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Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

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Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. - moodle.kingsley.k12.mi.us ... Unit VIII – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.


1
Unit VIII
Civil Rights
2
Essential Questions
  • What motivates racism, discrimination,
    segregation and hate? Why do some people fear
    change?
  • What are the pros and cons of the differing
    methods that can be used to create change? (Civil
    disobedience, militant resistance)
  • What role does the media (television, music, and
    propaganda) play in facilitating change?
  • How can the solution to one problem also be a
    cause of the next problem?

3
Bell Work
  • List the 5 most important problems in America
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.

4
Civil Rights Movement
5
The Civil Rights Movement
  • Segregation The enforced separation of racial
    groups in schooling, housing, and other public
    areas
  • Racism The idea that one race is superior to
    others, and that race determines a persons
    character or ability
  • Discrimination Denial of rights because of ones
    race, religion, age, sex, or other quality
  • Civil Rights Political, economic, and social
    rights of each citizen specifically those
    guaranteed by the Constitution

6
Emmett Till
BW. Why was Emmett Till important to the Civil
Rights Movement?
7
Civil Rights in the Supreme Ct
  • (-) Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
  • African Americans (slave or free) are not US
    citizens
  • (-) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
  • Racial segregation (railroads) is constitutional
  • Black White accommodations can be separate but
    equal
  • () Shelley v. Kraemer (1948)
  • Restrictive or segregated housing is not
    constitutional
  • () Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
  • Ends Separate but equal doctrine
  • No guidelines to ENFORCE decision
  • A slow beginning to the end of segregation

8
The Constitution
  • 1860s Post Civil War Amendments (p.96-103)
  • 13th Amendments Banned Slavery
  • 14th Amendment Right to Citizenship (All races)
  • 15th Amendment Right to Vote (All races)
  • Racists found ways to avoid enforcement

9
Writing
  • A) Why do certain people choose to discriminate
    against other groups?
  • B) What motivates racism, discrimination,
    segregation and hate? Why do some people fear
    change?

10
21-1 Quiz
  1. Where did the harshest and discrimination occur?
    (region)
  2. Supreme Court case (1896) that declared that
    Separate but Equal accommodations for Blacks
    Whites was OK (Constitutional)
  3. Supreme Court case (1954) that declared that
    Separate but Equal accommodations for Blacks
    Whites was Illegal (Unconstitutional)
  4. Name of the Alabama preacher who promoted using
    soul force to gain Civil Rights
  5. What were two forms of non-violent protest used
    by SNCC and SCLC?

11
Non-Violent Resistance
  • Non-violent resistance / Civil Disobedience
  • Carry out peaceful demonstrations
  • Never fight with authority or opposition
  • Sit-ins Boycotts
  • Shows that whites NEED blacks

12
Non-Violent Resistance
  • Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Letter from Birmingham Jail
  • 1955 - Montgomery Bus Boycott (MLK) Af-Am. Rosa
    Parks jailed for refusing to give up seat
  • 1963 - Birmingham, AL Young protesters being
    attacked by dogs gets International TV Attention
  • 1965 - Bloody Sunday march from Selma to
    Montgomery, AL
  • Police beat and tear-gassed the marchers near
    Selma
  • Led to Voting Rights Act of 1965 / Banning
    literacy tests

13
Bellwork
  • What were the various types of discrimination
    that occurred in the Deep South during the 1960s.

14
Separatism Militants
Malcolm X Advocate for Black Muslims / Nation of
Islam Stokley Carmichael Black power Huey
Newton Black Panthers
15
MLK v. X
16
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
17
Malcolm X
18
X/John Brown
19
X v. MLK
20
Bell Work
Type II How does civil disobedience differ from
insurgency? 5 lines INSURGENT revolt against
civil authority or a government in power
rebellious. INSURGENCY rebellion. CIVIL
DISOBEDIENCE refusal to adhere to a law which
you feel is unjust/unfair.
21
The Power of Words
  • Martin Luther King Jr.

22
The Power of Words
  • Malcolm X

23
The Power of Words
  • JFK John Fitzgerald Kennedy

24
Lyndon B. Johnson
25
War Protest
The Vietnam War
The War in Iraq
26
Bell Work
  • Type I Why do the peaceful leaders become
    targets of violence? (5 lines)
  • Answer on your notes

27
The Price of Change Assassinations
1963
1965
1968
1968
28
MLK April 4th, 1968
29
Type I
  • Were assassinations effective ways to prevent
    change? (5 lines)

30
MLK I have been to the mountain top
  • Well, I don't know what will happen now we've
    got some difficult days ahead.
  • But it really doesn't matter with me now, because
    I've been to the mountaintop.
  • And I don't mind. Like anybody, I would like to
    live a long life-longevity has its place. But I'm
    not concerned about that now. I just want to do
    God's will. And He's allowed me to go up to the
    mountain. And I've looked over , and I've seen
    the Promised Land. I may not get there with you.
    But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a
    people, will get to the Promised Land.
  • And so I'm happy tonight I'm not worried about
    anything I'm not fearing any man. Mine eyes have
    seen the glory of the coming of the Lord.

31
Review Quiz
  1. Environmentalism became a major social issue
    starting in what year?
  2. What are two forms of non-violent protest?
  3. What was Martin Luther Kings goal?
  4. Name one leader that promoted separatism.
  5. Which leader said, Ask not what your country can
    do for you, ask what YOU can do for your country
  6. What was the name of Lyndon Johnsons plan to
    improve American Society?

32
Review Quiz
  1. Government programs and quotas that intend to
    equalized job and education opportunities are
    called what?
  2. What were Americans who SUPPORTED the war in
    Vietnam called?
  3. Besides JFK, name TWO leaders who were
    assassinated in the 1960s
  4. Besides Lee Harvey Oswald, name one person or
    group that could have been responsible for JFKs
    assassination

33
24 Hour News
34
Bell Work
Type II Who was more effective in the civil
rights movement, MLK or Malcolm X? Give
examples. 5 lines
35
BW
  • BW- What are some of the events that made the
    1960s interesting?
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