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Introduction to OSHA

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Title: Introduction to OSHA


1
Introduction to OSHA
Protecting the Safety Health of Hispanic
Workers www.hispanicsworksafe.org
2
From the videoProtecting Our Health and Safety
in Construction Work
  • Why is safety important?
  • How much do we know about it?

3
?
After completing this unit, you will know
  • The mission and duties of OSHA
  • Workers rights responsibilities
  • Employers responsibilities
  • The process of OSHA inspections

4
What is OSHA?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
5
OSHAS mission
To provide safe and healthful working conditions
for every worker in America
6
Why do we need OSHA?
  • Every year
  • Nearly 6,000 workplace fatalities
  • 50,000 deaths from illnesses cause by workplace
    exposures
  • Injuries cost more than 125 billion

7
Why do we need OSHA?
1,190 deaths in construction
1,126 deaths in construction
5,559 workers deaths
2003
8
But much remains to be done
In a typical working day
17 workers die from injuries
137 workers die from diseases
9
Safety is a shared responsibility
OSHA
WORKERS
EMPLOYER
10
What does OSHA do?
  • Makes employers responsible for worker safety and
    health
  • Develops and enforces safety and health standards
  • Responds to workers complaints

11
The OSHA PosterRequired to be posted at every
job site!
12
The poster should be posted in a highly visible
area at every job site!
13
Who is covered by OSHA?
  • Most private sector workers

Who is NOT covered by OSHA?
  • Self-employed persons
  • Family farms
  • State and local employees (some states have their
    own occupational safety and health plans that
    cover workers)

14
Workers Rights include
  • Request information on hazards and controls from
    employer
  • Contact OSHA for information
  • Report to OSHA about workplace conditions
    threatening their health or safety
  • Respond to questions from the OSHA compliance
    officer

15
Workers Rights include
  • Right to seek safe and healthful conditions on
    the job without being disciplined or fired

?
OSHA 11(c) whistle-blower protection
  • Worker can file a complaint with OSHA (which must
    be within 30 days) if discriminated against for
    expressing concern about safety at work

16
Workers Responsibilities include
  • Workers as well as employers have
    safety responsibilities
  • Comply with all safety and health regulations and
    standards
  • Report defective equipment, tools, machines and
    safeguards
  • Read the OSHA poster at the site

17
Workers Responsibilities include
  • Report hazardous conditions to your employer
    immediately
  • Report any work-related injuries or illnesses to
    your employer
  • Notify co-workers immediately of any hazards

? Remember
OSHA does not fine workers!
18
Employers Responsibilities include
  • To provide a safe workplace

29 CFR 1926.20 (a)(1)
No subcontractor/contractor shall require any
laborer or mechanic to work in surroundings or
under working conditions which are unsanitary,
hazardous, or dangerous to his/her health and
safety
Construction Industry Standards
19
Employers Responsibilities include
Establish accident prevention programs
Provide safe tools equipment and remove
defective tools equipment
Establish regular site safety inspections
20
Employers Responsibilities include
Provide a workplace free from recognized hazards
  • Provide training
  • Provide medical examinations when required
  • Recordkeeping

21
OSHA Inspections
  • Inspections play an important role in enforcing
    regulations

Inspections are conducted without advance notice
Violations cannot be identified without
inspections!
22
OSHA Inspections
In the U.S. There are 2,300 federal and state
inspectors for 7.1 million worksites
There are simply not enough OSHA inspectors to go
around and they cant be everywhere
Each worksite will be inspected every 85years
23
OSHA can't depend on inspections alone to
achieve its mission of protecting workers
24
OSHA Inspections PRIORITIES
Priority 1 Situations involving imminent
danger Priority 2 Catastrophes or fatal
accidents If a worker is killed or 3 or more
workers are hospitalized Priority 3 Complaints
by workers or their representatives or referrals
from a recognized safety professional or
organization
25
OSHA Inspections PRIORITIES
Priority 4 Programmed inspections targeted at
high-hazard industries Priority 5 Follow-up
inspections Priority 6 Monitoring inspections
26
OSHA Inspections include
  • Checking company records
  • Reviewing compliance with the hazard
    communication standard
  • Fire protection
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Review of the companys health and safety plan

27
How are inspections done?
  • OSHA officer presents credentials
  • Opening conference
  • Inspection tour
  • Closing conference

Workers have the right to talk with the inspector
28
What happens after an OSHA inspection?
  • OSHA may or may not issue citations.

?
OSHA issues citations when an employer violates
safety or health standards
OSHA citation
29
What happens after an OSHA inspection?
  • Employer must post a copy of each citation at or
    near place where violation occurred
  • OSHA
  • Citation
  • Unsafe machi
  • Lack of PPEs
  • Warning signs

30
Does SAFETY pay
?
31
Ah And dont forget!
Our families need us!
Everyday, they expect us to return home safe and
healthy.
32
Questions?
33
Training Evaluation
What did you like about this training?
What suggestions do you have for changes?
34
Acknowledgements
This training program was developed by
Hispanics Work Safewww.hispanicsworksafe.org
How to contact us? Maria Julia
Brunette Department of Work Environment
University of Massachusetts LowellOne
University Ave., Lowell, MA 01854Phone
978-934-3248 Fax 978-452-5711Email
Maria_Brunette_at_uml.edu
35
Acknowledgements
This training program was funded by grants
from Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA)
This material was produced under grant number
46A3-HT15 from the Occupational Safety and Health
Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.  It
does not necessarily reflect the views or
policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor
does mention of trade names, commercial products,
or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S.
Government.
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