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2008 Population Census of Cambodia

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4th African Symposium on Statistical Development 09-13 Feb. 2009, ... Superstar (CamInfo using Census Data, and potential use of SuperStar online and offline) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 2008 Population Census of Cambodia


1
2008 Population Census of Cambodia
4th African Symposium on Statistical Development
09-13 Feb. 2009, Luanda, Angola
  • By Mrs. Hang Lina
  • DDG-NIS, MOP

2
Map of CAMBODIA
3
  • Land area 181,035 square Km
  • Population 13.4 million
  • Growth rate 1.54
  • Density 75
  • Sex Ratio 94,2
  • Life expectancy F 67, M63
  • GDP per capita 594 (2007)
  • GDP growth 10.2

4
Content
  • Background
  • Objectives
  • Census process
  • Pre-census activities
  • Census organization and administration
  • Advocacy and public information campaign
  • Census methodology, questionnaires and manuals
  • Recruitment and training of personnel
  • The enumeration phase
  • Post Enumeration Survey
  • First Census outcome
  • Coding and Issues
  • Data ICT in Population Census
  • Data Processing and Tabulation
  • Lessons learned and constraints
  • Planed Reporting and Dissemination

5
Background
  • Pop. Censuses and surveys in Cambodia Pop. Count
    1921, DS 1946, DS 1958, DS 1959, First Pop.
    Census 1962, Pop. Count 1980, DS 1996, Second
    Pop. Census 1998, CIPS 2004
  • There was a census gap of 36 years between 1962
    and 1998.
  • The majority of the 1998 General Population
    Census was supported by UNFPA

6
Objectives
  • Provide basic demographic information such as
    age, sex, marital status, and key information on
    household economy, employment, education and
    health.
  • Provide updated and comparative population and
    development indicators with reference to the
    1998 census.
  • Provide trends and patterns in fertility,
    mortality, migration and other demographic and
    socio-economic variables.
  • Provide a sampling frame, from which all other
    surveys can benefit and extrapolate analysis.
  • Establish a comprehensive population database.
  • To create awareness between the public at large
    and senior officials about the importance of high
    quality data for development planning.

7
Pre-census activities
  • Mapping for the census
  • 30 NIS staff have been trained
  • Base on available maps from1998, and additional
    some satellite commune maps from JICA.
  • 30 NIS staff were visiting all over the country
  • Updated the maps by 28,258 handwritten
    Enumeration Areas maps (small areas than villages)

8
Pre-census activities (cont.)
  • One EA 120 HHs or less
  • EA is a part of village or a full village
  • GPS has been used for pointing the village chief
    areas.
  • In 1998 population census, maps were sketched
    drawing by hand only.
  • In 2008 population census, maps have been
    developed with GIS technologies and digital with
    villages boundaries in the computer.

9
Census organization and administration
  • Prepare Calendar of Census activities
  • Issuance of Sub-Decree on organization of 2008
    population census
  • Formation of National Census Committee (NCC),
    Census Technical Committee, Census Publicity
    Committee, Census procurement Committee, and
    Provincial Census Committee.
  • The committees met on a regularly basic to
    discuss and agree on key issues in relation to
    census preparation and implementation.

10
Census organization and administration (Cont.)
  • 120 Regional Census Officers and assistant ( 5
    per province).
  • 72 provincial census officers (3 per prov.)
  • 370 district census officers
  • 1,621 commune census officers
  • 14,088 village census officers
  • 28,258 enumerators
  • 7,064 supervisors
  • 500 translators

11
Advocacy and public information campaign
  • Commence in June 2007 by newspaper
    advertisements, sensitization of community
    leaders and others through meetings, symposia and
    workshop.
  • Census publicity materials
  • Two TV/ Radio spots
  • 40,000 T-shirts, caps, and bags
  • 20,000 census posters
  • 44,000 census leaflets
  • 2,200 street banners

12
Census methodology, questionnaires and manuals
  • The de facto method was adopted for the census
    enumeration. The reference time was the census
    night (March 3, 2008).
  • All census questionnaires and manuals were
    finalized based on user requirements, lessons
    learned and international/UN guidelines.
  • The census manuals included enumerator manual,
    supervisor manual, training guide, and manual of
    duties of field census officers.

13
Recruitment and training of personnel
  • The appointments of enumerators and supervisors
    were made by the Provincial Directors in
    consultation with the Planning and Monitoring
    Division of the census office at NIS to prepare
    the criteria recruitment.
  • The majority of supervisors and enumerators are
    primary teachers at the local areas.
  • As the people may not understand Khmer in some
    places, the translators were appointed.

14
Training of personnel
  • There were four level of training
  • Sensitization of senior MoP officials on key
    census concepts and questionnaire content
  • National level training of NIS senior
    Officers/Provincial Census Officers and deputies,
    Regional Officers, Assistant Regional Officers,
    and Trainers with assistance from Census
    Advisers
  • Provincial training of selected Supervisors and
    trainers (TOT)
  • District level training of Supervisors,
    Enumerators, District and Commune Officers.

15
The Enumeration Phase
  • Mapping and house listing 29 Feb.-2 Mar.2008
  • Enumeration homeless pop. Midnight 3 Mar.08
  • Census Enumeration 03-13 Mar. 2008
  • Receive completed forms 16-20 Mar. 2008
  • Check and verify the completed forms with the
    frame and stick the Label 16 Mar.-16
    Apr.2008

16
Post-Enumeration Survey
  • The Post Enumeration Survey (PES) was conducted
    immediately after the census to evaluate the
    census result.
  • It was conducted in 100 selected EAs.
  • The main objective of the PES is to estimate the
    coverage and contents errors in the census

17
Post-Enumeration Survey (cont.)
  • The PES was implemented in three distinct stages
    of operation
  • Listing and enumeration of persons in all
    household in the selected EA.
  • Desk matching of particulars collected during
    listing with those contained in the corresponding
    census schedule.
  • Field reconciliation of particulars of individual
    not matched.

18
First Census outcome
  • Preliminary Report released in 3 Sept. 2008
  • Draft report on Post Enumeration Survey, 09
    December, 2008

19
Coding and Issue
  • Industry coding uses UNs ISIC Rev. 4
  • Occupation coding uses UNs ISCO-08
  • Issue on comparability to previous census (1998)
    result. To establish conversion table. Though,
    there are 1 Many and 1 0 relationship
  • Other coding such as education, minority,
    mortality reason might not be completely
    comparable across countries

20
Data ICT in Population Census 2008
  • Traditional Questionnaire and traditional
    keyboard key-in data capture were selected for
    population census data capturing
  • 100 PCs were planned and 140 PCs are being used
    to capture data of the population more that 13
    million people in 7 months (Aug. 2008 Feb.
    2009)
  • CSPro is used for data entry, and cleaning. IMPS
    is used for tabulation
  • All data processing activities are being
    implemented in-office, no outsourcing.

21
Lesson Learnt
  • Record and keystroke tracking is important for
    planning and budgeting
  • Simple barcode scanning in-house developed
    application and simple barcode scanning tool are
    used to keep track of the data processing
    progress
  • Productivity-based payment and proper monitoring
    are key to the good progress of data capturing

22
(No Transcript)
23
Data Processing and Tabulation (1)
  • PC-based keying processing system was adopted.
  • Manual coding is selected
  • Data entry program developed using CSPro with
    real time error control.
  • Verification will be required, and gradually
    reduced based on accuracy of keyer
  • Data editing and imputation will also be done
    using CSPro

24
Data Processing and Tabulation (2)
  • 70 priority tables are defined using all sections
    and variables of the census. Other tables are
    defined as extended tables. CSPro also will be
    use to generate tables, although we are currently
    facing minor difficulty with the tabulation
    module.
  • Data store is proposed to be in text file of
    CSPro and SQL Server for analysis and
    dissemination

25
Lessons learned
  • Local primary school teachers served as
    enumerators and supervisors.
  • District and commune official assisted PCO in
    census administrative tasks and supervision.
  • The census advocacy broadcast by TV and Radio.
  • The Prime Minister message released during the
    enumeration operation.

26
Lessons learned (cont.)
  • Training was arranged at three levels
  • National level (120 ROs/AROs, and PCOs)
  • Provincial level (500 field trainers)
  • Selected training center in districts(28054Enu.
    And 7014 Sup.).
  • The field supervision made by the team of Govt
    senior officials, Ministry of Planning, UNFPA,
    JICA, German colleagues and census consultants
    and national staff as well as reports from field
    supervisory staff indicated that the census
    coverage and quality was generally very good.

27
Constraints
  • Low allocation of funds in the government budget.
  • Transport to remote and difficult areas.
  • Printing of large volume of census schedules and
    distributing them to field staff on time is very
    crucial in the census operation. This can be
    ensure only if planned properly well in advance.

28
Constraints (cont.)
  • There were some problems in the census operation
    like household increased. In some places the
    household increase to 3 or 4 time, some places
    had been ob-missed during mapping. So, difficult
    to print more and send more form to every places.

29
Constraints (cont.)
  • National capacity building is achieved notably in
    the areas of questionnaire design, logistics
    arrangement, data collection, training of field
    staff, editing and coding of census schedules,
    data entry and dissemination of results. In the
    more technical areas like census analysis and
    computer programming, however, capacity building
    is limited.

30
Planned Reporting
  • Release of Census results and general census
    report third quarter, 2009
  • Printing census results and analysis reports
    Sept 2009
  • Dissemination seminar for Government planners,
    stakeholders, data users - Sept. 2009

31
Dissemination (1)
  • Hard Copy
  • Final Census Report
  • Census Atlas
  • Pamphlet
  • Specialized sector reports - fertility,
    mortality, migration, gender, labor and
    employment, literacy and education,
  • Statistical maps

32
Dissemination (2)
  • Electronic Media (Website and CD/DVD)
  • Tables and Table retrieval system
  • Micro-data retrieval system
  • Statistical maps
  • CamInfo/Superstar (CamInfo using Census Data, and
    potential use of SuperStar online and offline)
  • In combination with household survey data, it
    will be able to produce also poverty mapping.

33
Dissemination (3)
  • Workshop
  • National level
  • Provincial level
  • District level

34
Census funding
  • Original budget is US 5,956,480
  • UNFPA US 1,464,711
  • German US 1,549,000
  • JICA US 568,230
  • JCPF US 1,686,656 (1,968,212 including
    establishment listing and furniture of building
    )
  • Royal Government (including cars) US 746,758
  • Govt. of Japan provided one new NIS building (US
    946,433). It was inaugurated by Deputy Prime
    Minister and Vice Minister of Japan, in January,
    2008.

35
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
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