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Ethics of Scientific Paper Writing

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Be a beginner or an experienced researcher scientific writing is not easy for both. Apart from the format, structure, and grammar, there are certain ethical principles to be followed in scientific writing. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ethics of Scientific Paper Writing


1
The Ethics of Scientific
Writing What to Avoid in Writing
your Research Paper
2
Scientific Paper Writing
  • Be a beginner or an experienced researcher
    scientific writing is not easy for both. Apart
    from the format, structure, and grammar, there
    are certain ethical principles to be followed in
    scientific writing.
  • Since you write scientific papers for advancement
    in the scientific field, strict adherence to
    these ethical guidelines is necessary.
  • Therefore, professional organizations like
    Committee on Publication Ethics and International
    Council of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
    formulate guidelines for authors to follow in
    scientific writing.

3
  • The two most important ethical issues related
    to scientific writing are plagiarism and
    authorship.
  • Consideration of these issues is required to
    avoid any scientific misconduct and achieve
    success with your research publication

4
This section discusses these issues in detail and
how to avoid them in your scientific writing.
5
Plagiarism
The U.S. Office of Science and Technology defines
plagiarism as the appropriation of another
persons ideas, processes, results or words
without giving him appropriate credit. It equals
to literary theft and is a form of scientific
misconduct, be it intentional or accidental.
6
Different forms of plagiarism in scientific
writing
7
Intentional plagiarism is one where the author
deliberately copies the text from the other
author without giving him due credit.Self-plagia
rism or text recycling is one where the author
copies large part of the text from his or her
previous papers.Duplicate publication where the
author submits previously published work for
publication as an original work. Submitting
previously published manuscripts for publication
is not only unethical but also wastes the time of
the journal editors and reviewers.
8
Why do authors resort to plagiarism?
  • Tremendous pressure to publish their research and
    advance their career
  • Language barriers causing difficulty in writing
    in English
  • Lack of time to write the paper
  • Lack of appropriate writing skills

9
How to avoid plagiarism in scientific writing?
  • Always acknowledge the contributions of others
    and source of your ideas.
  • Enclose in quotation marks the verbatim text
    taken from another author.
  • Paraphrase or summaries the text taken from
    another author into your own words.
  • Reproduce the text with the exact meaning of the
    other authors ideas and facts using your own
    words and sentences.
  • Take help of a competent scientific writing
    services, in case you lack the writing skills.
  • Use plagiarism checking websites to detect any
    accidental plagiarism in your paper.

10
Authorship
  • The major issues related to authorship include
    determination of author responsibilities and
    author order.
  • If you award authorship to people who have not
    made sufficient contributions to the manuscript
    and deny authorship to the deserving
    contributors, its a violation of scientific
    integrity.

11
Different types of authorship abuse in scientific
writing
  • Coercion authorship is where a senior person
    pressurizes his junior to include his name on the
    paper to which he hasnt contributed enough.
  • Honorary, guest or gift authorship is where you
    award authorship to well-known senior
    investigators or colleagues to acknowledge their
    friendship, gain favour, or to give the paper a
    greater sense of legitimacy.

12
Mutual support authorship is where two or more
investigators place their names on each others
paper to enhance their productivity. Ghost
authorship is where the actual authors name is
not included or acknowledged in the paper. This
is quite common in the pharmaceutical industry
which often hires professional writers. Denial
of authorship is where you publish the paper
without providing authorship or acknowledgement
to people who made significant contributions to
the work.
13
How to avoid authorship abuse in scientific
writing?
  • Define the role of each person working on the
    project before writing the paper
  • Clarify authorship expectations when asking your
    colleague to participate in the project or review
    your manuscript

14
  • While listing authors on your manuscript, ensure
    they meet the following criteria
  • Made significant contributions to conception and
    design, collection, analysis, and interpretation
    of data.
  • Drafted the manuscript or revised it critically
    for important intellectual content
  • Gave final approval of the version to be
    published
  • Acquisition of funds, collection of data, and
    general supervision of research group do not
    qualify for authorship

15
  • Strictly adhering to the ethical guidelines of
    scientific writing and avoiding the above
    mistakes is a tedious process. So contact
    our scientific writing services company to make
    your research publication a success.

16
Looking for a professional scientific writing
services?
  • Email ID project_at_cognibrain.com
  • Phone 044-49595223
  • Visit us www.cognibrain.com
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