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How to Write your Research Paper


If you are new to the process of scientific writing or fear that your writing might not match the standards of the publication journal, here is a step-by-step guide for writing an effective research paper and getting it published in your favorite journal. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How to Write your Research Paper

How to Write Your Research paper Communicate
like Pro
Scientific Paper or Research Paper Writing
A scientific paper or research paper is the
written and published document of your original
research work. Without writing, the knowledge
gained and the output of your research are likely
to be lost. In other words. A scientific paper
is a written record of your research findings
that is communicated to the scientific community
and general public for their welfare. It must be
written in a simple and grammatically correct
format that communicates a clear message to its
readers. Scientific writing is not an easy task
because it differs in format and structure from
the normal writing in English.
Before Steps of Writing a Scientific Paper
Research how your work fits into the existing
Once you have decided upon the topic for your
research, familiarize yourself with previous
research work done on the topic. You must be
able to answer these questions after studying the
previous literature
What do we already know about the topic? What is
the knowledge that we still do not know? Why this
knowledge is important?
Understand Your Target Audience
Scientific Paper Writing for your audience
because you want them to learn and understand
something valuable from it and not to just
document what you did or learned. So, its
obvious you must understand and write to your
  • Who is my audience?
  • What are their goals in reading my
  • scientific paper?
  • What message do I want them to convey
  • from my writing?

Writing your scientific paper
Introduction to the research topic
The introduction section is the most important.
It sets the tone of your writing providing
relevant background information on the topic
that finally narrows down to the specific focus
of your research.
Keep in mind the following to write an effective
Start wide to put your research into a broad
context that even a layman could
understand Clearly state the implications of
your work or any societal implications it has
relevant to your field of study Do not include
any information that doesnt fit into your
story Include in-text citations in the format
(Author name, publication year) for each paper
you cite Explicitly state how your work will
contribute in filling the knowledge gap in your
study field Hypothesis to be tested
Materials and methods used with description
The aim of this section is to provide information
about the methods used in the experiment and
whether they were scientifically valid or not.
Write this section in the past tense and
organize it in sub-sections with headers for
each procedure to make your writing clear.
Key results or findings
Depending upon the complexity of your research
study, write this section using sub-sections and
headers. Use tables, figures, and graphs to
support your results. Be clear and specific in
describing each of your research findings.
Describe the results in biological terms rather
than statistical statistics should only be used
to supplement the information.
Discussion that co-relates these findings with
the broader knowledge of the topic
Remember, this section must form a self-contained
story tying together the sections of
Introduction and Results, with a take-home
message for the readers. Highlight the
following in the Discussion section
Explicitly state the main findings of your
research Remind the readers about the knowledge
gap you had set out to address and fill through
your research and how it has done so Address the
hypothesis with specific evidence from your
Wrapping the guide with few concluding remarks
Pay attention to the flow of your paper. The
reader must be able to move easily from one
concept to another within sentences or
paragraphs. Use active voice to write the paper
with occasional sentences in passive voice Use
simple words to lay across your study
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