazardous conditions or
    violations of standards exist in your workplace

11k
61
Employee rights
  • Have your name withheld from your employer, upon
    request to OSHA, if you file a written and signed
    complaint

11l
62
Employee rights
  • Be advised of OSHA actions regarding your
    complaint and have an informal review, if
    requested, of any decision not to inspect or
    to issue a citation

11m
63
Employee rights
  • Have your authorized employee representative
    accompany the OSHA compliance officer during the
    inspection tour

11n
64
Employee rights
  • Respond to questions from the OSHA compliance
    officer, particularly if there is no authorized
    employee representative accompanying the
    compliance officer

11o
65
Employee rights
  • Observe any monitoring or measuring of hazardous
    materials and have the right to see these
    records, as specified under the Act

11p
66
Employee rights
  • Have your authorized representative, or yourself,
    review the Log and Summary of Occupational
    Injuries (OSHA No. 200) at a reasonable time and
    in a reasonable manner

11q
67
Employee rights
  • Request a closing discussion with the compliance
    officer following an inspection

11r
68
Employee rights
  • Submit a written request to NIOSH for information
    on whether any substance in your workplace has
    potentially toxic effects in the concentration
    being used, and have your name withheld from your
    employer if you so request

11s
69
Employee rights
  • Object to the abatement period set in the
    citation issued to your employer by writing to
    the OSHA area director within 15 working days of
    the issuance of the citation

11t
70
Employee rights
  • Be notified by your employer if he or she applies
    for a variance from an OSHA standard, and testify
    at a variance hearing and appeal the final
    decision

11u
71
Employee rights
  • Submit information or comment to OSHA on the
    issuance, modification, or revocation of OSHA
    standards and request a public hearing

11v
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