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Scientific Paper Writing


Scientific Paper Writing: Have you Selected the Right Research Question? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Scientific Paper Writing

Scientific Writing - The Significance of a Good
Research Question
Scientific Paper Writing
  • The first and most important step in scientific
    paper writing is to choose your research
  • You must choose a topic that will advance and add
    to the existing scientific knowledge.
  • Even the journal editor wont accept a paper that
    does not have a good research question.

The Significance of a Good Research Question
A good research question
  • Gives the researchers more clarity on developing
    the study protocol, designing the study, and
    analyzing the data.
  • Makes a good initial impression on the scientific
    journal editors and peer reviewers.
  • Shows a well-thought research.
  • Increases your chances of publication in the

What Makes a Good Research Question?
Though this will vary for different papers and
across disciplines, there is an overall criterion
to keep in mind while planning your research
1) So what?
  • Foremost, after choosing your research question,
    always ask yourself So what? This means that
    the findings/ result pursuing from the question
    must be important, interesting, and meaningful.
  • For example, the research question Is exercising
    beneficial to reduce impairment in people? wont
    yield any meaningful knowledge. A targeted
    question like Is therapeutic exercise of benefit
    in reducing impairment for people who would be
    expected to consult a physiotherapist? could
    help physiotherapists revive their treatment
    procedure for the patients.

2) Unobviousness
Scientific journal editors stress on novelty and
unobviousness i.e. the research question should
not have an obvious or an undisputed answer.  You
can ensure this unobviousness and provide value
in one of the following ways
  • Contribute new information that has a real-world
    application or leads to further lines of research
  • Validate the existing information and extend its
  • Provide findings that contradict the existing
    literature OR
  • Critically review and analyze the literature.

3) Replication is sometimes acceptable
  • Its not always necessary to convey unknown
    information through your research paper. You may
    replicate other researchers observations,
    especially if they were controversial or weak but
    significant. You can research whether the
    findings in one population also apply to others
    or clarify known relationships by using new
  • So, when you formulate your research question,
    check whether it fulfils the above three
    requirements. And if yes, youve probably got a
    worthwhile research question.

Tips for finding and formulating good research
  • Your field of experience and your own research
    interests are obviously important to identify the
    potential lines of research. However, you must
    review the existing literature to know whether
    your question is still relevant.
  • In addition, keep abreast of the current
    developments in the field to avoid doing same
    thing someone else has done.

Ways of finding a new research question
  • From the old literature. The Discussion section
    of many papers often mentions the questions that
    remain unresolved or additional studies that can
    be done. You can formulate a good research
    question from the old literature by identifying
    the gaps and weaknesses in them.
  • Attending conferences. Recent advances in any
    field of Science are presented at the academic
    conferences. Participating in such conferences
    will help you network with the experts in the
    field and aid in your own research.

  • Since research question is the most crucial
    element of any scientific paper, you must take
    extreme care while choosing it.
  • If you write a paper with results that are
    unoriginal, predictable, or trivial, its less
    likely to be published.
  • So, contact our professional scientific writing
    services team to develop the right research
    question that will help you avoid problems in

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