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Food science and technology versus world hunger

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(Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, 1974) The role of science ... A win-win-win situation for FAO, for IUFoST and for the ultimate beneficiaries, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Food science and technology versus world hunger


1
Food science and technology versus world hunger
  • Prof J Ralph Blanchfield, MBE
  • Chair, External Affairs Past President
  • Institute of Food Science Technology
  • President Elect 2003-2006
  • International Academy of Food Science
    Technology
  • Member of IUFoST Governing Council 2003-2006
  • E-mail jralphb_at_easynet.co.uk Web
    www.jralphb.co.uk

2
(No Transcript)
3
UKFFoST The United Kingdom Federation for Food
Science TechnologyThe national federation of
UK societies with interests in food science,
food technology and food engineering
4
Food science and technology versus world hunger
  • Institute of Food Science Technology

5
Food science and technology versus world hunger
  • IFST is the UK-based professional qualifying body
    of food scientists and technologists
  • independent, democratic,
  • not-for-profit, self-governing, self-funding

6
Food science and technology versus world hunger
  • totally independent
  • of government,
  • of industry, and
  • of any lobbying groups
  • or special interest groups

7
Food science and technology versus world hunger
  • Who are our members?
  • Individuals, not companies
  • Elected in their personal capacities on the basis
    of their qualifications and experience
  • Represent no-one but themselves
  • Undertake to adhere to the ethical Code of
    Professional Conduct

8
Food science and technology versus world hunger
  • The first of its four purposes is
  • to serve the public interest by furthering the
    application of science and technology to all
    aspects of the supply of safe, wholesome,
    nutritious and attractive food, nationally and
    internationally.

9
Norman Borlaug Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
  • "the first essential component of social justice
    is adequate food for all mankind."
  • (Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, 1974)

10
The role of science
  • Huge scope for the application of science and
    technology as a tool to contribute towards
    improvement in the quantity and quality of the
    worlds food supply.

11
Food insecurity
  • 840 million people were undernourished in
  • 1998-2000, of which
  • 11 million were in the industrialized countries,
    30 million in countries in transition and
  • 799 million in developing countries.
  • Source United Nations Food and Agriculture
    Organization (FAO) report, 2002

12
Food insecurity
  • "Hunger" is a complex not only of lack of
    quantity but of inadequate quality i.e. the lack
    of non-staple foods with the necessary nutrients
    and micronutrients, and of clean water, that are
    essential for reasonable nutrition and health.

13
Food insecurity
  • Increasing the supply of food crops is achievable
    in three main ways
  • by increasing the amount that is grown
  • by reducing pre-harvest losses to plant diseases
    and pests
  • by reducing the amount of post-harvest losses.
  • Science has an indispensable part to play in all
    three.

14
Food insecurity
  • Improving the nutrient and micronutrient
    quality of food crops can only be achieved by
    science, primarily by genetic modification.

15
Food insecurity
  • Science cannot address or solve the problems
    created by poverty, infrastructure of countries,
    wars, politics, corrupt governments. Hunger and
    malnutrition in many parts of the world cannot be
    solved by science alone, but certainly cannot be
    solved without the use of science.

16
Food insecurity
17
The role of individuals
  • Some food scientists and technologists in many
    developed countries, are working on projects
    for/within developing countries, either directly
    or supporting their former students who have
    returned there.
  • Some in developing countries are working on
    projects within their own countries.
  • Many have no opportunity to contribute in their
    working capacities.
  •  

18
IUFoST
  • IUFoST is the United Nations-type
    international body in which member countries are
    represented by their national food science and
    technology bodies (termed Adhering Bodies).
  •  

19
IUFoSTs 1995 Budapest Declaration
  • Opening quotation
  • We declare our determination to work for
    the elimination of hunger and the reduction of
    all forms of malnutrition throughout the world.
    We recognise that access to nutritionally
    adequate and safe food is the right of each
    individual.  

20
IUFoSTs 1995 Budapest Declaration
  • Opening quotation (cont.)
  • We also declare our commitment to work
    with all other organisations to ensure sustained
    nutritional well-being for all people in a
    peaceful, just and environmentally safe world. In
    this endeavour, we recognise the central role of
    food science and technology in ensuring the
    year-round availability of the quantity and
    variety of safe and wholesome foods necessary to
    meet the nutritional needs of the world's growing
    population.
  •  

21
IUFoSTs 1995 Budapest Declaration
  • BUT
  • Fine words butter no parsnips
  • (ancient proverb, circa 1639)
  •  

22
IUFoSTs Task Forces
  • Three IUFoST Task Forces for ongoing
    contributions to minimising food insecurity
  • Distance education in sub-Saharan Africa
  • Rural communities and agro-industries in India
  • Minimising post-harvest losses
  •  

23
IFT International Division Symposium, Anaheim,
2002
  • Gustavo V. Barbosa-Canovas
  •  

24
The role of individuals
  • Many such projects can be of direct value in
    helping to improve the supply of food and clean
    water in the relatively short-term.
  • However, such projects exist in a piecemeal and
    uncoordinated way, and need to be collated and
    coordinated to deliver added value.
  •  

25
Added value measures?
  • How can IUFoST and its adhering food science
    societies effectively contribute ongoing added
    value to the alleviation of a global problem
    that requires a complex of immediate (i.e. food
    aid), short-term and longer-term measures, and
    involving very much more than the role of
    science?
  • ?  

26
Collation and Co-ordination
  • By collation and coordination on a world scale
    by IUFoST --
  • but only the individual adhering food science
    societies have the direct access and means to
    solicit their own members to input information
    about what relevant projects they are doing, into
    an IUFoST database.
  • An IUFoST database?

27
An IUFoST Database?
  • Rosa Rolle

28
An IUFoST Database?
  • Resources to create and manage an IUFoST
    database?
  • Is this type of information comprehensively on
    any existing database? No.
  • Is there a database on a related topic? Yes.
  • UN Food and Agricultures (FAOs) INPhO.

29
INPhO
  • Information Network on Post-Harvest Operations
    (INPhO)
  • Modular mega-database run by FAOs Agricultural
    and Engineering Services Department (AGST)
  • Original scope widened -- covers production as
    well as post-harvest operations
  • www.fao.org/inpho

30
IUFoST / FAO collaboration
  • Discussions in Rome, April 2003
  • Agreement on a joint FAO/IUFoST module in INPhO
    on food science and technology projects in or for
    developing and transitional countries
  • A win-win-win situation for FAO, for IUFoST and
    for the ultimate beneficiaries, people suffering
    from hunger and malnutrition
  • Construction and preparations for launch

31
Role of Adhering Bodies
  • But IUFoST has no direct connection with
    individual food scientists and technologists.
    Only its constituent national societies, have the
    means to solicit the necessary information from
    their own members about what projects they are
    doing.
  • A major responsibility, challenge and task for
    all adhering bodies of IUFoST including SAAFoST.

32
Role of Adhering Bodies (cont)
  • In addition to national bodies soliciting their
    members, they need to approach research
    institutions, aid agencies, university
    departments (not only food science but nutrition
    departments) and major industry research centres,
    in their respective countries. They can use
    templates provided by IUFoST.
  • International aid agencies are being approached
    directly by IUFoST.

33
Benefits (1)
  • For the first time, there would be organized
    worldwide knowledge of what scientists and
    technologists have been or are doing in relation
    to this crucially-important subject, and
    whereabouts in/for which developing countries.

34
Benefits (2)
  • The IUFoST Task Force
  • will be able to see where the gaps are and draw
    attention to them
  • could put individuals, who are unknowingly
    working on similar projects in different
    developing countries, in touch with each other
  • could possibly "broker" the application of
    projects that have been/are being successful, to
    other developing countries where they could also
    be relevant.

35
Benefits (3)
  • Harnessing in an organized way the potential of
    food science and technology to contribute in this
    respect, could also enthuse and encourage
    potential new entrants to food science and
    technology courses to embark on the path to a
    profession that is seen to be taking such a
    stance.

36
BUT
  • The benefits can only begin to be realised when
    the database becomes well-populated with
    projects.
  • Although entries from researchers have begun,
    progress so far has been slow.
  • A major effort by food science societies,
    universities and research institutions to
    encourage researchers inputs is urgently needed.

37
Benefits (Ultimate)
  • A significant step to help those suffering from
    hunger and malnutrition and thereby contributing
    to fulfilment of the intention and promise of the
    Budapest Declaration

38
Norman Borlaug Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
  • When the Nobel Peace Prize Committee designated
    me the recipient of the 1970 award for my
    contribution to the "green revolution", they were
    in effect, I believe, selecting an individual to
    symbolize the vital role of agriculture and food
    production in a world that is hungry, both for
    bread and for peace. I am but one member of a
    vast team made up of many organizations,
    officials, thousands of scientists, and millions
    of farmers - mostly small and humble - who for
    many years have been fighting a quiet, oftentimes
    losing war on the food production front.
  • (Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, 1974)

39
Joint IUFoST/FAO Databaseof food science and
technology research projects relevant to the food
needs of developing countrieswww.fao.org/inpho
Click on IUFoST and follow instructions
40
Food science and technology versus world hunger
  • Prof J Ralph Blanchfield, MBE
  • Chair, IUFoST Database Task Force
  • As from 11 Sept 05 this Powerpoint Presentation
  • may be found at and downloaded from my personal
    Website
  • www.jralphb.co.uk/FST_vs_hunger_SAAFoST_Sept05.ppt

41
13TH WORLD CONGRESS OF FOOD SCIENCE AND
TECHNOLOGY
WELCOME TO NANTES (FRANCE) 17 21 September,
2006
www.inra.fr/iufost2006
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