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An Introduction to Endangered Animals

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From the U.S. World Wildlife Fund website 'Pennies for the Planet' ... Defenders of Wildlife. 3 April 2003 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Introduction to Endangered Animals


1
An Introduction to Endangered Animals
Self Check
ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
Your Help
2
Endangered Species Act
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed in
1973 to protect both plant and animal species
that are at risk for becoming extinct. Species
are protected under the ESA are classified as
"Endangered" or "Threatened," depending on how
many are left in the wild and how bad their
survival is threatened. An Endangered species is
one that is in danger of becoming extinct in
large portion of the areas where it lives.
Threatened species are those that are likely to
become Endangered in the foreseeable future.
Self Check
ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
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3
Listing Species
For a species to be put on the ESAs list, the US
Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has a few steps
it needs to follow. 1. When a species is
proposed to be listed as Threatened or
Endangered, the FWS announces the proposal in the
Federal Register, a publication of the US
government. 2. The public then comments on the
proposal for a certain period of time and lets
the FWS know whether they agree or disagree with
the proposal. 3. Finally, the FWS decides
whether to approve, revise or withdraw the
proposal. This same process is used when it is
proposed that a species be taken off the list
(delisting) or reclassified. A species is
proposed for delisting when it appears to have
recovered enough to no longer need protection
under the ESA. A species is proposed for
reclassification if the status of the species
worsens or if it improves. The process of
listing, delisting or reclassifying a species can
take a year or longer.
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ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
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4
Number of Endangered Animals
As of May 31, 2000, there were 1051 animal
species that were protected by the Endangered
Species Act. 368 animals are listed as Endangered
in the US and 518 are listed as Endangered in
other countries. In addition, 128 animals are
Threatened in the United States and 37 in foreign
countries.
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ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
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5
Some Endangered Animals in the United States
American Crocodile
Black-Footed Ferret
Florida Panther
Manatee
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6
Some Endangered Animals Outside the U.S.
Rhinoceros (Africa and Asia)
Giant Panda (Asia)
Armadillo (South America)
Tasmanian Forester Kangaroo (Australia)
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Animals
Bald Eagle
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7
The Bald Eagle
The bald eagle became our national symbol in
1782. However, during the 19th and 20th
centuries, they were shot as pests or threats to
livestock and as America's wilderness
disappeared, so did their habitat. Dangerous
pesticides (DDT) that were being sprayed after
World War II decreased the eagle populations even
more. Then, in 1967, bald eagles became a
protected species under the Endangered Species
Preservation Act, which came before the ESA.
Citizens became worried about the extinction and
made efforts in conservation. In 1972, most uses
of DDT were banned. This was followed by efforts
to protect habitats and reintroduce the birds
throughout their former areas. Finally, in July
of 1995, the bald eagle was officially
reclassified from Endangered to Threatened status
throughout the nation.
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ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
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8
What Can You Do?
The bald eagle is proof that conservation efforts
work and that we really can save species,
habitats, and ecosystems if we have the will.
From the U.S. World Wildlife Fund website
Pennies for the Planet 5 Ways Kids Can Help
Save The World (which means saving animal
habitats) Collecting Cans Bear Cub Scouts from
Pack 168 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, raised 35
for Pennies by collecting aluminum cans. For
six months, the pack collected, rinsed out,
stomped, and recycled a total of 2,040 cans. In
the process of keeping the cans from being added
to a trash heap, the 8-year-olds also benefited
from a tour of the recycling center and learned
how the raw materials salvaged from the recycling
process were used. Passing on Presents Twins
Abigail and Emily of Hamden, Connecticut, asked
guests at their seventh birthday party to
contribute half of what they would have spent on
gifts to the Pennies campaign. By making a
small sacrifice, Abigail and Emily were able to
make a big contribution--a check for 200.
Festival of Fun(draising) Martha, a third grader
from Candia, New Hampshire, put together a Ranger
Festival with crafts, games, and raffles. She
created a sign that said, Welcome to Marthas
Ranger Festival! You can visit Asia, Africa, and
North America. Dont forget to get your passport
stamped. Through her festival, Martha raised
151.85. Puppets for Pennies First graders at
the Floral Street Elementary School in
Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, created origami snap
puppets and finger puppets that represented
animals in the featured Pennies ecoregions.
Combined with pennies brought in by classmates
and money earned from a bake sale, the
first-grade puppeteers raised 522.50. A-Plus
Project For her eighth-grade project, Elizabeth,
from Portland, Oregon, coordinated a fundraising
dinner with proceeds going to the Pennies
ecoregions. With attendance of 58 people, she
raised more than 1,000!
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ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
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9
Self-Check
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was passed in
1975 to protect only animal species that are at
risk for becoming extinct.
True
False
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Bald Eagle
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10
Self-Check
CORRECT! The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was
actually passed in 1973 and protects both plant
and animal species that are at risk for becoming
extinct.
Self Check
ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
Your Help
11
Self-Check
There are over 1000 animal species protected by
the Endangered Species Act.
True
False
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ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
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12
Self-Check
CORRECT! As of May 31, 2000, there were 1051
animal species that were protected by the
Endangered Species Act.
Self Check
ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
Your Help
13
Self-Check
Self-Check
The Rhinoceros and the Giant Panda are both
listed as Endangered animals in the continent of
Asia.
True
False
Self Check
ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
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14
Self-Check
CORRECT! The Rhinoceros is listed as Endangered
in both Africa and Asia and the Giant Panda is
Endangered in Asia.
Self Check
ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
Your Help
15
Self-Check
The bald eagle is proof that conservation efforts
work and that we can save species, habitats, and
ecosystems. Even the youngest of people can make
a difference by doing something as small as
saving money, cleaning up their community, or
participating in the WWF Pennies for the Planet.
True
False
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ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
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16
Self-Check
CORRECT! Everyone can make a difference!!!! Penni
es fot the Planet is World Wildlife Fund's
annual program for kids, designed to educate
about biodiversity and conservation. Each year,
the program focuses on a few global areas in need
of special attention. All contributions go
directly to support projects that protect the
habitats and species living in those areas.
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ESA
Animals
Bald Eagle
Your Help
17
Bibliography
Sources I used to complete this activity
AMNH Expedition Endangered! 1996. The
American Museum of Natural History.
3 April 2003
lthttp//www.amnh.org/nationalcenter/Endangered/ind
ex.htmlgt. Pennies for the Planet 2002-2003.
2003. World Wildlife Fund. 3 April 2003
lthttp//www.worldwildlife.org/windows/penniesgt.
Protection of Endangered Species. 2001.
Defenders of Wildlife. 3 April 2003
lthttp//www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/esa.htmlgt.
Kids' Planet ESPECIES Animal Fact Sheets.
2001. Defenders of Wildlife. 3 April 2003 lt
http//www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/map.htmlgt.
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Bald Eagle
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18
References
Sources that students can use
Kids Planet. 2003. Defenders of Wildlife. 3
April 2003 lthttp//www.kidsplanet.orggt. Reference
Resources Endangered Animals. 2002. Linda
Guterba. 3 April 2003 lthttp//www.kidinfo.com/s
cience/Endangered_animals.htmlgt. Endangered
Species Information. 2003. U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service. 3 April 2003
lthttp//endangered.fws.gov/wildlife.htmlgt. Wexo,
John Bonnett, et al. Endangered Animals.
California Zoobooks/Wildlife Education,
2001. Wright, Alexandra. Will We Miss Them?
Endangered Species. Massachusetts
Charlesbridge Publishing, 1993. National
Wildlife Federation. Endangered Species Wild
and Rare. Ontario McGraw-Hill Trade, 1997.
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