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The Crusades, Black Death, and Hundred Years War

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In 1050 many civilizations had been established around the world, but Europeans ... In 1309, Pope Clement V moved the papal court to Avignon in France. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Crusades, Black Death, and Hundred Years War


1
The Crusades, Black Death, and Hundred Years War
  • 1050-1450 CE/AD

2
The World in 1050
  • In 1050 many civilizations had been established
    around the world, but Europeans knew little about
    them. In the 1050s the Seljuk Turks invaded the
    Byzantine empire and came to control the Holy
    Land, where Europes Christians had made
    pilgrimages.
  • Witness History Audio Crusaders Capture
    Jerusalem

3
The Crusades
  • The Byzantine emperor asked Pope Urban II for
    help in fighting the Muslim Turks, and the pope
    then called for the First Crusade, a campaign to
    take back the Holy Land. The Crusades continued
    for over 200 years, with the Muslims retaining
    their control in the end.
  • Witness History Audio Saladin
  • Geography Interactive The Crusades, 1096-1204
    E\media\high_mid_ages_03\WH07A00563.html

4
(No Transcript)
5
Impact of the Crusades
  • With the Crusades, trade between the Byzantine
    empire and European states increased and money
    economies were created. Travelers began to
    explore other lands. Monarchs and the pope gained
    power.

6
The Reconquista
  • The Christian campaign to drive the Muslims from
    the Iberian peninsula was known as the
    Reconquista. The Christians were successful, and
    Spain and Portugal came into being as states.
    Spains Ferdinand and Isabella had many
    non-Christians tried by the Inquisition and
    punished.

7
The Alhambra
8
Monitoring Progress Transparency
9
The Black Death A Global Epidemic
  • Witness History Audio The Black Death Approaches
  • The Bubonic plague, or Back Death, arrived in
    Europe from Asia in 1347 and thereafter kept
    recurring. It caused massive deaths and inflation
    that led to peasant revolts in England, France,
    Germany, and elsewhere.

10
Causes and Effects of the Black Death
11
Upheaval in the Church
  • The church was unable to answer the questions or
    fill the needs of its members during the Black
    Death. In 1309, Pope Clement V moved the papal
    court to Avignon in France. Later, reformers
    elected another pope to rule from Rome. Popular
    preachers such as John Wycliffe taught that the
    bible and not the Church held the truth, and his
    followers began translating the Bible for
    everyone to read.

12
The Hundred Years War
  • England and France fought a series of conflicts
    between 1337 and 1453 over French lands that both
    states claimed and over control of the English
    Channel and regional trade. Joan of Arc helped to
    turn the tide for France. In England, the war
    gave power and prominence to Parliament, which
    had to fund it.

13
Causes and Effects of the Hundred Years War
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