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Old Testament Introduction

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... Hebrew Canon Dead Sea Scrolls Biblical Texts Pesharim Sectarian Texts Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha Hebrew Canon New Testament Most ... Introduction to Minor ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Old Testament Introduction


1
Old Testament Introduction
  • Canon
  • Text

2
  • What is
  • the Old Testament?

3
Canon Cannon?
4
Hebrew Canon
5
Canon Chart
JUDAISM JUDAISM JUDAISM
Law Prophets Writings
Genesis Joshua Psalms
Exodus Judges Proverbs
Leviticus Samuel Job
Numbers Kings Song of Songs
Deuteronomy The Twelve Ruth
Isaiah Lamentations
Jeremiah Ecclesiastes
Ezekiel Esther
Daniel Ezra-Nehemiah
Chronicles
6
Hebrew Canon
7
Hebrew Canon
  • Josiah2 Kings 22
  • Book of the Law
  • Exile

8
Hebrew Canon
  • EzraAuthoritative Torah!
  • Judaism

9
Hebrew Canon
  • Dead Sea Scrolls

10
Hebrew Canon
  • Dead Sea Scrolls
  • Biblical Texts
  • Pesharim
  • Sectarian Texts
  • Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha

11
Hebrew Canon
  • New Testament
  • Most quoted OT book?
  • Non-biblical book quoted?

12
Hebrew Canon
  • Early Judaism
  • Main debate?
  • 22 or 24 book canon?
  • Early Church
  • Jerome
  • Augustine

13
Hebrew Canon
39 Books (Today order)   228, 24 (Josephus, 22, Jerome accounting 24)  
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers Deuteronomy 5 Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy 5
Joshua, Judges, I Samuel, II Samuel, I Kings, II Kings 6 Joshua, Judges, Samuel (I II), Kings (I II) 4
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi 15 Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, the 12 Minor Prophets 4
Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, I Chronicles, II Chronicles 13 Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles (I II) 11
Total Books 39   24
14
Canon Chart
15
  • Scripture isnt Scripture until
  • Someone says it is!

16
(No Transcript)
17
(No Transcript)
18
Text and Language of the Old Testament
19
Text and Language
  • Masoretic TextHebrew

20
Text and Language
  • Aramaic
  • ?????? or ???????

21
Text and Language
  • GreekSeptuagint

22
Development of OT Text
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