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Women in the Scriptures The Hebrew Bible, The New Testament, and The Quran


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Title: Women in the Scriptures The Hebrew Bible, The New Testament, and The Quran

Women in the ScripturesThe Hebrew Bible, The New
Testament, and The Quran
  • Gina Belmonte
  • Taylor Chaput
  • Katrina Gould
  • Lindsay Smith

Women in the Hebrew Bible
  • Ruth 116-18 211-13 413-17
  • Esther 216-17 35-6 47-9 422-30 83-12
  • Judges 4--5
  • Numbers 2659
  • Exodus 1520-21

Roles in the Hebrew Bible
  • Women were portrayed in various ways- victims,
    sinners, and leaders
  • wives and mothers/center of household
  • not the social or economic equals of men
  • They could engage in business and trade (Proverbs
  • women of highest status within the Tanakh were
    religious married mothers, especially mothers of
    sons ,
  • i.e. prophetess Deborah was both married and a
  • Women could own property, and collect inheritance
    if there were no sons

Influential Women in the HB
  • Eve, wife of Adam original female sinner
  • Sarah, wife of Abraham patriarch passed her off
    as his sister, allowing local rulers to lie with
    her. At age 90, God told her she would become
    pregnant and she bore Isaac
  • Rebekah, wife of Isaac and mother of Esau and
    Jacob she conspired with her younger son Jacob
    to steal his older brother's blessing. Jacob
    later became Israel.
  • Tamar, sister-in-law to Judah After the death of
    her first two husbands, she seduced Judah in the
    guise of a prostitute and bore his child.
    According to the new testament, this began the
    line that leads through King David to Jesus.
  • Miriam, sister of Moses defied the Egyptian law
    (requiring the death of all male Hebrew children)
    and watched infant float Moses down the Nile for
    pharaoh's daughter to find.

Influential Women in the HB
  • Delilah The Philistine wife of Samson. Tricked
    him into revealing the secret of his power and
    then betrayed him to her countrymen.
  • Deborah judge and prophetess.
  • Ruth of The Book of Ruth. Moabite woman who
    married Elimelech and converted to Judaism great
    grandmother of David
  • Bathsheba married King David, mother of
  • Judith seduced the tyrant Holofernes and then
    killed him in his tent as he slept.

  • 7 of the 55 prophets of the Bible were women
  • Sarah (Gen 1129 - 2320)
  • Miriam (Ex. 1520-21 Num. 121-1215, 201)
  • Deborah (Judges 41 - 531)
  • Hannah (1 Sam 11 - 221)
  • Abigail (1 Sam 251 - 2542)
  • Huldah (2 Kings 2214-20)
  • Esther (The book of Esther)

  • 2512-25
  • discusses women and portrays them as wicked
  • 261-18
  • Summarizes the virtues of women, and how they
    should support their families

Women in the New Testament
  • Luke 139-66 736-50 1038-42
  • John 44-26

Roles in the New Testament
  • Women are mentioned in all the gospels, but
    especially in Luke
  • Women are presented as wives, mothers, and
  • The earliest and most devout followers of Jesus
    (Luke 81-3)
  • Often excluded from religious discussion until
    the arrival of Jesus (John 427)
  • Husbands and wives worked as missionary teams
    (Romans 161-15)
  • Teachings were directed towards Brothers and

Influential Women in the NT
  • Elizabeth Zechariahs wife, mother of John the
  • Herodias wife of Herod, persuaded her daughter
    to ask for John the Baptist's head
  • Mary wife of Joseph, virgin mother of Jesus
  • Mary Magdalene disciple of Jesus, first to hear
    of Jesus resurrection
  • Martha sister of Mary and Lazarus, disciple of
  • Numerous unnamed women, important in parables and
    conversion stories. (John 44-42, Luke 1038-42,
    John 111-44)

  • 126-38
  • The announcement of the conception of Jesus.
  • 736-50
  • Forgiveness of the adulterous woman.
  • 211-4
  • Contribution of the poor widow.
  • 2326-31
  • Jesus talks to women on the way to his

Women in the Qur'an
  • 335-37, 42-51
  • 1916-29
  • 2191
  • 612
  • 3328-34, 50-55
  • 3335

Roles of Women in the Qur'an
  • Islam states that men and women are equal
  • In many ayahs the revelations are directed to
    both men and women (Surah 3335)
  • What truly matters in Islamic morality, is not
    whether someone is male or female, but whether or
    not he or she is a believer who fears and
    respects Allah (Surah 971, 4124)
  • Valued as mothers and wives
  • The Qur'an makes provisions for the physical and
    financial well-being of women (Surah 2236, 2240)

Influential Women in the Qur'an
  • Maryam (Mary mother of Jesus) is the only woman
    named in the entire Qur'an.
  • However, there are numerous unnamed women
    mentioned such as the pharaohs wife, faithful
    women and the wives of the prophet

Surah 4
  • 19-25The treatment of wives, and proper
  • 32 Fair treatment of women
  • 34 Roles of husbands in regard to wives and
    their loyalty

Major Women Characters in the Hebrew Bible, New
Testament and Quran
HB Miriam
  • Older sister of Moses and Aaron
  • Prophetess- she foresaw Moses birth as bringing
    about redemption for the Israelites
  • Responsible for well-being throughout the Exodus
  • Died before reaching the Promised Land
  • Miriam is considered one of the liberators of the
    Children of Israel, along with her brothers Moses
    and Aaron.
  • Ex 21, 1520-21, Numbers 121-15, 201

NT Mary, mother of Jesus
  • Known commonly as Mary of Nazareth
  • Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary.
    Of her was born Jesus, who is called the
    Messiah. (Matthew 116)
  • Chosen by God to bear His son because of her
    great faith and virtue.
  • Was a virgin and gave birth to Christ,
  • the Messiah.
  • Present at Jesus first miracle, crucifixion,
  • and resurrection.
  • Important saint often prayed for intercession.
  • Believed to have been assumed into Heaven,
  • body and soul.
  • Has made many apparitions on Earth, important to
    many Christians.

NT Mary Magdalene
  • Mary derived from Miriam, sister of Moses
  • Jesus cured her of seven demons and she followed
    him from one town to another as he preached.
  • Present at the crucifixion of Christ
  • In all of the four gospels, Mary Magdalene is
    present at the resurrection of Jesus, one of the
    first to learn about his resurrection

Quran Maryam (Mary mother of Jesus)
  • Mary, mother of Christ (335-37, 42-47, 19
  • Mary is the only woman named in the Quran
  • Virgin conception and role as mother of the
    Messiah recognized in the Quran
  • Chosen by and obedient to Allah
  • There are some references to Elizabeth, cousin of
    Mary, wife of Zachariah, though she is never
    named (337-41, 191-15)
  • Numerous ayahs mention the wives of the prophet
    and how they should behave (3328-34) more on
    wives. . .

Compare and contrast
  • Rosh Codesh-
  • Women are wives and mothers in all three books,
    but they are more independent in the New
    Testament and not even named in the Quran.
  • Mary MiriamMaryam , HB, OT, Quran
  • Angel Gabriels Appearances
  • Purim and Esther
  • Female Saints and Apparitions of the Virgin Mary

Worksheet Questions
  • 1) Compare and contrast how Mary, mother of
    Jesus, is portrayed, mentioned, or alluded to in
    the scriptures of each religion (as usual, cite
    specific scriptural references)
  • Judaism
  • Christianity
  • Islam
  • 2) Based on the assigned readings, pick another
    female character from each religion (other than
    Mary, Mother of Jesus) and describe her role in
    that passage (again, please cite specific
  • Judaism
  • Christianity
  • Islam
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