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Overview of Terrorism Understanding Terrorism

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Title: Overview of Terrorism Understanding Terrorism


1
Overview of TerrorismUnderstanding Terrorism
  • 10th Annual
  • Emergency Management Conference
  • San Juan, PR
  • May 22, 2000
  • Dr. George Buck
  • University of South Florida

2
Definition of Terrorism
  • Terrorism actually comes from the Latin Word
    Fear
  • The Unlawful Use of Force Against Persons or
    Property to Intimidate or Coerce a Government,
    the Civilian Population, or Segment Thereof, in
    the Furtherance of Political or Social
    Objectives.(Source FBI)

3
Definition of Terrorism
  • However the Media defines Terrorism for the
    days news events

4
Paradigm
  • New Yorks World Trade Center Bombed
  • Middle Eastern Terrorist.

5
Paradigm
  • Oklahoma City Bombing
  • Middle Eastern Man detained
  • However, the boy next door did it

6
Paradigm
  • Tokyo Subway PARADIGM BROKEN
  • The Harbor Incident (United States)
  • Chemical Attack

7
Terrorism Priorities
  • The priories in the United States relating to
    the threats of Terrorism is Domestic in nature.
  • August 7, 1998
  • 330 am Eastern Time

8
Terrorism Priorities
  • The priories in the United States relating to
    the threats of Terrorism is International in
    nature.
  • August 7, 1998
  • 340 am Eastern Time

9
Terrorism Priorities
  • Today
  • Biological
  • Conventional Weapons
  • Dirty Bombs

10
The Terrorist and their Thinking
11
Two Types of Groups
  • Domestic/
  • National
  • International

12
Domestic Terrorism
  • Its Roots

13
The Birth of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
  • June 9, 1866
  • Started as a Social Organization by General
    Nathan Bedford
  • All of the founding members were college educated

14
Domestic Terrorism
  • Groups believe that the time has come to arm
    themselves in defense of their liberties.

15
Domestic Terrorism(National)
  • Terroristic activities of groups or individuals
    directed at elements or the U.S. Government or
    population without foreign direction

16
Domestic Terrorism
  • The time has come to arm ourselves.
  • The Declaration of Independence itself says that
    whenever any form of government becomes
    destructive of these ends life, liberty, and the
    pursuit of happiness,

17
Domestic Terrorism
  • It is the Right of the People to alter or
    abolish it.
  • Thomas Jefferson advised that the tree of
    liberty must be watered periodically with the
    blood of patriots and tyrants.

18
Domestic Terrorism
  • Timothy McVeighs favorite T-shirt

19
National Terrorism, Its Thinking
  • National - Who Wrote the Constitution, Before
    1866?

20
The Social Contract
  • The Declaration of Independence was the Promise
    the Constitution was the fulfillment.
  • 1866 the fulfillment and promise was broken.

21
Armed Forces of National Liberation.
  • The FALN has claimed responsibility for numerous
    bombings in the United States its 1975 bombing
    of Fraunces Tavern in New York killed four and
    injured 63.
  • Attacked U.S. government targets
  • in Puerto Rico.

22
National and International Join Forces
23
International Terrorism
  • War by Proxy

24
International Terrorism
International - Disrupt Daily.
  • War by Nations (States)
  • or
  • Causes

25
Terrorist Motives
  • Ethnic Cleansing
  • Damage Infrastructure
  • Disrupt Normal Life
  • Direct Kill of an Enemy

26
Terrorist Motives
  • Undermine Confidence In Government
  • - Requires Media Coverage
  • - Should effect as many people as possible
  • - Must last long enough to overwhelm (NYC)
  • Local resources
  • Media audience
  • - Usually directed towards injury fatality
    (International Terrorist)

27
Target Selection
  • Based on
  • Motive
  • Type of Device Available
  • Type of Deployment Method Available

28
Thinking Outside the Box
  • They ARE!!

29
Types of Terrorist Incidents
  • Four Primary Types for
  • Emergency Services

30
Terrorist Incidents
  • Explosives and Arson
  • Nuclear Materials
  • Biological Agents
  • Chemical Agents

31
Explosives and Arson
  • 70 of Attacks Worldwide
  • Maximizes Property Damage
  • Target Individuals (Letter or Package Bombs)
  • Destroy Building, Aircraft, Monuments, etc..
  • Large Devices, Truck or Car Bombs

32
Operational Procedures for Terrorist Incidents
  • FACTORS FOR PREPARING
  • Common Weapons
  • Stand-off Weapons
  • Super Terrorism

33
Operational Changes
  • Emergency Services strategic thinker must be
    willing to think the unthinkable so that
    appropriate responses may be conceived.
  • Do not overstate the threat.

34
Terrorist Units and CellsA Functional Approach
35
Government Response to TerrorismA Functional
Approach
36
Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • Terrorist Targets and their Weapons

37
Common Weapons
  • Fertilizer Bombs
  • Dynamite
  • Semtex
  • Automatic and Semi-automatic and Pistols remain
    the weapons of choice.

38
Stand-Off Weapons
  • American Stinger
  • Russian SA-7 Hand-Held Anti-Aircraft missiles
  • US Army Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW)
  • Russian RPG-7 Anti-Tank Weapon
  • And Increasing Bombing Technologies.

39
Where is Terrorism Going?
  • The CYBER World

40
ARE YOU READY??
41
HE IS!!!!!!!!!
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