SOC Analyst Tier 2 Interview Questions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SOC Analyst Tier 2 Interview Questions


Security Operations Center (SOC) Analysts play a crucial role in identifying, analyzing, responding to and mitigating cyber attacks in an organization. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOC Analyst Tier 2 Interview Questions

SOC Analyst Tier 2 Interview Questions
Security Operations Center (SOC) Analysts play a
crucial role in identifying, analyzing,
responding to and mitigating cyber attacks in an
organization. The Tier 2 SOC Analysts are
incident responders responsible for performing
threat intelligence analysis to identify and
respond to threats. This article provides the
interview questions for SOC Analysts L2 and helps
to take a quick revision before cracking an
  • What is a TCP three-way handshake?
  • The three-way handshake is a protocol to create a
    reliable connection between client and server. It
    includes three essential interactions between
    client and server to exchange synchronize (SYN)
    and acknowledge (ACK) data packets.
  • What is an IDS?
  • An Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is a system
    that scans a network or system to identify
    suspicious activities and monitor network
    traffic. It generates alerts when suspicious
    activities are identified. The SOC Analysts can
    analyze the issue and implement various
    remediation techniques based on the alerts.
  • What is an IPS?
  • An Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) is a network
    security tool that continuously monitors the
    system or network traffic flow to identify and
    prevent malicious threats. It sends an alert to
    the security team, drops the malicious data
    packets, blocks or stops the network traffic,
    resets the connection, and configures the
    firewall to prevent future attacks.
  • How is vulnerability assessment different from
    penetration testing?
  • Vulnerability Assessment is an automated approach
    used to identify and prioritize the weaknesses in
    the network, system, hardware, or firewall using
    vulnerability scanning tools. In contrast,
    penetration testing is a manual approach that
    includes a deep simulation process to identify
    weaknesses in the system and fix them.
  • What is the XDR?
  • XDR stands for Extended Detection and Response,
    an advanced endpoint detection and response
    security approach used to detect threats by
    analyzing the data collected from various sources.
  • What is port scanning?
  • Port scanning is a method used by attackers to
    identify the open ports or weak ports in the
    network for exploitation. These ports enable
    sending or receiving data, and it also helps to
    understand the status of the security firewalls
    used by the organization.
  • What is the difference between TCP and UDP?

Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is a connection-oriented protocol. User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is a connectionless protocol, and no connections are established.
It arranges the data packets in sequential order for data transmission. In UDP, data packets are independent of others.
It is highly reliable. It is moderately reliable.
It supports the error control mechanism. It does not support the error control mechanism.
  • Explain the incident response life cycle.
  • The incident response life cycle is a
    step-by-step framework to identify and respond to
    cyber security incidents. The Incident response
    life cycle varies based on the framework used by
    the organization. The NIST framework includes
    four phases
  • Preparation
  • Detection and Analysis
  • Containment, Eradication, and recovery
  • Post-Event Activity
  • What are the various types of IDS?
  • The following are the various types of Intrusion
    Detection Systems
  • Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS)
  • Host Intrusion Detection System (HIDS)
  •  Hybrid Intrusion Detection System
  • Protocol-based Intrusion Detection System (PIDS)
  • Application Protocol-based Intrusion Detection
    System (APIDS
  • What are the best practices required to secure a
  • Update the operating system and software
  • Regular backup of the data or files
  • Install SSL Certificates
  • Use VPNs
  • Use Firewall protection

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