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Title: Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association BRIEF (U) 3 October 2008 UNCLASSIFIED BRIEFING


1
Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association BRIEF
(U)3 October 2008UNCLASSIFIED BRIEFING

2
Objectives (U)
  • USCENTCOM mission and recent contributions
  • Contributions of the Coalition Coordination
    Center
  • Four specialized teams impacting Afghanistan
    solution set

3
CENTCOM Mission (U)
With national and international partners, U.S.
Central Command promotes cooperation among
nations, responds to crises, deters or defeats
state and non-state aggression, and supports
development and, when necessary, reconstruction
in order to establish the conditions for regional
security, stability, and prosperity.
4
Command Relationships (U)
President of the United States
Secretary of Defense
USCENTCOM
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
ARCENT
MARCENT
NAVCENT
AFCENT
SOCCENT
NATO-ISAF
CSTC-A Afghanistan
MNF-I Iraq
CJTF-101 Afghanistan
MNC-I
MNSTC-I
5
CENTCOM Theater Strategy June 2008 (U)
  • Vision
  • A region where nations recognize that improved
    security leads to increased stability.
    Cooperation between regional and international
    partners will help to isolate, counter, deter, or
    defeat state and non-state actors who use
    violence in pursuit of their goals. Disruptive
    impacts of friction caused by religious,
    political and social diversity can be minimized
    through cooperation. The potential increased
    economic opportunities, political freedoms, and
    social welfare, of mutual benefit to all parties,
    will help strengthen regional ties.
  • Objectives
  • Promote common interests in order to enhance
  • stability
  • Defeat Violent Extremist Organizations (VEOs)
  • Counter the proliferation, acquisition and use
    of WMD
  • Assist in setting the conditions that will
    enable
  • economic development and prosperity
  • Prepare US and partner forces to respond to
  • emerging challenges

United States Central Command Theater Strategy
11 June 2008
6
CENTCOM Area of Responsibility (U)
  • Imperatives
  • Establish security conditions that fosters
    regional stability
  • Ensure the free flow of strategic resource
  • Support USG initiatives to advance principled,
    pragmatic governance
  • Work with Allies and partners in pursuit of
    common interests

AOR Sub-Regions
UZBEKISTAN
KAZAKHSTAN
TURKMENISTAN
KYRGYZSTAN
LEBANON
TAJIKISTAN
AFGHANISTAN
JORDAN
PAKISTAN
EGYPT
U.A.E.
Levant AFRICOM - Horn of Africa Arabian
Peninsula Central and South Asia Choke Point
SUDAN
ETHIOPIA
DJIBOUTI
ERITREA
KENYA
SOMALIA
7
Major Focus Areas (U)
Expand stability, self governance, development
and security in Iraq.
Set conditions for security and strengthen
governance in Afghanistan.
Counter the proliferation of WMD.
Posture the force to build and sustain joint and
combined warfighting capabilities and readiness.
Strengthen relationships and influence
organizations and states to contribute to
regional stability and the free flow of global
commerce.
Degrade violent extremist networks, operations,
and sanctuaries with defeating al-Qaeda the
priority.

8
Theater Strategic Issues (U)
  • Chokepoints, Threads, and Fault Lines
  • US CENTCOM AOR is characterized by geographic
    chokepoints, violent extremist organizations,
    and cultural, ethnic, and religious schisms.
  • Single Greatest Threat Two networks of malign
    influence

9
IRAQ UPDATE
  • 12 of forces in Iraq are members
    of the Guard/Reserve
  • Full spectrum operations
  • Combat roles
  • Non combat roles
  • IAF
  • MTT
  • 2007 - 17
  • 2006 - 20
  • 2005 - 32
  • 2004 - 39

10
Iraq 141 Plan (U)
  • (U) Coalition reducing to 5 countries in
    addition to the United States based on Iraq
    security and Return On Success
  • (U) The Face of the Coalition Plan 141
    (4043 troops)
  • (U) 16 countries to support NATO Training
    Mission (197 troops)

11
The Future Composition of the Coalition (U)


OIF

141
COL
CZE
EGY
OEF
11
11
Post 31 Dec 08
12
AFGHANISTAN UPDATE (U)
  • 24 of forces are members of the Guard and
    Reserve
  • Full spectrum operations
  • Non combat roles
  • ANA
  • PRT
  • OMLT
  • Nation-Building
  • 2007 - 23
  • 2006 - 25
  • 2005 - 28
  • 2004 - 26
  • 2003 - 20
  • How long will we be in Afghanistan?

13
SynchronizationUnity of Effort Afghan Focus (U)
IDLG
Afghanistan National Development Strategy
CSTC-A
Governance
ISAF
NATO
Development
OEF
GIRoA
Security
UNAMA
ANA/ANP
14
Afghan Small Teams Big Impact (U)
  • (U) Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs)
  • (U) Police Mentoring Teams (PMTs)
  • (U) Operational Mentoring and Liaison Teams
    (OMLTs)
  • (U) Embedded Training Teams (ETTs)

These impact players are instrumental to the
solution set to enhance the government, security,
and development of the Government Islamic
Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA).
15
PRT Mission Impact (U)
  • MISSION
  • (U) PRTs - aassist the GIRoA in the development
    of a secure environment to enable reconstruction
    efforts.
  • (U) Teams are joint and multinational in nature
    and tactically report to their nationally
    authority.
  • IMPACT
  • (U) Build Afghan government capacity
  • (U) Improve National Synchronization
    Coordination
  • (U) Facilitate Governance Security in remote
    areas

Success is measured by degree of Afghan
governance, not by the number of bridges, roads,
schools, etc.
16
Competing Command Authorities - PRTs (U)
Note New C2 relationship will impact this
slide WMH 26 Sep 08
NATIONAL COMMANDS
SACEUR
UNAMA/ IOs/NGOs
Government of Afghanistan
COM JFCB
CENTCOM
IDLG
Ministers
COMISAF / US CDR
CSTC-A
Regional Commands N, S, W, C
Regional CJTF 101 Command East
TF
TF
TF
Provincial Governors
PRTs
PRTs
PRTs
PRTs
Key take away NO UNITY OF
COMMAND!
17
(No Transcript)
18
PMT Overview (U)
MISSION
  • PMTs train in garrison and mentor in the field
    the Afghan National Police (ANP) to conduct
    sustained, independent Counter-Insurgency (COIN)
    and police operations.
  • IMPACT
  • ANP is defeating insurgence, terrorism and
    promoting security within its borders.
  • ANP is the critical point to overall COIN and in
    there respective districts.
  • ANP is the lynch pin that holds together the
    overall safety and welfare of Afghanistan.

19
PMT Key Tasks (U)
  • Key Tasks
  • Provide mentoring, training and training support
    to assigned ANP element
  • Integrate contracted and local civilian police
    members as active and functional members of the
    PMT
  • Provide an extremis support to assigned ANP
    element
  • Maintain close coordination with supporting
    CJTF-101 partnership elements and other
    partnership groups.
  • Receive and transmit partnership reports to the
    Regional Police Assistance Team (RPAT)
  • Mentor, coach and train the assigned ANP element
    HQs on staff and management functions and
    techniques
  • Establish close coordination with the PRT Police
    Technical Assistance Team within AOR for
    cross-level mission awareness

20
PMT Requirements (U)
SOURCE CSTC-A AND STAFF REASONING
21
OMLT/ETT Mission (U)
  • Mission
  • OMLTs deploy to Afghanistan to coach, teach and
    mentor ANA units, provide liaison and command
    and control, and when required, support the
    operational planning and employment of the ANA
    unit in order to support the development of a
    self sufficient, competent and professional ANA.
    ETTs are fielded when OMLTs are not available
  • Impact
  • Operational Mentor Liaison Teams (OMLT) ISAF C2
  • Embedded Training Teams (ETT) - US personnel W/
    OEF C2
  • Requires U.S. LST (Logistics)
  • Objective is to improve
  • Solo ANA operations
  • C2 of ANA units
  • Warfighting of ANA soldiers
  • Operational mentorship of ANA leadership on the
    battlefield

22
OMLT / LST Functions
O M L T
E T T
  • Mentor ANA
  • Leadership Functions (day-to-day)
  • Specific Functions (by duty position)
  • Doctrine (by echelon)
  • Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures
  • Set the example
  • Identify success stories / expose bad practices
  • Provide Access to Combat Enablers
  • CAS / Fires
  • MEDEVAC
  • QRF
  • Redundant C2 capability

L S T
  • Sustain ANA units
  • Supervise ANA Pay operations
  • Contract or CASh purchase support / sustainment
  • Assist forces in forecasting requirements
  • Assist forces in developing sustainment plans


Self-Sustainment (National Responsibility)
ALL
Logistics Support Team
23
OMLT/ETT Unit Force Structure (U)
Numbers depicted are only minimums, may have more
personnel as situation dictates note C2
reporting difference
24
OMLT/ETT Requirements (U)
Support of the OMLT mission not only helps to
ensure NATO succeeds in achieving its desired
endstate, but more importantly, provides a
visible and tangible sign that nations support
the Afghan people
25
Projected OMLT/ETT requirement 103 ANA units
yet to be formed 15 (d) Current OMLT/ETT
requirement 88 Enduring USA ETTs (as of
11SEP08) 29 (a) OMLT current
requirement 59 OMLT currently fielded 36
(b)
OMLT/ETT Laydown (U)


209
1
CS
CSS
GARR

1
2

Konduz
Mazar E Sharif
3
5
4
XXX
2
GARR

XXX
207
1
GARR
J-bad
PeC
6
Kabul
2
CS
CSS
GARR
Qalay I Naw
Herat
X
XXX
2
5
1
3
4

3
CS
CSS
Khost
Gardez
Uruzgan
2
CS
CSS
GARR

203
Shindan
Sharona
XXX
Qalat
Farah
XXX
1
CSS
CS
GARR
Lashkar Gah
Kandahar
2
1
3
5
4

5

1
3
4
2

4
3
GARR
205
CS
11
GARR
CS
CSS
3
3
GARR
1
GARR

3/4/205 operating in Helmand Province
26
SynchronizationUnity of Effort Afghan Focus (U)
IDLG
Afghanistan National Development Strategy
CSTC-A
Governance
ISAF
NATO
Development
OEF
GIRoA
Security
UNAMA
ANA/ANP
27
Conclusion (U)
  • Current operational hot topics
  • How the Coalition Coordination Center
    orchestrates numerous joint and multinational
    organizations
  • Four specific tactical teams (PRTs, PMTs, OMLTs,
    ETTs) used and supported by the USA Reservists to
    achieve synchronization and unity of effort
  • QUESTIONS?
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