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The Unfinished Dialogue of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

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The Unfinished Dialogue of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X The Common Ground of King and X Popular Views of King and X Martin Luther King Jr. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Unfinished Dialogue of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X


1
The Unfinished Dialogue of Martin Luther King Jr.
and Malcolm X
  • The Common Ground of King and X

2
Popular Views of King and X
  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • I have a Dream
  • Non-Violence
  • Baptist Minister (Christian)
  • SCLC-Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  • Nobel Prize for Peace 1964

3
Popular Views of X
  • Malcolm X
  • By any means necessary
  • Militant Black Nationalist/Separatist
  • Islamic Minister
  • Nation of Islam (Black Muslims)
  • Renamed himself X to represent the African name
    hed never know.

4
Formative Years
  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Born in Atlanta 1929
  • Father Politically active Baptist Preacher
  • Fearless and courageous
  • Contributes his lifelong optimism about human
    nature to
  • Congenial Relationship of his Parents
  • in a family where love was central.
  • Lived through Depression in relative comfort

5
Formative Years
  • Malcolm X
  • Born in Omaha in 1925
  • Father Politically active Baptist Preacher
  • Not a frightened Negro, as most of them were
  • UNIA-Universal Negro Improvement
    Association---Marcus Garvey
  • Belligerent toward all the children, except me
  • Difficult life during the Depression

6
Formative Years Summary
  • Malcolm X
  • Father died in 1931
  • Mother institutionalized in an asylum
  • Raised by white foster parents and reform schools
  • Attended white public schools in Michigan
  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • As a child, never experienced physical attacks
    from whites
  • never experienced feeling of not having the
    basic necessities
  • Attended all black schools in Atlanta

7
Early Adulthood
  • Malcolm X
  • Criminal activity lands him in prison
  • Converts to Islam under direction of Elijah
    Muhammad
  • Became the nations best known advocate of black
    nationalism/separatism
  • Very little exposure during his youth to positive
    black culture and history.
  • Nation of Islam a religious group on the margins
    of Black Society---thousands of members

8
Early Adulthood
  • Martin Luther King
  • Attends Morehouse college at age 15
  • Several positive black role models
  • Baptist is the most popular religious affiliation
    among black Americans
  • Identified himself with mainstream African
    American freedom struggles

9
Similarities
  • King AND X
  • Invited by countries in Africa and Asia to visit
    and meet with leaders
  • Acknowledged connection between African-American
    struggle and anti-colonialsim
  • Were forced to realize that the emerging Civil
    Rights movement was growing larger than any one
    leader could contain, direct, or control.

10
Criticisms of Each Other
  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • do not emulate the hatred and despair of the
    black nationalistthere is a more excellent way
    of love and non-violent protestif this
    philosophy had not emerged, by now many streets
    of the South would, I am convinced, be flowing
    with blood.

11
Criticisms of Each Other
  • Malcolm X
  • King ignored Xs invitation to attend a black
    Muslim rally in NY a few weeks before the march
    on Washington
  • King allowed himself to be used against
    the Negro Revolution
  • the Marchs white financial backers have
    manipulated black leaders, thereby transforming a
    potentially militant mass protest into a picnica
    circus.

12
March 26, 1964
  • Only meeting between the two men
  • Malcolm had broken ties with Nation of Islam and
    had intentionally orchestrated the meeting.

13
Malcolms Visit to Selma
  • While Martin was in Jail in Selma, Malcolm came
    to speak.
  • Publicly spoke in favor of violent means if
    necessarystill anti-King?
  • Private meeting with Coretta
  • Supposedly admired MLK

14
Kings comments about Xs Visit
  • He thought he could help me more by attacking
    me than praising me. He thought it would make it
    easier for me in the long run
  • According to King, Malcolm went on to tell
    Coretta
  • If the white people realize what the
    alternative is, perhaps they will be more
    willing to hear Dr. King

15
Assassinations
  • February 21st 1965
  • Malcolm X is killed by 3 black men affiliated
    with the Nation of Islam
  • April 4th 1968
  • Martin Luther King Jr. is killed in Memphis
  • Had these men lived, might they have achieved a
    common ground?
  • Did African Americans have to choose between
    Martins or Malcolms views? Was there a middle
    road?

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