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Crusades and Complacency

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First World War. Reactionary crusades of the Ku Klux Klan. Social and technological changes ... Texas in the First World War. War declared April 7, 1917 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Crusades and Complacency


1
Crusades and Complacency
  • Chapter 16 Notes, pages 331-356
  • Texas History
  • November 4, 2004

2
I. Introduction
  • Prohibition
  • First World War
  • Reactionary crusades of the Ku Klux Klan
  • Social and technological changes
  • Era of complacency also- governors offered some
    reform- legislators would not accept it
  • In most cases, a reactionary resistance to change

3
II. Oscar Branch Colquitt
  • Resisted more money for education
  • Did help regulate child labor
  • Promoted factory safety
  • Created state workers compensation system
  • Had to raise the state tax rate

4
III. Prohibition The Moral Crusade
  • Very emotional issue- 1908- dominates state
    politics
  • Democratic party divided- brewery interest able
    to hang onto power
  • WWI- patriotic issue- 18th Amendment to
    Constitution- forbids sale and manufacturing of
    alcohol in United States

5
IV. The Birth of Fergusonism (1915-1917)
  • James Ferguson (Temple)- against Prohibition,
    main issue was tenant farming- wanted to help
    their position
  • March 1917- investigated for corruption-
    antagonized the alumni of UT, impeached and
    removed from office- 10 counts- most
    serious-misappropriation of state funds
  • Only governor in Texas history to be impeached
    and removed from office

6
V. Trouble on the Border
  • Mexican revolutionaries forced to Texas in early
    1900s- revolution will break out in 1911
  • Troubles in Texas
  • Influenced by Mexican revolution
  • Reaction to years of prejudice
  • Expansion of farm labor in South Texas
  • Plan of San Diego- Mexican Americans set up own
    republic
  • Pancho Villa and others raid across borders
  • President Wilson sends troops into Mexico- Villa
    not captured, war almost breaks out
  • Violence in S. Texas leads to land transfer to
    Anglos

7
VI. Texas in the First World War
  • War declared April 7, 1917
  • New military camps set up in Texas, aviation
    schools
  • Almost 200,000 Texans enlist
  • No pork on Thursdays and Saturdays
  • Wheatless days on Mondays and Wednesdays
  • Industrial expansion- shipbuilding, new oil
    fields,
  • State cost of govt. doubles
  • Womens voting supported
  • Racial tensions occurred- violence against
    blacks
  • Restrictions placed on foreign born persons
  • Loyalty promoted-

8
VII. The Politics of Complacency
  • Governors after war expressed attitude of new
    age- dawn of a great boom
  • Texas shares in prosperity of 1920s
  • State highway system begun
  • New colleges, public school system improves
  • Government progress slow- governors proposed
    reform, legislators did not respond
  • State park system begins in 1923

9
VIII. The Ku Klux Klan Crusades and Bigotry
  • Anti-black, anti-Catholic, anti-Semitic
  • Attempted to impose, social, racial, and moral
    conformity on society
  • 1922- gained control of local offices, and ran
    for state offices
  • 1924- lost power when Miriam Ma Ferguson wins
    governor- 1st woman governor
  • Stories of violence weakens KKK

10
IX. Dan Moody (1927-1931)
  • Runs against Fergusons-youngest governor
  • Prosecuted Klan
  • Proposed many reforms, few enacted- problem-
    Moody is urban oriented, legislature is centered
    in rural districts
  • 2nd term is hit by Great Depression

11
X. The Roaring Twenties- Economic Growth and
Prosperity
  • Electrical appliances and lights, radios,
    plumbing
  • Rural areas still behind
  • Automobile affects both areas
  • Small towns lose population to larger cities
  • Rapid population growth in Texas- Houston largest
    city
  • Houston ship channel helps growth of city
  • Oil continues to be found in
  • Military influences grows
  • Farmers and workers attempts to organize fails

12
XI. Life in the Roaring Twenties
  • Much concern about morality of the 1920s
  • Many condemned the excessive behavior- drinking,
    gambling, dress, music, crime rate, midnight joy
    riding
  • KKK went after people thought to be social
    misfits
  • Movie censor boards, laws against social
    misbehaving, dress

13
  • Women get right to vote, find urban jobs, wages
    still much less than men
  • Blacks move to cities or elsewhere
  • Music- jazz and African American musicians-
    accepted by white listeners,
  • Segregation remains the norm, voting still
    restricted
  • Mexican Americans population begins to increase,
    movement into other areas of the state- still
    prejudice and discrimination
  • LULAC founded 1919

14
  • State begins to improve schools- more money, free
    textbooks, consolidated rural school districts-
    schools still behind rest of country
  • Curriculum improved- vocational and business
    training, health programs, better teaching
    methods, student testing
  • Segregation evident, attempts to control teaching
    of evolution
  • Junior college movement
  • More state schools built, but not enough to keep
    up with demands
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