Terrorism in the Modern World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Terrorism in the Modern World PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 755358-M2QxY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Terrorism in the Modern World

Description:

Terrorism in the Modern World Roots of Hate – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:49
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: jly75
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Terrorism in the Modern World


1
Terrorism in the Modern World
  • Roots of Hate

2
Terrorism
  • Terrorism in the modern world revolves around
    fundamentalist Islam
  • To understand the issues, it is important to look
    at Islam as a religion first.

3
Islam
  • World religion began by a prophet named Mohammed
    in the 7th century.
  • A Muslim is a follower of Islam
  • Nearly 1 in 7 people in the world are Muslims and
    Islam is the fastest growing religion in the
    world
  • Principles include peace and respect

4
Islam Religion by Continents
5
A Split in Islam
  • Islam has two divisions (Sunni, Shia)
  • The split was over leadership of the religion
    after the death of Mohammed
  • Today Sunnis are the larger group and tension
    continues between the groups (Iraq Sunni 30,
    Shia 65)
  • Recently, sub-groups in both the Sunni and Shia
    sects have become more radical and violent
    (Al-Qaeda-Sunni)

6
Shia Blue, Sunni Green
7
Roots of hate in the Middle East
  • Two major issues have sparked anger in many
    Middle Easterners, these are old issues that have
    come to a head in recent times
  • 1. The nation of Israel
  • 2. Oil Issues/ Western Influence

8
(No Transcript)
9
Israel
  • A Jewish nation est. in 1948 after WWII.
  • Created out of an Arab territory called Palestine
  • Much has been debated over the ownership of this
    holy land, which has led to a number of wars
    between Israel and its Arab neighbors
  • America has financially and militarily supported
    Israel from the 1940s through today, making many
    Muslims upset with the US.

10
(No Transcript)
11
Western Influence
  • The valuable resource of oil was discovered in
    massive amount in the 1920s
  • Many western companies began building trade
    relations.
  • Many, Muslims began to fear changes in their
    culture and customs

12
(No Transcript)
13
Oil Interests
14
Oil Interests
  • Recently, radical Muslims have begun to preach
    that their lands and people are being poisoned
    by western ideas and customs
  • Many radicals became militaristic towards
    preserving Islam and radical organizations began
    to form in nations around the world

15
Western/Arab Relations
  • http//www.npr.org/news/specials/mideast/the_west/

16
(No Transcript)
17
Al-Qaeda
  • -Organization originate during Soviet Invasion of
    Afghanistan
  • Goals
  • 1.To fight a holy war against infidels in
    Muslim areas
  • 2.Remove governments that do not follow forms
    of extreme Islam (Wahhabism)

18
Soviet Afghan War1979-1989
  • A communist government emerges in the late 70s
  • The Mujahedeen is a group of armed militants who
    oppose the communist government
  • The communists call on the Soviets for help and
    the Soviets respond by invading Afghanistan and
    fighting the Mujahedeen
  • This is an opportunity for Islamic
    Fundamentalists to fight a jihad in Afghanistan

19
  • This creates an opportunity for Bin Laden to
    become involved in this jihad and fight alongside
    the Mujahedeen
  • The United States supports the Mujahedeen by
    providing weapons, training, and even leading
    some operations
  • Soviets realize they will not win, begin
    withdrawal in 1989
  • Fundamentalists view this as a huge victory

20
  • Various warlords fight for power after communists
    are defeated
  • A new group is emerging around 1994, the Taliban
  • Controls Afghanistan from 1996-2001

21
Al-Qaeda
  • Bin Laden and other Mujahedeen veterans began
    constructing training camps throughout the Muslim
    world to fight in future jihads

22
Al-Qaeda
  • Al Qaeda is formed in Pakistan in 1996.
  • Training camps are set up in Afghanistan.
  • Members of Al-Qaeda have been trained in
  • Weapons and explosives
  • Sabotage and assassination techniques
  • Torture and interrogation

23
Taliban in Pakistan
  • http//www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id2534933nta
    gcontentMaincontentBody
  • March 9, 2007 604 AM
  • http//www.cnn.com/video//video/world/2009/02/03/
    sayah.pakistan.taliban.buses.cnn?irefvideosearch
  • 2-6-09 date shown on CNN

24
(No Transcript)
25
Inside 9/11 (Overview)(National Geographic
video)
  • Traces the time line that led up to the deadly
    attacks, spanning decades and circling the globe
    to lay bare the roots of al Qaeda.
  • Capturing the horror and heroism witnessed on
    September 11, 2001, "Inside 9/11" takes viewers
    into the last moments of those who died and the
    thousands of others who survived
About PowerShow.com