Everything You Should Know about Dissociative Identity Disorder - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Everything You Should Know about Dissociative Identity Disorder


DID or dissociative identity disorder is a psychiatric illness where a person starts feeling a kind of dissociation or alienation from his own actions, thoughts and memories. He also gradually loses his sense of identity. It usually follows a traumatic experience and the patient wants to escape from his painful condition. This presentation contains useful information about DID including its nature, the myths surrounding it and the truth. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Updated: 11 April 2016
Slides: 10
Provided by: JenniferLynn


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Title: Everything You Should Know about Dissociative Identity Disorder

Everything You Should Know about Dissociative
Identity Disorder
The Basics, The Myths and The Truth
Understanding DID
Dissociative Identity Disorder, or DID,
  • is a severe form of dissociation that disconnects
    a person from their thoughts, memories, actions
    and sense of identity.
  • This form of dissociation is common associated
    with trauma, as the disorder is thought to stem
    from a victims need for escape from their trauma
    and pain.

Myth DID isnt real
  • The common iteration of DID that involves
    multiple personalities is often exaggerated in
    media and many stereotypes exist regarding the
  • This leads many to believe that the disorder is
    simple someone making up an illness for whatever
  • Surprisingly, this isnt just a problem among
    laymen medical and psychiatric professionals
    are still divided on the validity of DID, or that
    it is a misdiagnosis of another psychological

As it stands now, however, DID is real and many
people suffer from dissociations.
Symptoms Related to DID
One of the biggest symptoms related to DID
  • is the existence of split personalities or more
    than one personality in one host person. Usually
    there is the main personality, the original
    person, and one or more separate personalities
    that are created. These separate personalities
    are often called alters.
  • Regardless of the hosts gender, sex, sexuality,
    race, personality and values, the alters created
    within the host may differ wildly in all aspects.

Symptoms Related to DID Cont
  • While multiple personalities is the main defining
    symptom of DID, there are many other symptoms
    that can be found in those with this disorder.

These symptoms can include
  • mood swings,
  • suicidal thoughts and attempts,
  • anxiety,
  • depression,
  • panic attacks,
  • triggers,
  • headache,
  • amnesia,
  • time loss,
  • compulsions,
  • eating disorders,
  • psychotic-like symptoms,
  • and sleep disorders.

Diagnosing DID
  • The diagnosis of DID involves a psychologist
    consulting the DSM-5 and going off of their
    professional criteria for diagnosing the disorder.

This criteria includes
  • two or more distinct personalities being present,
  • amnesia occurring within the main host,
  • distress based on the disorder,
  • disturbance in everyday life and no other outside
    influences being the cause of the condition (like
    alcohol intake or seizure disorders.)

Myth DID and Schizophrenia are the same thing
This is definitely a myth.
  • DID involves multiple personalities, while those
    with schizophrenia are plagued with chronic
    psychosis, hallucinations and delusions.
  • While both disorder are mental illnesses
  • and share many sub-symptoms, but the main
    diagnosis of the disorders are very different.

Living With DID
  • Living with DID can be very disruptive for a
    person with the disorder. Often the dissociative
    episodes will come suddenly with no warning,
    though they can be triggered. This means that
    they people with DID can go through their daily
    lives having to deal with confusion, time loss,
    derealization and amnesia.
  • While some people who suffer from DID have a
    certain consciousness about what their alters do
    or say, others have no idea what theyve done or
    said while dissociating.

Treating DID
  • There is no known cure for DID. However,
    long-term psychiatric care can be an effective
    method of treatment to help keep symptoms and
    dissociations at bay.

Forms of therapy that can help are
psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, and movement
therapy are all recommended.
There are no exact medications that exist for
DID, but because many issues like depression and
anxiety are co-morbid with DID, these medications
may be prescribed to help alleviate other
coexisting problems.
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