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Title: Thematic Studies In Bible Basics


1
Thematic Studies In Bible Basics
2
  • General Introduction
  • When the basic concepts of something are
    discussed, those are called the ABCs
  • One must learn ABC in school before he can
    read, write, or spell proficiently
  • Every profession has certain basics that must
    be mastered before more advanced concepts,
    techniques are taken on

3
  • General Introduction
  • Even the religion of Christ has such basics
  • The consequences of failing to grasp these basics
    are greater than in any secular pursuit
  • A failure to master Biblical ABCs can result
    in souls being lost for all eternity
  • A review of Heb 511 63 illustrates this truth

4
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • Many important truths need to be taught re Jesus
    Christ Ù e.g. His priesthood 51-10
  • A thought previously introduced 217 414-15
  • Also an ancient prophecy cp. Psa 1104
  • Successfully establishing this would convince the
    Hebrew Christians to not return to the Law

5
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • The priesthood of Christ was after the order of
    Melchizedek 510
  • Therefore, a proper understanding of this O.T.
    character would be necessary cp. Gen 14
  • Concerning Melchizedek the Hebrews writer had
    much to say 511a

6
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • Regrettably, the author had to pause in this
    important discussion
  • Not because the subject was too difficult to
    grasp
  • The problem was the readers themselvesthey were
    not ready to receive (understand) 511b
  • Dull of hearing spiritual laziness cp.
    612

7
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • This problem was something they had brought upon
    themselvesthey had become dull
  • They had stopped listening, stopped growing cp. 2
    Pet 318
  • Their failure to want to learn was the reason
    they could not comprehend what needed to be taught

8
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • What made this so disappointing is the author was
    dealing with people who shouldnt even have been
    in such a dilemma 512a
  • He was not writing to new converts
  • Enough time had elapsed that these readers should
    have been teachers Ù mature enough to
    understand

9
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • Instead of being able to teach others, they
    themselves still needed to be taught 512b
  • And not just be taught, but be taught the
    elementary (first) principles of the oracles of
    God 512c
  • The spiritual ABCs

10
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • There is nothing wrong with being a babe in
    Christ if that is where one should be
  • Babes should be on the bottle cp. 1 Pet 21-3
  • However, that was not the category the readers
    of the Hebrews epistle were to be in
  • Sadly, it may even describe some of us

11
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • They were still spiritual babies because they
    were not accustomed to (were unskilled in) the
    word of righteousness 513
  • Maturity in the word of God a skill 2 Tim
    215
  • This skill is only honed by reason of use of
    a disciples senses to discern good and evil
    514

12
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • Their failure in possessing this skill is why
    they could not eat the strong meat and had to
    settle with only milk 512c
  • Spiritual maturity does not occur just because
    weve been a disciple for a long time, or because
    we come from generations of Christians

13
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • Maturity in Christ (the ability to eat the
    strong meat) will only be accomplished by
    reason of use of a disciples senses in
    discerning good from evil cp. 1 Thess 521-22
    Rom 121-2 1 Pet 211 41-4
  • Thus, we see the solution to laziness is effort

14
  • General Introduction
  • An Exposition Of Heb 511 63
  • Elementary teaching (the ABCs) must eventually
    be left behindat some point, we must be able to
    press on to maturity 61
  • Disciples can grow from childhood to adulthood
    because of Gods provisions cp. Eph 411-15
  • God desires, permits such growth 62-3

15
  • General Introduction
  • All hope is not lost, thoughthe author still had
    hopes for his readers cp. 69
  • Better things can still exist for us, too
  • There is still time to make correction if we are
    guilty of having dull hearing or being
    spiritually sluggish

16
  • General Introduction
  • Studying Biblical ABCs will help us become
    better acquainted with important bedrock truths
    necessary to understand
  • We will be better able to rightly divide (handle
    accurately) the word of truth cp. 2 Tim 215
  • Yes, some truths are hard to understand but
    not impossible cp. 2 Pet 316

17
  • General Introduction
  • Whether these ABCs come to us easy or with a
    struggle, it is important to grasp them so that
    we grow up in all things unto Him who is the
    Head Eph 415
  • Even if we already know them, review is still
    good cp. 2 Pet 110-15 31-2

18
  • General Introduction Review Points
  • The readers of the Hebrews epistle ought to
    have been teachers 512
  • This signified an obligation
  • Teaching the gospel is an obligation upon all
    disciples cp. Acts 84 1119-26 2 Tim 22
    Titus 24

19
  • General Introduction Review Points
  • Eventually, the elementary principles
    (spiritual ABCs) must be left behind as the
    disciple presses on toward maturity
  • May our studies help us graduate off the bottle
    and into a diet of strong meatthe skill of a
    mature follower of Jesus Christ

20
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • A topic that is discussed muchmaybe
    misunderstood even more
  • By the religious (denominational) world
  • Even by N.T. disciples of Christ
  • The Scripture teaches in clear terms what is
    involved in being truly converted

21
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • Understanding the basic concept
  • The root word for conversion literally means
    to turn around turn ones self about
    Thayer
  • Biblical examples of this literal definition
    Mk 530 Mt 539 76

22
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • Understanding the basic concept
  • Re conversion to Jesus Christ, it means to
    turn the heart or mind to change ones course of
    conduct
  • Biblical examples of this more figurative
    definition Acts 739 153 319 1121
    1 Thess 16-9 Jas 519-20

23
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • Changed conduct or behavior (conversion) comes
    from a changed heart Mk 714-23
  • Actions always follow inward decisions
  • The heart is the determining factor v. 19
  • One who has a turned heart (been converted)
    will exhibit proper conduct choices
  • In how he chooses to worship, serve God

24
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • Changed conduct or behavior (conversion) comes
    from a changed heart Mk 714-23
  • Actions always follow inward decisions
  • The heart is the determining factor v. 19
  • One who has a turned heart (been converted)
    will exhibit proper conduct choices
  • In how he chooses to live morally, socially, etc.

25
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • The necessity of conversion is evident
  • Jesus said we will not enter heaven unless we are
    converted and become like a little child Mt
    183
  • James wrote one must be turned (converted) in
    order to be saved from death and have his sins
    covered Jas 519-20

26
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • The necessity of conversion is evident
  • Sin makes conversion necessary Rom 323
  • The Scripture also teaches us how God feels about
    sin and why He wants us to be turned
  • God hates sinful characteristics Prov 616-19
  • These attributes are an abomination
    (disgusting)
  • God hates putting away (divorce) Mal 216

27
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • The necessity of conversion is evident
  • The Scripture also teaches us how God feels about
    sin and why He wants us to be turned
  • God is entirely holy, wants us to be 1 Pet 116
  • God is the very essence of light 1 Jn 15
  • Holy, holy, holy is ascribed to God Rev 48

28
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • The necessity of conversion is evident
  • The Scripture also teaches us how God feels about
    sin and why He wants us to be turned
  • God is entirely uniquethere is no other being
    like Him cp. Isa 468-10
  • The only barriers that separate us from God, and
    that will prevent Him from saving us are our own
    impenitent sins Isa 591-2

29
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • The necessity of conversion is evident
  • Therefore, is there any wonder why God calls on
    us to be converted or turned?
  • Man will not be able to live any way he chooses
    and then expect to enter heaven cp. Gal 67-8
  • Such would be mocking (to turn the nose up at)
    God Ù we only deceive ourselves if this is what
    we think

30
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • How God feels towards sinnersthose who need to
    be converted
  • God has never at any time been under any
    obligation to save a sinner cp. Gen 6-9
  • He would be well within His Divine right to just
    wipe us out cp. Ex 327-10
  • Instead, He chooses to be compassionate

31
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • How God feels towards sinnersthose who need to
    be converted
  • His word uses descriptive phrases that reveal His
    heart toward sinnersthose who need to be
    converted Ù Ex. Eph 1-2

MERCY
LOVE
Eph 24
32
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • How God feels towards sinnersthose who need to
    be converted
  • His word uses descriptive phrases that reveal His
    heart toward sinnersthose who need to be
    converted Ù Ex. Eph 1-2

GRACE
KINDNESS
Eph 27
33
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • How God feels towards sinnersthose who need to
    be converted
  • His word uses descriptive phrases that reveal His
    heart toward sinnersthose who need to be
    converted Ù Ex. Eph 1-2

Eph 17
REDEMPTION
FORGIVENESS
34
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • Some Closing Thoughts
  • Conversion is something for everyone to think
    aboutboth believers unbelievers
  • Unbelievers should be taught they need to turn
    to the Lord Acts 1121 1 Thess 19
  • They are dead in sin and without hope in the
    world Eph 21-3, 12

35
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • Some Closing Thoughts
  • Believers need to remember their past sinful
    condition Eph 212
  • Their challenge will be not to return to the
    former way of life from which they turned
  • They need to live as a transformed person
    Rom 122

36
  • Transformed origin of metamorphosis
  • Illustrates what we can become despite being
    guilty of sin in the past

37
  • Instead of getting even with someone like he
    used to do, now he refrains from personal
    vengeance, and he even prays for those who wrong
    him Mt 543-48 Rom 1217-21
  • Instead of worshiping at the church of his
    choice, he makes sure his religious service
    worship meet with Divine approval Mt 721-23

38
  • Lesson 2 Ù Genuine Conversion
  • Some Closing Thoughts
  • A truly converted person realizes he has spent
    enough of his life in sinful ways God does not
    approve 1 Pet 42-3
  • He understands he must live as a changed or
    turned or converted person Col 220
    317

39
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Easy observation to makethere is an absence of
    religious unity
  • Many churches teach opposing doctrines
  • Searchers for truth are frustrated, hindered
  • The only solution is to be what God wants
  • Only then can unity fellowship occur cp. 1 Jn
    11-3

40
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Recognizing a failed approach
  • Some saints want to convert family, friends
  • These converts-to-be are involved in human
    denominations
  • Therefore, some conclude we must learn all about
    these man-made religions so that we can teach our
    loved ones out of all that error

41
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • The right approach
  • Yes, we need to convert lost souls Mt 2818
  • Instead of taking the time to study religious
    error, wouldnt it be a better use of time to
    study truth
  • Once one knows truth, he can spot errorhell be
    able to teach those caught up in error

42
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • The Lords church exists in the midst of much
    religious error
  • The situation in the 1st century when Jesus
    founded His church
  • Still the situation today 2,000 years later
  • All these man-made churches hinder true unity

43
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • The church of Christ
  • Founder Jesus Christ Mt 1618
  • When A.D. 30 in Jerusalem (Pentecost)
  • Followers named Christians Acts 1126
  • To give a command or admonition to teach from
    heaven to be divinely commanded to receive a
    name be called Mt 212, 22 Rom 73 Heb
    117

44
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • The church of Christ
  • The name Christians was not bestowed until
    after Acts 10when Gentiles were included
  • Such illustrates the wisdom of God
  • No doubt, the Jews would have perverted this new
    identity cp. Acts 151

45
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • The church of Christ
  • The name of Christ is meaningful because
    it is the only name whereby man can
    gain his salvation Acts 412
  • Therefore, the name Christian should be the
    only religious name man should want to wear
  • Yet, we see so much division

46
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • A multiplicity of man-made churches

Catholic Church
Lutheran Church
Methodist Church
Presbyterian Church
Mormon Church
Episcopal Church
Jehovahs Witnesses
Baptist Church
47
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Many downplay the different names worn, believing
    all are still united in Christ
  • Wearing different names also means men practice
    different things dictated by that name one wears
  • Thus, unity is not achieved

48
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Consider Gamaliels advice in Acts 534-39
  • He spoke to emphasize the possibility of the
    apostles preaching coming to nothing
  • We consider his words to emphasize that all mens
    works (including religious) eventually come to
    naught Mt 153, 6, 7-9, 12-13
  • Works must have Christs approval Mt 721-23

49
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 41-6
  • Pauls instructions maintain (preserve) the
    unity of the Spirit v. 3
  • God has provided things that are unique that
    help bring about this unity Ù one of which is
    the body, or the church v. 4 cp. 122-23

50
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 41-6
  • Through the centuries, man has come up with other
    bodies (churches)
  • Therefore, true unity cannot be preserved or
    maintained Ù upon what would men in these
    bodies be united?

51
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 310-11
  • The churchs task to make known the manifold
    wisdom of God v. 10
  • This has always been Gods eternal purpose for
    the church v. 11

52
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 310-11
  • The denominationalists perspective has the
    differing denominations collectively making up
    THE CHURCH cp. Mt 1331-32
  • If this is correct, such a CHURCH cannot
    accomplish Eph 310

53
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 310-11
  • If this is THE CHURCHthere would exist many
    conflicting viewsnamely, the doctrine of mans
    salvation
  • Which view would be taught? Which church
    within THE CHURCH would decide such?

54
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 411-16
  • The gifts (functions) God gave the church (cp.
    vv. 7-8) allows saints to be
  • equipped to work vv. 11-12a, 16a
  • edified, built up vv. 12b, 16b

55
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 411-16
  • The gifts (functions) God gave the church (cp.
    vv. 7-8) allows saints to be
  • unified in the faith v. 13a
  • grown up mature, no longer children vv.
    13b-15

56
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 411-16
  • The gifts (functions) God gave the church (cp.
    vv. 7-8) also were designed to prevent men from
    being tossed about by every wind of doctrine
    from men v. 14

RELIGIOUS CONFUSION
57
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Eph 411-16
  • Therefore, the multiplicity of man-made churches
    produce confusionnot the unity of the Spirit
    God hopes is maintained in the one body (THE
    CHURCH) revealed in the N.T.

58
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Jn 1720-21
  • The outline of the Lords prayer
  • He prays for Himself vv. 1-5
  • He prays for His apostles vv. 6-19
  • He prays for those the apostles will teach
    vv. 20-26

59
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Jn 1720-21
  • The Lords desire for all who come to believe is
    that they may all be one v. 21
  • Therefore, all of mans religious efforts should
    be to fulfill the Lords fervent desire expressed
    in His prayer

UNITY
60
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Jn 1720-21
  • The Lord was not discussing what is termed
    Ecumenical Unity Ù Unity In Diversity
  • The unity Jesus desired is stated in v. 21
  • The unity of the Father the Son Ù purpose
  • Cp. marriage Gen 224 Mt 195-6

61
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Jn 1720-21
  • The existence of all the man-made churches
    testifies that man has not sought to honor the
    desire of Jesus in His pre-crucifixion prayer
  • What is true of unity between Father Son should
    be true of all who claim to follow Christ

62
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • 1 Cor 110-13
  • Paul addresses sectarian attitudes within the
    Christians at Corinth v. 12
  • Based upon who had baptized them v. 13b
  • Not to say baptism is not important, but
    something Paul was glad he had not been a part of
    vv. 14-15

63
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • 1 Cor 110-13
  • Thus, unity was being threatened at Corinth
  • Christ is not divided (compartmentalized) v.
    13a
  • Is this not the view of mainstream, man-made
    denominationalisma compartmentalization of
    Christ into various religious bodies?

64
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • 1 Cor 110-13
  • Quarrels contentions are the opposite of unity
    v. 11
  • The solution speak the same thing v. 10
  • Division does not exist when we speak thus

65
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • 1 Cor 110-13
  • The solution speak the same thing v. 10
  • Members are to be perfectly joined together in
    the same mind, same judgment
  • Good Biblical illustration of found in Gen 111-9
  • Notice Gods acknowledgement vv. 1, 6-7

66
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Gal 16-9, 11-12
  • Paul marveled (was surprised) at what the
    Galatian Christians were doing v. 6
  • These disciples turned to a different gospel
    which in effect was not another gospel v. 7
  • Anything other than genuine truth a perversion

67
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Gal 16-9, 11-12
  • Even if an apostle or an angel (legion) came with
    something other than what was originally
    delivered, a curse (anathema) would be upon them
    vv. 8-9
  • Repeated for emphasis

68
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Passages to consider
  • Gal 16-9, 11-12
  • The gospel delivered by the apostles is not of
    men, but came to the Lords chosen servants
    through direct revelation vv. 11-12
  • To hear the apostles is to hear Christ even
    the Father Himself cp. Lk 1016

69
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Some Closing Thoughts
  • Unity wont just happen
  • Unity occurs only when people agree to believe
    and practice the same doctrine
  • For this to take place, 1 objective standard must
    be agreed toall other notions must be rejected
    out of hand without hesitation

70
  • Lesson 3 Ù True Unity In Christ
  • Some Closing Thoughts
  • May all humanity truly strive to honor the Lords
    desire uttered in His prayer Jn 1721
  • May all mankind endeavor to speak the same
    thingsbe of the same mind and the same judgment
    1 Cor 110 cp. Gen 111, 6-7

71
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Publishing Facts about the Bible
  • Greatest best-seller of all time
  • Translated into more languages than any other
    book ever written
  • The most discussed literary workfrom both a
    positive (accepted) negative (rejected)
    viewpoint

72
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Given such publishing facts, one would expect
    the vast majority of its owners readers to have
    a deep, reverential awe for it
  • However, that is not the case
  • Given how most Bible owners readers live
    morally and practice their religion, they
    actually show a lack of respect for the Book of
    books

73
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • How one views the Bible determines
  • what he is morally, socially, religiously
  • where he will spend his eternity
  • Man must realize the only way for any of us to
    know what God expects of us is for Him to tell
    us Ù the Bible is such a message

74
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • God has indeed told us His will for us Heb
    11-2 1 Cor 26-16 Eph 31-5
  • The theme of this lesson will be to prove the
    Bible to be Gods only book
  • It has no predecessor, successor Mt 1231-32
  • As His only message, it is authoritative

75
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Source Of The Bible
  • Before any discussion begins, all must agree with
    the premise The Bible Comes From God
  • Mans quest Ù find the book from God that
    will instruct him on how to live, worship, etc.
  • Two ways to accomplish this goal

76
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Source Of The Bible
  • Two ways to accomplish this goal
  • Read every book ever writteneliminate one by one
    all books determined not to be the book
  • Physically impossible
  • Divinely warned against such a mindset cp. Eccl
    1211-12

77
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Source Of The Bible
  • Two ways to accomplish this goal
  • Find the book that satisfies all demands for
    Divine authenticityreject all others
  • Very possiblevery do-able
  • The Bible claims to be that book cp.
    Jer 19 1 Thess 213 2 Tim 316-17

78
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A completely harmonious literary work
  • Authored by 1 Divine author
  • Penned by numerous divergent human penmen over
    a period of roughly 1,500 years
  • The only explanation is that the Scripture is of
    Divine origin, not human cp. 2 Pet 119-21

79
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A literary work containing fulfilled prophecies
  • Prophecies written in the O.T. hundreds of years
    before the events actually took place
  • Release of Jews from captivity by Cyrus, king of
    Persia Ù ca. 538 B.C.
  • Spoken of by Isaiah some 170 years before Cyrus
    even born Isa 4428

80
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A literary work containing fulfilled prophecies
  • Prophecies written in the O.T. hundreds of years
    before the events actually took place
  • Birth of the Messiah to a virgin in Bethlehem
  • Spoken of by prophets some 700 years before it
    happened Isa 714 Mic 51-5 cp. Mt 23-6

81
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A scientifically historically validated book
  • The Bible is not a science or history book
  • However, it continues to be a book that is
    validated or confirmed by discoveries
  • Not that the Bible needs provingrather, we keep
    seeing the Bible to have been correct all along

82
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A scientifically historically validated book
  • Examples of such accuracies in the Bible
  • The former world-wide paradigm that the Earth
    was flat Ù disproved by Magellan in 1519
  • What the Bible already said Isa 4022 Prov
    827

83
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A scientifically historically validated book
  • Examples of such accuracies in the Bible
  • The former belief that the Earth is held in its
    place on the back of a giant turtle, or on the
    back shoulders of the giant strongman Atlas
  • Sir Isaac Newton discovered gravity in 1664

84
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A scientifically historically validated book
  • Examples of such accuracies in the Bible
  • The Bible already had the answer Job 267
  • When we saw the Earth from outer space pictures,
    we were reminded again of the Bibles accuracy

85
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A scientifically historically validated book
  • Examples of such accuracies in the Bible
  • The British Museum expedition of 1929 confirmed a
    world-wide flood from centuries past
  • The Bible already stated this as fact Gen 6-8

86
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A scientifically historically validated book
  • Examples of such accuracies in the Bible
  • The most accurate dimensions of ship building
  • Once again, the Bible already knew Gen 615

87
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A scientifically historically validated book
  • Examples of such accuracies in the Bible
  • The existence of basic oceanographic lanes
  • Discovered charted by Matthew Fontaine
    Maury The Father Of Oceanography
  • Already known by the Bible Psa 88

88
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Nature Of The Bible
  • A scientifically historically validated book
  • Examples of such accuracies in the Bible
  • Many other examples could be cited
  • These prove the Bible possesses information man
    eventually discoversthus validating the
    Scripture

89
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Inerrancy Of The Bible
  • Inerrancy To be infallibly inherently
    correct to be free from error Webster
  • This connects the nature of God Himself with the
    nature of His word
  • A connection made by Heb 412-13
  • Our view of God must match our view of Him

90
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Inerrancy Of The Bible
  • What we know re Gods character Num 2319
    Titus 12 Heb 618
  • What we know re the source of Scripture 2 Tim
    316-17
  • Therefore, we know His word only contains
    truthit has no error or false information

91
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Durability Of The Bible
  • One of the Bibles most salient features is its
    indestructibleness
  • Most likely, no other literary work in history
    has had to endure as many determined attacks at
    being destroyed as has the Bible
  • Both literally as well as figuratively

92
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Durability Of The Bible
  • Attempts on the Bible
  • Biblical example Ù Jehoiakim Jer 36
  • Secular examples
  • Antiochus Epiphanes ca. 170 B.C.
  • Diocletian ca. 303
  • Roman Catholic popes

93
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • The Durability Of The Bible
  • Despite such attempts, the word of God will
    always endureman is unable to permanently
    destroy it cp. Mt 2435 1 Pet 123-25

94
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • Even though more than sufficient proof exists
    that the Bible is Gods only book, other books
    have arisen in history claiming to be from God
  • The only way to know their genuineness is to
    compare them to the Bible
  • If they say more than the Bible Ù too much

95
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • Even though more than sufficient proof exists
    that the Bible is Gods only book, other books
    have arisen in history claiming to be from God
  • The only way to know their genuineness is to
    compare them to the Bible
  • If they say less than the Bible Ù not enough

96
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • Even though more than sufficient proof exists
    that the Bible is Gods only book, other books
    have arisen in history claiming to be from God
  • The only way to know their genuineness is to
    compare them to the Bible
  • If they say same as the Bible Ù dont need them

97
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • The Book of Mormon
  • This book contradicts the Bible on many issues,
    and contains many errors
  • One of the most notable errors is its teaching
    on man and his sin
  • Book of Mormon Ù 2 Nephi 221
  • Bible Ù Ezek 181-3, 20 Rom 512

98
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • The Book of Mormon
  • Therefore, we conclude this book is not from
    God and is to be rejected as erroneous and
    fraudulent

99
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • The Koran
  • It, too, contradicts the Bible on several topics
  • Most notably, re the death of Jesus Christ
  • The Koran Ù 4157-159
  • The Bible Ù Lk 2333 Mk 1542-45 Jn
    1931-35
  • Therefore, we conclude this book is also a fraud
    and is to be rejected

100
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • The Watchtower Bible Tract Society
  • Publications of Jehovahs Witness
  • They contradict Biblical teachingmost notably,
    their teachings that deny the Godhead
  • The Bible teaches otherwise Gen 11-2, 26
    Jn 11-4, 14 824, 58 Micah 52 Acts
    53-4 Rom 120 Col 29

101
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • The Watchtower Bible Tract Society
  • They also have repeatedly made vain predictions
    re the end of the world
  • The Bible teaches otherwise Mk 1332
  • Therefore, these publications are not from God,
    and they must be also be rejected as fraudulent
    and erroneous

102
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Other Books Besides The Bible
  • The denominations mentioned in our previous study
    also have their creed books
  • They, too, are to be rejected because of beliefs
    held and statements made that contradict the
    Scripture

103
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104
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Some Closing Thoughts
  • Gods 1 message has been successfully delivered
    to His saints Jude 3
  • Man is not able to direct his own destinyhe
    needs God, His word Jer 1023
  • He is encouraged to consider all available paths
    and ask for the old paths Jer 616

105
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Some Closing Thoughts
  • It is foolish to desert what the apostles have
    delivered and take up with other doctrines
    which really arent Gods words Gal 16-9 31
  • God has always given His people the ability to
    know true teachers from false teachers Deut
    1814-22 1 Jn 41

106
  • Lesson 4 Ù The BibleThe Only Book
  • Some Closing Thoughts
  • David illustrates the disaster that results when
    we do not seek God after His due order
  • Davids error 2 Sam 61-11 1 Chron 152,
    11-15
  • Gods due order Ex 2510-15 Num 45, 15

107
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The BibleGods only Bookhas two different
    covenants showing how God has dealt with man
    through the ages
  • Defined, covenant An agreement between
    persons or parties
  • They can be social, political, economic, or
    religious

108
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • There may not be a greater contributor to
    religious confusion than in the failure to
    recognize the difference between covenants
  • Many erroneous religious practices exist because
    of this failure
  • Tithing, a priesthood, instrumental music,
    observing the Ten Commandments, etc.

109
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Some teach the 1st covenant never ended the 2nd
    covenant is simply a continuation
  • This clearly is not Biblical Heb 87, 13
  • Neither is it correct to just dismiss the 1st
    covenant because there is a 2nd one cp. Rom
    76-13 154 1 Cor 101-11 Heb 21-3

110
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The 2nd covenant makes more sure (strengthens)
    the prophetic writings of the 1st covenant 2
    Pet 116-21
  • Peter offers apostolic eye witness testimony
    re Jesus vv. 16-18
  • He also points back to the prophets v. 19
  • Writings we would do well to heed

111
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Origin, Confirmation, Violation
  • God desired a covenant with a people He
    considered His own Ex 37, 10 cp. Gen 172,
    6-7
  • A covenant that had conditions Ex 194-6
  • Application for 2nd covenant people 1 Pet
    24-10
  • The parties of this covenant were clearly
    identified Deut 52-4

112
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Origin, Confirmation, Violation
  • God had this covenant recorded in a book and
    ratified or confirmed Ex 243-7 Heb 918-21
  • Eventually, Israel broke this covenant Jer
    3132
  • She broke the covenant by not continuing in it
    she was disobedient Heb 89

113
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Purpose
  • To be a national religious law for Israel
  • It mandated proper civil moral treatment of
    their fellow man Ex 21-23
  • It regulated proper acceptable worship of
    Jehovah Ex 25-31 cp. 2510 3111

114
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Purpose
  • To make transgressions, sin evident Rom
    75-11 Gal 319
  • Sin was aroused, made known Rom 75, 7
  • Sin took opportunity through the commandment
    produced evil desire, deceived, and killed Rom
    78, 11
  • Law therefore added because of transgressions

115
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Purpose
  • To bring man to Christ so that he might be
    justified by his faith in Jesus Gal 324

116
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Forecast Of The New Covenant
  • 1st covenant given around 1445 B.C.
  • Some 900 years later, it stated God would make a
    new covenant unlike the old one Jer 3131-34
  • The old covenant would serve as a tutor or
    schoolmaster in pointing toward the new
    one Gal 319-25

117
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Forecast Of The New Covenant
  • Understanding this concept of a tutor Gal
    324
  • Word is paidagogos English Ù pedagogue
  • A common feature in ancient Greco-Roman
    well-to-do families who had minor children
  • This was a slave given charge of the minor
    children

118
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Forecast Of The New Covenant
  • Until minor children reached the age of maturity,
    they were under the supervision (care) of this
    slave
  • He enforced moral behavior, took them to school,
    etc.
  • When the child reached maturity, he no longer
    needed the paidagogoshe became free

119
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Forecast Of The New Covenant
  • The Old Testament Scriptures lead one to Christ
  • They make one wise for salvation ultimately
    found in Christ (the Seed) 2 Tim 215

120
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The Old Covenant
  • Its Forecast Of The New Covenant
  • When faith came, man is no longer under the
    tutor Gal 325
  • The Law had served its purposenot to justify,
    but to lead us to (point us toward) Christ
  • A distinction between the covenants Rom 81-4

121
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Origin
  • It did not come into force when the Seed came
  • The Seed lived under the 1st Covenant Mt
    517-18
  • The 1st Covenant would not be destroyed or set
    aside by the Seedrather, He came to fulfill

122
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Origin
  • The 1st Covenant was ultimately fulfilled when it
    was nailed to the cross Col 214
  • This death also ratified (sealed) the 2nd
    Covenant Heb 911-18
  • Sins committed under the 1st Covenant were taken
    care of retroactively Anticipatory
    Forgiveness

123
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Origin
  • The 2nd Covenant came into force on the first Day
    of Pentecost following the crucifixion of Christ
    50 days after Passover Feast of Weeks
    Acts 1-2 cp. Lev 2315
  • NOTE The church of Acts 247 is the house in
    2 Sam 712-13, 16 cp. 1 Tim 315 1 Pet
    24-6

124
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Relation To The Old Covenant
  • 9 of the 10 Commandments from the 1st Covenant
    are repeated in the 2nd Covenant, either verbatim
    or in principle
  • Examples
  • Adultery Ex 2014 1 Cor 69 Gal 519
  • Honor parents Ex 2012 Eph 62-3

125
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Relation To The Old Covenant
  • 9 of the 10 Commandments from the 1st Covenant
    are repeated in the 2nd Covenant, either verbatim
    or in principle
  • This teaches us God has not changed how He feels
    about moral issues cp. Heb 138 Jas 117

126
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Relation To The Old Covenant
  • The only 1 of the 10 Commandments from the
    1st Covenant not repeated in the 2nd Covenant
    pertains to acceptable worship Ex 208-11
  • God has ordained a different day of worship under
    the gospel of Christ cp. Acts 21 207
    1 Cor 161-2

127
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Superior Features
  • A greater emphasis Heb 810 cp. 2 Cor 32-3
  • A more internalized covenant
  • Written on human hearts, not tablets of stone
  • When we live out the 2nd Covenant, we become
    living epistles read by all

128
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Superior Features
  • A greater emphasis Heb 810 cp. 2 Cor 32-3
  • This does not mean the 1st Covenant was not to be
    internalized cp. Deut 65 Lev 1918
  • The emphasis is the 2nd Covenant is easier to
    internalize than the 1st Covenant

129
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Superior Features
  • A greater emphasis Heb 810 cp. 2 Cor 32-3
  • Other Biblical passages emphasizing this contrast
    between the letter the Spirit 2 Cor
    36-7 Jer 3131-33 Rom 228-29 76

130
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Superior Features
  • More informed participants Heb 811
  • 1st Covenant participants still had to be taught
    to know the Lord cp. Gen 179-12
  • Even when in covenant with God, they did not
    know about their freedom Deut 66-7, 20-23

131
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Superior Features
  • More informed participants Heb 811
  • 2nd Covenant participants will not have to be
    taught to know the Lord cp. Jn 644-45
  • Such knowledge about God, freedom comes before
    entering the covenant Jn 831-32

132
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Superior Features
  • Better privileges Heb 812 101-4
  • 1st Covenant participants had an annual
    reminder their sins
  • They had to wait on Christ, His D/B/R before they
    could be completely forgiven of their sins Heb
    911-15

133
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • The New Covenant
  • Its Superior Features
  • Better privileges Heb 812
  • 2nd Covenant participants enjoy total pardon
    before they enter into covenant with God
  • Their iniquities and sins are remembered no
    more because of the superior blood of Christ

134
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • 2 Cor 32-14
  • Notice the terms of identification

1st Covenant
2nd Covenant
- Letter - Ministry of Death -
Ministry of Condemnation
- Spirit - Ministry of the Spirit -
Ministry of Righteousness
135
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • 2 Cor 32-14
  • The 2 covenants are compared on various criteria
  • Upon what they were written v. 3
  • 1st Covenant on tablets of stone 2nd Covenant on
    human hearts
  • Their purpose v. 6
  • 1st Covenant kills 2nd Covenant gives life

136
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • 2 Cor 32-14
  • The 2 covenants are compared on various criteria
  • Their shades of glory vv. 7-11, 13
  • 1st Covenant had glory seen in Moses face
    after he communed with Godit eventually faded
    2nd Covenant has more glorya surpassing
    glory found only in Christ

137
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • Gal 31-2, 10-29
  • Receiving the Spirit will not come through
    works of the Law, but only through the hearing
    of faith v. 2
  • Attempting to gain salvation, justification
    through a Law system only brings a cursethe
    curse of perfection vv. 10-14

138
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • Gal 31-2, 10-29
  • The promise of salvation actually precedes the
    Law given through Moses vv. 16-18
  • This promise was eventually realized when the
    Seed came, or when faith came vv. 19-23a
  • Until such a time, the Law was a tutor to lead
    us to Christ vv. 23b-29

139
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • Gal 421-31
  • Paul uses an inspired allegory to illustrate
    the danger of the Galatians heeding Judaizing
    teachers
  • Centers around the 2 sons of Abraham Gen 16, 21
  • One according to the flesh v. 23a
  • The other through the promise v. 23b

140
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • Gal 421-31
  • Hagar bondwomanMt. Sinaipresent
    Jerusalem Ù The Law (1st Covenant) vv. 22,
    25
  • Sarah freewomanJerusalem above Ù The
    Gospel (2nd Covenant) vv. 22, 26
  • Christians are like Isaacchildren of
    promise v. 28

141
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • Gal 421-31
  • Sarah gave instructions re Ishmael when he began
    to persecute Isaac vv. 29-30 cp. Gen 219-13
  • Paul then applies this statement Cast out the
    bondwoman to the Galatians re the doctrine the
    Judaizing teachers were presenting v. 31

142
  • Lesson 5 Ù The Old New Covenants
  • Passages That Address The 2 Covenants
  • Eph 214-16
  • Paul discusses peace re Gentiles Jews
  • Gentiles were once
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