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Common Knowledge, Academic Integrity, Documentation, and Plagiarism


Title: Academic Integrity, Plagiarism, and Common Knowledge Author: Windows User Last modified by: Windows User Created Date: 1/22/2016 4:39:57 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Common Knowledge, Academic Integrity, Documentation, and Plagiarism

Common Knowledge, Academic Integrity,
Documentation, and Plagiarism
From the Essay 1 Assignment
  • Using any source material (from websites,
    articles, etc.) that provides more than what
    would be considered common knowledge will lower
    your grade, even if that material is documented
    properly. Any source material that is plagiarized
    will likely result in a failing grade for the
    essay or the whole course.

Questions to Answer.
  • What source material is allowed in Essay 1?
  • What is common knowledge?
  • What is academic integrity?
  • What is documentation?
  • What is plagiarism?

Common Knowledge
  • Basic information available in numerous sources
    (common rule of thumb 5 or more)
  • Generally speaking, you can regard something as
    common knowledge if you find the same information
    undocumented in at least five credible sources
    (Stolley, Brizee, and Paiz, Purdue Online Writing
  • Information commonly known by the general
    population or within a particular field of study
  • NOT opinions, analysis, interpretations, or exact

Common Knowledge?
  • IVCC is a community college located in Oglesby,
  • IVCC began in 1924 as LaSalle-Peru-Oglesby Junior
    College and became Illinois Valley Community
    College in 1966.
  • The IVCC district includes all or part of eight
    different counties in Northern Illinois.

Common Knowledge?
  • Enrollment in the Accounting program at IVCC has
    seen a small decrease, but this trend is
  • Illinois Valley Community College, currently
    nestled on a tree lined bluff overlooking the
    Illinois River in Oglesby, Illinois with a
    panoramic view of the twin cities LaSalle and
    Peru opened its door as LaSalle-Peru-Oglesby
    Junior College.

Common Knowledge Workshop
  • Brainstorm/list background information your
    reader will need to know about your place.
  • Highlight any of that information that you think
    you would need to look up, either to find or
  • Look for that information.
  • Test it for common knowledge
  • Does it appear to be basic information available,
    without citation, in 5 or more reputable sources?
  • Does it appear to be information commonly known
    by people familiar with your place?

Summing up Common Knowledge
  • When in doubt about whether something is common
    knowledge, ask.
  • Common knowledge should not dominate Essay 1
    (rely primarily on your own knowledge and
  • Most likely will show up in the background
  • No documentation necessary for common knowledge

Academic Integrity
  • What is integrity?
  • Mirriam-Webster the quality of being honest and
  • Academic integrity honesty and fairness in all
    academic endeavors and interactions with others
  • What is academic integrity when writing essays?
  • Doing your own original work
  • Documenting any source information that is not
    common knowledge
  • Avoiding plagiarism

What is documentation?
  • Giving credit to sources for words (quotations)
    and ideas (paraphrases) that you use in an essay
    that are not common knowledge.
  • Done through in-text citation and a Works Cited
  • Documentation will be necessary for Essay 2 and
    Essay 3, but should not be needed for Essay 1.
  • Using source information that needs documentation
    in Essay 1 will lower your grade, even if it is

What is plagiarism?
  • Definition of plagiarism from IVCCs 2015-16
    Catalog using the words or ideas of another as
    ones own either on purpose or unintentionally
    (Student Rights and Responsibilities).
  • Using sources without giving them credit (without
    documentation) or using someone elses work as
    your own.

What would be considered plagiarism?
  • Using any source material outside of common
    knowledge (quoted or paraphrased) without
    providing full documentation
  • Failing to put quotation marks around the exact
    words of a source
  • Using another persons work as if it were the
    writers own
  • Etc.

What are the possible penalties for plagiarism?
  • A low or failing grade on a paper or other
  • An F for a course or a forced withdrawal from a
  • Academic probation
  • Expulsion from a college or university

Plagiarism in the News
  • Washington Post article (John Walsh)
  • Columbus Dispatch article
  • U.S. News article
  • Plagiarism Today article
  • New York Times article

Bottom Line
  • Always do your own original work.
  • Be honest and, when using sources, do your best
    to use and document them correctly.
  • For Essay 1, dont use any source material except
    common knowledge make sure that the common
    knowledge is not used word-for-word.
  • Dont guess and hope you have it right. Ask and
    know you have it right.

Avoiding Plagiarism Tutorial
  • Created by the IVCC Respecting Intellectual
    Property (RIP) Team.
  • Designed to provide an introduction to what
    plagiarism is, its consequences, and how to avoid
  • Used by multiple classes, not just English.
  • Available in Blackboard.

  • Our class For now, Intro and Sections 1-2
    (Definition, Consequences, Types).
  • Due date See course schedule.
  • More discussion of these issues and Sections 3-4
    later in the semester.
  • Questions?

Works Cited
  • Accounting. Community College Program Review
    Report. Illinois Valley Community College, Summer
    2014. 4-5. Web. 20 Aug. 2015.
  • History of the College. Illinois Valley
    Community College. Illinois Valley Community
    College, n.d. Web. 20 Aug. 2015.
  • Stolley, Karl, Allen Brizee, and Joshua M. Paiz.
    Is It Plagiarism Yet? Purdue Online Writing
    Lab. Purdue University, 13 Feb. 2013. Web. 20
    Aug. 2015.
  • Student Rights and Responsibilities. 2015-16
    Catalog. Illinois Valley Community College, 2015.
    Web. 20 Aug. 2015.